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early to church next Sunday if it be only to please you.

Will. Nay, you must not talk of coming to church to please me. There is a better reason than that, Thomas.

Thos. Well, William, after church next Sunday, you shall tell me more, for you have put me a thinking, and yet I don't well know how to think ; but good evening now; and all I can promise is, you shall not see me idling in the church-yard after prayers have begun.

EXTRACTS FROM DIFFERENT AUTHORS. . « It is the Lord,” said the aged Eli, “ let him do what seemeth him good." It is the Lord whom I have ever found holy, just, and gracious, and he cannot but be himself; let him do what seemeth him good; for whatever seemeth good to him must be good, however it seems to me. Every man can open bis hand to God while he blesses; but to expose ourselves willingly to the afflicting hand of our Maker belongs only to the faithful.

. Bishop Hall. Christ became like us by taking our nature; and we become like him by receiving his grace.

Bishop Horne. It has been well said, “If you wish to make a person rich, the best way is not to increase his stores, but to diminish his desires."

Bean. Let us always be loth to speak disagreeable truths; yet when duty calls us to do it, neither shame nor fear should hinder us from doing it.

Ostervald.

Extracts from the Public Newspapers. 429

EXTRACTS FROM THE PUBLIC NEWSPAPERS, &c.

South American Prisons. It is very gratifying to find that the improvement of prison-discipline is not only going on among ourselves, but in other parts of the world too. In the prisons in South America, till lately, prisoners of all descriptions were mixed together, young and old, men and women, guilty and innocent; and this is the way to make them all bad whatever they were before ; and they were often severely punished too, for the sake of producing order, when the whole system was such as to encourage the greatest disorder and confusion. These abuses we trust are in a fair way of being now set aside.-London Paper.

Our streets are watered with sea-water to lay the dust; the heat of the sun evaporates the water, and a pure marine salt remains behind, which glistens under the sun's rays like a hoar frost.— Brighton Paper.

It is surprising to what a distance clouds of small dust may be carried. Mr. Forbes says, that when he was on board the Clyde, East Indiaman, about 600 miles from the coast of Africa, they perceived that their sails were covered with sand of a brownish colour, the particles of which, even when examined with a microscope, appeared extremely small; they had occasion to unbend some of their sails, and clouds of dust escaped from them. The nearest land to windward was the coast of Africa. If this dust really came from the coast of Africa at that great distance, it is truly wonderful. Mr. F. is of opinion that the seeds of plants are carried in this way over the sea to enormous distances. The same. . Meteors of various sorts abound at this time of year, as the Jack-o-lantern which is sometimes seen in marshy ground. This appearance has often led to many vulgar errors and snperstitions. It was formerly thought to be a sign of something mournful, such as death or misfortunes. There have been instances recorded of people being decoyed by these fights into marshy places, where they have perished. This light is sometimes call Ignis fatuus, Will-o-the wisp, or Jack. o-lantern, and was strangely supposed to be some evil spirit sent to tempt men to their death. There are different opinions as to the real nature of it. Sir Isaac Newton calls it a vapour shining with heat. Mr. Bradley supposes it to be nothing more than a group of small enlightened insects. Many persons consider it as a combination of some different sorts of gas. There are many such different opinions ;-butno. body now believes that it is an evil spirit.- Brighton, Aug. 1.

Lion Fights.-After what we have said in this Number of the lion fights, we are very glad to be able to state that Mr

Wombwell has written a letter to the Editor of the “Morning Past," in which he endeavours to excuse himself from the charge of cruelty by saying that the first lion did not saffer any very material injury, and that the last did not even receive a scar. Nothing is said about the sufferings of the dogs, in wbich Mr. W. may perhaps think that he has no concern. It is, however, gratifying to read the very proper declaration that Mr. W. has now made. He says, “I now declare that another exhibition of such a scene will never be encouraged or engaged in by me. George Wombwell."This is as it should be,

Origin of the names of various parts of the Metropolis.London, called by the Saxons Lundenburg, takes it name from Llyn, a lake, and Din, a town, because formerly the whole of the Surrey side of the Thames lay under water; and having the appearance of a lake, might have given rise to the name of Llyn-din, or the City on the Lake.

Westminster, from Minster, or Conventual Church and West, in opposition to the New Abbey on Tower-hill, that being East Minster, from being bnilt east of London.

Southwark was called by the Saxons, Suthvurk, or the South Work, in respect to some fort or fortification, bearing that aspect from Londoni.

Aldgate was originally Eald Gate, signifying Old Gate, it being one of the earliest gates that was built.

Barbican, or Watch-tower; belonging to every fortified place. That of London stood near the present street called Barbican; hence its name.

Bell Savage Inn is a corruption from La Belle Sauvage, a beautiful woman, described in an old French romance, as being found in a wilderness in a savage state.

