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6th. This chemical agent takes the place of ex- In relation to Ireland, The Nation was the first pensive and complicated apparatus.
journal, owned and edited by a Catholic, which 7th. The manufacture of sugar from the cane charged the horrors endured by human nature in and the beet root will be so simplified that the that island equally on its clerical politicians and its alterations which are requisite need not be feared. foreign rulers.
8th. Every manufacturer can, without making To the emigrants in this country we devoted a great changes in his establishment, apply the process fixed department, explained by its motto--“ Eduimmediately.
cate, that you may be free." We told them their 9th. The cost of production will be considerably faults in the plain language. We showed that diminished.
they were “ tools” in society, “units” in political The Belgian government takes the matter all at influence, and “the dung" instead of the seed" once to heart, and the minister of the interior, M. of the American Catholic Church. We preached
to them a wise selfishness," " temperance, cleanRogier, has made it the subject of a special report liness, and frugalny;" we exhorted each man to to the king. The report is too long to be trans- own his own house, and his own opinions. lated for our columns, but in it the minister speaks In relation to Rome, we advocated the republic, in high terms of the discovery, and mentions that vindicated the Triumvirs, opposed the collection of the approaching harvest of the beet root will per- Peter's Pence, and urged the total separation of the mit experiments to be made in a proper manner.
temporal from the spiritual power. He suggests that a special commission be organ- but many were prepared for their reception. We
These were new ideas in our Irish community ized to state the results of the experiments, and re- have the satisfaction to know, that in each town, quests that the decoration of the order of Leopold state and territory, throughout North America, be given to M. Melsens.
some Irishmen have received, advanced, and manThe Moniteur Belge subsequently announces that fully upheld them. the special commission has been ordered, and the
But it cannot, ought not, to be concealed, that a nomination made of the chemist to the grade ofized to stifle these opinions in their infancy, and to
wide-spread and powerful influence has been organChevalier of the Order of Leopold.
crush The Nation, their organ. For half a year These proceedings look as if there were more in we have been informed of the workings of this the discovery than we were inclined to suppose. intluence in several states and cities, and have The sugar planters of Louisiana will be very anx- endeavored, by remonstrance, and every honest ious for the publication of M. Melsens' secret; mitigation of guage, to conciliate or remove it which cannot but prove of interest even to our It is implacable, and continues so. maple sugar boilers in the north.-N. American.
In the dioceses of Boston, Hartford, New York, Albany, Buffalo, Pittsburg, and Toronto, special
measures have been taken by many Catholic clerFrom the N. Y Nation, 1 Sept. gymen to arrest the circulation of the New York CLERICAL COMBINATIONS AGAINST THE PRESS.
Nation. Our subscribers or ourselves have been
denounced, by name or description, from the altars, TO THE AMERICAN Public:
and in other ways by the clergymen of South Bos Nation Office, 121 Fulton-street, ton, Mass., Pawtucket, R. I., Springfield, Mass.,
New York, August 28, 1949. Cohoes, N. Y., Lockport, N. Y., in some of the In Paris, the press is persecuted in the name of churches of this city, in St. Patrick's Cathedral, “ law and order;" in Petersburg, it is excluded as and in Richmond, and other parts of the diocese of an open enemy; in Rome, it is silenced in the name Philadelphia. In one instance (that of Mr. OʻGraof religion; in Dublin, it is suspended for “the dy, of Cohoes) the right of confession was refused security of the crown. Where can freedom of by the clergyman, Mr. Van Reeh, to a subscriber speech and writing find a refuge, if not in these for The Nation. In other towns our travelling United States ?
agents have been denounced by clergymen as soon But even here it is sometimes subject to one spe- as they arrived, and literally “ hunted out." This cies of interference—the interference of a selfish has been going on since the beginning of the year. combination, a corporate conspiracy, which, if less summary, is not less successful in its attempts to By none of our reverend opponents is it mainstifle opinion and punish independence. An in- tained that the journal, to which they have shown stance of this method of violating the liberty of the such hostility, is either anti-religious or immoral. press is now submitted to
American public; They only see " a tendency” injurious to their inin whose power it is to make it the last, as it is fluence in its constant comments on the sins of the probably the worst, experiment of the kind, hitherto Irish clergy against their country, and those of the attempted here.
