rest are so kind and cordial that she feels said that I left Mrs. Sowerby in about a month. quite at ease, and, “as you would call it,” So you don't choose to tell tales out of school. has great success in talking. Her patron- Well, I like you all the better for that; and, to ess addressing the young ladies about her, tell you the truth, I don't want to hear them

Now you see the truth of what I have quite enough to manage one's own wife; but often told you, the great advantage of the this I will say, that if Mr. Sowerby would take society of clever and sensible men. Miss

a leaf out of my book, I'll venture to say he C. has had this advantage.” And, in fact, would soon cure his wife of all her devilry."

“He went on in this way with very little inMiss C. (our friend) owns to a liking for terruption from either his meek and timid wife gentleman's society. " Tell it not in the

or myself. The children came to my relief. market-place,” she writes to Miss Dash, He took occasion to observe that they would “ but I like the conversation of men better have been very well if they had not been spoiled by than that of women. Besides, men do not the folly of their mother — but all that you will so much ask what you know as what you correct, he said. I wish them to be well eduare; and then they are so conveniently cated, for they will all have very handsome forblind to all the faults of our sex but those tunes, and I wish them to make a figure in the of pedantry and dogmatism — they fancy world. After going on some time in a very magthemselves so quick-sighted in judging of nificent way, thinking, I suppose, that he had character, and it is so amusing to see how sufficiently astonished my weak mind, he pro easily they are deceived." The redoubta- ceeded to my business, as he called it the ble Mrs. Sowerby in time becomes unbear- pounds, shillings, and pence. able; so, greatly to the regret of the father his grossness. If he had been driving a bar

“ Oh! it is impossible to give you any idea of of her pupils, she leaves. But her experi-gain at Smithfield he could not have been ence of the intolerable is to be further ex

• I tell you what, ma'am, I think your tended. Some very rich people living in a terms very high; you must lower them down to splendid house want a governess, she is mine, and then I shall give you twenty pounds recommended to them, and is invited to more than I ever meant to give, or than you dine and to be looked at.

have any right to expect. I was perfectly “ About five o'clock on Monday I set out to

calm and self-possessed; and as I had been pre walk through the snow to this splendid mansion, lieve I have no occasion to trouble you any fur

paring to come away, I said, “Then, sir, I beI was ushered into the drawing-room, where I found Mrs. Tempest, a very pleasing woman.

ther. I wish you good evening.'

won't come down ? Now take my advice She received me with great kindness and cor

take a week to consider. No woman is capable diality. There was a timidity and rervous, trepidation about her whole manner which sur. His wife pressed near and said, “Only consider,

of coming to a right judgment under a week.' prised me till I had seen her husband. I sat Mr. Tempest, how very little it is for your income.' with her for some time alone; at length dinner I thought he would have knocked her down. was annouuced, and as I rose to accompany • Do you think I don't know what I am about, her, she said, 'I do hope you will agree with Mrs. Tempest? Don't you know that I can Mr. Tempest. I will do everything I can to have a governess sent from town for half or a make you comfortable.' I had begun to hope till I saw him, and then I soon understood that he quarter of what I propose — ay, many that was in very deed lord and master, and she was to be bamboozled, I promise you.' I made my

would jump at such a chance? I am not going the very dust of the earth. “ He was already seated at the dinner-table, hall, assuring me that I did not know what I

parting curtsy, but he followed me into the and desired us both to take our seats as quickly as possible, for he had waited long enough for to hear from me in a week, and then, if I am

was about, and repeating that he should expect his dinner. Now I thought that we had been not mistaken, you will see your own interest, waiting for him, and Mrs. Tempest ventured to say that he was later than usual in returning have the pleasure of writing to Mrs. Tempest on

ma'am, too well to refuse.' I said, 'I will home, and she had been quite faint with staying Monday next,' and came away.” 80 long. He was graciously pleased to wonder what business women who stayed at home and

