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No. 1277.-November 21, 1868.

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CONTENTS. 1. THE PAPACY AND THE FRENCH EMPIRE,

Edinburgh Reviero,

451 2. MADAME THERESE. Part III. Translated for the " Living Age” from the French of

Erckmann-Chatrian, . 471 3. THE COUNTRY-HOUSE ON THE RHINE. By Berthold

Auerbach. Translated from the German for the
“Living Age,"

Die Presse,

490 4. THACKERAY AS A SATIRIST,

The Broadway,

498 6. PROF. TYNDALL ON MATERIALISM. Inaugural Address

delivered at the meeting of the British Association
for the Advancement of Science,

Atheneum,

499 6. EUROPE IN TRANSITION,

Gentleman's Magazine, . 504 7. MONCRIEFF'S BATTERIES,

Saturday Review,

510 8. PRONUNCIATION OF CHAUCER,

Atheneum,

512 POETRY MEMORIES,

450 | Boston Hymn. By Ralph Waldo Emerson, 489 To A WHIPPOORWILL, 450 Love's QUEEN,

509 "Thou wilT ORDAIN PEACE FOR US,” . 450 | HIDE AND SEEK,

509

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JUST PUBLISHED AT THIS OFFICE :
OCCUPATIONS OF A RETIRED LIFE, by EDWARD GARRETT. Price 50 cents.
LINDA TRESSEL, by the Author of Nina Balatka. Price 38 cts.
ALL FOR GREED, by the BARONESS BLAZE DE BURY. Price 38 cts.

PREPARING FOR PUBLICATION AT THIS OFFICE:
HISTORICAL SKETCHES OF THE REIGN OF GEORGE II. These very interesting and

valuable sketches of Queen Caroline, Sir Robert Walpole, Lord Chesterfield, Lady Mary Wortley Montague, The Young Chevalier, Pope, John Wesley, and other celebrated characters of the time of George II., several of which have already appeared in the LIVING AGE, reprinted

from Blackwood's Magazine, will be issued from this office, in book form, as soon as completed. A HOUSE OF CARDS. LETTICE LISLE.

PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY BY

LIT TELL & GAY, BOSTON.

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TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. Fox Eight DOLLARS, remitted directly to the Publishers, the LIVING Age will be punctually for. warded for a year, free of postage. But we do not prepay postage on less than a year, nor where we have to pay commission for forwarding the money.

Price of the First Series, in Cloth, 36 volumes, 90 dollars.
Second "

20

50 Third

32 The Complete Work,

96

240 Any Volume Bound, 3 dollars ; Unbound, 2 dollars. The sets, or volumes, will be sent at the expense of the publishers.

PREMIUMS FOR CLUBS. For 5 new subscribers ($40.), a sixth copy; or a set of Horse's INTRODUCTION TO THE BIBLE, unabridged, in 4 large volumes, cloth, price sio; or any 5 of the back volumes of the Living Age, in num. bers price $10.

And another ruffian jeer,
And the laugh one so often meets,

Far sadder than is the tear.
Go! count up the cost of all

That fell with the stones that fell, When ye shook down the cottage wall

To build up the felon's cell ! Go number the weary feet

That roam on an aimless track Of ruin and wrong, nor meet

With aught that can lure them back; Because they have never known

What comfort meant since the day
That left them naught for their own -

When ye took their homes away.
When the little daisy died

That the cottage garden grew,
Withered a nation's pride,

With the rosemary, thrift, and rue.
Hollow the harvest joy

Of the land where the reapers mourn;
Where the poor man's girl and his boy
Count for less than the rich man's corn.

