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more festive character, extracted for the occasion ever with the hope of our own freedom rising from from the secret recesses of her wardrobe ; and from the ashes of sinking systems; but come, Pavel, we its mysterious hiding place had drawn the heir-loom have never tried to make a Jew of you ; you must of the family, a crimson Jewish cap and stomacher, i render us that justice.” of faded, antiquated appearance, whose thick, con- Before Pavel could reply a loud knocking at the fused embroidery of tarnished gold and silver, glit-outer gate caused Noah and Salome to start up in tered with jewels of price, and her ears were laden alarm. with diamonds that a countess might have envied. " Who can it be so late ?” said Salome, turning Pavel stared in amazement, from the face of his pale. hostess to her stomacher, and from her stomacher “ Excisemen,” faltered Noah, for a moment to her face.
transfixed with consternation. “ You are surprised to see me thus,” said Sa- “ Robbers, perhaps,” suggested Salome—" at lome, “ but what I now wear is all the fortune I any rate, strangers.' brought my husband, as it was all my mother, Pavel, who did not stir a finger to help his host grandmother, and great-grandmother brought to and hostess, now watched in silence and curiosity theirs before me. If converted into money, it their rapid evolutions. In an inconceivably short would be far from making us rich, and it might be time, silver baskets, tea-spoons, dishes, and cloth extorted from us in a hundred different ways, but disappeared from the table, the lamp was extinin this portable shape, happen what may, we have guished, and Salome had donned her slovenly, a resource easy of concealment from the rapacity every-day attire ; and when Noah, in some trepiof the Christians. Should they discover the French dation, supported by Peter, just awakened from a goods in our vaults, and seize our chattels, though sound sleep, and by Pavel, went to the gate, every fines might ruin us, and Noah languish in prison, trace of a surprise was effaced. The calls withstill I have here the means of buying his judges, out were so imperative, and accompanied by such and of maintaining his children. You see it is no loud Russian curses, that Noah lost no time in unidle vanity that makes me cling to these ornaments barring and unlocking. which have never yet, with any of their posses- “I thought you were all dead !” said an officer sors, seen the light of day, and have only shone to of Cossacks, prancing into the yard, followed by the sacred lamp behind closed shutters. I hope a his little band, at sight of whom Noah gave himmilder day will come for our persecuted race even self up for lost. “I thought you were all dead! in this country, and that my Salome will have no How dare you, dog, keep us waiting at the gate ? need to conceal them when they become her prop- -Come-quick-a stirrup-cup for myself and my erty.'
' Ay,” said Noah," a milder day-when wiil “Six glasses !” cried out Noah to Salome, who it dawn? When will the governments and rulers now appeared at the house door. who have pointed us out, marked, stamped us as fit “ Seven !" corrected the officer. objects for the contempt of the vulgar, revoke those Noah repeated the order without a comment, and exception laws made for our tribe? Let us but Pavel's quick eye detected through the doubtful enjoy the same rights and privileges as other light a double weight on one of the horses. His natives of the soil, and the line of demarcation heart sprang to his lips. His first impulse was to which divides us from the rest of mankind will approach the stranger ; but he immediately pergradually melt away; we may then expose our ceived how impossible it would be to do so, surwealth without fear of being robbed.”
rounded as that horse was by the rest. One of the “ Ah!” said Salome, “ we should not wish for men dismounting to look after his saddle-girths, such a change. My poor father, the most saint- Pavel, in the most natural manner he could assume, like of men, used always to say that the injustice drew near to hold his bridle, but he was warned of the Christians had kept us faithful so long—that away in a voice of thunder. Pavel fell back. gazhappiness would cool our zeal.”'
ing with curiosity, mixed with traditional horror, “ Your father, Salome—without meaning any upon the long lances, in the use of which the Cosdisrespect to his memory-was exaggerated in his sacks are so skilful. The officer, before touching religious notions. He was a bigot—there are such his glass, endeavored to prevail upon some one to in all religions. The man who could renounce accept the brandy, but it was rejected. Noah's meat throughout his whole life, to the great detri- lantern flashing upwards at that moment threw a ment of his health, and pore over the Talmud from gleam of light upon the party, and revealed the morn till night, until he knew by heart every wise person of him to whom this courtesy was proffered. saw it contains, was striving all the time—forgive He was wrapped in a riding cloak, with his arms me for saying so, for I know how tender you are tied behind his back, and bound with thongs to the on this point-for the reputation of sanctity which Cossack who sat before him. he obtained among our people. No, no ; we want “Well, if you won't,” said the officer, “ it will reform, and reform we must have, and I won't say be one glass more to my share.” but we foment the disorders in the enemy's camp, The prisoner, profiting by the moment when the
officer was in the act of swallowing his second * The Jewesses, now, I am informed, wear their jewelled caps openly' in Galicia, and many other parts of glass of brandy, called out in a loud tone—“ Is Poland.
