most amusing of Irishmen turned up, the in which he undertook to show that his appresent Chief Justice Whiteside, then at preciation of the beauties of our immortal the Bar, observed that there was not a man bard surpassed that of any of our own critin the upper ranks of Dublin life for twenty ics, living or dead, and that his acquaintyears before who had any pretensions to ance with the niceties of the English lanwit, humour, professional or artistic talent, guage was superior to that of the natives. who had not been a guest at Brophy's hospit- Lover's best recitation was his celebrated able table. Whenever the Marquis of Ang- "New Potatoes," a dialogue between a lesey, who was a martyr to tic doloreux, was poor vegetable woman from Ormond Marmore than ordinarily afflicted, he sent for ket going along the quay with a female comPat, who, attending very little to the imme- panion, to whom she tells the story of her diate seat of the malady, addressed himself domestic grievances, interrupting it every to the noble patient's imagination. After moment with the cry of “ New Potatoes treating him to a merry quart d'heure with most ludicrously. This clever sketch of Zosimus, or some other eminent Dublin Irish character had been published in his character, the King of the Carmen, or the first volume, with an illustration from his Queen of the Pill Lane poissardes, he left own pencil, and his very clever manner of his Excellency as free from pain and as reciting it was the means of more than ready for dinner as he ever was in the course doubling the sale of the book. of his life. Pat's attitude or look, like Lis- It was amongst such pleasant scenes and ton's or Buckstone's, was enough, without companions that Lover's comic genius was a word from him, to throw a Quaker into nurtured and developed. He studied the convulsions.

character, conversation, manner of thinkButler's “ Paganini” was a wonderful tour ing, and habits of his humble countrymen de force; for although it exhibited vis comica most industriously, until, excepting Carleof a high order as a conception, yet from the ton, no man living knew them more intiway he scraped and stamped and rolled his mately. head and eyes, and worked his body and This is not, perhaps, the place to dwell arms, it was physical force with a ven- seriously, or at any great length, upon a geance! Without any more preparation passage of Lover's life and career, for which, than stepping into a corner of the room for whilst one portion, and that the vast maa moment, buttoning his coat up to his chin, jority, of his countrymen would glorify his and smoothing down those dark elf locks of departed spirit, the very small minority his over his face, he jumped into position would send it in a very different direction. upon a chair or table, and you had the weird I only venture to mention it in a few words, Italian before you in all his glory. Then as it proves, at all events, the extraordinary he used to give us the “Gondolier of talents he possessed as a caricaturist, and Venice," or the Witches under the Wal- suggests the probability of his being now nut Tree,” whichever we chose to call for, remembered as a humourist of a different on the one string. The performer's voice, and a higher stamp, the legitimate satirist coming through a pin-hole formed by the of folly, hypocrisy, and wrong in our public tips of his lips, innitated most faithfully the places and institutions, had he arrived in tones of the devil's cremona, by which London a few years later, or that “ Punch" name the magic instrument went, whilst his had started a few years earlier. arms and fingers aided to heighten the illu- The battle of English church rates, now sion most vigorously. Indeed they seemed happily, after so many years of bitter conreally dealing with a material instead of a test about to be made a drawn one with the shadowy fiddle and bow, even to the feather consent of all parties in and out of Parliabowing and pitzzicato tricks for which Pa- ment, was not half so old or bitter as the ganini was so famous.

battle of the Irish tithes. This long and Jones was a most versatile genius of this bitter battle, although not thoroughly and school. Song speech, lecture, or recita- satisfactorily decided as yet, was more than tion was all the same to him. His chef half won about thirty years ago, when Lord d'æuvre was, however, the famous Irish sol. Stanley (the present Lord Derby), then dier's song of “Love, farewell !” rendered Whig secretary for Ireland, carried his additionally famous by its appearance in measure through both Houses of Parliament, one of the Irish Whiskey Drinker's papers, which converted the tithe system, so obnoxwith additional verses and a Latin metrical ious for ages to the Roman Catholics and translation in “Bentley's Miscellany," about Dissenters of Ireland, into a rent-charge twenty years ago. His next best perform- upon the land: and the sanguinary scenes ance was a Frenchman's lecture (in broken which had been constantly enacted at the English, of course) on our own Shakespeare, I collection of this portion of the law churches' dues at the point of the bayonet, were for / berus (proh nefas!) took down and bagged ever put an end to, although they are not the episcopal game! Since Hogarth sketched even as yet forgotten.

