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the tongue must have its freedom. Who Vicksburg; The collection includes every
The progress of his mind upon this
dier Parke, while lying before Vicksbury,
* Use the negroes and everything within From The Spectator, 14 Nov.
your command to the best advantage,”
not, be it noted, every person. This disTHE PRESIDENT ELECT.
tinction proceeded, however, from no conTue New York Tribune published three tempt for the Black race, such as many days before the Presidential Election a very Generals at this me did not hesitate to noteworthy contribution, occupying rather express. “I expect,” he writes in Janumore than five columns of small type. It is ary, 1862, “ the Commanders especially to a collection of the speeches, letters, general exert themselves in carrying out the policy orders, and sayings absolutely known to i of the Administration, not only in organizhave proceeded from General Grant since ing coloured regiments and rendering them his appointment to the command of an army efficient, but also ir removing prejudice in the field, that is, since the siege of against them," a prejudice which withiu bis
command rapidly disappeared. Even be- nently improper, to lay down a policy to be fore this General Grant had issued stern adhered to, right or wrong, through an adorders for the protection of coloured sol- ministration of four years. New political diers, informing General Halleck in partic- issues not foreseen are constantly arising, ular that "it was the duty of Union Gen- the views of the public on old ones are erals to give the same protection to coloured constantly changing, and a purely administroops that they do to any other troops "trative officer should always be left free to in the service of the United States; and execute the will of the people. I always one year later he wrote to General Butler have respected that will, and always shall." that no distinction whatever should be made This idea incessantly crops out in his letin the exchange of white and coloured pris- ters, and seems nearly allied with the grand oners if regularly enrolled in the Army. peculiarity of his mind, a love of order and He had, moreover, even then, 1862, made subordination. A mad suggestion was made ср his mind on the political side of the during the Atlanta campaign to place Shermatter, for he wrote on August 30 to the man above Grant; and Sherman, always Hon. E. L. Washburne in these emphatic loyal, wrote to his chief repudiating the terms: “I never was an Abolitionist, not plan. Grant replied, “ If you are put even what could be called anti-Slavery; but above me I shall always obey you, just as I try to judge fairly and honestly, and it you always have me.” Only those who became patent to my mind, early in the re- know the tenacity of soldiers about superbellion, that the North and South could session can adequately comprehend the senever live at peace with each other except rene simplicity of this reply, and only those as one nation, and that without slavery. who know how politics are ingrained in As anxious as I am to see peace estab prominent Americans can appreciate the lished, I would not therefore be willing to letter to Mr. Chase affirming that “ no thesee any settlement until this question is for ory of my own will ever stand in the way ever settled.” This was written, be it re- of my executing in good faith any order I membered, before Vicksburg had fallen, may receive from those in authority over when it seemed to weak men as if the North me.” He regards “the people ” as his ultimust make some concession if peace was mate commanding officer, and asks only ever to be secured. The General himself that their orders be intelligible and consisthought they must yield some points, but tent. not this, and by 1866 his mind had ripened The love of discipline is tempered with till he was prepared to admit the negro not great personal kindliness to inferiors, a feelonly to freedom as a reward for State ser- ing best illustrated perhaps by his absovice, not only to freedom as a man, but to lute refusal to break' four or five officers equality as a citizen. “ I never," he said, who had behaved badly, or rather stupidly, “could have believed that I should favour in an early affair. They had never, said giving negroes the right to vote, but that the General, been under fire before, and seems to me the only solution of our diffi- they had learned their lesson; and he posiculties."