supreme pontiff against Rome. And this tendency, A short statement of the facts in this case will as The Nation circulates almost exclusively among enable all men to judge whether it does not call for Catholics, is considered formidable enough to jusa prompt verdict of public condemnation.
tify their course against it. On the 28th of October, 1848, I commenced the publication of a weekly newspaper in New York, It is easy to show that the entire American pubcalled The Nation, "to be devoted to Ireland and lic are interested in it. It concerns liberty, and libher emigrants, and the European democracies.” erty concerns us all. The safety of a republic is From the first number, it had to deal with the the intelligence of its citizens, and in this the Irish causes of the degeneracy and destruction of the form a numerous class. It is not unimportant to Irish in Ireland, with the intellectual and social the commonwealth that independent opinion should condition of the emigrant Irish in America, and be promulgated through their special organs. They with European questions, such as have arisen in have acquired the ballot—but the best of the ballot France and Germany, and of late, especially with is the safety it affords to independent men. Those the Roman business.
who can be led or driven in groups from side to side, may vote in any way; they are not citizens, visited Hanover, he heard this nante mentioned, as but slaves. Such electors are valuable only to the widow of Professor Peabody, of Dartmouth speculators in the vote-market, or aspirants after College. It occurred to him that she might be the lucrative offices, to which their merits do not en- patroness of Clarissa Peabody. But his story was title them.
not about this lady. He visited her, and made the
inquiry ; but she said she was not the person who If American opinion declares that The Nation gave the money to educate the heathen girl that newspaper shall not be controlled by clerical dicta- bore her name, but it was Lucy Osborn, a colored tion-if, wherever such dictation 'is attempted, na- girl that once lived with her; she had given it out tive as well as adopted citizens shall publicly con- of her wages at one dollar per week. She now demn it—if the American press should adopt a lived in Lowell. When he was in that city he similar course, then the Catholic clergy of this made a request from the pulpit, that if any one republic would confine themselves to their legitimate knew such a person he would make it known; and clerical duties, and a sound and enduring basis of after meeting, a gentleman introduced her to him, opinion be laid among the Catholic laity to their and he had the pleasure of informing her of the own advantage, and the credit and honor of the fruits of her beneficence. He had since seen Mrs. entire commonwealth.
Peabody, and heard more about Lucy Osborn. He (Signed) THOMAS DARCY M'Gee. learned that she had never received more than $1
a week, but she made it her uniform practice to
give $1 at monthly concert. Her friends remonLUCY OSBORN.
strated, but she said the Lord would never permit The American Board of Commissioners for her to suffer. If she was disabled, the Lord had Foreign Missions held its fortieth anniversary in provided an almshouse ; and there were many who the Congregational meeting-house in Pittsfield, on
were willing to give money to support an almshouse, Tuesday, the 11th of September, 1849.
who would not give it to convert the heathen. We have read the report of the proceedings with since I came here, but a gentleman said, if I would
And now, said he, I told this story once before great pleasure. There seems to have been a hearty tell it again at this meeting, he would make Lucy devotion to the great matter in hand—undisturbed Osborn an honorary member of the board. by the controversial heat which too often interrupts the best business, and drives away or weak
Correspondence of the Tribune. ens the spirit of love.
FROM THE GREAT SALT LAKE. We were much affected by the simplicity and self-denial shown in the following story, told by
Great Salt Lake City, July 8, 1849. a venerable missionary to Ceylon.
Perhaps a few lines from a stranger in this Mr. Poor said that his first duty on meeting strange land, and among a still more strange peowith the board should be to report himself to the ple, will be judged sufficiently interesting to find official members from whom, thirty-three years
a place in your columns. ago, he received his commission as their mission
The company of gold-diggers which I have the ary to India.
