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ministration has less and less interest. Embar- |

From the Spectator, 1 Sept. rassed by financial difficulties, equally suspicious

NATIONAL RESPONSIBILITY. of ultra-royalist and ultra-republican, a French

“ Punica fides !!!_British faith!" is the modprime minister cannot but steer as prudently as pos

ern equivalent. Our government plays strange sible between them. But the most important minis

England” that try in Paris is that of finances; and to this ground pranks abroad, and abroad it is “ will evidently be transferred the battle between like revolt, and then the representative of majesty

gets the credit. Canada is bullied into something parties in the National Assembly. A prudent min- slinks into a country-house ; whereupon the colony ister, that is, a minister prudent for his own inter- talks of separation from “ est and maintenance of office, would have observed tricks the Cape colony into being a penal settle

England."

Lord Grey the statu quo, raised temporary loans to meet momentary difficulties, and trusted to the restoration about annexation, cries the Yankee, and you are

ment, and “ England” has done it all. You whine of trade, prosperity, and consumption for the future going to annex Cashmere, as you have annexed amplitude of the revenue. But M. Pussy has not Scinde and the land of the Sikhs. Lord Palmerdone this. He has shown mistrust of the present, ston allows Lord Minto to entrap the Sicilians into despair of the future, and, without Peel's power or

revolt, and suffers Mr. More O'Ferrall to repulse opportunities, has introduced Peel's income tax the Sicilian refugees from Malta ; and the bad faith amongst a people far less able to bear it than Peel's

is imputed to “ England." England” is kicked fellow-countrymen. The result is likely to be a parliamentary storm, in which Passy, like another What with the strange medley of achievements

out of Spain in the person of Mr. Henry Bulwer. Romulus, may disappear. We do not, however, perpetrated in his name, good and bad, John Bull anticipate any other commotion or énuute than this looks rather foolish ; especially when he is asked taxation one amongst our lively neighbors for the

to pay the bill for losing his property or his good rest of this year. The pieces which hold up the republic or

“Oh !” he cries, “I did not do it, I know nothrepublicans to withering ridicule continue to enjoy ing about it. It is not the people or the country, great popularity at the theatres : and, indeed, it not England which has done all this, but the govis to see them alone that people pay. One of ernment—a very different thing." the latest of them affords the public an opportu

Not so different as you would have us believe. nity of expressing its sentiments in a striking | Who appoints the ministers but the people, by the

After making the French figure under representatives whom the people elect? And the the different governments of Louis XVI., the rev- ministers thus popularly appointed have a right to olution, Napoleon, the restoration, and Louis Phil- plead popular authority. If the people dislike the ippe, the piece represents them under the blessed consequent discredit, surely England is not too republic of 1848, and in the midst of it the curtain stupid, too feeble, or too poor, to bring about a falls. " What!" shots an actor seated in the better state of things? The root of the mischief pit, “yon leave us in a republic! What a shame! lies in the fact, that although“ England” dislikes We won't have that! We won't stop in a re

the shame of avowing the acts of her public serpublic !" The audience applaud with fury; and vants, she does not really feel any great concern at the actor then goes on to repeat his complaint of

the wrong done. The middle and upper classes the infamy of the author in leaving his piece un- especially entertain this negative feeling of indifferfinished, for, says he, it is impossible that the ence. So long as taxes and insurrections are kept French people can be so lamentably unfortunate down, so long as they are safe and their money is as to have to remain under a republic. He ac- saved, they are indifferent to the rest. Even the cordingly makes a great clamor for the author to Chartists share the feeling so far as foreign councome forward and explain himself. A personage

tries are concerned ; they are content with a moral representing the author makes his bow before the “ repudiation” of state debts. So long as English curtain. Up with the curtain ! Finish the ministers remain in office, England” is really piece! We can't remain in the midst of a re- responsible for what they do, and must bear the public !” Author : “ Ladies and gentlemen, I discredit as meekly as she may. really cannot do otherwise for the present than to have the curtain fall on a republic. I have repre- A REVEREND correspondent of an English paper sented our governments of the last sixty years, states that he has applied the gutta percha tubing and now conclude with that under which we have in his chapel to great advantage to the deaf portion the happiness to live !" " No-no! we won't oval funnel of sheet guita percha inserted in the

of his congregation. He states that he has a large have that. Another dénouement ! another dénoue- book board in front of the Bible, attached to which mont!“Well, then-ladies and gentlemen - is a piece of inch tubing passing down the inside come in a week's time, and I will promise you a of the pulpit and under the floor, from which branch happier dénouement!The sly hit is understood tubes are conducted to the pews of persons whose directly, and shouts of laughter arise. Can a form hearing is defective, the end of the tube being supof government thus openly ridiculed and hated plied with an ear-piece. hope to stand ?- French Correspondent of the Britannia.

