sumption ; and while admitting his wit, and the exceeding the middle height, with a serene, placid grace and beauty of his style. Jaughed at the gross countenance, rendered so entirely by discipline, for ness of his blunders, both in history and philoso- in the depths of his dark gray eyes you could read phy. Fortunately for our tempers, the argument the evidence of fiery and tempestuous passions was interrupted by an invitation to dinner, which within. There is something cruel and ferocious we all very cheerfully obeyed, disputation and sight- in a gray eye, which yet is sometimes so tempered seeing being both great promoters of appetite. and softened by passion, that it becomes the most

Instead of dinner, I should rather, perhaps, have fascinating in nature. Mythology attributes gray called the mea] we were about 10 eat a second eyes to Achilles, to indicate the union of intellect breakfast, as we took it considerably before noon. with the most destructive propensities. Tiberius At a much earlier hour we had stopped, and de- the worst of Roman emperors, had gray eyes, which scended from the diligence to gaze at one of those from that day to this have obtained little favor with grand natural objects which constitute the charm poets or romance writers. We hear of dark, huof Switzerland. The fall of the Sallemche, vul- mid, lustrous eyes, of bright or soft blue eyes; but garly called the Pissevache, which disappoints at of the gray eye no epithet is suitable but that of first sight, is magnificent when approached. It fierce or fiery. To talk of a soft gray eye would was rather too early in the morning, for the sun- be a contradiction which would instinctively proshine, which already gilded the summits of the duce laughter, yet it has often happened that men rocks above, had not yet touched the trembling and women with gray eyes have fascinated all and foaming waters, or called into existence those around them. The reason may be this, that the iminnumerable rainbows which other travellers have perious energy of the character suggests the necesseen spanning the infernal surge which precipitates sity of exercising an antidote, and the mixture pf itself down in prodigious masses, seeming as if it softness and fierceness, of all-absorbing love and would cleave the very rocks iipon which it eter- violent antipathies, operates like a spell. The Je :nally dashes. On the right hand, at the very sum- uit, of whom I have been speaking, was at least all mit of the cataract, a part of the rock forming the example of this. His short and slightly curled up. channel of the stream appears to project beyond per lip, indicated a large amount of scorn, which he the other parts of the river's bed, and round this sought to disguise by a winning voice and gentle the water curves, and foams, and Jooks exactly manners; but from the height of his intellect he like the mane of a snow-white colossal horse, evidently looked down upon 'his opponents, and now tossing and waving in the tempest. Thongh wet and then put forth a degree of strength that starby the fine spray which fell about us like rain, we tled them. His face was pale, with a few streaks regretted leaving this extraordinary spot. The of red in the cheeks, such as you sometimes see fertile portion of the canton consists of a narrow val- in farmers, who have been a good deal exposed ley, flanked on both sides by lofty mountains, many to the weather. He wore a long black cassock, of which were now blanched by a weight of virgin reaching from his neck to the feet, a common hat, snow of the most dazzling whiteness. At the feet and a little white band of linen about the neck. of these, often, in small semicircular sweeps, are We understood each other thoroughly, and between found spots of verdure, of a very peculiar form his Catholicism and my Protestantism there was and beauty. Imagine two towering rocky moun- so little difference that it required the name to tains, barren as death, and strikingly-savage in distinguish one from the other. We rose above their aspect, divided in front from each other by a sectarianism, and met on the common level of Chrisbed of soft green turf, dotted with tufted trees, tianity. Such a man, however, would be a dansingle or in groups, and rising from the road with gerous proselyte-maker, for he would first show a gentle slope until it touches the curtain of naked all the points in which the two beliefs agree, and rocks which unite the two mountains behind. But then gradually attack as errors, condemned by both, I know of no expression which can paint the love the points on which they differ, in favor, of course, liness of one of those scenes which we : passed a of his own church.· As we went along, I inquired little before sunset on Wednesday evening. The into the mental and physical condition of the Valgreensward, rising gradually, as I have said, from aisans, on which he exhibited extensive informathe level of the great valley, appeared to swell tion, though himself a native of Alsace. Our coninto eyery form of beauty which an undulating versation then turned upon the summit of the Alps, surface, infinitely varied in aspect, could assume. where he had often wandered, and which he deHere were small glades, through which the described admirably. The name of Pervenche, used lighted eye wandered into ihe dim distance'; there accidentally in our conversation, led to the mention thick groves of 'umbrageous trees ; here a patch of Jean Jacques Rousseau, and that again to Madof smooth-shaven lawn ; by the side of this a dusky ame de Warrens, and that to love. I felt not a liule hollow, terminating in a shelving semicircle of anxious to learn the opinion of a Jesuit on this pas

