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narration with a smile of ironical incredulity, family, and is taught to the first-born. My son shrugged his shoulders when he had finished. was three years old when he learned it. If he

“ The story is very ingenious,” said he, in a has not forgotten it, if he can repeat even a few scornful tone, and might find men credulous words, doubt is impossible, for it is known only enough to believe it; but before replying to the to ourselves." reverend monk, I pray the council to hear the And seeking, with a glance around her, him archer, from whom I learned the researches of who might be her son, the widow began to murthe Lady of Varennes.”

mur, in a tremulous tone: The Chancellor ordered him to be introduced, 4 St. Clotilde! thou who hast no child in and Exaudi nos presented himself.

Paradise, lake mine under thy protection; be He affected a respectful timidity, which dis- near him, when I shall be no more, here and posed the Council favorably. After having re- everywhere." assured him, the Archbishop of Rheims asked She stopped, palpitating, as if she had expected him to declare what he knew, and Richard re- a reply to this species of appeal. Suddenly, a lated how, on learning the search the Lady of youthful and firm voice was heard, and conVarennes was making, Father Cyrille hadtinued :thought of presenting Remy in the place of the “ St. Clotilde! I give thee my son, little, that lost child, and had proposed to him to enter into thou mayest make a man of him; and weak, the plot. This declaration was made with so that thou mayest make him strong. Take away much composure and precision, that the Council three days from my life, to add ten to his, and seemed shaken by it; but Jeanne, who had with all my joys, to give him a hundred times as drawn apart to pray, as was her custom, ap- many!" proached at the moment, and, hearing the last The Lady of Varennes uttered a cry, extended words of Exaudi nos, exclaimed :

her arms, and fell on her knees. * By the true cross, I know this witness; it is “ He knows the prayer !” stammered she. he who traitorously plotted my death, when I “It is he, my son!” was on my way to the king."

“My mother !” replied a voice. At this unexpected declaration, there was a And the curtain, hastily drawn aside, revealed general movement; the surprised judges turned; Remy, who sprang into the arms of the widow ! Exaudi nos became pale, and Father Cyrille ap- Such scenes cannot be described. There were proached Jeanne.

sobs of joy, names interchanged, embraces min“Yes, it is indeed he,” resumed the latter, her gled with tears. The members of the Council glance resting upon Richard. “ Aided by the were affected. Jeanne prayed and wept, and messenger, he intended to drown me as I crossed Father Cyrille, beside himself with joy, exclaimed: the bridge.”

“I was sure of it - the horoscope had an. " And if you escaped,” added the monk,” it is nounced it. Persecuted by Taurus, succored by to the child, under God, that you owe it; for the Virgo and Mars. Virgo and Mars is Jeanne, the voice, heard in the church of La Roche, was his." pure and warlike Jeanne, sicut erat Pallas. Now,

" If it is indeed thus," exclaimed Jeanne, "our God save France! I have saved my little goatnoble king will not refuse to aid me in discharg- herd.” ing a just debt."

This incident had produced a sudden re-action. In assuming the name and rank belonging to The accusation against Exaudi nos, by Jeanne, his birth, Remy did not forget the past. Father had completely destroyed the effect of his testi- Cyrille always remained, in his eyes, his benefacmony, and the service rendered to the heroine by tor and spiritual father. The Lady of Varennes Remy had evidently wakened the interest of the and himself retained him at the chateau, where Council in his favor.

they gave him a tower for a laboratory. As for “If I dared speak before so many learned Jeanne, she pursued her mission of deliverer, and men,” resumed Jeanne, “I would ask why the after having conducted King Charles to Rheims, Lady of Varennes has not been summoned ? she continued to drive the English from province she may be able to recognize her son." The members of the Council made a sign of at last that Compiegne was besieged, she re

to province and from city to city.. Learning at assent ; they consulted together for a moment, paired thither. and after having caused the monk and Remy to But Messire de Flavi, who was governor of withdraw behind the tapestry, they sent for the Compiegne, had not forgotten that it was espemistress of the chateau.