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Fraser's Magazine,

97 2. The late Rev. Henry Colman,

Daily Advertiser,

106 3. The Modern Vassal, Chap. II.,

John Wilmer,

107 4. The Watchlighter of San Adrian,

Fraser's Magazine,

120 5. Death of Mehemet Ali,

London Times,

125 6. The late Jacob Perkins,

Boston Courier,

126 7. Daniel Webster,

London Chronicle,

128 8. Fredricka Bremer,

Mary Howitt,

129 9. Lacon, by Rev. C. C. Colton,

New York Evening Post,

130 10. EUROPE, — The Hungarian Memorial ; Congress of) 1850; the State of Siege ; Political State and Pros

132 pects of Germany; Affairs of Rome; Dismember- / Sundry Papers,

to ment of Hungary; European News; Louis Napole

143 on's Position; National Responsibility, POETRY.—Expectation, 106.-The Elfin Bride, 124. SHORT ARTICLES. Red- Hot Shot; Steamer President, 105.—Mental Intoxications, 119.

Gutta Percha Tubing, 143. PROSPECTUS.—This work is conducted in the spirit of now becomes every intelligent American to be informed Littell's Museum of Foreign Literature, (which was favor of the condition and changes of foreign countries. And ably received by the public for twenty years,) but as it is this not only because of their nearer connection with our twice as large, and appears so often, we not only give selves, but because the nations seem to be hastening, spirit and freshness to it by many things which were through a rapid process of change, lo some new state of excluded by a month's delay, but while thus extending our things, which the nerely political prophet cannot compute scope and gathering a greater and more attractive variety, or foresee. are alle so to increase the solid and substantial part of Geographical Discoveries, the progress of Colonization, our literary, historical, and political harvest, as fully to (which is extending over the whole world,) and Voyages satisfy the wants of the American reader.

and Travels, will be favorite inatier for our selections; The elaborate and stately Essays of the Edinburgh, and, in general, we shall systematically and very fully Quarterly, and other Reviews; and Blackwood's nolle acquaint our readers with the great department of Foreiga criticisms on Poetry, his keen political Commentaries, affairs, without entirely neglecting our own. highly wrought Tales, and vivid descriptions of rural and While we aspire to make the Living Age desirable to mountain Scenery; and the contributions to Literature, all who wish io keep themselves informed of the rapid History, and Cominon Life, by the sagacious Spectator, progress of the inorement—to Statesmen, Divines, Law. the sparkling Eraminer, the judicious Athenaeum, the yers, and Physicians—10 men of business and men of busy and industrious Literary Gazelle, the sensible and leisure-it is still a stronger object to make it attractive comprehensive Britannia, the sober and respectable Chris- and useful to their Wives and Children. We believe that tian Obserrer; these are intermixed with the Military we can thus do some good in our day and generation ; and and Naval reminiscences of the United Service, and with hope to make the work indispensable in every well-in the best articles of the Dublin University, New Monthly, formed family. We say indispensable, because in this Fraser's, Tail's, Ainsworth's, Hood's, and Sporting Mag-day of cheap literature it is not possible to guard against azines, and of Chambers' admirable Journal. We do not the influx of what is bad in taste and vicious in morals, consider it beneath our dignity to borrow wit and wisdom in any other way than by furnishing a sufficient supply from Punch; and, when we ihink it good enough, make of a healthy character. The mental and moral appetite use of the thunder of The Times. We shall increase our must be gratified. variety by importations from the continent of Europe, and We hope that, by "winnowing the wheat from the from the new growth of the British colonies.

charby providing abundantly for the imagination, and The steamship, has brought Europe, Asia and Africa, by a large collection of Biography, Voyages and Travels into our neighborhood ; and will greatly multiply our con- History, and more solid matter, we may produce a work nections, as Merchants, Travellers, and Politicians, with which shall be popular, while at the saine time it will all narts of the world ; so that much more than ever it I aspire to raise the standard of public taste.