In short, I know of no voluptuous sion, but observing that Madame Carli and the rest feature in a landscape, excepting sparkling streams, of our companions were istening too attentively to which this valley did pot exhibit.

our conversation, he said he would speak of it another time when I did him the honor to visit his

college. That visit was never paid, neither did Let me describe my friend of the Society of the promised discussion ever take place; but, inJesus. He was a man of about thirty-five, slightly lstead, he related to me a story which did honor to


green turf.


his frankness, for it represented a Jesuit in love. that channel. The Jesuit viewed the scene with a What will be the opinion of the reader when he look expressive of sorrow and painful recollections, hears the ancedotes, it is, of course, beyond my which suggested to me the idea that he had witpower to conjecture, neither shall I at present state nessed some tragedy on that spot. “I will tell my own; but when I have related faithfully all the you,” said he, “ as we go along, the history of the incidents of the narrative, the event will speak for destruction of this little plain, which, as you peritself.

ceive, is of very recent date. I happened to be It was towards the close of the day, and not many here when it took place, and was blessed with more leagues from Brigg, when, observing an extraordi- than one opportunity of affording aid or consolation nary appearance in the valley and mountain on our to the sufferers. Similar occurrences are not rare right, I inquired of the Jesuit the cause of the phe- in the region of the Upper Alps, but probably noth

Across the small plain from the foot of ing so terrible has been known in the valley within the rocks to the river extended a broad, irregular the memory of man. Look yonder among the chasm some fifteen or twenty feet deep. On its trees. At every advance of the diligence we dis edge stood the ruins of several cottages, and above, cover the ruins of fresh cottages; indeed, a whole in the face of the mountains, was a tremendous gap hamlet once stood where you now behold only loose like the mouth of an immense sluice ; large trees stones and piles of rubbish. Look at yon cross; toh up by the roots, rocks of enormous size rolled , how it nods over the chasm like the light of relidown and jammed together among the ruins of the gion gleaming over eternity. Close to it stood the forest, appeared to indicate the passage of some little village church, and graves of the dead. All rfsistless flood, but all was now dry; and from the are now buried beneath the sands of the Rhone." rature of the ground, it was clear that no river or He then commenced his relation in these words :-Wen brook or streamlet could ever have flowed in



From Fraser's Magazine. My voice is but an echo, ling'ring on

Round some old temple whence the gods are gone.

Thou will not, therefore, scorn me? Listen! She, Two spirit-voices sighed upon the air

The Bird of Heaven, hath borrowed notes from me!" “Oh, love us! part us never! We are fair Only together! Fondly would we fling

Then warbled that clear voice, “An endless sigh Our clasping arms about thee still, and cling My sister's song would be, but ere it die Like gentle parasites that round thy lot

I blend my utterance with every strain, Entwine their mingling blooms ; then part us not! And whisper, ‘All that hath been, comes again.'

I commune with her till her voice, her tone,
For we are patient slaves, twin-born; our fate

With all their sweetness, pass into my own.
Is still upon thy steps to watch and wait,
And o’er thy path to hover! Drear would be She gazes on me till her features take
Its course, but for the chequered tracery

A smile of life and promise for my sake,
Our light wings weave, as o'er thy changeful way And soft and gleaming o'er my features lies,
With shade and sunshine tremulous they play. Caught from the tearful shining of her eyes,

A rainbow-glory; we would mingle ever One fits before, yet turning to thee oft

Within its light. Oh, love us! part us never!" With

gay and beckoning gesture, whispers soft Of many a goodly, many a glorious thing She sees far onward-one, slow following,