cially to Jeanne that he was indebted for the loss The latter presented herself, accompanied by of the fortune of the Lady of Varennes. In a sorher almoner: she was a woman of forty years, tie in which she had repulsed the enemy with her who had been beautiful, but was now pale with accustomed valor, she was left behind those who sorrow and austerity. She wore the deep mourn- re-entered, and found the gates of the city closed ! ing of a widow. Informed that her son was in Taken prisoner by the English, she was judged. question,-she believed him lost, —and her first condemned as a sorceress, and burned alive at exclamation demanded where he was. The Rouen. When Remy learned her end, he wept Chancellor attempted to tranquillize her. at once for his benefactress and the deliverer of

“He who claims this name has not proved his France. As for Father Cyrille, he sighed, but did right to bear it," said he.

not seem astonished. “Let him come forward," hastily replied the “ Very well," murmured he. " the horoscope lady; “I have an infallible means of recognizing is fulfilled : always the hostility of Tanrus! him, on the prayer of St. Clotilde, which has Alas! no one can escape the judgments of God been transmitted from mother to mother in our'or the evil influences of his star !"

CHAPTER VIII.

From the New Monthly Magazine. tolerate. He became resolved to teach them THE LION-KILLER OF ALGERIA. that a Frenchman could do what they could

not-attack and slay a lion single-handed, by M. JULES GERARD is one of those extra- night, alone : ordinary men who seem to have sprung from the French occupation of Algeria. In his Already at that time (he says, on an occasion own particular department, he can only be when he was applied to by the people of Mahucompared to the Changarniers, the Cavaignacs, na to disembarrass the tribe of a family of lions the Lamoricières, the St. Arnauds—the elite who had taken up their summer quarters in their of the African army in theirs. Still in the territory, and who much abused the rights of prime of life, he is in military rank only a

hospitality), I had spent upwards of a hundred fieutenant of Spahis ; but as le tueur de Lions nights alone and without shelter, sometimes

seated at the bottom of a ravine frequented by his reputation has spread all over Europe and lions, at others beating the pathless woods. Africa ; the Arabs go in quest of him from the

I had met with troops of marauders and with most remote duars or encampments, in order lions, and with the help of God and of Saint to enlist his services against their most formid- Hubert I had always got through successfully. able enemy. Travellers and romancers have Only experience had taught me that two balls vied with one another in giving currency to seldom sufficed to kill an adult lion, and every his exploits. We are not quite sure if the time that I started on a fresh excurson, I rememinimitable Dumas does not boast of having bered, whether I liked it or not, that such a night shared a cotelette de lion with the African appeared too long, either because I was overtaken

by an attack of fever which made my hand shake, chasseur. We grieve to find that so resolute a lion-ex-storm had broken over me, at the most inoppor.

when I bade it be firin, or that some sudden terminator complains of wear of constitution by tune moment, and had prevented me seeing aught toil, privation, fatigue, exposure, and excite- around me for hours together, and that at the ment. “My limbs,” he tells us, " are no longer very moment when the roar of a lion answered supple, my rifle weighs heavily in my hands. to the rolling of the thunder, and that so close to My breathing is oppressed on ascending the me, that I looked upon one flash of lightning as most trifling eminence—my eyes alone have a picce of good luck, for which, could it only remained good. The whole machine has have been prolonged a moment, I would have worn itself out in the field of honor ; may you given half the blood that flowed in my veins.

And yet I cherished this loneliness--I sought one day be able to say as much. But I shall, it out of spirit of nationality, in order to lower nevertheless go on to the end, too happy if the hateful pride of the Arabs, whom I was hap. Saint Hubert grants me the favor of dying in py to see humble themselves before a Frenchthe claws and the jaws of a lion.*

man, not so much for the services which he renM. Jules Gerard has, according to his own dered them gratuitously, and at the peril of his account, spent six hundred nights alone in the life, but because he accomplished by himself African wilderness, exploring ihe ravines most that which they did not dare to do in numbers. favored by the king of beasts, or waiting at

