is not lost; I myself have kept it in my room, commandments of God. Rise, and embrace thy in an ivory cage whose bars are of gold and sil-parents." ver; it is there, gentle, beautiful, adorned."

And while the maiden fell on the bosom of her mother:

The baz-valan was then introduced. He seated himself at the table and drank with the father of the bride. Afterwards he returned to meet Gildas on the threshold. Kerias then went to meet his son-in-law, and gave him a surcingle; then he cried three times :

"Walk henceforth in thy strength, for thou art about to belong to a husband!"


Come, Anne Marie!"

"And before finishing I ask of the heads of the family here present, leave, for the brothers, sisters, and friends, that they may dance at the wedding. I pray the godfathers and godmothers who have responded at the baptismal font for these young people to approve their union, and to be present at their marriage. I also engage and invite all those who see me and hear


This moment was one of fearful solemnity. All the spectators trembled, and stretched out their heads in silence. No sound was heard but the peal of the bells, summoning the betrothed pair to the church.

I saw a whirlwind of dust rise and approach. I thought it was Paul, and sprang towards him. All his partisans understood me, and made the

same movement.

Alas! we were mistaken. It was only an invited guest who had come late!

Anne Marie made herself wanted for a long time. At last her sobs announced her, and she appeared, conducted by Jeannette.

Both walked as to an execution. They seemed two bodies abandoned by their souls,-or rather two angels, (for their beauty was but the more touching) condemned to fall from heaven to earth. Their faces were streaming with tears; their eyes fixed without seeing; their limbs tremb-was echoing before the door. ling at every step. They had courage and strength only to support each other.

Never had I seen, even in Lower Brittany, such an example of submission to the sovereign of the family.

Jeannette took her in her arms, and Gildas came to her, the surcingle in his hand. He fastened the buckle and the thongs to the girdle of the maiden, and during this ceremony of taking possession, the breutaer chanted the sonnen d'ar gouriz (of the girdle).

"They are about to separate from the young girl whom they have cradled and danced in their



Already the cortège was arranging to go to the church. Gildas, holding his horse by the bridle, led it beside Anne Marie. The young Anne Marie turned upon the road and the girl, downcast, overwhelmed, touched the exhorizon a long look, animated by a last gleam,-tremity of the steps. And her new master had and which fell back, gloomy and despairing, on stretched out his arm to seat her on the crupper her mother and on us. behind him,-when a sudden noise made every head turn.

"Who would not feel his heart break at sight of such grief?


"And yet these tears must be dried up!" "Tender father, thy daughter is there, look! on her knees, with outstretched arms! Poor mother, reach forth thy hands!"

"One prayer and one benediction for the child who is about to depart!"

Finally, uncovering and making a sign to each to imitate him:

All the spectators wept. Kerias himself had moist eyes.

"As for those who are dead, and who were united to us by blood, I will not invite them, for their names would make too many hearts suffer; but let us all ask together for them the salvation of the Church and the repose of their souls."

And the festival song concluded with the De profundis recited aloud by the baz-valan, and repeated in a low tone by the entire assembly.

Amid the increasing emotions of this scene, worthy of the patriarchs,-we had not forgotten Paul Trevihan. And we constantly looked in the direction of the road, while the funeral hymn

Gildas unfastened the thongs, and the baz-valan chanted in his turn, causing the bride to kneeled with her. before her parents:

"You weep! Oh! look at your father and your poor mother!"

"They weep also! but how much more bitter are their tears than yours."

"Yes! yes! my child," exclaimed he with Jeannette, extending his hands over Anne Marie, "receive our benediction!


Nothing appeared,-nothing. And it was all over with our friend.

A cavalier rushed into the yard at a gallop. emerged from a whirlwind of dust like lightning flashing from a cloud,-cried out to Gildas: "Stop! this woman is not yours!" traversed the ranks of the confounded guests,-darted towards Anne Marie, raised her on his horse, and depart

Everybody had recognized Paul Trevihan; but when each had named him, he had already disappeared.