Churchill as a bear in canonicals, with a “Oh for a forty parson power, to chaunt

pot of porter in one hand and a clay pipe Thy praise, hypocrisy !

in the other, there never was such audacious

caricaturing of the Lord's anointed. I forSuch was the epigraph from Byron, which got how many editions of the “ Horn-book appeared in the year 1831 on the title-page were published, but the first went up to sevof The Irish Horn-book,” the letterpress eral thousands, at five shillings a copy. of which, in prose and verse, was contribu- Lover's secret was confided to a few who ted to and edited by a Wesleyan miller and kept it well for him, otherwise his business farmer from the Queen's County, named as a miniature painter, which he followed Tom Browne, whose nom de plume was exclusively at the time, would have been Jonathan Buckthorn, and who went also by seriously injured. In after years, as he the name of the Irish Cobbett, aided by a few mixed in the bustle and crowds of London young barristers, commencing literateurs, life, this early political escapade of his was and I might add junior members of Parlia- seldom spoken of, if not altogether forment, and other young men who filled a gotten. brilliant career in after life. Some of these Mr. Disraeli was called to account, most were subjected to the pains, and penalties ungenerously and most unwisely, by a of the crown prosecutors of the day, who, political opponent for having put soine the more they persecuted the popular cham- poor and penniless old Orange poetaster pions, the more martyrs they found ready of the North on the Pension List. "I do not to fill the gaps made by the imprisonment think that any gentleman, on the Conservaof the willing victims, until at last the fool- tive side of either House of Parliament, ish and unnatural persecution had to be would have had the bad taste and judgment given up, and Lord Stanley's Act, abolish- to find fault with Lover's political patrons ing the Irish tithe system, did away with for providing for his declining years somethe sentimental part of the chief grievances what more liberally. Mr. Disraeli's literary of the Irish millions, leaving the material instincts, as well as his educating power · portion of it to be settled by time; and as over the wildest of his followers, would have we all know, it is shortly to be settled. The prevented such a Baotian outrage as that. Irish Roman Catholic and dissenting gener- It may not be inappropriate at this moation of thirty years ago cried out and fought ment, whilst speaking of the Irish tithe war against paying tithes directly to the minis- of 1831, to state that by-and-by, when the ters of a Church from whom they derived great event comes off, and religious equality no spiritual advantage; the sons of that becomes a great fact in the sister country, generation object to pay the same impost every one of the veterans alive who fleshed indirectly to their landlords in the shape of their boyish weapons in the war against rean increase to the rent (this is the way the ligious ascendancy in 1831, may be glad cards have been shuffled), which increase and proud at length to tell the tale; and the landlords hand over to the Church, they will be pointed out as the pioneers of whose ministers are thus indemnified. This the mighty change which has been brought most extraordinary book, which had a about by its own bitterest enemies as much greater circulation than any work that was as by its natural and consistent friends. published in Ireland before or after it, and And the mighty change will be followed by which created a greater sensation in that still mightier changes after it. Thus it will country than was experienced since the shortly, very shortly, be; and the whirligigs days of Swift, was illustrated with copper- of time will bring about their revenges. plate etchings of the finest and most ex- A more ridiculous assertion was never quisitely humourous character, by Samuel ventured upon than that which appears in Lover.' Various were the contributors to the biographical notice of Lover's name in the literature of the volume, Tom Browne the “Men of Our Time," to the effect that being the chief; but Lover did the pictorial | the success which attended his Irish Enterportion of it

- alone he did it! What tainments was only second to that achieved feasts — Balshazzar feasts of the loaves and by Albert Smith's Ascent of Mont Blanc, fishes! What fishing in the Sea of Seas ! which realised the enormous sum, for such What steeple-chases for the Mitre Cup! an undertaking, of thirty thousand pounds. What Satanic Shooting Excursions (the I doubt if Lover realised as many pence in metrical portions modelled on Porson's and the affair I speak of. I remember Albert Coleridge's Devil's Walk), in which the telling me one night at supper about that Great Enemy of mankind, with his dog Cer- time, that he had just been to the Sobo, where