Thus, not only was every lion that fell, a matthe most frequented passes and fords; he has ter of wonder to them, — but still less could they in that time only seen twenty-five lions. Such and at night, in those ravines which the people

understand how a stranger could venture alone, a rencounter is not a thing of every day; it of the country avoided even by broad daylight. requires a vast fund of assiduity, endurance,

In the eyes of the Arabs, brave in war, brave and perseverance, and not the least curious part everywhere, except in the presence of the master of such devoted enmity to the lion tribe is its who they say holds his force from the Creator, origin-one which a traveller in the East can the hunter did not require to awaken the duars almost alone be expected to sympathize with. of the mountain, by a distant explosion, in order

The spirit of the Lion-Killer” was of that to obtain a triumph. select nature which cannot bear to succumb

It was sufficient that he should leave his tent before man or animal—the very proof of this at the fall of night, and that he should return at is his readiness on the other hand to bow down

break of day safe and well. before the Creator, or to worship him through of this feeling among the Arabs made it a law

It will be easily understood that the existence Saint Hubert—his patron saint. But he could with me to continue in the career which I had not bear to be called a dog of a Christian. marked out for myself, and that it was even of He saw that the Arabs were courageous-far great help to me against emotions which were more so than it is given to Europeans to be- sometimes all-powerful, and against, I am not but he saw also that they looked with supreme ashamed to add, the anguish of solitude by contempt and the most insufferable disdain at night in a country bristling with dangers of all

kinds. their French conquerors, and this he could not

The national pride which had made me enter * La Chasse au Lion et les autres Chasses de upon this carcer, once satisfied by repeated sucl'Algerie, par Jules Gerard, precedees d'une intro- cesses, I might have allowed myself to be acduction par M. Leon Bertrand, Directeur du companied by a few men, of great courage and Journal des Chasseurs.

devotedness, whose presence alone would have LIVING AGE.

18

DXXXIII.

VOL. VI.

rendered my task one of less irksomeness; but whom you will be always ready to make an alliI had so excited myself in favor of these noctur- ance, whatever may be the form under which he nal expeditions, face to face with my rifle, that shall present himself; in the second, the esteem, it often happened to me to pass my night in the the affection, the gratitude, and even more, of s woods, even when I had no hopes of meeting a multitude of people who are, and who will relion, wandering at haphazard till day would main hostile to all of your country and your relibreak upon me, far away from my tent, harassed gion; and, lastly, reminiscences which will give with fatigue, stumbling from sleepiness, and yet youth to your old age. proud of the manner I had passed my time, “ If you do not return, which will grieve me pleased with myself, and ready to begin again in both on your own account and mine, you may be the evening

sure that, at the spot where the Arabs shall find I scarcely believe that one of my readers will your remains, they will raise — not a mausoleum, anderstand this impulse, for I doubi that I could as they say with us — but a heap of stones, on have sympathized with it myself until I had ex- the top of which they will place broken pottery, perienced it.

rusty iron, a stray cannon-ball, a heap of things, Should one of my numerous brethren of Saint which with them take the place of an epitaph, Hubert come with me from evening till morning, and signify : Here perished a man. for a whole month, in these savage glens which “ You must understand that, with the Arabs, it seem to be made for lions only, and should he is not sufficient to cultirate a pair of mustaches, have the good fortune to hear that magisterial or have a hirsute chin, to be a man, and that with voice which imposes silence and dread on all them such an epitaph means a great deal more created beings, that man would certainly cxpe than many a well-set phrase. I only know that, rience emotions which were before unknown to so far as I am personally concerned, I wish for him; but still the presence of a fellow-creature no other.” by his side would prevent his feeling, or even understanding, what is experienced by the hunter Before we describe in the words of the who is completely isolated.