tively declined even to report them. “Bah!" Upon this, the main point of the whole said Nelson, on a somewhat similar occasion, dispute between American parties, no opin- boys will duck. I did, till I found it was ion could be more clear; and it is the useless; "— and General Grant seems to be opinion of a man slow to receive new im- of the same temper, a temper not always pressions, not specially philanthropic, not inconsistent with terrible sternness. There perhaps inclined even now to demand more is but one instance of humour, in the poputhan justice for the oppressed, but immova- lar sense, reported in this collection, though bly fixed to secure that. We can quite many of the orders are pervaded by a solconceive General Grant vetoing a Bill to dierlike directness which is almost humour, give negroes land for nothing while hanging and it illustrates the latent sternness in the whites who robbed them of land purchased General's character. It was needful in with their own savings. Colour is to him 1864 to clear, or rather desolate, the Shenno recommendation, but also no disqualifi- andoah Valley, whence the enemy were cation, the only true attitude of mind for drawing large supplies, and Grant informed the ruler a parti-coloured State. Upon his young General of Cavalry, Sheridan, subsidiary points the President Elect is "the valley must be so cleared that <rows equally clear and decisive, and his policy flying over it will for the season have to is perhaps best explained in a sentence carry their own rations,"— a remark that from his letter accepting his nomination by might have come from Cromwell in Ireland. the Chicago Convention :- In times like Precisely the same spirit is manifested in the present it is impossible, or at least emi- his intercourse with the supply branches of the Army, and in his general views upon man being of any colour to say what he economy. He early perceived the jobbing likes and do what he likes within the laws, which is the curse of all operations in free but enforces the laws with the bayonet. States, and took peremptory measures to Any native or European may talk any treaput a stop to it, cancelling every contract son he pleases in the town hall of Calcutta, not made by himself, abolishing the con- and no one will punish; but if he interferes tract system in favour of direct purchases, with any rights of any other British subject, sternly rebuking his own father for asking white or coloured, his whole following, or favours, and finally suggesting to Halleck his whole nation, could not save him from that “all fraudulent contractors should be arrest and punishment. Unswerving justice impressed into the ranks, or still better, is the basis of order, there is no justice eigunboat service, where they could have nother in Texas or in London if the civil offichance of deserting.” One of these days, cers of the law can be defied by arm force, in some hour of extremity, produced mainly and the next President of the United States, by tolerated frauds, we shall establish a it is clear, does 'not intend they should be. sterner law than that, and carry it out, too, We only wish we could be as certain of with the approbation of all men. The years the next Premier. during which President Grant occupies the General Grant comes out in these letters, White House will clearly not be “ good and orders, and — no, not speeches — saytimes " for peculators, or for disobedient ings, a soldier politician of the best sort, officials, or for persons who violently dis- a man gentle, kindly, and considerate, but turb the public peace. It is a real relief, with a vein of wrath in him, a man who suramidst the perpetual talk of State rights, veys politics as he would a valley, without President Johnson's democratic proclama- seeing every tree, but missing no strategic tions, and, we must add, half-hearted Re- point, a soldier who is aware that there publican proposals, to come across an opin- must be force somewhere to keep society ion as statesmanlike as this. In January, together, but a politician who is determined 1867, General Grant recorded the following that that force shall be the Law, framed deliberate opinion on the state of affairs in and modified by the representatives of the Texas : -" In my opinion, the great num- people. We congratulate the United States ber of murders of Union men and freedmen on a Premier who dislikes waste, even when in Texas, not only as a rule unpunished, the wasteful support his party, and will but uninvestigated, constitute practically a put down murderers even when they plead state of insurrection; and, believing it to the sovereign rights of States. be the province and duty of every good government to afford protection to the lives, liberties, and property of her citizens, I
From The New York Evening Post. would recommend the declaration of martial law in Texas to secure these ends. The
THE POET HALLECK. necessity for governing any portion of our NEW EDITION OF his works — HISTORIterritory by martial law is to be deplored. If resorted to, it should be limited in its authority, and should leave all local authorities and civil tribunals free and unob- We give below Mr. James Grant Wilstructed until they prove their inefficiency son's Preface to the new edition of Halleck's or unwillingness to perform their duties. Poems, issued by D. Appleton & Co. Martial law would give security, or com
“ In this volume will be found all the paratively so, to all classes of citizens, with- poetical writings of the late Fitz-Greene out regard to race, colour, or political opin- Halleck included in previous editions, toions, and should be continued until society gether with a score of poems which the was capable of protecting itself, or until the editor has succeeded in recovering from State is returned to its full relation with the various sources, and which are marked by Union. The application of martial law to the characteristic grace and melody of his one of these states would be a warning to most admired compositions; also several all, and, if necessary, could be extended to translations from the French, German, and others."— It will come to that at last, and Italian, that now appear in print for the every day's delay does but exasperate the first time. Among the pieces never before evil. As we have maintained from the published are a number of juvenile producfirst, the States which will not allow order tions, which may be recognised by the dates to be restored must be governed tempora- appended to them. Between the earliest rily as India is governed, by a government poem contained in this collection and the essentially military, which permits any hu- latest, a period of three score and three
CAL PREFACE INTERESTING RECOLLEC-
years intervened. • The Tempest' was on Broadway, and throughout the city; written by the handsome and happy school- they were, in short, a town topic. The two boy of fourteen, in the fourth year of the friends contributed other pieces; and when present century; a translation from the the editor again expressed great anxiety to German was made by the gray-haired vete- be acquainted with the writer, and used a ran who had passed, by seven summers, the style so mysterious as to excite their curiosallotted period of man's life; while Mr. ity, the literary partners decided to call Halleck's latest original poem, *Young upon him. Halleck and Drake accordAmerica,' was written near the close of the ingly, one evening went together to Coleyear 1863, beneath the shadows of the same man's residence, in Hudson Street, and regrand old Guilford elms under which the quested an interview. They were ushered poet was born and buried.