Bull and Mouth Inn is a perversion of Boulogne Mouth, or Harbour, which grew into a popular sign after the costly capture of that place by Henry VIII.

Bird Cage Walk, (St. James's Park) takes it title from the cages which were hung in the trees, belonging to an aviary adjacent, made by Charles II.

Bishopsgate Street owes it name to one of the gates of London, which stood near the end of Camomile-street; it was originally built by Erkinwald, Bishop of London, A.D., 675, and from him called Bishop's Gate.

Blackfriars proceeds from the fraternity of Dominicans, or Black Friars, who built a large bouse in that place.

Bridewell springs from a well formerly in that neighbourhood, dedicated to St. Bride, or Bridget.

Charing Cross.-Here formerly stood one of the crosses erected by Edward I. in memory of his beloved Queen Elea

Extracts from the Public Newspapers. 431 nor. This being then a village called Charing, gave the name of Charing Cross.

Cheapside received its name from Chepe, a market, as being originally the great street of splendid shops.

Covent Garden, originally Convent Garden, being attached to a convent belonging to the Abbot of Westminster.

Cripplegate owes its name to the number of cripples and beggars which formerly haunted that gate of the city.

Crutched Friars, from the House of the Crutched, or Crossed Friars, a fraternity which wore a large red cross on their garments : hence " The Red Cross Knight."

Eastcheap, from Chepe, a market, and East, the aspect it bears to the Cbepeside.

Finsbury Square, or rather Fensbury, from its being a large fen. This was the case in the days of the historian Fitzstephen. In his description of the pastimes of the Londoners, he gives an account of the awkward substitute for the skate. He says, “ And when that vast lake, which waters the walls of the city towards the north, is hard frozen, the youth in great numbers go to divert themselves on the ice; some taking a small run, for an increment of velocity, place their feet at a proper distance, and are carried sliding sideways a great way. Others there are who are still more expert in these amusements on the ice; they place certain bones, the leg-bones of animals, under the soles of their feet, by tying them round their ancles, and then taking a pola sbod with iron into their hands, they push themselves forward by striking it against the ice, and are carried on with a velocity equal to the flight of a bird, or a bolt discharged from a crossbow,

Goodman's Fields, from farmer Goodman, who bad a farm here—" at which farine I myselfe (says Stowe) in my youth, have fetched manye a halfe-peny-worth of milk, and never had lesse than three ale pints for a halfe-peny in the summer, nor lesse than one ale quart for a halfe-peny in the winter, alwaies hot from the kine."

Hatton Gardon, from the residence of the Lord Hattons. built on the gardens belonging to Ely House, which were fa mous for strawberries: recorded by Hollinshed, who informs us, that Richard III., at the council held in the Tower the morning be put Hastings to death, sent to request a dish of

them.

Holborn is corrupted from Old Bourne, one of the brooks which ran through London, and over which was. Old Bourne Bridge, now Holborn Bridge: up to which the river Thames flowed through the Fleet Ditch, and brought barges of considerable burden.

Houndsditch was formerly a filthy ditch, into which was thrown dead dogs and all manner of filth-hence its name.

Knight Rider-street is so named from the gallant train of knights who were wont to pass this way in the days of chivalry, to the gay tournaments at Smithfield.

Lombard-street dates its origin from the Lombards, the great money-lenders and usurers of former times, who came from Lombardy, and settled in that street. The sign they made use of was the three golden balls, which the pawn. brokers use to this day.

Long Acre takes its name from being built on a piece of ground called the seven acres.

May Fair from a fair formerly kept there in May.

Oli Jewry derived its origin from the great synagogue of the Jews which stood there. · Pall Mall and The Mall (St. James's Park), take their titles from being used as a walk, or place for the exercise of the Mall, a game long since disused. · Peerless Pool, was originally called Perilous Pool, from the number of youths who had been drowned in it while swimming.

Piccadilly, from Piccadilla Hall, built by one Higgins, a tailor, and so called, because he got his estate by making stiff collars, in the fashion of a band, then called Piccadillas or Turnovers, formerly much in fashion.

Strand was originally an open highway, with here and there a great man's house, with gardens to the water's edge; hence the name.

St. John's Gate, is the only remaining part of a priory found. ed there by the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem. * Temple Bar.-The Strand was formerly divided from Fleet. street, by nothing but posts, rails, and chains; hence the name of bar. From being near the house of the Knights Templars (a religious military order), it received the title of Temple Bar.

Threadneedle-street, having Merchant Tailors' Hall in it; decides its origin at once. - Windmill-street (Haymarket), from a windmill, which stood in a field on the west side.

NOTICE TO CORRESPONDENTS.. We have received the communication of A. Z.; An Artist; Deaf and Dumb; D. 1.; Q.; and P.B.

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