These are trying encounters to have to did nothing had to want any dinner! I thought report to a lover, longing, but as yet unI had never seen such a bear; however, I said able, to offer the independence of a home. to myself, · Let me not judge hastily – he is But there are other themes for her corhungry, and out of humour ;'80 after eating voraciously, he began to be what he called respondence. She has to give her views agreeable. So, ma'am,' he said, addressing of young ladies - on their duties, and on me, ' I hear you have determined to leave Mr. feminine manner and sentiment generally Sowerby. He is a good sort of man enough, - on which she has opinions as delined and but I understand she is a terrible tigress. This mature as on everything else. We are alwas a subject on which I did not choose to con- lowed to gather that the young curate, to verse; and as he seemed to expect an answer, I whom these letters are mainly addressed,

What! you

is an attractive person to the ladies; and visitors or dinner company, walking below. as it is thought expedient not to talk of an I hear them talk and laugh, but I feel no engagement which may be indefinite, our wish to join them. I seem as if I had said, friend has evidently some uneasy moments, Of laughter, it is folly; and of mirth, which lend a force to her contempt and what doeth it?" I remain still studying abhorrence of all unfeminine display of in- my book of arithmetic, and I close it someterest in his direction. These were the days times, and cannot help sighing for a little when defiance of propriety took the form of society.” The want of books oppresses German sentiment instead of the fastness her - a much more common ally to dulness of modern manners. We are led to sup- then than now. I declare," she writes pose, from the reflections we encounter at one time, “ I have never seen anything here, that in the higher middle-class so- in the shape of a modern publication since ciety of that day there was fully as much I have been in the house, except • A Trearoom for the strictures of thoughtful or tise on that very prevalent Disease, a Scald severe judges of manner as now, though it Head.' As famished people will prey on is common among us to attribute an out- garbage, I seized it with avidity, and acpouring of giddy disregard to old-fashioned tually read it through.” A good many proprieties as a special token of modern people nowadays may not read much more degeneracy. Very much excellent sense is than when Murray's Grammar, Meditations uttered in these pages, of which the follow- for the Aged, and Blair's Sermons, were ing sentence, worthy of Miss Edgeworth, the only books to be found in an elegant may be taken as a specimen. She is commend-drawing-room; but they secure an atınosing a sister “who has very strong affec- phere of books by subscribing to a library tions, but is quite free from that sort of and taking in a few serials. And it is passionate disposition which would make just this atmosphere that our poor friend in her ‘fall in love,' as the common phrase is the days we live in would have found it her If you observe the female characters that vocation to help in forming, instead of fall in your way, you will find that a wo- drearily conning her multiplication table. man of strong passions has always a cold Holding firm to her decision in spite of heart. I do not know if the rule is the Mr. Tempest's prophecies, she accepts a same with the other sex, but I have never new situation in the country, frankly ownseen an exception to it in my own. A wo-ing her regret that it is the country. “Yes, man of fiery passions is happily a monster, indeed, I do," she says to her romantic and she is invariably destitute of natural lover;. "I am not sufficiently enamoured affection.” Our friend in the solitude of of the banks of this romantic stream to wish her schoolroom might well be anxious on for nothing else. I like the human face dithis score for a lover in the world. What vine infinitely better. I daresay you are that solitude was, and the failure of all all amazement -shocked and disgusted. intellectual resource, is sometimes told I insist upon it that you believe, notwithwith a force which accounts to us for the standing, that I have just as much taste for unpleasing traits so often connected with the sublime and beautiful, and just as high the conventional governess.

It is not a a relish for the beauties of nature, as you training to make woman amiable, especially your very self; and if I were independent, where there is no way out of the life visi- I should be just as sublime a character, and ble even to hope. “ I may talk upon paper,” sigh as much after green fields and shady she says, “but I am now many hours, I groves and falling floods; but being, as might almost say days, without hearing I am, kneaded into the common mass, the sound of my own voice. Who would obliged to conform to the humours and habtake me for the same Miss C., who at Bath its and tastes and caprices of everybody was not expected to be silent for five min- that I come near, not suffered even to think utes ?” Again: “ This has been a trying my own thoughts, I do confess that I had suinmer to me. I have not, it is true, had much rather see a variety of men and womy usual anxiety of seeking where to be, men than all the trees and floods and bills but I have tasted all the horrors of com- in the country.” plete solitude. We never go beyond the Here she finds a fairly happy refuge in a garden; and I have sometimes felt that I valley of Forges, but so far removed from should be afraid to go beyond its walls. the outer world and its interests that only The children are seldom with me except in the vicar and the curate furnish external exschool hours, and there is not one single citement. But there is a relaxation of human being with whom I can exchange a that rule of solitude which secludes the word like conversation.” At another time: governess of society proper. She is re“I sometimes see gay company, morning ceived with honour and estimated as a god

send. Within doors, however, the old he went on eating his supper with all the comnurse is the only portrait drawn with any posure in the world, only remarking, Well, elaborateness. Outside there are all sorts Miss C., what a fuss you make about nothing ! of clerical foibles to analyse: first, the vi- I shall settle it all in five minutes when I have car, a good man, but whose vanity and time. Women have so many pretty fancirs,'