into the parlor; the editor soon entered ; " • The Croakers,' that now appear for the young poets expressed a desire for a few the first time with Halleck's poetical writ- minutes' strictly private conversation with ings, are the joint production of the attached him, and the door being closed and locked friends, Fitz-Greene Halleck and Joseph Dr. Drake said: “I am Croaker, and this Rodman Drake. The origin of these gentleman, sir, is Croaker Junior.' Colesprightly jeux d'esprit, as eagerly looked for man stared at the young men with indeseach evening as were the war bulletins of a cribable and unaffected astonishment, at latter day, may not be without interest to length exclaiming : “My God, I had no idea the author's troops of admirers. Halleck that we had such talents in America !' and Drake were spending a Sunday morn- Halleck, with his characteristic modesty was ing with Dr. William Langstaff, an eccentric disposed to give to Drake all the credit; apothecary and an accomplished mineralo- but as it chanced that Coleman alluded in gist, with whom they were both intimate particularly glowing terms to one of the (the two last mentioned were previously Croakers that was wholly his, he was forced fellow-students in the study of medicine to be silent, and the delighted editor conwith Drs. Bruce and Romayne), when tinued in a strain of compliment and eulogy Drake, for his own and his friends' amuse- that put them both to the blush. Before ment, wrote several burlesque stanzas · To taking their leave the poets bound Coleman Ennui, Halleck answering them in some over to the most profound secrecy, and arlines on the same subject. The young poets ranged a plan of sending him the manudecided to send their productions, with script, and of receiving the proofs, in a others of the same character, to William manner that would avoid the least possibilColeman, the editor of the Evening Post. ity of the secret of their connection with the If he published them they would write more; Croakers' being discovered. The poems if not they would offer them to Major M. were copied from the originals by Langstati, M. Noah, of the National Advocate ; and if that their handwriting should not divulge he declined their poetical progeny, they the secret, and were either sent through the would light their pipes with them. Drake mail or taken to the Evening Post office by accordingly sent Coleman three pieces of his Benjamin R. Winthrop, then a fellow-clerk own, signed • Croaker,' a signature adopted with Mr. Halleck in the counting-house of from an amusing character in Goldsmith's the well-known banker and merchant, Jacob comedy of The Good-natured Man.' Barker, in Wall Street. To their astonishment a paragraph ap- “ Hundreds of imitations of the Croakpeared in the Post the day following, ers' were daily received by the different acknowledging their receipt, promising editors of New York, to all of which they the insertion of the pocms, pronounc- gave publicly one general answer, that ing them to be the productions of su- they lacked the genius, spirit, and beauty perior taste and genius, and begging the of the originals. On one occasion Coleman honor of a personal acquaintance with the showed Halleck fifteen he had received in author. The lines To Ennui' appeared a single morning, all of which, with a soliMarch 10, 1819, and the others in almost tary exception, were consigned to the daily succession; those written by Mr. waste basket. The friends continued for Halleck being usually signed • Croaker several months to keep the city in a blaze Junior,' while those which were their joint of excitement; and it was observed by ove composition generally bore the signature of of the editors, that so great was the wineCroaker and Co.'