DORA GREENWELL

WITCHES AND THEIR CRAFT:— Considering how were prepared by Robert of Artois for the defearfully and inevitably witches were punished, struction of his principal enemies. In this way it does seem astonishing that any, much less such Euguerrand de Marigny was said to have slain myriads, should have professed them of the craft. Philip the Fair. Thus, too, Eleanor Cobhain, But, on the other hand, it must be borne in mind wife of Duke Humphrey, was hell to have atthat the acquisition of power to inflict storm and tempted the life of Henry VI., and was supposed devastation, disease and death—in short, to wield by a good many to have enfeebled his intellect. all the weapons of destruction at will – was an So also certain seminary priests were accused of irresistible temptation to the savage nature that working against Queen Elizabeth in Lincoln's then predominated in the lower classes, but not Inn. And thus one of that monarch's courtiers, in the lower classes only, especially as the credit Ferdinand, Earl of Derby, was generally believed of that power was fraught, for a time at least, to have been murdered. “He died thinking himwith very substantial results. For everybody self bewitched,” says our authority, an opinsought the fraternity. Those who suffered, or ion in which very many, and some of them very who apprehended suttering, bought their services learned men, concurrer. During his last sickequally with those who desired to have suffering ness a homely wise woman was found mumbling inflicted. The latter, however, were by far the in a corner in his chamber, but what, Goud more númerous, and the witches had very sin- knoweth. About midnight was found by Mr. gular means of gratifying them. One of the Hallsall an image of wax, with hair like unto strangest was to fashion an image of the hated the hair of his honour's head, twisted through individual during the celebration of certain in- the belly thereof. And he tell twice into a trance. fernal rites. The simulacrum was usually of not able to move hand or foot, when he would virgin wax; but when it was meant to make the have taken physic to do him good. In the end work of vengeance thoroughly sure, the clay he cried out often against all witches and witchtaken from the depth of a well-used grave was craft.” Of course the witches had counter-spells generally preferred. The image being moulded for this, as for every other contrivance; and according to rule, and baptised by a properly these were as precise, disgusting, and blasphequalified priest, whatever injury was inflicted mous, too, as anything they were intended to on the model, was believed to have a similar ef- neutralize. But the image was not always fect on the original. Did they tie up a member shaped to work destruction : it was accountel of the effigy, pıralysis attacked the correspond- equally infallible in exciting love. Indeed, the ing limb of the person represented, and contin- licentious freaks of every high-born dame that ued to fetter it so long as the ligature retained way given, were invariably set dowu to the its place. Intense pain and fearful mutilation credit of these contrivances, and the sinner herwere thus assumed to be produced. Nor was self was excused and pitied as the unfortunate viceven death itself beyond the wizard's reach. To tim of some malignant hag or unprinciplel lover; secure this fatal result there were many approved a theory which was marvellously convenient to the recipes. Some pierced the heart of the statuette demi-rep, but by no means so to her almirers with a new needle; others melted it slowly before and confidants. Leicester is said to have wrought a fire; a third set interred it at dead of night in thus on Queen Elizabeth, Bothwell on Mary consecrated ground with horrible burlesque of Stuart, half a score of her lovers on Margaret the burial service; and a fourth gathered the of Navarre, a long line of Spanish favourites on hair into the stomach of the model, and concealed a succession of Peninsular queens, &c., &c. it in the chamber if possible under the pil

Cornhill Magazine. low- of the intended victim. Such images

No. 1277.–November 21, 1868.

CONTENTS.

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1. THE PAPACY AND THE FRENCH EMPIRE,

Edinburgh Review,

451 2. MADAME THERESE. Part III. Translated for the “Living Age” from the French of

Erckmann-Chatrian, .

471 3. THE COUNTRY-HOUSE ON THE RHINE. By Berthold

Auerbach. Translated from the German for the
“Living Age,”

Die Presse,

490 4. THACKERAY AS A SATIRIST,

The Broadway,

498 5. PROF. TYNDALL ON MATERIALISM. Inaugural Address

delivered at the meeting of the British Association
for the Advancement of Science,

Atheneum,

499 6. EUROPE IN TRANSITION,

Gentleman's Magazine, . 504 7. MONCRIEFF'S BATTERIES,

Saturday Review,

510 8. PRONUNCIATION OF CHAUCER,

Atheneum,

512 POETRY. MEMORIES,

450 | Boston HYMN. By Ralph Waldo Emerson, 489 TO A WHIPPOORWILL, 450 LOVE's QUEEN,

509 "THOU WILT ORDAIN PEACE FOR US,” . 450 | HIDE AND SEEK,

509

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JUST PUBLISHED AT THIS OFFICE :
OCCUPATIONS OF A RETIRED LIFE, by EDWARD GABRETT. Price 50 cents.
LINDA TRESSEL, by the Author of Nina Balatka. Price 38 cts.
ALL FOR GREED, by the BARONESS BLAZE DE BURY. Price 38 cts.