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he witnessed the most comic exhibition he him good produce goodness; for if the ever was present at in his life; namely, a child feels that there is some one incesconfidential little duet between Sam Lover santly occupied with his happiness and and the pianoforte, in which the very small goodness, he will come to be incessantly audience present took a painful interest, occupied with himself. Something, Mr. and could not for the life of them see any Taylor contends, must be left in a spirit of joke in it whatever.

faith and hope to nature and God's ProviHad Lover never written anything more dence. • Parents are to be the instruthan his first sketches of Irish character, ments, but they are not to be all in all.” his dozen or score of first-rate Irish songs, The conscience of a child, he warns them, and his successful Irish drama, which last may easily be worn out, both by too much mentioned Power's illustration of the prin- pressure, and by over-stimulation. And cipal character was enough to immortalise; he refers to a child he had known to have had he stuck to his palette and easel even a conscience of such extraordinary and prein the inferior rank of art as a portrait- mature sensibility, that at seven years of painter, or bad he been fortunate enough to age she would be made ill by remorse for a obtain a snug berth in one of the public small fault. She was brought up, he says, offices, like Crofton Croker, another popular by persons of excellent understanding, with illustrator of Irish peasant life, and success- infinite care and affection, and yet, by the ful editor of Irish song literature, and been time she was twenty years of age, she had satisfied, like him, to rest under the shade next to no conscience and a hard heart. of his early laurels, his rank as a literary “A person who had some experience of preman would have been higher than that which cocious consciences once observed to me, in he occupies.

respect to those children who are said to be
too good and too clever to live, that it was

very desirable they should not."* Wise is
From Temple Bar,

the mother, exclaims a refined critic of

Wordsworth's poetry, who knows how to

aid, without superseding natural influences
and instinctive tendencies - to let the child

grow at its natural pace — not to raise it DREADFUL is the picture, Mr. de Quincey much wiser, he reflects, would the manhood

stilts, or straighten it in stays. How has forcibly declared, which in books we of many of us be if our childhood bad been sometimes find of children discussing the doctrines of Christianity, and even teaching

more joyous and less trammelled, less made their seniors the boundaries and distině to bend to the whims, systems, or caprices tions between doctrine and doctrine. He

of the elderly pedants about us! “We of confesses that often it had struck him with course know that children are not diminuamazement that the two things which God tive angels, and need both instruction and made most beautiful among his works, viz., mother in the three kingdoms will go with

but we believe every sensible infancy and pure religion, should, by the folly of man (in yoking them together on troublesome, ill-behaved children over the

us in an avowal of a decided preference for erroneous principles), neutralize each other's beauty, or even form a combination good little boys and girls who know the elpositively hateful. “ The religion becomes

ements of all the ologies, and can define nonsense, and the child becomes a hypo- afores, and decline eating their dinners till

many of the isms, who never dirty their pincrite. The religion is transfigured into cant, and the innocent child into a dissem- grace has been said.” | Mr. Thackeray

pictured one of his dislikes in little Cecilia Not that the writer just now quoted, nor fervent precocity; declared that she would

Lovel, who repeated Watts's Hymns with any other of thought and feeling, would be insensible to the charm of such a picture as fantine sermons to her brother and maid

marry none but a clergyman; preached inthat, for instance, of Richard Hooker in about worldliness ; " and sometimes weaearly childhood, for which we have Izaak ried me, if the truth must be told, by the Walton to thank. But people of an observant and thoughtful turn will, for the most

intense self-respect with which she regarded

her own virtues." I part, acquiesce in Mr. Henry Taylor's view,

It has been said that if anybody can get that, as continual attention to making a child happy will not produce happiness,

a pretty little girl to die prattling to her neither will continual attention to making * Notes from Life,' pp. 124, et seq.