[TRUTH AND OPINION.] With sad and patient smile unto her breast

“ More than half a century ago a journalist propGathers the flowers thy hasty foot hath prest ; erly observed, that the question is not whether all

truths are fit to be told, but whether all opinions And warms them there until each flower receives

are fit to be published; whether it is expedient that A soul-a spirit through its withered leaves,

every individual should propagate and defend what To breathe undyingly around thy heart

he looks upon as truth. Every real truth is fil to A silent fragrance. Scattered far apart

be told ; but every opinion that is engendered in the Its treasures lie, until the loved, the fair,

fermentation of a superficial head, with an irregular The lost, are bound in one pale garland there!

fancy, may not be fit to be told, however plausible We are thy friends, companions, through the day; it may be rendered by a tinsel clothing of metaphysBy night, though sleep forsake thee, we will stay; ical sophistry.”—Monthly Review, vol. 64, p. 409. Thou shalt not miss her with her dreams, for we Will sit and tell thee many a history,

(ENGLISH ECCENTRICITY.] And sing thee songs of soothing.' Then alone Horace WALPOLE says, the most remarkable A rose, methought, the voice of sadder tone :- thing he had observed abroad was, “ that there are “Oh, love us! love my sister best ; her strain

no people so obviously mad as the English. The Was caught from heaven, and bears her there again. but then they are so national that they cease to be

French, the Italians, have great follies, great faults ; Her lot, her place, are with the blessed ; still Their angel-harpings on her accents thrill;

striking. In England tempers vary so excessively Still towards their source her visions mount and that almost every one's faulis are peculiar to himself.

I take this diversity to proceed partly from our cliyearn : I am of dust, and unto it return.

mate, partly from our government ; the first is

changeable, and makes us queer, the latter permits My looks are fixed upon the ground; they cling our queernesses to operate as they please.”—LetWith timid trust to each familiar thing;

ters, vol. 1, p. 43.

From Fraser's Magazine. so they cannot fail of giving a bias to the tastes, THE MODERN ORATOR. *

and strengthening the reflective powers, of the

young and the ardent of many generations. Messrs. Aylott and Jones have established a

Chatham, Sheridan, Erskine, Burke, Fox-what strong claim upon the gratitude of all to whom the a galaxy of illustrious names ! Whig though cause of English literature is dear. They have they be, (with the exception, at least, of Burke, come forward in a very spirited manner to save and he was a whig at the outset,) it is impossible from oblivion some of the brightest flowers in the not to feel, when we come into their presence, tha.. whole garland of English eloquence. In The we are indeed standing upon holy ground. But Modern Orator, compiled under their auspices, we why should our spirited publishers stop there? have, collected within a moderate compass, not Has not England produced another Pitt, attaining, specimens only, but the very creain of all that even in his youth, to higher eminence than his Chatham, Sheridan, Burke, Erskine and Fox, ever father succeeded in making at mature age ? Are addressed to either honse of Parliament.

The Canning's silver tones forgotten? Has Wilberspeeches of each statesman, moreover, are pre- force quite passed from men's memories? or Husfaced by a short sketch of his life ; while explan- kisson, or Scott, or Murray, or Thurloe?

And atory notes enable the reader fully to apprehend might not passages of surpassing power and interboth the general drift of the several orations that est be culled from the speeches of still earlier come before him, and the particular points which, statesinen—such as Hyde, Falkland, Hampden, in the progress of his argument, the speaker has

Cecil? contrived either to achieve or to miss. It is im

Perhaps this hint of ours may not be thrown possible to overestimate the value or importance of

away. The firm which has dared to put forth such a publication. While it brings within the these two volumes, cannot fail of meeting with reach of thousands, knowledge, from which, with such encouragement as shall lead to more. And out some help of the sort, they must have been then, without doubt, the same judgment and skill entirely shut out, it supplies the more fortunate which have been brought to bear upon the present few with a manual, easily referred to, and just suf- selection, will find scope and room enough to disficiently extensive to recall to their recollection

port themselves on another. whatever, in this department of literature, an

The first of the great men with whom The educated man would be loath to forget. No doubt Modern Orator deals, was born in St. James' there are fuller biographies extant of all the great parish, Westminster, on the 15th of November, men referred to here. And the intrinsic worth of

1708. His grandfather, when governor of Ma. these must remain to the end of time precisely dras, had purchased for 20,4001., a diamond, which what it was when each first came under the scalpel was long considered the largest in the world; and of the critic. But experience has long ago shown subsequently sold it to the Regent Orleans, on that biographies continue to be popular in an account of the King of France, for 135,0001. Thus inverse ratio to their bulk ; because you cannot enriched, he became the proprietor of a handsome forever keep alive the literary appetite chat gulps estate near Lost withiel, in Cornwall, which he down a couple of quartos, or half a dozen bulky bequeathed, together with a considerable portion octavos, at the outset. Look at Tomlin's Life of in money, to his son Robert.