Terms.—The LIVING AGE is published every Satur- Agencies.- We are desirous of making arrangements, day, by E. Littell & Co., corner of Tremont and Brom in all parts of North America, for increasing the circulafield sis., Boston; Price 12 cents a number, or six dollars tion of this work- and for doing this a liberal commission a year in advance. Remittances for any period will be will be allowed to gentlemen who will interest themselves thankfully received and promptly attended to. To in the business. Aud we will gladly correspond on this iusure regularity in mailing the work, orders should be subject with any agent who will send us undoubted refes. addressed to the office of publication, as above.

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$50 00. within the definition of a newspaper given in the law,

and cannot legally be charged with more than newspaper Complete sets, in twenty volumes, to the end of March, postage, (1} cis.)' We add the definition alluded to :1849, handsomely bound, and packed in neat boxes, are A newspaper is "any printed publication, issued in for sale at forty dollars.

numbers, consisting of not more than two sheets, and Any volume may be had separately at two dollars, published at short, stated intervals of not more than one bound, or a dollar and a haif in numbers.

month, conveying intelligence of passing events.” Any number may be had for 124 cents; and it may be worth while for subscribers or purchasers to complete Monthly parts.--For such as prefer it in that form, the any broken volumes they may have, and thus greatly Living Age is put up in monthly parts, containing four or enhance their value.

five weekly numbers. In this shape it shows to great

advantage in comparison with other works, containing in Binding.–We bind the work in a uniform, strong, and each part double the matter of any of the quarterlies. good style ; and where castomers bring their numbers in But we recommend the weekly numbers, as fresher and good order, can generally give them bound volumnes in fuller of life. Postage on the monthly parts is allout 14 exchange without any delay. The price of the binding cents. The volumes are published quarterly, each volume is 50 cents a volume. As they are always bound to one containing as much matier as a quarterly review gives in pattern, there will be no difficulty in matching the future eighteen months. volumes.

ences.

66

66

WASHINGTON, 27 Dec., 1845. Of all the Periodical Journals devoted to literature and science which abound in Europe and in this country, this has appeared to me to be the most useful. It contains indeed the exposition only of the current literature of the English language, but this by its immense extent and comprehension includes a portraiture of the human vind in the utmost expansion of the present age.

J. Ani

LITTELL'S LIVING AGE.-No. 284.—27 OCTOBER, 1849

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From the N. Y. Courier and Enquirer. me, and I ordered it to be thrown overboard. Why AMERICANS IN JAPAN.-CRUISE OF THE U. S. In the usual style of Japanese officials, after a

do you choose this method of sending me a letter ?" SLOOP-OF-WAR PREBLE.

thing has been done, the interpreter replied, " That We have already published from the China Mail was right! That was right! But our laws rea condensed notice of the rescue from Japan of a quire that all ships should be notified of certain number of American sailors, who had been ship- things. This was a common man; he had his wrecked upon that coast, where they had been kept orders as I have mine, from the chiefs over me, in prison and treated with the grossest barbarity and you must not blame him.” The paper here for many months. The account, however, was alluded to contained warning to ships, directions very brief, and we are very glad, therefore, to find where they are to anchor, and what questions they a much more extended narrative of it in the Chi- are to answer. nese Repository, proof-sheets of which, sent out by After the Preble had anchored, a military officer, S. Wells Williams, Esq., have been received by named Serai Tatsnosen, came aboard to learn her the editor of the Providence Journal. From this errand. His rank and credentials were carefully narrative we learn that the Preble left Hong Kong examined as a preliminary step; after which full upon this cruise the 22d of March, and returned on particulars of the nation, object, and character of the 20th of May. She reached Napa April 10th, and the ship were told through the same interpreter, remained three days. Dr. Betelheim is there as a Moreama Einaska, who spoke tolerably good Engmissionary, but has not been able as yet to open lish, but understood only as much as he wanted the slightest communication with the natives, who to. This chief was told that the commander of do not molest him in any way, but avoid him the Preble came with written instructions to bring whenever he appears.