I WILL not attempt to paint the tumult and the cries which followed this surprise. My own emotion it would be impossible to describe. The two families and the two cortèges remained at first stupefied, astounded, believing themselves the sport of a vision. Then there was a confusion of clamors, complaints, and questions.

Some, Kerias at their head, wished to pursue the ravisher, but did not know what course to take. They started off at once in every direction.

The others surrounded Gildas and his relatives, who were bewildered, and could hardly speak.

The baz-valan resumed with gravity:

A great number,-I saw it with joy,-manifested by their silence, or even by their words,

"It is well, young girl! thou hast obeyed the that they would have done like Paul Trevihan.

At the expiration of half an hour all was ex- she had recovered her son, she was no longer plained, by the appearance of a new personage. the same woman. She who had opened her This was the former curate of Moustoirac, a lips only to threaten, now extended her hand to white-haired old man,-who, covered with per-everybody, had only words of favor and concilspiration and out of breath, followed by my first ation; she wished to render her triumph pleasant messenger, arrived in the court of the farm, at to her vanquished enemies; she made all possithe moment Kerias was returning thither with ble advances to Kerias and his wife; she loaded his friends. with caresses Anne Marie, whom her tenderness disputed with Jeannette.

This is what we learned from the narrative of the man of God.

Á transformation not less striking had taken place in the house: order had there succeeded to chaos, and the minute attention of the mother of a family to the carelessness of the prophetess.

My courier had found him ready to accompany him, but detained by a severe fit of the gout; he was waiting day after day for his recovery when Paul arrived also. His courage had then renewed his strength, and he had set out with his protege. The delays caused by illness had alone prevented him from arriving in time.

The chests, the press-beadsteads, the cradle, the wardrobes, were arranged symmetrically and waxed, so that you could see your face in them. The old china, the cut-glass, a few pieces of plate, At two leagues from Moustoirac, Paul had the jewels of a former period, all the ancient perceived the wedding guests and heard the bells household treasures, were shining on the shelves which announced the ceremony. Nothing then of the cupboard. A fresh and white loaf, a cup of had been able to restrain his impatience. He new milk, a bottle of old wine, provoked the aphad reached Kerlenn like a thunderbolt, and in- petite, on the white table-cloth. Everything was terrupted the marriage by carrying off the bride.gay and smiling in this dwelling which we have The rector blamed him severely, though he seen so sad and gloomy. More coquetry had not had travelled forty leagues to defend him; but been displayed on the grand day of a giveladen. he assured us that Anne Marie could only be It was because Paul was a god for Marguerite, with Marguerite, and offered to Kerias to go and she had wished to make a temple worthy himself with him to seek her there, on condition of him! Anne Marie had also her part in this that the marriage should be suspended. affecting metamorphosis.

Kerias examined all this slily, and his features and language softened.

The manner in which the holy man emphasized these words showed us that he was on our side. I thanked him with a cordial pressure of the hand, and I saw, by the uneasiness of Kerias, that he was already wavering before the rector.

Upon the simple injunction of this sacred power, the wedding cortege dispersed like a cloud of dust carried away by the wind.

"Come," said the rector, placing himself between the old woman and the farmer, "our business is not to quarrel, but to have a friendly explanation; I am your common father; I baptized these two children; I witnessed the vow which betrothed them: I know your differences; I know what has happened within a month; and I come from the extremity of Brittany to reconcile you. I may die of it perhaps, but I shall have done my duty."

The pious traveller spent only a few moments at Kerlenn to repose, and to complete his conviction by a conversation with Robert and myself. After which we conducted him to the house of the prophetess, with Kerias and Jeannette.