• Dear creatures! As if a man had jealousy of his curates is a pretty piece of he said. human nature; then the curates, whom, in nothing else to do but to dance after them.'» the security of pre-engaged affections, she

We gather that in the end such happican list off pedestals on which the rest of ness as is compatible with spending a life the valley placed them. It is curious to with Mr. Mann is accorded to his fair adsee how the veriest prig can make way, in mirer. The old nurse, who also has her spite of ridicule, into a position of impor- say about curates, is more intelligent in her tance where he is the only man. The let- estimate of the race. This old woman's ters have so much about this Mr. Mann

very relation to her employers is an oldthat her correspondent does not quite like world trait. Our friend finds her past ac. it; for this prig can preach, and has bis tive services, and admitted to the companreal side; and she is not awed by the sancionship of the family circle; full of the timonious horror he shows of anything but shrewd quaint humour which makes gossip hymn singing, but boldly laughs at him,

till she believes he thinks her the veriest hea- humour when anything goes amiss.

attractive, and indulged in unlimited illthen that ever was born, and calls ber lively; pronouncing lively as if it included every I have no time to write, for in the midst of sin in the decalogue. And, in the mean- all our bustle and anxiety nurse was seized with while, one of the “ most pious and excel- the gout, and the task of nursing her was by lent girls I ever met with - she scarcely common consent turned over to me. The serreads anything but her Bible is falling in vants had enough to do with the child and their love with this gentleman,” and is read by mistross; besides, nurse was so exceedingly our friend's formidable eyes. She uses her cross that nobody liked to go near her. I was penetration, however, after a really friendly abated, I was the sweetest lady that ever walked,

alternately praised and abused. If the pain fashion.

that I should give up my time to wait on her! “ I have a great objection to any one of my Was there ever such a thing heard of ?' A parown sex falling very seriously in love, so I tried oxysm of pain would come, and then I suppose I by all means to break the charm. She was not heard the truth. She would rave and storm at at all aware that I could see into the inner cham- me because I could not lift her very large person ber of her heart; and I have been sometimes a by myself. “She should like to know what I little amused at her innocence, when she con- was fit for. She would not give a halfpenny for sidered herself so very sly, and sure of her se- a hundred such. The Lord help the poor man cret being undiscovered. She is naturally silent, as did light on me!'and ber secret consciousness kept her more so before the object of it; and I saw she thought I The eloquent Mr. Mann is dismissed. had a great advantage in the careless unembar- His successor is of a different stampa rassed manner in which I could talk to the man. sleepy, dull fellow. On returning from She wondered that Mr. and Mrs. Brown should hearing his first sermon, somebody tonched propose my having the eldest boy to educate in her arm. “It was nurse. A hummingconjunction with the same curate. It was so bee in a pitcher,' she said, and passed on;' very odd - it was bringing us so much together

a judgment supplemented on longer expe- and

· And what ?' I asked, as she made rience by another oracular utterance, a pause. 'Do you really, now, think I can be in any danger from him? No, no: he

Depend upon it, miss, our parson got him

may do very well for you young misses who have chep out oYorkshire.” Yet nothing could seen nothing better; but I have been beyond keep curates under in this favoured region. the blue hills yonder, and I do assure you I

“You never in your life heard such nonshall not pull caps for Mr. Mann.''

sense as he preaches; and would you be

lieve that the first thing he does when be But illusions are not so easily dispelled ; comes in is to ask us, with evident self-comand, to her exasperation, our friend per- placency, what we think of bis sermon ? ceives that the gentleman is aware of the Mrs. Brown is the only person that at. feeling he has excited, and takes it easily.