The authorities desired away sixteen American seamen cast upon the Japthe Preble to take him away, but he had no wish anese coast. This announcement called forth a to leave. The Japanese requested Capt. Glynn series of questions from him about the manner in to keep away from that place in future. They which the shipwreck and number of men was would not sell him any supplies, though they of- ascertained, who sent the Preble after them, &c. fered to give him whatever he might want; he &c. Captain Glynn replied in general terms, and refused to take anything, however, unless he could endeavored to learn how long his countrymen had be allowed to pay for it. From Napa the Preble been there, what treatment they had received, and sailed for Nangasacki, which she reached April why two of them had died ; but the interpreter 17th.

parried these interrogatories in a very trifling manHer appearance, says the narrative, was an- A promise was elicited, however, that he nounced to the authorities of that town immediately, would inquire of the governor, H. E. Edo Tsokiand a boat was seen approaching as soon as she mano, whether the men would be delivered up anchored. This unusual haste, as well as the re- without the delay of referring to Yeddo. The peated inquiries subsequently made whether there standing inquiry was made if the ship was in need was not another vessel in company, were not fully of anything ; but the chief was told that no proexplained until Capt. Glynn learned at Shanghái, visions, fuel, or water, could be received unless that the ship Natches had passed through the the Japanese would take pay, as it was against straits of Van Diemen only the day before his ar- the laws of the United States for a national vessel rival. A Japanese boarding officer, Moreama to receive anything in the way of presents. He Einaska, hailed the ship in English, to say she declined the proposal to exchange salutes, saying must anchor in a place he pointed out until the they were never made, nor the compliment ever governor's order could be received ; but Captain given, either by French or English men-of-war. Glynn told him that place was unsafe, as well as During the night everything was quiet in the his present anchorage, and he should stand in un- harbor, but in the morning of the 19th, a large til he gained a safe berth inside the harbor. When number of boats were seen under the land, and the the ship had reached the offing, abreast Happen- forts near the entrance of the channel up to the berg Island, the man hailed her, saying, “ You town were manned with more

These may anchor where you please.” On coming aboard, forts are even less skilfully built than the Chinese, when the ship was first hailed, he inquired why the walls consisting of small unhewn stones, and the Preble came to Japan; and that question being the guns placed at such an elevation up the hill evaded, he asked the captain if he received a pa- that a discharge would be sure to turn them quite per.

* No. One of your boats came alongside, over. Their battlements were, however, turned and threw a bamboo stick on deck, in which was to a much more peaceful use than to train guns thrust a paper ; but, if it was intended for me, upon to drive away the Preble, for, during her that is not the proper manner to communicate to stay, many parties of the people came there to look

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CCLXXXIV.

LIVING AGE.

VOL. XXIII.

10

“ No.

at her, as a substitute for the prohibition to visit | ashore. A ridiculous instance of their duplicity her.

was also shown. The captain was desirous of A military officer, Matsmora Shai, came off to getting some fossil coal, and when the chief went salute Captain Glynn, on behalf of the governor. over the ship, he was purposely taken by the The captain observed it was uncivil, and argued forge, and asked if he had any of the substance very little confidence in his promise to observe the ashore there used to heat iron.