there here no Pole who will bear the news to the
Countess Stanoika that her brother is on his road | torn, doubtless, from his home, on grounds true or to Siberia ?"
false, was connected with his former patron, and if “This is beyond endurance !” exclaimed the he chose, this episode might afford him the means leader, impetuously; and hastily throwing some of approaching the family. It would, henceforth, money on the ground, he gave the word to march, be a matter of choice whether he did or did not which was so promptly obeyed, that, but for Pavel's intrude upon them. quickness of eye, and readiness of hand, the poor “ Take heed, Pavel,” continued Noah, “ that Jew would have been ridden over where he stood what you have heard this night never pass your humbly bowing.
lips. For your own sake, remember my words, “ Lord save us !” ejaculated Noah, “ if my heart and beware of babbling. The only principle to can beat thus when their visit is not for me, what guide one safely through life, especially a vassal, would it be if? Pavel, I really think I shall is never to suffer the names of the great 10 pass his give up all connection with the smugglers—I thought | lips for good, bad, or indifferent. In general, to-night my doom was sealed.”
whatever questions people ask you, no matter upon But Pavel at that moment had no thought for what subject, let your answer be, 'I don't know.' Noah and his plans; he heard but the words of the In these three words lies the wisdom of the poor.” stranger that still rang in his ears. That man, just |
BY HENRY T. TUCKERMAN.
Ere from thy calm seclusion parted,
O fairest village of the plain!
Draw me to Nature's heart again.
Far o'er the level meadow grows,
The noble river gently flows.
By all the storms an age can bring,
Yet sithesome with the juice of spring.
Each green leaf shows its white below,
Their tints alternate come and go.
From zenith to horizon's verge,
And in deep shade the landscape merge ;Under the massive cloud's low border,
Where hill-tops with the sky unite, Like an old minster's blazoned warder,
There scintillates an amber light. Sometimes a humid fleece reposes
Midway upon the swelling ridge,
Or fairy's amethystine bridge:
With huge cliffs jutting out beside,
Tinged like the ocean's crystal tide;
In firmaments of azure dye,
And float like icebergs of the sky.
Yet settle to their crimson rest,
They slowly gather in the west.
In moonlight or blue mist are clad,
And pensive thoughts are blent with glad.
For then, as in a dream Elysian,
Val d'Arno's fair and loved domain
To yield familiar charms again.
Amid the central valley lies
And smoke-wreaths from a cottage rise.
No line of cypresses we see,
The heights of sweet Fiesole.
The art and life of every shore,
All true similitudes explore.
Stand like pagodas Brahmins seek,
Seems modelled from a light caique.
Are sculptured like a dainty frieze,
As undulates the forest breeze.
A floral-dyed, mosaic ground,
In all these sylvan haunts are found.
While ebbs the musing tide away,
Some tribute on its shrine would lay,-
Have cheered me like the sense of youth,
[SENTIMENTAL-IN IRISH.] Lady COVENTRY.—This is the lady of whom Horace Walpole says, “ At a great supper the other night at Lord Hertford's, if she was not the best humored creature in the world, I should have made her angry. She said in a very vulgar accent if she drank any more she should be muckibus ; • Lord,' said Lady Mary Coke, 'what is that?' “Oh, it is Irish for sentimental.'”—Letters, vol. 1,
From the Examiner, 8th Sept.
liaisons with Lord Metcalfe, and offered sympathy CANADA AND THE BRITISH AMERICAN LEAGUE. to the British American League. By turns they
courted and assailed Lord Stanley, Lord Grey and We have arrived at the second stage of the Mr. Gladstone ; and they have held their leaguers Canadian rebellion, or insurrection, or revolution, in terrorem over the public and the colonial office or whatever it is to be called. But as we omitted alternately. No wonder they should have felt to make any comment upon the intelligence brought themselves disconcerted by this Kingston proby the mail before last, we must go ba a little gramme. For how should Stanleyites countein our narrative to make the existing state of nance the project of a federal union among all the affairs intelligible.