“ Lion-Killer " how he dealt with the monarch From the moment that the first stars twinkle of the wilderness, it will be well to say in the heavens, till break of day, the latter is something as to how the Arabs vanquish this obliged to be perpetually on the look-out ; to perceive and to distinguish every noise, to de- most formidable enemy to their flocks; and cide at once if he does not mistake stones for this again must be preluded by a few words marauders, or marauders for stones ; to penetrate concerning the lion itself. It appears, then, with his eyes the thickness of the forest and the from the experiences obtained by M. Jules gloom that hangs over his pathway; to stop and Gerard, that lions are much more numerous listen, to be sure that he is not followed ; in one than lionesses ; hence it is not an uncommon word, to remember that he is momentarily in thing to meet one of these ladies accompanied danger of death, without hope of assistance ; and, by three or four pretenders, who ever and As a sequence, he is always in a state of excite

anon indulge in a little skirmish, until dis ment, and yet ready to fight with that calmness and steadiness which do not always save him in gusted at seeing none of these gallants bito so unequal a struggle, but without which he is the dust in her cause, the lioness conducts the lost, without a chance or a resource.

trio into the presence of some great old lion, Such are the very things that aroused in me whose courage she has appreciated by hearing the passion for hunting lions by night, and alone. him roar.

If among the sportsmen for whom I have writ- The lovers resign themselves bravely to the ten these lines, there should be one who would combat, and arrive with the lioness in presence wish to enter the lists; to make him understand of their formidable rival. the pleasures which may indemnify him for the

No discussion takes place; the results of moral and physical fatigues which any one fol- such a meeting are infallible. Attacked by lowing such a pursuit must of necessity be ex: the three pretenders, the old lion receives posed to ; I should say to such an one : lists are open to all; have yourself bravely in them without moving a step; with the first scribed !"

bite he kills one, with the second he grinds a “ But away with all traps and pitfalls, all am- leg, of another, and the third may think himbuscades, as practised by the Arabs !

self well off if he gets away with one eye, “ Away with all daylight-hunting and the pres- leaving the other in the claws of the conquerence of witnesses, before whom you dare not be or. afraid !

When two grown-up lions meet under “Wait for night, and at the first roar of the lion similar circumstances matters take a different be off, but alone and on foot !

turn : “ If you do not find the lion, begin again next night, if you can, and then another, till your ex- Muhammed, great hunter of all kinds of ani. pedition has had a conclusion.

mals except lions, was, one fine moon-light night, " If you come back from it, which I earnestly perched upon un oak, waiting for a hind he had desire may be the case, so that I may give up my seen in company with some stags. The tree upplace to you, I promise you, in return for what on which he had posted himself, stood in the you shall have gone through --- in the first place, midst of an extensive glade, and close by a pathfor the future an utter indifference to death, with I way.

for you."

About midnight he saw a lioness arrive, fol-| that time. The Arabs also try to capture the lowed by a yellow lion with full mane. The lion cubs, watching for a moment when the lioness left the pathway, and came and laid down parents are away. This is a feat not unacat the foot of the oak ; the lion remained upright, companied by danger; witness the following and seemed to listen. Muhammad then heard a distant roaring - so

anecdote : distant as to be scarcely perceptible, but the lioness answered it. The lion then began to roar

In the month of March, 1840, a lioness cubbed so lustily that the terrified Arab let his gun fall in a wood called Al Guala, situated in the moun. whilst laying hold of the branches to prevent him- tain of Maziyun, among the Zirdasah. The chief self from tumbling down from the tree.

of the country, Zaidan, summoned Sidak ban As the animal which had first been heard Umbark, shaikh of the tribe of Bani Furral, his came nearer, the lioness roared still more loudly, neighbor; and on the day appointed thirty men whilst the lion paced backwards and forwards of each tribe met on the Maziyun by break of looking now and then furiously at the lioness, as if to impose silence on her, and then turning bush in every direction, hurrahed lustily, and see;

The sixty Arabs, after having.surrounded the round, as if to say : “Well, come, I am waiting

ing no lioness make its appearance, they pushed At the expiration of an hour, a lion black as a

into the cover, and captured two cubs. boar (the lion with a black mane appears, as in

They were returning noisily, thinking that Southern Africa, to be stronger and more fero- they had nothing further to apprehend from the cious than the lion with a yellow mane) made his the mother, when Shaikh Sidak, who had reappearance in the glade. The lioness rose up to mained a little behind, saw her coming out of meet him, but the lion at once placed himself'be. the wood and making right towards him. tween her and the new-comer. Both stooped to his friend, Ali ban Braham, who ran to his as

He hastened to call his nephew, Maka-ud, and take their spring, bounded simultaneously against sistance. The lioness, instead of attacking the one another, and then rolled upon the greensward Shaikh, who was on horseback, rushed upon the in the midst of the glade, to rise no more.