What a regulations of the port, to place a cordon of armed curious stone it is!” The officer wrapped a large boats around his ship, while free intercourse and lump in a paper, for him to carry ashore, but he reciprocal civility would tend to a better acquaint- begged him not to rob the small stock remaining, ance and mutual good will between the Japanese and would take only a bit of the rare mineral, and other countries. “Why are American men-of- carefully depositing it in his sleeve. We think war sent so far from home?" was the only rejoin the fool must have laughed in his sleeve at his der, as if nothing had been said to him. He was supposed success in making the foreigners think made fully acquainted, however, with the con- the people of Nangasacki had no coal, when it is dition of the American navy, and the size, arma- | their chief fuel. ment, and crew of the one then in port ; but the A semi-official reply was received from Mr. evasions made by the interpreter to the queries put Levyssolin in the afternoon, stating that he had to him, were characteristic of this suspicious people been requested to translate the letter to the gove -a people among whom the system of espionage ernor of Nangasacki, and having been told that and mutual responsibility has well nigh destroyed special permission from court was necessary beeverything like frankness, truth, and confidence. fore the men could be delivered to a man-of-war, No one of the officials on board seemed to know he had intimated the necessity of giving them up, anything upon any other subject than their mas- and had proposed to receive them himself, after ter's message ; for though one of them had been at having had an interview with the commander of Yeddo, and seen the emperor, he could give no idea the Preble. To this note a reply was immediateof his age, nor of the distance there. One of the ly returned, expressing a hope that the proposed surest ways of succeeding with the Japanese is to conference would take place. Meanwhile, the imitate them in this respect, and convey to them cordon of guard-boats was increased and drawn the impression that you are obliged to carry out nearer the ship; torches were lighted in each one your orders, and know nothing beyond what you by night, placed in pans at the ends of long poles, were sent to execute. Before this chief left, Cap- to observe if any person attempted to swim ashore, tain Glynn gave him a letter to the governor, in and as many precautions were taken to prevent which he made a formal demand for the men, and intercourse as if the vessel had had the plague. requested his excellency to inform them of the On the 23d, Serai Tatsnosen returned. He rePreble's arrival.

marked that Mr. Levyssohn had had an interview The same officer did not return till the 22d, with the governor, and proposed to obviate the and on coming aboard, after salutations had passed, need of referring to Yeddo by taking the men himhe was asked if he had the governor's answer, to self, and would come aboard in two days upon the which he replied, “ It would come another time, matter. Captain Glynn told him this mode of

He was told that neither a verbal answering an official note was very improper, and answer nor a messenger would be received as sat- the commander of the Preble could only confer isfactory; to which he said that, according to Jap- with the governor, and could not be put off and anese usage, he had come to speak hy word of delayed in this manner with vain excuses, conmouth. He was pressed to say definitely when cluding his reply by asking, “Am I to get the the men would be given up, and was told that if men?" “This cannot be. Why not stay a few they were not soon handed over, the instructions days? You will get the men, I think.This of his superior would oblige Captain Glynn to last phrase formed a part of almost every remark take other measures, for he must get them. The of the interpreter, and when questioned if the men necessity of referring to Yeddo was constantly would come aboard in two days, he said again, thrown in to account for the delay which might “ I cannot say how long it will be ; I think you take place before they came on board ; but when will get your sailors.” about to leave, he said an answer would come Some little hesitancy was exhibited by the Japfrom the governor the next day, and an intimation anese officials, before they remarked that Captain whether a reference must be made to Yeddo. An Glynn could not see Mr. Levyssohn, for he was example of the caution of these officials was ex- ill; and that it was necessary for the governor to hibited when they were requested to take a packet get permission from Yeddo before giving up the of newspapers to Mr. Levyssohn, the opperhoofd men. Upon receiving this answer, the comman(president of the Dutch factory) at Desima, for der of the Preble sternly told the chief, that is which they had already obtained permission, but enough; the ship can stay at Nangasacki no longer : not to take a letter with it; they demurred a long its commander has business only with the govertime, but finding that the papers which they felt nor of that city, and knows nothing of the Dutch bound to take could not be carried away without factory in this business, and he will get under the letter, the chief at last took upon himself the weigh in a few hours, and leave to report his reimmense responsibility of carrying them both | ception to his superior and to his own government 66 Did your

not now.

which had sent him there, and well knew how to forgiven, after they had asked pardon ; they were recover its citizens, and had the power to do so. instructed to behave properly, and promised to Hearing this decided language, the chief seemed obey the warning. Their repeated attempts to to lose his imperturbable nonchalance, and said he break out, compelled the Japanese authorities to would exert all his influence to get the men soon, take them away from the temple and put them in adding, “I think you may expect it" Stop! prison, though not only had they themselves promYou have had time enough to think, and I'll do ised to be quiet, but the Dutch superintendent had the thinking now,” replied the captain. “ Do I cautioned them to remain easy until they were libyou promise me now that the men shall be deliv- erated. After reciting the time, nature, and reered up in three days from this, for I will stay no sult of the diseases each one had suffered, it conlonger ?” Thus pressed, the governor's messen- cluded with saying that their incarceration was ger promised that in three days they should be wholly owing to their own restiveness. Soon handed over to the American commander, where after the reading of these documents, and their upon the parties shook hands. The chief after delivery to Captain Glynn, the party left the ship. wards walked over the vessel, inspected the crew A new visitor, Hagewara Matasak, came on at general quarters, &c., and then took his leave. the 26th, with Moreama, to announce to Captain