7 Essays by George Brimley.' # Suspiria de Profundis,' Part I.

**Lovel the Widower,'ch. iü.

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brothers and sisters, and quoting texts of | Gay’s “Polly,". and sequels generally, is Scripture with appropriate gasps, dashes, pronounced inferior to its precursor, though and broken sentences, hè may send half the the resemblance is sufficiently strong for woman in London, with tears in their eyes, the purposes of corrorboration. Our reto Mr. Mudie's or Mr. Booth's. The ac- viewer, for his part, does not doubt the complished author of The Children's Bow- truth of either narrative, believing indeed er” the lessons of which are mainly drawn that the rarity of three-year-old angels in from the loss of two children, Mr. Kenelm common life is more apparent than real, Digby's — was sincerely praised for his owing to a tendency which they have, if avoidance of the morbid sentimentalism pop- they grow up, to subside into mere good ular on such topics. What dismal twaddle, children, and become eventually very orone of his reviewers exclaimed, would such dinary men and women. His scepticisin a subject become in the hands of a Puritan is confined to a mistrust of the moral inbiographer - how little Ebenezer's coughs fluences likely to be exercised by such a and colds, his teething and nettle-rash and mode of inspiring the infant mind with virmeasles, his devout resignation to physic, tue. “Unfortunately, there is no lesson and his sublime superiority to lollipops and more readily learned by children than hymarbles, would be dwelt upon in a strain pocrisy; and if a child finds out that ten“provoking our disgust against canting pa- dering a grape represents self-denial (we rents and bookmakers, and almost against once saw a practical lady accept an offer their poor little victim himself !” It being of this sort, and a roar was the consequence) desirable that the virtues of obedience, -that being detected in reading the Bible kindness, and patience should be taught as produces praise or some more tangible reearly as possible, a well meaning lady is sult — that singing hymns is looked upon cited as conceiving the idea of writing “ The with more favour than blowing an asthmatLife of a Baby," who, during a lifetime of ically musical peal—the tempation to make three years and three months, exhibited stock of the discovery will not always be these qualities in a remarkable degree. A resisted."* There is a suggestive significaustic reviewer points out how, at the age cance in the entreaty of Caroline Perthes to of one year, the subject of the memoir her husband, “If you love me, take care showed her piety by rebuking her father that, in the event of my death, my children, for going to breakfast without reading fam- especially my little children, are entrusted ily prayers first, and also by the severity of to the care of those who will teach them to his behaviour to a relative who, though a love God, without knowing that they are “grown-up, man,” sad to say, did wrong learning it.”+ The country parson, who now and then

-on which occasion “she has made a name by his Recreations, I dewould not go to him, and afterwards would clares that no sadder sight can there be tell him earnestly her feelings about what than that of a little child prematurely subhe had done.” "Her heart was so full of dued and quiet," and threatens the pump, love and obedience,” we are told, “ that she or even tarring and feathering, to "any seemed to find out the absence of those vir- drab-coated humbug” who should impress tues directly, and persons deficient in them sombre notions of life on a child of his. she looked at with a distant, reproving look.” A Saturday Reviewer, writing in favour As an instance of her kindness is cited her of public schools, takes occasion to discuss conduct in reference to a bunch of grapes the use of religious language on the part of which she administered to her father; and the young. Nothing, he observes, is more the angelic way in which she took her med- alien to the feeling of men trained at a pubicine is offered as an example of her pa- lic school than that boys should use religious tience. “At the close of each chapter the language, whereas to weak mammas nothbiographress brings a heavy battery of ing is more delightful; the weak mammas bequestions to bear upon the poor little reader. ing in ecstasy with the graces and gifts and " Are you like this baby ?” “Are you an heavenly-mindedness of their sons, while obedient child ?" Do you love to give to public schoolmen would look on them as litothers ? ” And the volume is described as tle horrors. • There is a phrase current at concluding with a smart shower of text, the missionary meetings which sums up exactly Congreve rockets of religious strategy. all that is admired on one side and detested And then we learn that the wide circulation on the other. The regulation speakers at which this baby obtained, as well as the in- these meetings are in the habit of saying of credulity of certain good men " who doubt those precocious little Christians whose lives whether such things could be,” led to the

* Life of Another Baby," publication of the

* Saturday Review,' vi. 157; cf. ibid. v. 450, 475.