The struggle was long and frightful to behold nephew, who was on foot. by the involuntary witness of this duel.

The latter waited for her without flinching, Whilst bones were cracking under the power

and only pulled his trigger when the animal was ful jaws of these terrible adversaries, their claws upon him. The old weapon fashed in the pan. were tearing out their entrails, which lay palpi- ed his left arm to the lioness wrapped in his bur

Maka-ud then threw down his gun, and presenttating on the grass, and stifled angry moans spoke at once of their passion and their suffer- nus. The latter seized it and ground it to pieces, ings.

whilst the gallant young fellow, without recoilThe lioness had lain down on her belly from ing a step, or attering a single groan, seized a the beginning of the combat to the end; and she pistol which he carried under his burnus, and testified, by wagging the tip of her tail, how much obliged the lioness to let go, by putting two balls pleasure she experienced at seeing these two lions

into its belly. destroying one another for her sake.

A moment afterwards the lioness threw her. When all was over, she cautiously approached self upon Ali ban Braham, who sent a ball into the two bodies to smell them, after which she her throat with little effect; he was seized by the slowly took her way to other districts, without shoulders and thrown down; his right hand was condescending to reply to the rather coarse epi. Ke only owed his safety to the death of the lioness,

ground to atoms, several ribs were laid bare, and thet which Muhammad could not prevent himself (for want of a ball) applying to her, and not

which expired over his body. without some justifiable reasons.

Ali ban Braham survived this adventure, but a lame and useless man; Maka-ud dicd twenty

four days afterwards. What De Balzac was to the Parisians, M. Jules Gerard is to the lionesses. This example The cubs begin to attack sheep or goats of conjugal infidelity applies itself, he tells us, that stray into their neighborhood by the time to the whole sex. Yet nothing can exceed they are from eight months to a year old. the cares and the attentions of the wedded Sometimes they even try a cow, but they are lion. He always walks behind his lady ; if so unskilful that often ten are wounded for she stops, he stops also. If they arrive at a one killed, and the father is obliged to lend a duar which is to furhish supper she lies down, helping paw. whilst he bravely throws bimself over the inclosure, and brings her whatever she has * The Arabic of Tunis, Algiers, and Morocco selected as most worthy of her; nor does he (Mughribu-l-Aksa and Mughribu-l-Ausat, whence venture to eat himself till she has satisfied her our Moors) differs materially from that of Egypt appetite. Such attentions deserve a better and Arabia Proper; hence we have adopted, when fate. When a lioness is about to cub, she re- in the seventh volume of the Journal of the Royal

available, Count Graberg's vocabulary, published pairs to some isolated and little-frequented ra- Geographical Society: The French write el for al, vine. The lion keeps watch at a short dis- the: oun for un, as in ain, ayun, spring, springs; cheik tance. The cubs, especially the females

, suf- for shaikh ; douar for duar, encampment: Ouled for fer much from dentition, and many perish at Ulut tribe; and oued for wad, a river, plural audi

yah, rivers; or in Morocco, widan.