tempts an answer; and he is not contented “ He has already learned his power, and made with a general one, but he goes on, · And her wretched several times, and I cannot for the what do you think of such and such a paslife of me disturb him. I put all my powers sage?' •I assure youi, Miss,' he said, forth the other night to make him believe that turning to me, I never preach anybody he had committed an unpardonable offence, and else's sermons; I always make them all my

self.' 'I am sure, sir, I never doubted it,'| Our aim in this delineation has been to was the only answer I gave him. Mr. show some of the trials inseparable from the Brown turned to the window to laugh. position of the clever woman of fifty years Mrs. Brown scolded me after the man was ago thrown upon her own resources. Ungone for looking contemptuous. She in- less a woman had an inexhaustible series of sisted upon it that she was the only one good novels in her head — unless, that is, who behaved properly. As for you, Mr. she had genius of a high order — there was Brown, who talk so much about civility and nothing for her but tuition - a noble callkindness, I must say I admire you.' *Yes, ing or the merest drudgery, according to my dear, you always did,' he says, in his the degree of fitness for the work. No one usual good-humoured way;" Only once can read the facile, picturesque style of have we anything to call self-portraiture in these familiar letters without perceiving

in some branch carried off to the sea for a holiday by the been a more appropriate field for the writer's Vicar and his wife. A spiteful religious talents, and also that such a field would professor, a widow, is of the party, and ex- have been open to her now. Reading, and tremely resentful of the attention " a per- readers, and books, and authors, all mean son in a dependent situation" could gain something different from what they once by her amusing powers.

did; they have lost the weight that used to “She is a person of at least thirty-five, and attach to the words. It is vain to regret then I have the advantage of better society than this. The fact cannot be controverted that her birth entitles her to claim. You see at once there is an immense demand now for a certhat she is illiterate and vulgar. Now I have tain class of writers whose business it seems youth on my side, and I love literature and, if to be to supply reading for persons who did I may believe the judgment of others, I have not read at all fifty years ago. People what that Vicar calls a “ marvellous gift of speech' have grown too lazy or too restless to de80 my vanity placed me above supposing that I velop in themselves or others the good talk could annoy Mrs. Smith by engrossing the few that used to be the world's best refreshmen that have come in my way. Yesterday at dinner the Vicar announced that he had acci- ment, and they ask from literature a subdentally met with a Cambridge man, Professor stitute. Our lighter periodical literature is L., and that he would take tea with us.

I made this substitute, and a very appropriate one some little difference in my dress, which Mrs. 8. for female talent. And let no one say that remarked upon. I laughed, and said, “Yes, I this lighter literature has not a very imporhave been ornamenting my person with great tant part to play, though in humbler field care; I intend to smite the Professor at once; I than that literature which is properly an art, am determined to give him no chance of escape.' though its productions are ephemeral, and As I gave utterance to this nonsense, I was sent the day a short one, and though its writers ed in the window, which is very low, mending do not even pretend to any of that infallimy glove; and as I lifted up my eyes to see who bility which once was attributed to all had knocked, I encountered the gaze of a very printed matter. handsome, elegant-looking man, with a certain arch expression of countenance which convinced allude to the more remarkable efforts of

We need not say that we do not now me that he had heard my bainage. In another moment he was introduced to us as the Profes- female genius. Our age can boast of not a sor., Very great was my surprise, for I had few works composed by women which are really expected to see an old man in a great wig. ! marked by such grasp of thought, subtle After I had recovered from the little embarrass- depth of observation, and original force and ment which the fear of his having heard my grace of expression, as not only rank them foolish speech occasioned, I joined in the con- among the highest literature of the day, but versation, or rather I was led to join in it by the must secure them a lasting reputation. address of the Professor. . . . But I was hardly But, short of this, wherever there is definiteaware that he had talked more to me than to ness of aim, independence of thought, and the rest till he was gone. He had hardly closed freshness and accuracy of style — something the door before Mrs. Smith began. Well, to say, and the power of saying it attractma’am, I hope you are satisfied.' By no ively- - a woman may find in these days means,' I said; I want the Professor to remain

employment for her She

pen, may here as long as we do; only think of his going her place and stand her chance among men

take to-morrow.' . . . She sat swelling with rage, and at supper the Vicar asked her why she was

similarly endowed. Especially does wo80 silent. Then she burst forth, oh, sir, let man's naturally didactic turn find an apthose talk who are so fond of it, and that you propriate field in the modern periodical litare so fond of hearing; I am sure you don't wish erature designed for children and the poor, to hear anything such a plain person as I have and for that vast mass of uncritical readers got to say.'”