Seizing then the hand of Paul, and gazing at his handsome countenance:

As we approached the cottage, we heard loud cries, and perceived two groups of villagers ready to come to blows. They were the friends of Gildas who wished to recover Anne Marie, and the partisans of Paul preparing to defend her. Already blows had succeeded to words, and sticks were brandished in the air,-when the man of God advanced between the com

"This young man," pursued he, "is indeed Paul Trevihan, the son of Marguerite, - he whom I twice committed to the care of Jeannette, a few days after his birth and on the day of the departure of his parents. My eyes and my heart recognized him, as the eyes and the heart of his mother also did; you all recognize him, if you are sincere. I perceive here the finger of God, and I feel myself the interpreter of his will. Jo seph Kerias, do you believe in my testimony, and will you follow my counsels ?"


At the aspect of his venerable brow and his priestly robe, the most infuriated stopped short, and the two parties renounced victory by flight.

We found Anne Marie under the guardianship of the prophetess, as the pastor had announced. Paul threw himself at the feet of the old man, and asked his pardon for what he had done. He also respectfully justified himself" to Kerias.

The farmer, as usual, replied neither yes or no; but his objections were so embarrassed, that the pastor easily read his soul.


You believe with me," resumed he forcibly, and I see what occasions your hesitation ; you have sworn to Heaven to marry Paul and Anne Marie, and you have promised your daughter to Gildas Favennek. But Gildas is only a man, Ke

Put yourself in my place," said he, " and remember that I was half delirious. Besides, it was necessary to act, for no one would have lis-rias; and your first oath, the oath made to Cod, tened to my words, and an instant later, Anne is the only one which pledges you. I address Marie would have been lost to me." myself here only to your faith, well understood. The rector allowed the farmer to exhaust his Before humanity, and before the law, you are reproaches. Then he addressed to Paul a pater-doubtless free. A minister of religion. I speak in nal reprimand. the name of religion alone. Once more, Joseph

We were surprised and charmed at the atti- Kerias, will you remain faithful to God or to men, tude of Marguerite during this discussion. Since to your conscience or to your interests ?"

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The old man turned towards the farmer, and saw with surprise that he was scarcely listening. The examination of the furniture and treasures of Marguerite was distracting, in spite of himself, his mind, and his glances.

This was a new inspiration for the rector. "You fear," continued he, "the claims and the pursuit of the Favenecks. Be tranquil in this respect. When I leave here I will go to them, and Marguerite is not the woman to allow you to suffer loss."

Before the hearth went and came a young housekeeper, alert and eager, rosy and charming, the cross of the bride at her neck, the wedding

"I charge myself," nobly said the prophetess, "with all the restitutions which may be exacted. After having lived fifteen years on bread and water, I can give my son the means of an hon-ring glistening on her finger, a high coif on her orable settlement." head, her apron tied at the side, her hand holding the saucepan, and her eye upon everybody.

This was the beautiful maiden Anne Marie, now Madame Trevihan, and if possible, prettier than ever.

An imperceptible smile of the little man announced to us that the greatest obstacle was removed.

"But finally," replied he, "notwithstanding the weight of your word, Monsieur Rector, I wish to have in my hand an assurance, a writing,-in a word a proof that this young man is Paul Trevihan."

"That I will undertake to procure," replied the holy man. "Providence will aid us in this as well as in all the rest. I ask of you only a month to remove all your scruples."

Kerias cast a lynx eye on the wardrobes of Marguerite. He was doubtless calculating how many crowns her fifteen years' economy might have amassed; for the prophetess had inherited the property of her father-in-law and husband. He said to himself that a woman so detached from the world would give all to her only son, whom she idolized. In short, he concluded that this party might be ever wealthier than Gildas Favennek, and he said to Marguerite and to Paul, extending his hand to them:

Marguerite, rejuvenated in her person and in her dress, occupied magisterially the upper end. Opposite her sat Paul, still noble and handsome, dignified and radiant, still coifed with his long locks like an aureola, still faithful to the rich costume of Faouët, which had brought him so much happiness. On his right, the object of his paternal cares, was seated a child of twelve years, in whom we recognized the little Raphael, the son of the rope-dancers. The servants of the house occupied the two sides of the table.