But where are they? Where are honor to command, arrived here on the 3d inst., Governor Treadwell, and Dr. Lyman, and Dr. and judge our feelings when, after some twelve Spring of Newburyport, and Worcester, and hundred miles of travel through an uncultivated Evarts? They do not need that I should report desert, and the last one hundred miles of the disto them, for they are among the cloud of wit- tance through and among lofty mountains and narnesses with whom this meeting is surrounded, and row and difficult ravines, we found ourselves sudnow hold us in full view. He spoke of the good denly and almost unexpectedly in a comparative hand of God upon himself and his brother mission- Paradise. aries; of six that were sent out at that time, he
We descended the last mountain by a passage said there were three able-bodied men yet remain- excessively steep and abrupt, and continued our ing, and he straightened himself to his full height gradual descent through a narrow canon for five and shook his arms as he spoke it. He dwelt or six miles, when, suddenly emerging from the fondly, as he is accustomed to do, upon the schools pass, an extensive and cultivated valley opened of the Co mission. A single anecdote of the before us, at the same instant that we caught a many he related with his peculiar force and naiveté, glimpse of the Great Salt Lake, which lay exwe copy from the report of the Boston Traveller : panded before us, to the westward, at the distance He would conclude by relating a story. Moses
of some twenty miles. Weltch, he said, was his assistant pastor. He had
Descending the table-land which bordered the been a long time in the employ of the mission, and valley, extensive herds of cattle, horses, and sheep was a very useful man ; but his story was not about were grazing in every direction, reminding us of him. His wife was Clarissa Peabody, and she was that home and civilization from which we had so educated at the female boarding-school, and was a widely departed—for as yet the fields and houses very efficient helper to her husband. When it was were in the distance. Passing over some miles proposed to build the first church among the na- of pasture-land, we at length found ourselves in a tives, she generously gave a portion of a lot of land broad and fenced street, extending westward in a that was given her as a dowry, for a site for the church. She had done many other noble deeds, straight line for several miles. Houses of wood But it was not the wife that his story was about. or sun-dried brick were thickly clustered in the It was about Mrs. Clarissa Peabody, whose name vale before us, some thousands in number, and ocshe bore. When he returned to this country, and I cupying a spot about as large as the city of New
York. They were mostly small, one story high, with its age, the most gigantic of all republics in and, perhaps, not more than one occupying an existence--being only in its second year since the acre of land. The whole space for miles, except- first seed of cultivation was planted, or the first ing the streets and houses, was in a high state of civilized habitation commenced. If these people cultivation. Fields of yellow wheat stood waiting were such thieves and robbers as their enemies for the harvest, and Indian corn, potatoes, oats, represented them in the States, I must think they flax, and all kinds of garden vegetables, were have greatly reformed in point of industry since growing in profusion, and seemed about in the coming to the mountains. same state of forwardness as in the same latitude I this day attended worship with them—in the in the States.
Some thousands of well-dressed, intelAt first sight of all these signs of cultivation in ligent-looking people assembled; some on foot, the wilderness we were transported with wonder some in carriages, and on horseback. Many were and pleasure. Some wept, some gave three neatly and even fashionably clad. The beauty and cheers, some laughed, and some ran and fairly neatness of the ladies reminded me of some of our danced for joy, while all felt inexpressibly happy best congregations in New York. They had a to find themselves once more amid scenes which choir of both sexes, who performed extremely well, mark the progress of advancing civilization. We accompanied by a band who played well on almost passed on amid scenes like these, expecting every every instrument of modern invention. Peals of moment to come to some commercial centre, some the most sweet, sacred, and solemn music filled business point in this Great Metropolis of the the air, after which a solemn prayer was offered Mountains ; but we were disappointed. No hotel, by Rev. Mr. Grant, of Philadelphia. Then folsign-post, cake and beer shop, barber-pole, market-lowed various business advertisements, read by the house, grocery, provision, dry goods or hardware clerk. Among these I remember a Call of the store distinguished one part of the town from an- Seventeenth Ward, by its presiding bishop, to other, not even a bakery or mechanic's sign was some business meeting—a Call for a Meeting of anywhere discernible.
