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accumulation Adam Smith agriculture amount Belgium capital cent centralization century cloth combination command commerce competition condition consequence constant increase consumer consumption cotton cultivation decline demand diminishing diminution direction earth effect effort employment enabled England Europe exhibited existence fact faculties farmer finished commodities force France freedom Germany gradually greater growing growth of wealth human improvement India individual Ireland J. S. MILL Jamaica land and labor latter less look Malthus manufactures ment movable nations nature nature's services necessity obtain owner perfect poor population portion Portugal potential energy power of association profits proportion borne proprietors purchase quantity rate of profit ratio raw materials reader rent result Ricardo rude products Russia slave slavery societary society soils steadily tariff of 1828 tax of transportation taxation tendency tends tion trade Turkey wages waste Wealth of Nations
185. oldal - The school-boy whips his taxed top — the beardless youth manages his taxed horse, with a taxed bridle on a taxed road ; — and the dying Englishman pouring his medicine, which has paid seven per cent.
136. oldal - ... difference in their productive powers. At the same time, the rent of the first quality will rise, for that must always be above the rent of the second, by the difference between the produce which they yield with a given quantity of capital and labour. 'With every step in the progress of population...
261. oldal - It is difficult at this day to realize the state of public opinion in relation to that unfortunate race which prevailed in the civilized and enlightened portions of the world at the time of the Declaration of Independence and when the Constitution of the United States was framed and adopted.
68. oldal - No regulation of commerce can increase the quantity of industry in any society beyond what its capital can maintain. It can only divert a part of it into a direction into which it might not otherwise have gone; and it is by no means certain that this artificial direction is likely to be more advantageous to the society than that into which it would have gone of its own accord.
68. oldal - ... the general industry of the society, or to give it the most advantageous direction, is not, perhaps, altogether so evident. The general industry of the society never can exceed what the capital of the society can employ. As the number of workmen that can be kept in employment by any particular person must bear a certain proportion to his capital, so the number of those that can be continually employed by all the members of a great society must bear a certain proportion to the whole capital of...
342. oldal - Crowds of miserable Irish darken all our towns. The wild Milesian features, looking false ingenuity, restlessness, unreason, misery and mockery, salute you on all highways and byways. The English coachman, as he whirls past, lashes the Milesian with his whip, curses him with his tongue; the Milesian is holding out his hat to beg.
342. oldal - That the condition of the lower multitude of English labourers approximates more and more to that of the Irish competing with them in all markets; that whatsoever labour, to which mere strength with little skill will suffice, is to be done, will be done not at the English price, but at an approximation to the Irish price : at a price superior as yet to the Irish, that is, superior to scarcity of third-rate potatoes for thirty weeks yearly ; superior, yet hourly, with the arrival of every new steamboat,...
185. oldal - Taxes on the sauce which pampers man's appetite, and the drug that restores him to health ; on the ermine which decorates the judge, and the rope which hangs the criminal ; on the poor man's salt, and the rich man's spice; on the brass nails of the coffin, and the ribands of the bride.
364. oldal - Hitherto it is questionable if all the mechanical inventions yet made have lightened the day's toil of any human being. They have enabled a greater population to live the same life of drudgery and imprisonment, and an increased number of manufacturers and others to make fortunes.