On the 25th, the chief, Matsmora Shai, re- Glynn that the men would be given up according turned, and on taking his seat, remarked that Mr. to promise, and inquiring, with some earnestness, Levyssohn, being too sick to come off, had sent a if he would then sail. The positive assurance substitute, who was in the boat alongside, and that this would be done seemed to relieve him he wished to know if he might come on board. vastly; and he then proceeded to say that Captain Captain Glynn directed the officer to go to the Glynn's request to visit Mr. Levyssohn on shore gangway and invite him to come up, but Morea- had been coinmunicated to the governor, who had ma, the interpreter, interfered, and said it was refused to grant permission, as it was against the necessary for him to give him permission to do so. laws of Japan. He was told that this was enough, This gentleman, Mr. Bassle, brought a letter from and the question was then asked if the laws of Mr. Levyssohn, offering a quantity of provisions, Japan were in book. “ No, no ; not so—the which Captain Glynn was of course compelled to French and Dutch put their laws in books, but decline, as he had already told the authorities he our governor gives us the law.”' must pay for what he took. Mr. B. also brought governor give you the law prohibiting foreigners some Japanese official documents in Dutch, with visiting the Dutch factory at Desima, or did the four signatures and seals attached to them, which emperor make it?" asked Captain Glynn. He he orally translated.

was told that this was an imperial regulation; and One of them was an informal reply from the when a copy of Ingersoll's Digest of the Laws governor, through the opperhoofd, in which, after of the United States was offered to him for his reciting the names of the sailors, he says that it acceptance, he again quoted law to decline taking has been represented at court that the men were it. The number and object of American vessels to be sent away by the next Dutch ship, and are which yearly resorted to the Japanese waters was now handed over to the superintendent, to be sur- then stated, and on this subject the chief was evirendered to the American man-of-war; but though dently interested. they (the sailors) reported that their ship was After this conversation, a boat bearing the wrecked, yet the law of Japan strictly forbids any Netherlands flag came alongside, and Mr. Bassle person voluntarily approaching its shore ; and as and another gentleman came on board, bringing it is plain that long voyages cannot be taken in some papers in Dutch signed by the four head Japboats, in future persons coming ashore in this anese interpreters, which Mr. B. orally translated. manner will be carefully examined. The gover- One of them contained an extract from the laws to nor adds, that these men were provided for, and the following effect :yet, in violation of the laws of the land, broke out of their residence several times, and escaped returning home, they are allowed to sojourn, and

When shipwrecked foreigners have no means of into the country, but were recaptured, and pardon their wants are provided for ; and on their arrival granted to them; and concludes by requesting the here they are to be sent back to their country by superintendent to inform the American commander the Dutch superintendent, which is thus fixed by that whalers from his country are not to resort to the law. This being duly considered, it is acthe Japanese seas, as the present case, and one in cordingly not allowed in future to land in the Jap1847, show that they are becoining more numer

anese empire.

Shortly after this, the Japanese officers and the The other paper seemed to be a report of their whole party took their leave, and the boat containguard, and contained a notice of the arrival near ing the shipwrecked mariners came alongside, and the island of Lisili, belonging to Yesso, within they on deck. Their names were, -Robert Mcthe principality of Matsmai, of fifteen North Coy, of Philadelphia ; John Ball, of Kempville, American whalers, who asked for assistance, and N. Y.; Jacob Boyd, of Springfield, New Jersey; had a residence given them. It then detailed the John Martin, of Rochester, New York ; John several occasions on which these men had broken Waters, of Oahu ; and Melchar Biffar, of New out of their “residence,” and been retaken, and York, Americans ; Harry Barker, James Hall,

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