the 32d Quorum of the Seventy, and a Meeting of Here, then, was something new; an entire peo- the Officers of the 2d Cohort of the Military Leple reduced to a level, and all living by their labor gion, &c. &c. -all cultivating the earth, or following some After this came a lengthy discourse from Mr. branch of physical industry. At first I thought Brigham Young, president of the society—partakit was an experiment-an order of things estab- ing somewhat of politics, much of religion and lished purposely to carry out the principles of philosophy, and a little on the subject of gold
Socialism,” or “Mormonism." In short, I showing the wealth, strength, and glory of Engthought it very much like (wenism personified. land, growing out of her coal mines, iron, and inHowever, on inquiry, I found that a combination of dustry—and the weakness, corruption, and degraseemingly unavoidable circumstances had produced dation of Spanish America, Spain, etc., growing this singular state of affairs. There were no ho- out of her gold, silver, etc., and her idle habits. tels, because there had been no travel ; no barbers' Every one seemed interested and pleased with shops, because every one chose to shave himself, his remarks, and all appeared to be contented 10 and no one had time to shave his neighbor ; no stay at home and pursue a persevering industry, stores, because they had no goods to sell nor time although mountains of gold were near them. The to traffic; no centre of business, because all were able speaker painted in lively colors the ruin which too busy to make a centre.
would be brought upon the United States by gold, There was an abundance of mechanic shops, of and boldly predicted that they would be overthrown dress-makers, milliners, and tailors, etc.—but they becanse they had killed the prophets, stoned and needed no sign, nor had they time to paint or rejected those who were sent to call them to repenterect one, for they were crowded with business. ance, and, finally, plundered and driven the Church Beside their several trades, all must cultivate the of the Saints from their midst, and burned and land or die; for the country was new, and no cul- desolated the city and temple. He said God had tivation but their own within a thousand miles. a reckoning with that people, and gold would be Every one had his lot, and built on it; every one the instrument of their overthrow. The constitucultivated it, and perhaps a small farm in the dis- tions and laws were good, in fact the best in the tance.
world, but the administrators were corrupt, and And the strangest of all was that this great the laws and constitutions were not carried out. city, extending over several square miles, had been Therefore, they must fall. He further observed, erected, and every house and fence made, within that the people here would petition to be organnine or ten months of the time of our arrivalized into a territory under that same government while at the same time good bridges were erected —notwithstanding its abuses—and that if granted over the principal streams, and the country settle- they would stand by the constitution and laws of ments extended nearly 100 miles up and down the the United States ; while at the same time he deValley.
nounced their corruption and abuses. This territory, state, or, as some term it, “ Mor- But, said the speaker, we ask no odds of them, mon Empire,” may justly be considered one of the whether they grant us our petition or not !
We greatest prodigies of the age, and, in comparison never will ask any odds of a nation who has driven
us from our homes. If they grant us our rights, Please excuse these hasty and imperfect lines, well-if not, well; they can do no more than they written while seated on a trunk of goods, with the have done. They, and ourselves, and all men, are paper spread in the sun on a parcel of clothing, in the hands of the great God, who will govern all and the wind blowing sufficiently to carry away things for good, and all will be right and work the sheets before they are signed. together for good to them that serve God.
A STRANGER IN QUEST OF GOLD. Such, in part, was the discourse to which we listened in the strongholds of the mountains. The Mormons are not dead, nor is their spirit broken. (GRACE MYSTERIOUS IN ITS MODE OF OPERATIONS.] And, if I mistake not, there is a noble, daring, “ We allow again that there is another obscurity stern, and democratic spirit swelling in their upon the face of this dispensation ; we know not bosoms, which will people these mountains with the philosophy of sanctifying grace; not unto a race of independent men, and influence the des modes to conceive its operations; and this is a
what class of beings to reduce it, nor unto what tiny of our country and the world for a hundred speculation that our Saviour himself argues us iggenerations. In their religion they seem char- norant of, as much as we are of the issues and itable, devoted, and sincere-in their politics, bold, retreats of the wind; and yet he thought fit to daring, and determined-in their domestic circle, leave us so. Whether the knowledge of it were quiet, affectionate, and happy-while in industry, too excellent for us; or whether it were too useless, skill, and intelligence, they have few equals, and as no way conducing to the ends of practical wis
for we may observe of our Saviour, that, in no superiors, on the earth.