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They shook hands. The two lovers embraced, and with what happiness! The cheeks of Anne Marie bloomed like two roses in an evening shower. I thanked the good pastor a thousand times; and, while he went to the house of the Favenneks, we returned with the Kerias to Kerlenn.


Behind her, beside the nuptial bed, was the cradle of Paul, beneath the little Madonna, fresher and more neatly arranged than ever, ready for another infant.

We remained enchanted before this graceful picture, tasting this felicity to secure which we had done our part.

"Well! since the rector absolutely wishes it,fession from the very woman who had stolen since you charge yourself with the restitutions, we will assent to it in a month, if the rector keeps his promise."

Then we were received with open arms; we were entertained as friends; they made us taste of all their wines; showed us all about the domain; confided to us all the joys of the family, and related to us how these had been accomplished.

Paul and the rector had found the rope-dancers, and obtained important revelations. These revelations had put them on the track of the original captors, who were then travelling the country of Nantes. By prayers and by threats, by promises and by money the pastor has wrested a full con

Trevihan. Nothing thenceforth opposed the marriage of the latter, the betrothal had been immediately renewed; as Kerias had foreseen. Marguerite, richer than was thought for, had given all to her son,-and the wedding had been blessed at Moustoirac by the rector in person.

Meanwhile, before celebrating it, and to remove from Paul the stain of his first condition, the man of God had solemnly evangelized him.


This ceremony is one of the most touching and most ancient in Lower Brittany. It usually takes place before the churches of our Lady of Pity. Young men who have led an irregular life, who have abused wine at the inns, and at fairs, who are often absent from the Sunday services and who pass by crosses without tak

AT the expiration of the following month, when I repassed with Robert, on our return from our travels through Brittany, we went directly to the cottage of Marguerite. The vicinity, form-ing their hats off, are there secretly submitted to erly so wild, was no longer recognizable. The it. Especially are blasphemers evangelized, in pruned trees, the paths re-opened, the meadows fine, all those who have not been faithful to their mowed, the fields planted, the garden swarming baptismal vows. with bees, the sounds of the flail and the fan, the lowing of the cattle, the songs of the laborers and harvesters, betokened a farm in the full tide of prosperity.

We penetrated the interior; it was still more smiling. In the midst of all the signs of rural comfort, the family and the servants surrounded the table. Contrary to the Breton custom, which excludes the women from the repast of the men,

Paul repaired alone at midnight to the holy place; he traversed the cemetery furnished with tombs and planted with little crosses; he knelt in the chapel lighted by the single lamp of the tabernacle, where nothing was heard but the ticking of the clock. The old priest arrived, bearing the surplice and the stole. He asked the young man if he repented the voluntary or involuntary faults of his wandering youth.

Paul took an oath to this effect on the crucifix. | party to the Trevihans, Kerias and Favenneks. Then the rector placed the stole on his head. Then we took leave of everybody, not without exorcised and blessed him, and afterwards raised promising to return some day, and not without and embraced him tenderly. Paul returned leaving to each our presents of adieu, and our alone and with the reproaches of his youth re- thanks for their hospitality. moved.

Robert then perceived how prudently I had acted in furnishing my valise with chaplets, silver crosses, holy images, and especially with muslins and gilded stuffs. We were, with these trifles, happy and friendly,-at discretion.

When we presented our most beautiful rosaries to Marguerite and to Paul, and our richest cross to his wife :

"I will add them to our talismans, to our louzon," said the husband, opening an armorie.

And he showed us, carefully arranged in a niche, his former rope-dancer's costume, a perpetual lesson to maternal vigilance; the soule and watch which he had won at the New Chapel; the velvet, torn from the apron of Anne Marie; the boquet of roses which he had thrown to her in the theatre; and, at the place of honor, in a pretty gilt frame, his little Breton prayer to our lady, the sacred legacy of his mother's tenderness, that saving memory of his childhood which had rescued him from the storm and brought him to the port,-the palla dium of his roof, of his family, and his des tiny.