Of this Robert, by Pitt, Lord Holland's Memoirs of Charles James Harriet Villiers, sister to the Earl of Grandison, For, and Moore's Lise of Sheridan. (Who that William Pitt, afterwards Earl of Chatham, was has not passed his grand climacteric ever thinks of the second son. referring to these, except for a purpose ?) And

William Pitt was sent at an early age to Eton, even Prior's Life of Burke, though comparatively where he greatly distinguished himself, and became a recent publication, lives but in the memory of a a favorite both with the masters and his schoolpassing generation, and will soon take its place on fellows. Among the latter, he seems to have the top-shelves, among the books “ which no gen- associated chiefly with George, afterwards Lord tleman's library ought to be without.”


Lyttelton ; Henry Fox, afterwards Lord Holland ; A ylott and Jones have, therefore, done good ser- and Henry Fielding. He entered Trinity Colvice, both to the memory of the glorious dead and lege, Oxford, as a gentleman commoner ; but to the taste and political education of the living. never took a degree. An attack of gout in early They have embalined, so to speak, the rich imagery, life induced him to quit the university, and to seek the terse argument, the glorious declamation of in travel through France and Italy the health the former, in a shrine which, being accessible to which had been seriously impaired. After his all, has a good chance of commanding the devo return, he obtained a commission in the Blues, and tion of true worshippers to the end of time; in February, 1735, took his seat in the House of while before the living age they bring models of Commons as meinber from Old Sarum. He at imitation, which, as they may be studied without

once, and without any apparent effort, made his fatigue, and remembered in their just proportions, presence felt in the great council of the nation,

* The Molern Orator. Being a Selection from the A strikingly handsomne figure, a dignified and
Speeches of the Earl of Chatham, Sheridan, Edmund graceful manner, a voice full, rieh, clear, and
Burke, Lord Erskine, and Charles James Fox, with singularly flexible, supplied all that is wanting to
Jutro luctions and Explanatory Notes. In 2 vols. 8 vo.
London : Aylott and Jones, Paleruoster Row.

complete the exterior graces of an orator ; and. 26

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neither the style nor the matter of his speeches | condemned it. Be the guilt of it upon the head of disappointed the expectations which these outward the adviser; God forbid that this committee should signs might have stirred. Butler, in his Renni- share the guilt by approving it! niscences, says of Lord Chatham, that “ his lowest whisper was distinctly heard ; his middle tones of the opposition, and he gave the enemy no

Pitt was now one of the acknowledged leaders were sweet, rich, and beautifully varied ; when he elevated his voice to its highest pitch, the declared against Spain ; and the reluctant minis

respite. On the 19th of October, 1739, war was house was completely filled with the volume of

ter, having once drawn the sword, seemed resolute the sound.” His great forte, like that of his immortal son, like a rock in his way. On the 17th of January,

to wield it effectively. But here again Pitt stood to have been “invective," the force of

1741, Sir Charles Wager, first lord of the adwhich was much enhanced by the lightning glance miralty, introduced into Parliament a bill for the of an eye which few could bear, whers turned

encouragement and increase of seamen, and for the upon them, without shrinking.

better and speedier manning of the navy. The He delivered his maiden speech in Parliament on the 29th of April, 1736, when Mr. Pulteney, they were all pounced upon directly by the prince's

measure had more than one very weak side, and ihen paymaster of the forces, moved an address

groom of the bedchamber. Among other arrangeof congratulation to George II. the marriage

ments proposed, there was one which empowered of Frederick, Prince of Wales, with the Princess Augusta of Saxe Gotha. To our less courtly sign manual, or by the lord high admiral, or the

justices of the peace, upon application under the ears, there is a tone of too much adulation about commissioners executing that office, to issue warthis speech, which, however, the editors of The Modern Orator have, with great judgment, pre- search either by day or by night for seamen ; and