British American colonies? what hope of LinThe delegates of the British American League, colnites assenting to protection ? and how remote after threats and placardings of a very ominous the possibility of getting anything substantial from description, met a few weeks ago at Kingston, such poor allies, toward the two millions for the appointed a permanent central committee to hold clearance of Celts out of Ireland. They poohits sittings in Montreal, and resolved to institute poohed their old friends of the League, therefore, branch committees in every township. They more- with as little mercy as the men of the stars and over resolved that missionaries should be sent to stripes. the sister colonies to preach the duty of joining Such was the condition of affairs when the last the League. Finally, they resolved that the reës- mail brought intelligence of another riot at Montablishment of protection, the promotion of public treal. Some leaders of the mob who burnt down economy, and the restriction of French influence, the Houses of Assembly having been placed under should be the objects of the League. And having government prosecution for their share in that issued a manifesto exhorting all Canadians to join transaction, a crowd of some three hundred symtheir banner, and declaring that their grand pur- pathizers attacked the house of the attorney genpose was to put an end to sectional animosities, eral, Mr. Lafontaine ; when the latter, with the (by arraying English against French,) the dele- assistance of a party of friends, gave them what is gates adjourned.
called a warm reception. One ruffian was shot, This result sorely mortified two parties, whose and the rest ran away-revenging themselves after expressions of disappointment have been ludicrous their flight by secret acts of incendiarism. The enough. The American sympathizers, annexa- whole affair was of the most contemptible charactionists of the States, had made up their minds ter ; but it suggests grave necessities for an inthat the discontented Britishers were about to stant reform in the police administration of Canada, throw themselves into the arms of the Union ; and and it is likely to be of service in putting a wider to men with voices pitched for a solemn Io Paan distinction than hitherto between the rational and over the progress of republican principles, the irrational “conservatism" of the province. The conclusion of the leaguers was of course very proceedings of the League at Kingston had been lame and impotent. They lost no time in de contributing to precisely the same end. nouncing their malcontent friends in Canada as It is ridiculous to suppose that the exertions or deplorably below par.
results of such an association could continue to be The other discontented party is a knot of spec- confined to local and electioneering objects, having ulators here. A political party we can scarcely in view the reëstablishment of protection for Cancall them, though they work by political intrigue; adian timber, and, under some modified form, the seeing that among them are both whigs and tories, revival of the old jobbing ascendency in the local free-traders and protectionists. It might be nearer government. It is too late in the day to reconvert the truth to call them a club of London ship-own- Canada into a mere field for the operations of half ers, speculators in colonial lands, and evicting a dozen London houses speculating in ships, in Irish landlords; for to clear one's estates of poor timber, and in government jobbery. These may and troublesome tenants, to find employment for have been the aims of the leading organizers of one's rickety ships, or to earn an honest penny the British American League, but they cannot be on the sale of colonial waste lands, will make men, the consequences of its organization. The utter upon occasion, as unexceptionable patriots as their impossibility of reëstablishing the protective sysneighbors. Nor the less so, when the possibility tem will soon banish that article from the League's of a government loan or grant, at a little distance, confession of faith. There will then remain the helps to keep the scent hot and keen. The economical administration of government, and the Beauharnois Seignory was first set up as the nu- incorporation of all the British American provinces cleus of operations; but to bring all the waste into a federal union. These are now but empty lands of Canada into the net, and transfer to them words in the months of the leaders of the associall the Celtic population of Ireland, became theation, but they are truths earnestly desired by ultimate objects of exertion. Our versatile agita- many of their duped followers ; and to their realtors started by professing the faith as it is in ization the exertions of the existing government Wakefield ; but so modified their creed from time of Canada are tending quite as clearly as the unto time to suit new converts, that little of it re-easy movements of its adversaries. It is not many mains but the words emigration and colonization. years since Lord John Russell made the statesThey coquetted with the French Canadians, formed manlike avowal that it was our duty to prepare
it did so.