The next day the most scrupulous saluted him as a brother, and even his enemies pressed his hand. So the whole neighborhood danced at his wedding, which was the most brilliant one within the memories of any.

After having finished his pious mission, the good rector had returned to his flock, joy having cured him.

"And on your marriage eve," asked I of Anne Marie, "you did not see the hind of St. Nennoch!"

"I was not to see it," replied the young woman smiling upon Marguerite, "unless I espoused Gildas Favennek!"


Apropos," said Robert, "what has become of poor Gildas?"

"He has consoled himself by asking the hand of my eldest sister. Our two families will thus become connected, and the marriage is to take place at the next St. Annis Day."

"Here," thought I, “is a master-peice of Pire Kerias! He hesitated between two good suitors; he has found means to secure both, and at the same time to avoid making restitution of the bridal presents!"

He was henceforth no longer to recite it alone. The whole family recited it in common, evening and and morning, before the Madonna and the cradle.

"And they will do well not to fail of doing

"And this poor child," continued I, in a low tone, pointing to Raphael," how have you been able to separate him from his mother? "I bought him!" whispered Paul; "I prom-so!" said the prophetess to us mysteriously, as ised the little one that she would return soon, we were making our adieus; "for the korrigan and I hope our maternal cares will make him who carried off Paul, and who could not retain forget her. Already amid the caresses of my him, will one day seek to carry off his son." family, he rarely remembers the cruelties of his own. Anne Marie is so good a mother to him that he will at last give her this name.

"How!" cried I, "do you still believe —" that the gipsey was only a korrigan in human form, who will ussume this form to come again."

We found, indeed, that Raphael had already increased in health, strength, and gaiety. Only a slight melancholy remained, which added to the grace of his smile.

We assured ourselves, the next day, of the union of the three families, by giving a wedding

I did not attempt to undeceive the old woman. It would have been impossible! Besides her fixed idea had taken a useful direction. children of Paul and Anne Marie will be guarded but the more faithfully.



WRONG ADDRESS AND RIGHT ANSWER.-In it may make you feel a little awkward when you a law case before a Dublin Court, in which the next write to me. It is truly difficult to explain Marquis of Sligo and Sir James Dombrain were to a man that you have a polite or courteous litigants, counsel read the following letter, writ- meaning towards him in calling him a "shallowten by Sir James to his solicitor, Mr. Jeffers.-pated fool,' or that you are possessed of the most "June 30, 1853. Dear Jeffers.: I enclose a let-open intentions when you express a wish to ter which I have this day received from the noble squeeze him.' I read your letter; that is a fact; marquis. Did you ever see such a shallow-pated and as it was directed to me, it is your fault, not fool? We must squeeze him. Warn Sutton not mine.-Yours, &c., SLIGO." to sell one pennyworth of his royalties without our consent. We can use flying seals as well as his lordship. Yours, &c., J. DOMBRAIN. The letter was sent by mistake to the marquis, who it by London; it will be charged eight pence for replied as follows: "Dear Sir James-I this day the 8000 miles home, and as much for the same received a letter from you, but found it to be in- distance back; while for the 800 miles direct it comprehensible, until I discovered it to be ad- will be charged two rupees, or four shillings The dressed 'Dear Jeffers. You should take care land carriage from Calcutta is the same in both not to write so of me, nor direct to me; for cases, only in the cheaper one the periodical has though these things happen on the stage, they the advantage of 16,000 miles sea-voyage. are not a little rare in reality. However, I dare Journal of Society of Arts. say you will not mind the mistake much, though

POSTAL ANOMALIES.-If you want to send a periodical cheaply from Calcutta to Delhi, send

From The Economist, 24 June.


policy and arms, could not have pursued such THE FORTUNES AND ISSUES OF THE a course, while the powerful empire of Austria was willing to assist her, without a manifest dereliction of patriotic duty. Secondly-If Hungary can win her freedom by accepting the treacherous succor of the despot who formerly crushed her; if she feels certain that, once in arms, she can bid defiance to her old oppressor; if she can insure that the consequences of such a step will not be merely a passage from one slavery to another yet worse because more hopeless;-we say, by all means, let her try. Redemption and independence are well worth acceptance from the ArchEnemy himself; they are blessings to be purchased-if purchaseable at any risk and at any cost; but bargains with the Evil One are proverbially fatal and deceptive.