rants to constables within their jurisdiction, to served. And as it lauded the prince on account for that purpose to enter, and if need were, to of his many virtues, among which dutiful obedience force open the door of any house, or other place, to his royal father was not forgotten, the royal in which there was reason to suspect that seamen father, who hated the royal son consumedly, never

were concealed. Pitt rose, as soon as the opporforgave the insult. The young statesman was

tunity offered, and thus noticed the arguments of most unceremoniously deprived of his cornetcy of the attorney and solicitor-general, (Sir Dudley horse, and went, as in duty bound, into violent Ryder and Sir John Strange,) who had preceded opposition. As a matter of course, the dutiful

him : Prince of Wales took to his arms the man whom the king his father delighted not to honor. Mr. Sir, the two honorable and learned gentlemen Pitt was appointed groom of the bedchamber to who spoke in favor of this clause, were pleased to shis royal highness, and forth with took a prominent show that our seamen are half slaves already, and part in assailing the policy and person of Sir Rob- now they modestly desire you should make them ert Walpole.

wholly so. Will this increase your number of sea

men? or will it make those you have more willing The first heavy blow struck by the ex-cornet at

to serve you? Can you expect that any man will the prime minister was delivered in March, 1739, make himself a slave if he can avoid it? Can you when he fiercely attacked Walpole's convention expect that any man will breed his child up to be a with Spain, and contributed not a little, by the slave? Can you expect that seamen will venture force of his eloquence, to bring it into disrepute. their lives or their limbs for a country that has The cabinet carried its motion, but by a majority made them slaves ? or can you expect that any seaof only twenty-eight votes—a thing quite unpre- means make his escape ? Sir, if you pass this law,

man will stay in the country, if he can by any cedented in the good old times of undisguised cor

you must, in my opinion, do with your seamen as ruption ; and the chief of the cabinet felt the same they do with their galley-slaves in France-you hour that his power was shaken. Nor is this to must chain them to their ships, or chain them in be wondered at. There was a vigor in Pitt's couples when they are ashore. But suppose this onslaught which a better cause might have found should both increase the number of vour seamen, it hard to withstand ; brought against the truck- and render them more willing to serve you, it will ling of the great whig premier, it was quite irre- render them incapable. It is a common observasistible.

tion, that when a man becomes a slave, he loses

half his virtue. What will it signify to have your This convention, sir, I think from my soul, is ships all manned to their full complement? Your nothing but a stipulation for national ignominy; an men will have neither the courage nor the tempillusory expedient to baffle the resentment of the tation to fight; they will strike to the first enemy nation; a truce, without a suspension of hostilities, that attacks them, because their condition cannot be on the part of Spain; on the part of England, a made worse by a surrender. Our seamen have suspension, as to Georgia, of the first law of always been famous for a matchless alacrity and nature, self-preservation and self-defence; a sur intrepidity in time of danger ; this has saved many render of the rights and trade of England to the a British ship, when other seamen would have run mercy of plenipotentiaries; and, in this infinitely below deck, and left the ship to the mercy of the 'highest and most sacred point-future security, not waves, or, perhaps, of a more cruel enemy, a only inadequate, but directly repugnant to the reso- pirate. For God's sake, sir, let us not, by our now lutions of Parliament, and the gracious promise projects, put our seamen in such a condition as must from the throne. The complaints of your despair- soon make them worse than the cowardly slaves of ing merchants, and the voice of England, have' France and Spain.




as her

Harassed by the ceaseless attacks of his eloquent February, 1746. But they had felt their own opponent, and deserted first by one and then by weakness from the first, and having again failed to another of his ancient supporters, Sir Robert Wal- overcome the king's disinclination to receive Pitt, pole accepted a peerage, and, as Earl of Orford, they resigned. Mr. Pulteney, now created Ear] withdrew from the administration. Mr. Pelham, of Bath, thereupon became first lord of the treasMr. Sandys, Lord Carteret, and their friends, now ury. His effort to form a cabinet broke down, and took the chief management of affairs. But their Pitt's friends returning to their places, brought policy, and in particular their system of continental him along with them ; first, as vice-treasurer for alliances, differed in nothing from that of Walpole, Ireland, and then on the 6th of May as paymaster and they became, as he had been, the objects of to the forces, with a seat in council. Pitt's vehement denunciations. He attacked their As the second son of a country gentleman, Wilinconsistency on the 9th and 23d of March, 1742, liam Pitt had always been poor. Indeed, it was when Lord Limerick moved for an inquiry into the the res angusta which alone induced him to accept proceedings of the defunct cabinet ; and in Decem- office in the household of Frederick, Prince of ber of the same year exposed, with equal bitterness Wales, and he seized the very first opportunity and ability, the injustice and extravagance of the that presented itself of resigning it. In 1744 the Hanoverian alliance. It was proposed by the min- celebrated Duchess of Marlborough died, and left ister that England should take into her pay 16,000 him a legacy of 10,0001., “On account, Hanoverian troops, in order that they might be will expresses it, “ of his merit in the noble deemployed in the Netherlands, in support of Maria fence he has made in the laws of England, and to Theresa, Queen of Hungary. Pitt rose immedi- prevent the ruin of his country."