the Canadas for a separation, when that should prosperous countries of common origin on that become inevitable ; and the only proper training Northern American continent : the one embracing to this great end is the exercise of responsible the present British territories, and possibly the government. Lord Elgin had manfully proclaimed New England States ; the other, the Northern and this principle, and throughout his administration Western States of the present North American of affairs has acted upon it honestly and ably. Union. This is a natural necessity. Great Britain
The objects which the great liberal party, not would be a gainer, not a loser by it; and that the only in Canada, but in all the British provinces consummation may be brought about in a friendly of North America, have secretly or avowedly at spirit, without the intervention of émeutes or wars, heart, are none other than economical government, is plainly both the interest and duty of the British and a federal union of the colonies. In plain people and the British government, as well as of English, they desire the resumption of waste lands; the whole Anglo-Norman population on the other the introduction of a scale of remuneration for public side of the Atlantic. servants adapted to the social circumstances of the colonies, not, as at present, to those of the mother
From the Examiner, 8 Sept. country ; and the organization of a central inde
LORD PALMERSTON'S HUNGARIAN POLICY. pendent government. We do not assert that these objects are at this moment as broadly and distinctly It is but natural that the same parties who present in the minds of the provincialists as we have have done all in their power to misrepresent the represented them ; but to that point they will in- Hungarian cause, should desire to make us believe evitably come. It was about the year 1750 that that the relations which subsisted between HunFranklin prepared a federal union of the then ex- gary and the house of Austria have never, before isting British colonies in America, which, dropping the late events, been an object of solicitude to the important article of dependence on the British British diplomacy. But the Times, in its eagercrown, is the exact counterpart of the constitution ness to attack Lord Palmerston, has forgotten altoultimately adopted by the United States. Frank-gether the prominent part taken in past times by lin did not foresee that this constitution of 1750 British diplomatists, when there was an occasion necessarily implied and led to independence ; but for their good offices with regard to those rela
From the moment he gave shape in tions. that document, to the vague wishes of his country- In 1703 the Hungarians, unable any longer to men, and that its principles laid hold on the pub- endure the civil and religious tyranny of the house lic imagination, the separation of the provinces of Hapsburg, rose under the leadership of Francis from England was inevitable. It would have taken Rákótzy, the second of that name; and a war of place without the intervention of the deplorable eight years' duration ensued, which was terminated Stamp Act or Boston Leaguer, and even though by the peace of Szathmar in 1711, by which the George Grenville had never been born.
Hungarians returned to their allegiance to the The British North American provinces are not house of Hapsburg, on condition of a complete far from having attained the same stage of social amnesty and a solemn engagement to respect their development to which the “old thirteen" had constitutional rights. During the course of this arrived in 1750. The first step towards the erec- war, the exertions of British envoys—Lord Suthertion of the British North American provinces into land, the son-in-law of the Duke of Marlborough, an independent state has been taken. The men and the Hon. George Stepney—to restore peace of Canada, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the between the contending parties, were unremitting. Hudson's Bay territory, and the islands of the St. Not merely did the British and Dutch envoys, actLawrence, will sooner or later be self-governed, ing in unison, address themselves in writing to Rálike the men of England and the United States. kótzy ; but they took part personally, as mediators, They also are essentially English ; but with im- in the negotiations at the convention of Tyrnau, portant local differences of character. They differ which took place about the middle of the war. from the men of the mother country in their Amer- The Hungarian confederates long held out for a ican peculiarities; and from those of the United guarantee of the peace on the part of the maritime States in the sentiments inherited from the French powers ; and that it actually took place without founders of Canada, from the loyalist refugees of such a guarantee may be attributed principally to Acadia, and from the retired military and naval the apparent moderation and good faith of Joseph officers and Scotch Highlanders settled in the I., which, while it weakened the patriotic party by upper province. Their peculiar and valuable detaching from it many of its adherents, at the national spirit would be as much endangered by same time rendered those who remained firm, more annexation to the government at Washington, as willing to rely upon the royal word, without any by complete subjection to the government at Saint guarantee of foreign powers. James'.