Ir appears that in our last number we did Kossuth injustice in representing him as prepared and willing to accept the dangerous assistance of Russia towards the liberation of his country. Such we certainly gathered from his language to be his meaning. But we are assured, on authority which we are bound to receive, that so far from wishing Hungary to throw herself into the arms of Russia, he deprecates any such step as one of the most serious evils that could befal her; but at the same time predicts that, in order to escape from her present wretched condition of bondage and oppression, she will take that step if an opportunity is afforded her, and argues that the cir- It does appear very doubtful, however, cumstance of England having accepted the whether the opportunity will be afforded her; alliance of Austria leaves her no alternative. and, therefore, we deprecate with the greater Refugees, it is said, who are in safety and com- earnestness the slightest insurrectionary moveparative comfort, even though in exile, can ment. It would seem from the news which argue the matter as we do, coolly and ration- has reached our shores this week as if falseally, and see the full peril of owing the chance hood and aggression were about to meet their of independence to a power which cannot appropriate penalties. If telegraphic deswish it permanently to succeed; but Hunga- patches are to be relied upon, the siege of Si rians who live in their own land, and witness listria has been raised, and the Russian army daily acts of atrocity and injustice, who are is in full retreat across the Danube:-And if surrounded with Austrian police and Austrian the plain language of English statesmen may spies, and are liable at any moment to be torn be trusted, they have no idea of terminating from their families and thrust into a dungeon, the war upon any terms that shall leave the will grasp at any friendly hand which gives Power which has involved us in it the means them a prospect even of momentary emanci- of renewing it at a more convenient season pation. As long as there was any hope from and under more favorable auspices. The deFrench or English intervention, as long as it bate which took place on Monday night in the appeared possible that Austria, by siding with House of Lords is the first Parliamentary disRussia, might induce the enemies of Russia to cussion on the subject which we have read arm and succor Hungary, they were willing with feelings of full satisfaction. The venerto wait and to endure; but now that the West- able Lord Lyndhurst, with a cogent logic ern Powers have persuaded Austria to join worthy alike of his legal and his political celebthem, Hungary has no alternative but to seek rity, enforced the argument which, for months, aid from a quarter where it can be granted we have urged so pertinaciously upon our only from a sinister motive and for a tempora- readers, that the aggressions of Russia have ry purpose, or to lie down in despair and allow been relentless, ceaseless, systematic-that she the last remains of national vitality to be will never abandon them except from absolute trampled out of her. inability to pursue them-that no treaty we can make with her will bind her-that it is

To these representations we have only two remarks to urge. First-It was impossible impossible to frame engagements more solemn and would have been wrong for English states-than those she has already broken, impossible men not to accept and even seek the alliance for her to swear more positive oaths than those of Austria in the cause in which they are now she has habitually violated-and consequently, engaged, provided they could feel secure in as "moral guarantees" that she will not, they the honesty and cordiality of that alliance, and are but so much waste paper, we must not lay provided they did not purchase it by any un-down our arms till we have secured "material worthy concessions or injudicions sacrifice of guarantees" that she can not. He declared, ultimate objects. Of course men whose duty amid the cheers of the House, that no issue of it is to consider only or permanently the inter- the war could be satisfactory or honorable ests of Hungary, would have had us aid Tur- which did not include the rescue from Russia Key by endeavoring to re-create and raise an of the mouths of the Danube, the secured inndependent Hungarian nation; but men whose dependence of Circassia, and the destruction duty it is to consider only or permanently the of Sebastopol and the fleet sheltered behind interests of England, and the success of her those mighty fortifications.

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