all his discourses, he never entertained his audiI had many strange feelings while contemplat-tory with any doctrine that was purely speculative; ing this new civilization, growing up so suddenly because such kind of knowledge is api io make us in the wilderness. I almost wished I could awake more vain than wise ; had he led our understandifrom my golden dream, and find it but a dream ; ings through the whole theory of grace, we could
not have accommodated it better to our uses, than while I pursued my donieslic duties as quiet, as happy, and contented as this strange people.
an honest heart now can without any further in
sight; no more than, if he had stoopt to teach us
Sunday, P. M. the philosophy of the wind, any mariner could have Since writing the foregoing, I have obtained a gathered it more commodiously into his sheet. It copy of one of the Mormon songs, which impressed
is not then our emulation to determine how the me deeply this morning, being sung to a lively it be done ; we pretend not to declare, but thank
work of sanctification is done; our only care is that tune, accompanied by the band.
fully to admire, by what ray the divine grace opens
and shines in upon our understanding, clearing it Lo, the Gentile chain is broken ! Freedom's banner waves on high;
from worldly prejudices and the impostures of
flesh, and rendering it teachable, considerative, and List! ye nations : by this token,
firm ; by what motion it inspires good thoughts, Know that your redemption 's nigh!
excites good purposes, and suggests wholesome See, on yonder distant mountain,
counsels and expedients ; by what welcome vioZion's standard wide unfurled;
lence it draws our wills, steers our appetites, and Far above Missouri's fountain
checks our passions; by what heat it kindles love Lo, it waves for all the world!
and resolution and cheerfulness of endeavors; by
what discipline it extinguishes sinful imaginations Freedom, peace, and full salvation,
and loose desires; by what power it awes the devil, Are the blessings guaranteed ;
and foils temptations, and removes impediments, and Liberty to every nation,
strengthens and exhilarates amidst all difficulties; Every sect, and every creed.
and finally, by what patient art it turns, moulds,
and transforms our stubborn nature into new notions, Come! ye Christian sects, and Pagan, new savors, new powers, new acts, new aims, new Pope, and Protestant, and priest ;
joys; as if we were entirely new creatures, and deWorshippers of God and Dagan
scended from another race; all these effects do as Come ye to fair Freedom's feast.
well by their wonder as their benefit render grace,
as our apostle calls it, the unspeakable gift; a gift Come! ye sons of doubt and wonder, surmounting our apprehensions as well as it does Indian, Moslem, Greek, or Jew
our merit. That these are all the effects of God's All your shackles burst asunder ;
grace we know, because he has declared them to be Freedom's banner waves for you.
so; that they are so, we know, because many of
them are wrought beside our thinking, many withCease to butcher one another,
out our seeking, and all beyond the reach of our Join the Covenant of Peace ;
too well known and experienced infirmity; that Be to all a friend and brother
they are so, we know, because their being so comThis will bring the world's release. ports best with the great end of all things, (that is,)
the glory of their Maker ; for it tends much more Lo! our King, the great Messiah,
to the glory of the mercy of God, to watch over and Prince of Peace, shall come to reign ; lead and assist infirm creatures than to have made Sound again, ye Heavenly Choir :
them strong.”—Dean Young's Sermons, vol. 1, p. “Peace on earth, good will to men."