But there is no need to look into history to jusSocial necessities, and the healthy progress of tify any protest that Lord Palmerston may have mankind, require two independent states in North made, against the violation of the Hungarian terAmerica. It is impossible to foresee the exact ritory by Russian troops. Even if there was no course of events ; but there can be little doubt other “
express solicitation of the parties interthat in time the world will see two great and ested,” yet the Hungarians, (whom we venture to
pronounce parties interested,) in their declaration it must be, if we follow the Times) to mean the and manifestoes, distinctly called upon all the con- overthrow of existing independence, and the substitutional powers of Europe, not to look with in- stitution of military despotism for civil government difference upon events which must seriously affect -then the sacrifice of such connections is one that the balance of power and the existence of consti- cannot be lamented by the people of England. It tutional principles in Europe. And the gravity is a truth which Demosthenes enunciated long of the case might well justify a solemn protest, ago, that for a free state the only durable alliances upon the part of a constitutional government, are those with free states, and that alliances with against a state of things in which not merely the despotic governments are in their nature precarious balance of European power was endangered by the and unstable. intervention of Russia, but European civilization Whatever may be the present discomfiture of was disgraced by a method of carrying on war liberal opinions, whatever the immediate triumph worthy of the most barbarous ages, under the ex- of military despotism, we have full faith that ultipress sanction of Austrian generals. In the opin- mately “ public opinion, and especially the moral ion of the Times it is evident, that such “an in- force of this country, will triumph over charges of terference was equally insulting to the Austrian cavalry and rounds of artillery all over the world.” government and to the Hungarian people.” But Years of suffering may, perhaps, have first to be if such an interference-if the recommendation to passed through ; but the nations of Europe, sooner turn back from a suicidal career- - be considered or later, will have to mark out the accomplices of insulting by the Austrian government, we think those tyrants that have crushed their aspirations the latter must have already discovered that the for freedom, and they will not then fail to do jusinterference of the Emperor of all the Russias, to tice to a minister who, in despite of a factious oppowhich it must henceforth submit, is far more so. sition, has had the moral courage to stand forward What must be thought of the manner in which the in defence of the great principles of self-governczar addresses Paskiewitch?
ment and constitutional freedom. And this, too,
at a time when the most determined efforts are By acting with unequalled discretion in a rebel
, have safely, being made to confuse the fundamental notions of and with inconsiderable loss, effected the object pro- right and wrong ; to designate the defence of exposed. The chief commander and the dictator of isting liberties as a rebellion against legitimate the Hungarians surrendered to you.
authority ; to represent the perfidy of sovereigns as The important successes of our victo their natural and indefeasible policy ; to show that rious army will doubtlessly lead to the restoration freedom and order are best secured by courts-marof legal power and order in Hungary.
tial; to brand the patriotism of Kossuth by the The very existence of Austrian generals and of epithet of “ infamous ;” and to exalt the hangman an Austrian army is almost ignored. Can any
Haynau into a military hero. thing be conceived more contemptuous, more in
From the Examiner, 8th Sepi. sulting, to an “august ally?"
ARE THE HUNGARIANS PROTECTIONISTS ? How the interference referred to by the Times could be considered “insulting to the Hungarian One of the latest misstatements of the Times people,” we are at a loss to conceive; but we concerning the leading Hungarian Liberals is, that think that the Hungarian people will consider the “ they were the founders of a protective league, or manner in which it is spoken of by the Times, in- association, for the exclusive consumption of native sulting, and that in the highest degree. The manufactures, which can only be supported by proTimes proceeds to say, “ It was precisely the same hibitive duties on the produce of other parts of the thing as an appeal from M. de Lamartine or Gen- Austrian empire, as well as of foreign couneral Cavaignac would have been, in favor of the tries." Irish insurgents just after the battle of Ballin- Now here a fact is stated which is in itself garry.” Thus the legality of the absurd Irish true, and yet, from the manner in which it is outbreak and that of the Hungarian war are placed stated, is completely calculated to mislead Euupon the same footing. Kossuth is degraded to ropean opinion with regard to the motives and the level of Smith O'Brien ; and the glorious cam- intentions of the " leading Hungarian Liberals." paigns of Görgey and Bem, of Dembinski and The Hungarians, perfectly aware that it is their Klapka, are compared to the “ battle of Ballin- policy to avail themselves of the capabilities of garry.” This is, indeed, most gratuitously to their country for the production of raw materials, insult a nation which has been struggling in de- and to exchange their produce for the superior fence of its rights against two empires, and has manufactures of foreign countries, have always only at last fallen under the shock of the most been opposed to the restrictive system of the Ausoverpowering numbers.
trian government, from the time of Maria Theresa But the truth comes out. By expressing opin- downward. But the efforts of the Hungarian ions favorable to constitutional principles we Diet were unavailing; and the Hungarians were sacrifice connections which have been, and may subjected, in a commercial point of view, to all the again be, of essential interest to the independence disadvantages, without enjoying any of the advanand liberty of all nations.” If “ the independence tages, that might have arisen from a connection and liberty of all nations” is to be interpreted (as with the hereditary states of Austria.
On the one