This fortune, ately after Henry Fox, who had spoken in support though not great, was sufficient to place him in a of the arrangement, though with a qualification, position of comparative independence, and he immeand said

diately ceased to be groom of the bedchamber to Sir, if the honorable gentleman determines to the prince. The emoluments of office as paymasabandon his present sentiments as soon as any ter of the forces proved, moreover, an acceptable better measures are proposed, the ministry will addition to his income ; though, to his honor be it quickly be deprived of one of their ablest defend- recorded, he did not pocket a shilling beyond the ers; for I consider the measures hitherto pursued bare salary allowed ; and at the period concerning so weak and so pernicious, that scarcely any alter- which we now write, this deserves to be accepted ation can be proposed that will not be for the advantage of the nation.

as very high praise, for there was no man then in He then went on, in a strain of fiery eloquence, but looked upon the appropriation of waifs and

public life, from the highest to the lowest station, to expose the sophistry of men who did not scruple strays as fair plunder. Chancellors and prime to seek the support of the crown at the expense of ministers openly accepted presents, not from forthe people's burdens; and summed up his argument eign courts alone, but from private persons. Till in these words :

Pitt's incumbency there had never been a paymasIf, therefore, our assistance to the Queen of Hun- ter who omitted to appropriate to his own use the gary be an act of honesty, and granted in conse- interest on public balances, or to exact a fee of one quence of treaties, why may it not be equally half per cent. from moneys paid in the form of subrequired of Hanover? If it be an act of generosity, sidy to any of the continental powers. Pitt refused why should this country alone be obliged to sacrifice her interests for those of others? or why should from the first to enrich himself by any such disthe Elector of Hanover exert his liberality at the creditable means. He paid the balances, as often expense of Great Britain ?

as they accrued, into the Bank of England, and It is now too apparent, sir, that this great, this declined the fee which his predecessors used to powerful, this mighty nation, is considered only as expect as a matter of right. Pitt was arrogant, a province to a despicable electorate ; and that in overbearing, and very difficult to manage, but he consequence of a scheme formed long ago, and invariably pursued, these troops are hired only to

was quite as disinterested as his son ; and we defy drain this unhappy country of its money. That any man, in high life or in low, to exceed either they have hitherto been of no use to Great Britain of them in that respect. or to Austria, is evident beyond a doubt; and, In November, 1754, Pitt married Hester, daughtherefore, it is plain that they are retained only for ter of Richard Grenville, Esq., of Wootten, in the the purposes of Hanover.

county of Buckingham, and sister of Viscount CobIn 1744 another change of administration took ham, afterwards Earl Temple, and of George and place. The Duke of Newcastle was called to the James Grenville. In 1755, he received an intimachief management of affairs, and proposed to the tion from the king that his majesty had no further king that Pitt should take office as secretary at occasion for his services; and, together with Legge, war; but George II. could not forgive Pitt's the chancellor of the exchequer, seceded from the opposition to the Hanoverian interests, and posi- cabinet. This was owing to the disapprobation tively refused to receive him. Considerable incon-expressed by these two statesmen of the subsidiary venience followed, which was overcome chiefly by treaties with Hesse Cassel and Russia, into which Pitt's disinterested entreaty to his friends not to the king, without consulting his council, had enrefuse office on his account; and the Newcastle tered. But, though deprived of office, they did cabinet continued to hold the reins till the 10th of not enter violently into opposition. On the con

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