PREPARING FOR PUBLICATION AT THIS OFFICE:
HISTORICAL SKETCHES OF THE REIGN OF GEORGE II. These very interesting and

valuable sketches of Queen Caroline, Sir Robert Walpole, Lord Chesterfield, Lady Mary Wortley Montague, The Young Chevalier, Pope, John Wesley, and other celebrated characters of the time of George II., several of which have already appeared in the LIVING AGE, reprinted

from Blackwood's Magazine, will be issued from this office, in book form, as soon as completed. A HOUSE OF CARDS. LETTICE LISLE

PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY BY
LIT TELL & GAY, BOSTON.

64

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66

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TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. For Eight DOLLARS, remitted directly to the Publishers, the Living Age will be punctually for. warded for a year, free of postage. But we do not prepay postage on less than a year, nor where we have to pay commission for forwarding the money.

Price of the First Series, in Cloth, 36 volumes, 90 dollars.
Second “

20

50 Third

32

80 The Complete Work,

96

240 Any Volume Bound, 3 dollars ; Unbound, 2 dollars. The sets, or volumes, will be sent at the expense of the publishers.

PREMIUMS FOR CLUBS. For 5 new subscribers ($40.), a sixth copy; or a set of HORNE'S INTRODUCTION TO THE BIBLE, unabridged, in 4 large volumes, cloth, price sio; or any 5 of the back volumes of the Living Age, in nambers price 310.

MEMORIES.

Never known, in the forest green But a line in a daily paper

Thy mournful tale is told, Thousands of eyes would see,

Far from the spot where life has been – And carelessly pass the record by

By stream and ruin old That gives such a pang to me.

I sometimes thought strange harmonies Yet our lives had drifted far apart

Were lurking in each bough,

And listened for them on the breezeMine at my ingle side;

Familiar then as now. And his, who, I read in the Post to-day, “ On the 4th of October died."

Yes, yes, though many years have fled And ours was a quiet liking,

Since boyhood's happy time, A simple, friendly bond;

And I have wandered since they sped It was pleasant to meet, and light to part,

In many a foreign clime, And never a thought beyond.

I still recall those moments past, Yet as I read those words to-day,

When, strolling forth alone, Through a sudden mist of tears,

As evening dews were falling fast,
The fair, frank face and the bright blue eyes

I heard that plaintive tone.
Gleamed out through the cloud of years.
I heard the murmur of the tide
On the southern shore again,

"THOU WILT ORDAIN PEACE FOR US." And the echo of the pony's feet In the sandy Hampshire lane.

God the Omnipotent ! Mighty Avenger!

Watching invisible, judging unheard ! I saw the sheen of the willow bough,

Save thou our land in the hour of her danger, And the flashing of the weir,

Give to us Peace in thy time, O Lord !
Just as we watched them long ago
In the spring of the life and the year.

Thunders and lightnings thy judgments have

sounded, Ah, well ! it had passed away from mine, Letters of flame have recorded thy word, The life that is closed at noon;

“ Only on Righteousness true Peace is foundAnd I, who forgot to watch its course,

ed !" Will forget its setting soon.

Give us that peace in thy time, O Lord ! For the world goes up and the world goes down, So shall the people, with thankful devotion, And the young succeed the old ;

Praise Him who saved them from peril and And the April sunshine gilds the buds

sword; That spring froin the churchyard mould. Shouting in chorus, from ocean to ocean,

Peace to the Nation and praise to the Lord. And eyes that of old have answered mine

Will sadden as mine have done,
As they glance some day down the list and read
That my earthly race is run.

THE LATE DR. JENNER, having discontinued
Well, I scarce can frame a kindlier wish
Than that every lip will say,

his professional attentions upon a patient on “ God rest her soul !” as earnestly

account of her improved condition, sent a couple As I breathe it for his to-day.

of ducks to the mother of the convalescent lady, accompanying the present with the following

note: TO A WHIPPOORWILL.

I've despatched, my dear madam, this scrap of

a letter The stars are shining o'er each bower

To say that Miss Lucy is very much better ; In yonder mossy glade;

A regular doctor no longer she lacks, The dew is gemming every flower

And therefore I've sent her a couple of quacks. And every leafy blade. A solemn calm my bosom feels,

The lady addressed, returned thanks with The very leaves are still,

this : -
Except from where yon hollow steals
The lonely whippoorwill.