ing and shrinking at the “Croakers " that “The remark made by Coleman had ex- every person was on tenter-books; neither cited public attention, and the • Croakers' knavery nor folly has slept quietly since soon became a subject of conversation in our first commencement. Of this series of drawing-rooms, book-stores, coffee-houses, satirical quaint chronicles of New York life
half a century ago, Halleck, in 1866, said with her greatest poet. Nothing finer 'that they were good-natured verses con- has been written about Robert than Mr. tributed anonymously to the columns of the Halleck's poem,' said Isabella, the youngNew York Evening Post from March to est sister of the Ayrshire bard, as she gave June 1819, and occasionally afterward. the writer, in the summer of 1855, some The writers continued, like the author of rosebuds from her garden, and leaves of Junius, the sole depositaries of their own ivy plucked from her cottage door, near secret, and apparently wished with the the banks of the bonny Doon to carry back minstrel in Leyden's Scenes of Infancy,' to his gifted friend.' Neither will those to
exquisitely beautiful and tender lines, so
familiar to all, in which the early death of "Save others' names, but leave their own un- his chosen companion and literary partner, sung.”
Dr. Drake, was mourned by Mr. Halleck, Among the • Croakers' will be found tbree be soon forgotten. They are, and will hitherto unpublished pieces from the
continue to be, an enduring monument to
pen of Mr. Halleck; and in lieu of the original both the poets, wherever the English lansignatures, the author of each poem is now guage is read or spoken. Like Thomas for the first time made known by the letters Campbell, whose poetical writings he so H and D); when both letters occur they much admired, Fitz-Greene Halleck gave
. . heirlooms indicate the joint authorship of the literary to the world but few poems partners; or, to quote Halleck's familiar forever,' to be prized and cherished by bis words to a friend, that we each had a fin- countrymen through the coming ages and ger in the pie.'
generations, with “ Fitz Greene, a descendant of Peter "** Earth's and sea's rich gems, Halleck or Hallock, one of thirteen Pilgrim With April's first-born flowers, Fathers wbo landed at New Haven, Con- And all things rare.' necticut, in 1640, and of the Rev. John Eliot, the • Apostle to the Indians,' who made by the poet in the last edition of
“The arrangement of the poems, as arrived at Boston, Massachusetts, in 1631, 1858, has been closely followed in this volwas one of the earliest, as he was among ume, without reference to their chronologthe most eminent, of American poets. He ical order; and in other particulars the left no son to wear his bonors or to per present publication has been made to conpetuate his name, but, unlike his favorite form to Mr. Halleck's wishes, as expressed Roi d'Yvetot, there is little danger of his to the writer at their last interview, but a being .peu connu dans l'histoire.' When few weeks before all those whose privilege it was to know the genial poet, and to have been honored "s He gave his honors to the world again, by his friendship, shall have passed away, His blessed part to heaven, and slept in peace.” and when the enduring granite obelisk
“ The share of the editor in this volume which now marks his grave shall have
can scarcely be regarded too slightly. He crumbled to dust, the name and fame of the sweet singer who celebrated in immor- | cannot even claim the credit for the notes, tal song the glories of the modern Epami: poet himself. Among the notes to the mis
as a portion of them were prepared by the nondas will remain fresh and green, not cellaneous poems, the first nine will be only in the country of his birth, but in the land of Bozzaris. In England, his
Ain- recognised as having appeared in all pre
vious editions, while the notes to 'Fanny' wick Castle,'
and • The Recorder' are, with a few slight “ * Home of Percy's high-born race,'
alterations and additions, substantially Mr. Halleck's ;
and to him, therefore, the ediwill long preserve his name from oblivion; tor trusts will be awarded the credit for while in Scotland, the song he sang in whatever may be found among them worpraise of Burns will forever connect him | thy of praise."
A BOAR-HUNT IN BURGUNDY.— Towards behind me and took the plain towards the marsh noon, to my surprise, five boars got up, out of in the direction followed by the boars. I fired range, and crossed into marsh lands beyond the instantly and down she feil. I then drew my Aube. I stood watching their movements till knife and approached with caution. On arrivthe mist concealed them, and was preparing to ing within a few paces of the spot I perceived quit the cover, when a half-grown sow rose close she was wounded in the site, and lay on her