Translated from a late French journal for the New York Journal
In fact, however, during forty-eight hours, a of Commerce.
fire that would roast an ox was kept up in this saNAPOLEON AND THE SON OF MADAME DE
The emperor retired for a moment to change In the first days of December, 1807, the official linen, and then came into the saloon and sat down part of the Moniteur contained the following para- to breakfast with the Grand Marshal, Berthier, graph :
and General Lauriston. The Mameluke Roustant This night His Majesty the Emperor and King was the only attendant. set out from the Tuileries on a six weeks' journey, After having eaten the leg of a fowl with great accompanied only by his Grand Marshal of the celerity, as was his habit, he cast his eyes over Palace, Prince Berthier, and the aide-de-camp on some letters placed all open before him, by his duty, and a few servants."
aide-de-camp, looking only at the signatures. No one knew the object of this journey, although “Ah! ah !” exclaimed he, in contemplating some persons, generally well informed, supposed one of those letters, " it is from the son of Madame that Italy was the only country that the emperor de Stael! He desires to see me ;” and addressing would visit. In truth, it was to Milan and Venice his guests, in order to have their opinion, he added, that he repaired; but the principal motive of this " what can there be between me and this wild lad journey, generally unknown, was to bring about a from Geneva ? what motive has he to speak with reconciliation between himself and his brother me ?”. Lucien, whom he had not seen since his second “Sire,” said Lauriston," the person who handed marriage. Napoleon knew that Lucien was the me this letter is a very young man, and seemed only one of his brothers who could aid him to move rather an interesting one, as well as I could judge onwards upon the wide extensive road, which he by the light of the bougies.” had so laboriously opened, for the accomplishment A very young man, do you say? Ah! that of his vast projects ; and for this purpose he alters the case," and, turning round, he told named a certain day and hour to meet him at Roustant to say to M. de Stael that he would be Mantua.
received. Accompanied by Duroc, Berthier, and General In a few minutes after this consent for admission Lauriston, the emperor crossed the Alps over the was given, the eldest son of the authoress of Corinna Simplon—the road formed by his orders—and entered the saloon. He presented himself to the arrived at Milan, where he was enthusiastically emperor without timidity, and gracefully and rereceived. Thence he passed through Venice, spectfully bowed. Napoleon returned his salute by amidst pomp and splendors such as were formerly a slight bend of the head, and immediately entered lavished on the doges, and reached Mantua, where into conversation with him, whilst his guests all Lucien, punctual to the rendezvous, awaited him. the time remained silent, continuing their repast. But, after a short interview, Lucien not wishing “Come nearer, M. de Stael,” said he with to accede to the brilliant proposals of his brother, kindness. the latter immediately left Mantua to return to The young man approached nearer. Paris, passing by Alexandria, Turin, and Cham- peror looked earnestly at him. " You resemble bery.
your mother very much," said he ; " whence do The emperor was impatiently expected during you come ?" two days in the old capital of Savoy, though it “From Geneva, sire," replied M. de Stael, was well known that his sojourn there would be looking downwards. no longer than the time necessary for taking break- Ah, it is true ; and your mother, where is she fast. The couriers who generally preceded his at present ?" carriage were on this occasion delayed. The great “ At Vienna, sire." quantity of snow which had fallen rendered the " She will have fine occupation in learning roads almost impassable. At length, on the 29th German." of December, at 5 o'clock in the morning, after “ Sire, can you believe my mother could be an excessively dark and cold night, the foremost of happy, away from her country and from her friends? the couriers entered the yard of the Hotel de la Were I permitted to show your majesty the letters Porte at Chambery, followed shortly by the unes- written to me since her departure, you would percorted carriage of the emperor. His custom of ceive, sire, how much her exile renders her worthy travelling day and night rendered the precaution of your compassion.” of an escort impossible.
“ What do you require me to do in this affair ? M. de Stael, son of the celebrated Madame, was It is all her own fault. I do not pretend to say, waiting here two days for the emperor, in order to on that account, that she is badly inclined. She is present a letter supplicating an audience.
witty and intelligent ; she has too much talent, General Lauriston took this letter, as was cus- perhaps, and that is what makes her so ungoverntomary, in order to lay it before Napoleon when able. She was reared in the chaos of a declining they were installed in the hotel.
monarchy and of an advancing revolution ; she In crossing the saloon where breakfast was pre-made of all that a dangerous amalgamation, with pared, Napoleon said, in a tone of ill-humor, “ It the fertility of her mind, and her mania for writing is not warm here !"
upon everything and upon nothing; for your mother