Yes, 'twas polite, truly, my good friend,
Thus a “couple of quacks

to your patient to Why, oh, why dost thou wander here

gend; Alone in the pale moonlight?

Since there's nothing so likely as "quuks" Why is thy echo heard in the air,

(it is plain) Bird of the silent night?

To make work for “a regular doctor" again.

BY J. MARTIN.

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From The Edinburgh Review. cordat, or characteristic of the violence and THE PAPACY AND THE FRENCII EMPIRE. bad faith of Napoleon. It is true that, on

almost every question in dispute, Napoleon L'Eglise Romaine et le Premier · Empire, brought the Papacy to terms by peremptory 1800-1814. Avec Notes, Correspondance ultimatums and by language in the nature diplomatique et Pièces justificatives, entièrement inédites. Par M. LE COMTE of menace. But the timorous hesitation D'HAUSSONVILLE. 2 vols. Paris : 1868. and interminable scruples of the aged Car

dinals of Rome were not to be overcome in Though the contest of Napoleon with any other way. It was not till after the the Papacy is thrown into the shade by the Concordat, and during the subsequent disglare and splendour of battle-fields and putes of Napoleon with the Holy See, that military glory which fill the Histories of the pride and arrogance of the despot bethe Consulate and Empire, it merits the came inflated to immeasurable limits by special attention which the writer of these an astounding career of new victories, and volumes has given to the subject; and the dictated a system of usurpation devoid of more so, since his diligent research has en- all respect for justice or principle. Neverabled him to elucidate the character of the theless, although his design of reducing the struggle by the testimony of a great quan- Papacy to a mere state of vassalage to his tity of hitherto unexamined documents. empire was probably only a subsequent conThe story of the negotiation of the Napo- ception, yet there can be no doubt that leonic Concordat forms the prelude to this from the first he regarded the re-establisheventful conflict. M. Thiers, in a note in ment of the Catholic Church as a political his . History of the Consulate and Empire,' measure, with the view of rendering the bad already observed that no negotiation religious institutions of France as powerful offered a more worthy subject for political engines as possible for the subjugation of study than that of this Concordat, and he its people. notified to the world the existence of a The conclave held at Venice in the Isola large body of correspondence in the French San Georgio on the death of Pius VI. archives which might one day reveal details opened with a strong disposition to choose hitherto enveloped in secrecy, even to a Pope whose election should be received those best versed in the study of the history with favour by the Cabinet of Vienna. A of the Empire. M. d'Haussonville has not deceitful intrigue, however, of the Austrian only incorporated into his text, but has pub- representatives delayed the choice of a lished in an appendix, a large portion of Pope for nearly three months, during which this correspondence, the perusal of which time the political state of Europe was comis found to justify the remark of M. Thiers. pletely changed by the unexpected appearM. d'Haussonville bestows great praise on ance of Napoleon at the head of affairs in the precision and truth of the outline drawn France. It ended, as so many conclaves by the author of the history of the Consul- have ended, in electing a Pope utterly unate and Empire. Nevertheless, it is im- thought of at its commencement; and the possible for two writers to disagree more in Cardinal Chiaramonti was proclaimed Pope their appreciation of the part played by the on the 14th of March, 1800. leading actor in this important transaction The Pope who was thus elected was one - a part regarded by the one as matter for of the most estimable prelates who have unqualified praise, and by the other for ever occupied the chair of St. Peter. If almost unredeemed censure and suspicion. he was not a great Pope, he certainly posThe truth here, as in most cases, lies prob- sessed a combination of spiritual and moral ably between the two extremes. M. Thiers qualities rarer than genius, and certainly certainly overlooked some incidents in his more beneficent than ambition; of all the narrative highly discreditable to the Impe- sovereigns of the time, he is perhaps the rial negotiators: whereas M. d'Hausson- only one who can be placed face to face ville, with considerable art and malice, with Napoleon, and yet not suffer by the Dever fails to seize a single point prejudi- contrast. Pius VII. was an incarnation of cial to the French negotiators of the Con- benevolence, humility, and Christian virtue

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