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On Cruelty to Animals. 403 man,' and that he will assuredly call man to account for his conduct towards his dumb creatures. Remember also that
« Cowards are cruel, but the brave
Love mercy and delight to save.' With sincere desire for the preservation of thy honour as a man of humanity, and for thy happiness and welfare every way, I remain thy friend,
"S. HOARB." This as we know produced no effect.
· ANOTHER LION FIGHT. We wrote the above on seeing the accounts of the barbarous fight in the newspapers.
A few days' after this, there was another fight; the second lion was fiercer than the first, and he soon mastered the dogs, taking them up in his mouth and walking round the ring with one of them, as a cat would with a mouse. Whichever side conquers, the amusement is equally savage and brutal. It is only surprising that any human beings can find pleasure in such sights. A man is in a wretched state of mind, when he can find pleasure in that which gives pain to any other creature.
EXTRACTS FROM A SERMON ON CRUELTY TO
ANIMALS. MAn derives, from his Creator, power over the inferior animals; but man is accountable to his Creator for the lawful use or abuse of this power. It is well if he imitate his gracious superior, and be merciful to those under his dominion; but if he act the part of a tyrant over these creatures, if he persecute instead of protecting, destroy instead of
preserving, and torment instead of cherishing, how shall he escape suitable punishment on the day of judgement from the common Father of all ?
Cruelty to animals tends to render those who practise it, cruel towards their own species. Every single act of cruelty helps to produce in the mind a habit of cruelty-a cruel disposition; and when this babit or disposition is once produced, it will not confine itself to one particular object : it will exert its cruel power upon whatever happens to come in its way, not much regarding whether it be man or beast. I believe that many of those who have been brought to the scaffold for murder might trace their progress in wickedness, and their consequent dreadful fate, from acts of barbarity to animals in their childhood or youth. · Animals are capable of feeling pleasure and pain, and as the great Creator of the world has furnished the earth with abundant provision for their gratification, we must be sure then that the Creator wills the happiness of these his creatures. Humanity to them then must be agreeable to him, and cruelty must be the contrary.
God hath moreover given many directions in Scripture, which shew that he requires us to be merciful to the inferior animals. “On the seventh day thou shalt rest, that thine ox and thine ass may rest.” Ex. xxii. 12.
A righteous man regardeth the life of his beast.” Prov. xii, 10.
« Thou shalt-not muzzle the ox when he treadeth out the corn.” Deut. xx. 4.
These passages shew a tender regard even for the comforts of the animals which belong to us. A great many more passages of Scripture to the same purpose might be produced. :
Mark also the ingratitude which the unmerciful treatment of animals, shews towards the poor animals themselves. We have their services; they
may rest», shalt rest, or animals, requi
Letter from a Brother to a Sister. 405 contribute to our advantage, or to our amusement; and, in return, we often make their lives miserable, · and put them, in wantonness, to an untimely and a painful death. Instead of this, it would be much more becoming to treat them with kindness while they live : and not to deprive them of life, till some sufficient cause render it necessary, and then, with as much tenderness, and as quickly as possible.
In cruelty to dumb creatures, there is, moreover, on many occasions, a great appearance of unmanliness and cowardice. For these creatures are put to torture whilst the men who allow of this are themselves in no manner of danger.
If, therefore, we wish to soften, and not to harden our hearts ; if we feel it our duty to conform to the intentions of God; if we regard our interest, or our character; if all, or any of these motives have force to actuate us, let us cultivate humanity towards animals.—Young, chiefly.
Part of a Letter from a Brother to a Sister during
her Sickness. I AM anxious, my dear Sister, to entreat you seriously to consider your situation : it would be sinful in me to attempt to deceive you, hy saying, I hope you will soon recover ; because, from every account I can procure, there is not the most distant hope of it. My affection and my duty, both impose the unpleasing task upon me, to give yon this awful information.—You are, my dear sister, on the border of an eternal world ; and I cannot help fearing that you entertain some false notions respecting the terms of future acceptance. From the conversation which has passed between us, I have reason to fear that you are expecting to go to
heaven when you die, because you do not recollect having injured any person in your life. Is this a sufficient ground of hope, even if the thing itself were true? It is like saying, that because I have not robbed my neighbour, it is the duty of the king to give me an estate ; and because I have not injured the creatures, whom it was my bounden duty not to injure, I am to expect that God will, on that account, bestow on me eternal happiness!
Alas! my dear sister, eternal life is not to be thus purchased. How much wiser would it be to survey your past life, and see how things have stood between God and your soul !-to reflect upon the manner in which you have treated Him! whether you have devoutly turned your thoughts to Him, who blessed you with all your earthly com. forts, and has daily showered down His benefits upon you. How have you kept his sabbaths ? Do you find no offences committed against him; no duties to him neglected ? Have you done all that you might have done for the good of your fellowcreatures? I would not be harsh, but, my dear sister, let us see what we must do to be saved !
You are now probably on a death bed :—the last hour may soon arrive. What will be the situation of your soul when it parts from a painful and miserable body? Jesus Christ has said, “ Whosoever cometh unto me I will in no wise cast out." — Your blessed Redeemer is willing to save you. He is the same yesterday, to-day, and for ever! We change, but he changes not. Pray to God to convince you of your real state and condition ! that he will shew you the value of your Redeemer's great atonement, to justify you, and the necessity of the blessed Spirit to sanctify you. In a few days, perhaps in a few hours, all earthly things will with you be over! Christ has died to save us all, and those who see their need of his salvation, and desire to be saved by him, will be rescued from the
• The World.
407 power' of sin here and from condemnation hereafter. May you find your mind thus anxious to seek this Divine Saviour ; and whilst you seek to be saved by his merits, may it be your great desire to do his will, and to submit in all things to his dispensations.-Chiefly from Forbes's Ricordanze.
THE WORLD. The world we live in is an object of interest to us all, from the time of its creation up to the present day.
Íts form is that of a solid globe, containing within, mines of gold, silver, iron, precious stones, salt, coal, stone, chalk, &c.; and without, a beautiful decoration of fruits, flowers, and herbs, for the use and gratification of its inhabitants. In the short and sublime account of the creation given by Moses in the Bible, we are told, “ that the sun was formed to rule the day, and the moon to rule the night.” The manner in which the light of this glorious luminary is enjoyed by the earth is as follows. The earth has a double motion : it moves at once round its own centre, and round the sun ; just as a carriage moves round its own axle. tree, and round a court yard. Round itself it moves in one day, the half turned from the sun being dark, and that towards the sun being light, and this motion causes day and night. Round the sun it moves in one year, forming the varying seasons of spring, summer, autumn, and winter. The moon moves round the earth in 28 days : she is a dark body, and borrows her light from the sun, consequently when her side which is not shone on by the sun is next the earth, we have no light from her, and then the moon is called “new." When