who do not range under either of these


heads, but who yet require a literature | ture, or the sciences, she can neither conadapted to an immature taste and judg- verse with her father-in-law, her clergyman, ment; - readers to whom well-worn truths or any man of serious mind; and yet the in fact and morals are by no means tríte or first talent of a woman is to be able to concommonplace, who have no taste for the verse. The fatal prejudice' which forbids delicacies of criticism, and by whom the women to do more than listen to serious leaders of cultivated public opinion are and useful conversation has much to do neither appreciated nor understood. And with this frivolity. The bishop, while apthis recognition of an unpretentious form of preciating this listening 'power as the first authorship as woman's work tells indirectly of the liberal arts, justly adds, If you forbid in another way on the position of women, women to write or to talk about things that as an influence for the diffusion and ad- interest them, how can they even listen vance of female education, counteracting well? How can you suppose that they will the long-standing family injustice of sacri- bave the courage to study, if they may not ficing daughters to sons. A boy's talents talk and write about what they know? must be cultivated, because he can make There is an intrinsic fallacy in the permissomething of them, a girl marries just as sion to listen flanked with strong prohibiwell without any accuracy of knowledge as tions to make use of what is heard. We with; and the possibility of his daughters can only hope that the cours which are being dependent is too repugnant to Eng- being adopted in so many of the leading lish fathers to be provided against. Ever towns in France, in place of education in 80 modest a cheque from a publisher, or pensions, which has hitherto been the prevafrom the editor of a Society's periodical, lent system, may produce a cbange for the produces a different impression. "If women better. M. Dupanloup is said to be strongly can receive them, their education may be opposed to them, as removing education worth some outlay. As a cheerful family out of the hands of the Church; but he has event, coming, as a matter of course, with declared himself too strenuously on the reno publicity or parade, it is a marvellous sults of things as they are to be a very forreconciler to woman's work.

midable opponent to experiments in a new Our readers will understand that no part line. of our argument applies to writers of the Our subject has not been education, but strong sensational school. Ladies who have how women may use and apply such educaearned their laurels in this field commonly tion and powers as they have; and we are derive their knowledge of life from anything happy to note a relaxation of prejudice on but its domestic aspect, or from its play in our side of the Channel which rewains in general society. The clever women we full force on the other. Quiet unpres :nding have in view, whether they talk or write, talent in women does not meet with the are still mindful of their catechism, and snubs here which it has to endure in France. hold by old insular proprieties; as little Genius in women who disdain all restraints drawn towards transcendentalism on the has made itself felt there even more emone hand, as to French or German senti- phatically than with us. But a body of ment on the other.

intelligent women, quietly yet successfully In France we gather from Mgr. Dupan- employing their powers for the mutual loup's plea for the right of women — first, benetit of their readers and themselves, are to a liberal education, and then to use their doing more for the intellectual advance of intellect as inclination and genius shall women than an erratic woman of genius can prompt them — that the employment of the do by her most brilliant triumph. It has pen is discountenanced among Frenchwo- always been acknowledged that there are

He boasts of the good done to re- women of genius who do great things, but ligion by such writers as Mrs. Craven, they are regarded as exceptions. The class Eugenie de Guerin, and others; but as to we mean are not exceptions from the ordithe modern Frenchwoman, he complains nary domestic type of woman, and have no that she knows absolutely nothing. She desire or temptation to be. They use their can only talk about dress, fashions, and pen with such skill as they have on subjects steeplechases. She knows all the famous especially open to feminine treatment, as actors and horses, and the best milliners skilful women of old span gossamer thread, and saddlers; but if you attempt to talk to or made exquisite lace or embroidery, or her on the literature of her country, she is exercised themselves in any other graceful struck dumb; she can only entertain frivo- art where delicate fingering, a soft touch, lous young men. Equally incapable of and quick perception found an appropriate talking on business, art, politics, agricul-| field.


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