Life of Frederic Perthes,' ch. xv. which other baby, like“ Paradise Regained," See First Series, p. 141.

and deaths they record, that they expressed becomes one of the leaders or admirers of themselves very nicely about Jesus.' Now the tribe of popular preachers."* a boy who expressed himself very nicely The author of “ John Ilalifax," without about Jesus would be the admiration of wishing to blame a very well-meaning class many mammas, while the toes of a public of educators, considers it may fairly be schoolman would tingle to kick him.” And questioned how far it is wholesome to paint yet, this writer allows that, if the two were children going about converting their fathers to

argue the point, the lady might have and mothers, and “ youthful saints of three the best of it; for she would urge that it and a half prating confidently about things was everything to get her boy to think which, we are told, the angels desire to rightly about religious subjects, and to be look into,' yet cannot, or dare not.

We interested in them, and to have courage to honestly confess that we should very much speak boldly of them; and supposing he prefer • Jack the Giant-Killer.?" + "Precowere sent to a place where he learnt cricket cious children, observes a masterly essayist rather better than he could learn it at home, on social subjects, now and then talk of thembut where he left off religious feelings and selves, especially if forced and excited by a religious language, the question occurs, certain sort of religious teaching. “Then Would the gain equal the loss ?

they can be heard to enlarge with a horriTo which question the writer knows of ble glibnėss on their feelings, their convicbut one answer the answer of experience. tions of sin, their schemes for setting the Practically, it is found that boys brought up world to rights;" but this is mostly, the to use religious language very generally essayist # thinks, a sign of an overtasked turn out badly; that the sons of clergymen brain, accompanied sometimes by an exare, as a rule, the most troublesome, wrong- ceptional, grotesque form of naughtiness, headed, and unprincipled boys at school; and sure to pass off as the health improves and that boys educated at home escape few and the cleverness vanishes temptations in the long run, and, even if The little hero of Freytag's Sollen und they are well conducted, are mostly nerve- Haben is introduced in earliest childhood as less, priggish, bigoted creatures. Experi- so rarely naughty, that many of the ladies ence teaches men this, and the public school- of Ostrau, who were disposed to take a man builds on a rock of experience from gloomy view of life, doubted whether such which nothing can shake him.*

a child could live; which fear was, however, Another essayist on the same theme, after at last dispelled by Anthony one day giving deploring the preposterous precociousness a sound thrashing to the son of the Landof young England's curled and crinolined rath; a misdeed that “ removed-his prospect darlings, and the exceeding rarity of a little of heaven to a conveinent distance.” & Be girl who is meek and ignorant and full of it as it may with mature ladies, girls we are fun, and the encouragement modern parents assured by Mr. Archibald Boyd, detest give their small people to discuss their fam- well-behaved boys. The young gentlemen ily affairs and the affairs of all their neigh- who never tear their clothes, or wet their bours, pronounces the secular to be eclipsed, stockings, or break windows, or are too late after all, by the religious children; there for meals, may be the delight of adoring mambeing hundreds of unfortunates under twelve mas, he says, but are held in supreme conin England who are equal to writing tracts tempt by the little damsels of their own age, -- real live published" tracts — with pink who lavish their affections upon ragged urcovers, all out of their own memory of other chins who are ever risking their necks after tracts, and who have had startling experi- birds' nests, or breaking into orchards, or ences and consolations, and can critcise getting black eyes and vari-coloured noses sermons, and even detect heresy. “A phil- from the fists of their fellows. ll It has osopher may endure one of the misses in been made a special merit of the late Willcrinoline, and even attain an intimacy which iam Collins, that in painting children he porwill warrant him in proposing that she shall trayed no infant cherubs, fitted with some day put on an old cotton frock, and speckless frocks," and "leering ravishingly have a good feast of bread and jam with bfm. at the spectator, under a sky wreathed inBut the religious child is utterly irreclaim- conceivably with clouds of red curtain, and able, and must be suffered to grow up in its before a background spotted profusely with lost state until it sinks into the abyss, and Elysian flowers." [ &c. &c.; but that under

“But the lady, not having the experience, can. • Essay on Modern Children.' not be argued into reasoning from it, and it must

The Age of Gold.' be owned that, if it were not known that public

1 On Talking of Self.' schools did good, many theoretical reasons inight

$ *Debit and Credit,' ch. i. be found to show they would do harm." — Saturday

i The Cardinal,' ch. xxxi. Review,' xvi. 326.

1.Lite of W. Collins, R.A., i, 284.

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