It is not, indeed, till they are two years of devil who remained behind sought for some age that

young lions know how to strangle a place to hide himself; and, luckily, finding a camel, a horse, or an ox, with a single grasp hole, he dragged himself and his brother's leg at their throats, or to bound over the hedges into it. Shortly afterwards he heard the lion about a couple of yards in height, which are the hole in which he was hid. At last day broke, supposed to protect the duars.

and the animal went away. At this period of their life lions are truly

At the moment when the unfortunate man ruinous to the Arabs. They kill not only to was getting out of his hole, he found himself in obtain food, but to learn to kill. It can be presence of several of the Bey's horsemen, who easily understood what such an apprentice- were on the look-out for the lost prisoners. One ship must cost to those who have to furnish of them took him up behind, and he was conveythe elements. The lions are adult at eighted back to prison. years of age; the male has then a full The Bey not being able to credit the story as

mane, and the Arabs distinguish the chief with a before him, still dragging with him his brother's

related to him, he ordered the man to be brought black mane, al adriya, the most formidable of leg. Notwithstanding his reputation for cruelall; the yellow lion, al asfar; and the gray ty, Ahmed Bey, on seeing the man, ordered his lion, al zarzuri. The yellow and gray lions shackles to be let loose, and set him at liberty. wander over wide tracts of country, but the black lion has been known to reside for thirty

M. Jules Gerard calculates that every lion years in the same spot. Lions do not feed by

consumes annually, horses, mules, camels, oxen day—the time at which travellers have passed and sheep, to the value of 3001. The thirty such, or met with them with impunity. At lions, he says, which in the present day are to be night-time such a rencounter would, our ex- met with in the province of Constantine, and perienced hunter asserts, be most assuredly fa- which will be replaced by others from Tunis tal to any one except to so practised a shot as M. Jules Gerard himself, or to so gallant a who pays five franes taxes to the state, pays

or Morocco, cost annually 40001. The Arab sportsman as Mr. Gordon Cumming:

fifty francs to the lion. These poor people

have burnt down half the woods in Algeria to Some years before the occupation of Constan- rid themselves of these destructive neighbors. tine by the French, among the prisoners in the The authorities have inflicted heavy fines for town there were two condemned to death, two such destruction of forests; but the Arabs have brothers, who were to be executed the next clubbed together to pay the fines, and continmorning.

These men were ham-stringers on the high- ue to fire the woods. way, and many traits of their strength and dar

The most striking features in the lion's ing were related. The Bey, fearing an evasion, character are, according to our experienced had had a foot of each united in the same iron lion-killer, idleness, impassibility, and audacshackle, and this riveted on the flesh.

ity. As to his magnanimity, he is no believer No one knows how it happened, but certain it in such a thing, which is, indeed, opposed to is, that when the executioner presented himself the animal's instincts—the more powerful as in the morning, the prison was empty: In the mean time, after many ineffectual at- influences, save satiety, indifference, or cau

they are uncontrolled by any counteracting tempts to rid themselves of their horrible shackle, tion. The Arab proverb says, “ When you the two brothers had taken to the open country, start for a journey, do not go alone, and to avoid all untoward rencounters.

When the day broke they hid themselves arm yourself as if you were going to meet among the rocks, and when night came they a lion.” continued their journey. About midnight they The Arabs, according to Mr. Jules Gerard, met with a lion.

have found by experience that the gun

alone The two robbers began by throwing stones at is a means of destruction more dangerous for him, shouting at the same time as lustily as they man than for a lion;so they have adopted snares could, to endeavor to frighten him, but the ani- instead; but it is manifest that snares to catch mal couched himself before them and never lions must have been in use before even guns moved.

were invented. Finding that insults and opprobrious epithets were of no avail, the brothers had then recourse

The snare most in use is the pit. During to prayers; but the lion bounded upon them, the spring, summer, aná autumn months, the threw them down, and without further to do set Arabs can establish their duar at some twenty to work eating up the elder by the side of his or thirty miles from the lion-frequented mounbrother, who simulated death.

tains and forests; but in winter they are When he came to the leg that was held by the obliged to come nearer to both for fuel and shackle, the lion, feeling an obstacle, he cut it shelter. This is a period when the lions enjoy off below the knee. This done, being, satisfied themselves exceedingly. The Arabs, too lazy or thirsty, he took himself off to a neighboring to work themselves, get the Kabyles to come spring. Thinking that the lion would come back the moment he had satisfied his thirst, the poor

and dig a pit for them in the very centre of

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