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quoting a fine parallel passage from G. Herbert, I Grampian range at the head of Forfarshire. In fine, have extracted the following description of the every antiquary follows his own whim in the matter; all
controversy, therefore, is profitless. ] instrument from Sylvester's Du Bartas:
SANDTOFT REGISTER. — In 1634, or the follow“ The Jacob's Staff, to measure heights and lands, Shall far excel a thousand nimble hands,
ing year, a chapel was built at Sandtoft, in the parish To part the Earth in Zones, and Climates even, of Belton, in the Isle of Axholme, for the use of And in twice twenty-and-four Figures-Heaven.” the Flemish and Dutch settlers, who were then enPart IV., Day 2, Week 2, folio edit. (1621), gaged in draining the level of Hatfield Chase, and p. 291.
cultivating the reclaimed lands. At this place - "The Jacob's Staff" is here used to denote the the various ordinances of religion were performed Astrolabe, both celestial and terrestrial. At p. in the French and Dutch languages. The regis299 of the same poem, Du Bartas mentions the ter of the chapel was carefully kept from 1641 to Astrolabe, and speaks of it as a purely celestial | 1681. It was examined by the late Mr. Hunter instrument. In the characters of Sir Thos. Over- / when he was engaged collecting the materials for bury, the Jacob's Staff is connected with the his History of South Yorkshire. Where is it now? heavens alone. Of the “almanack maker," it is I am anxious to consult it for an antiquarian pursaid:
EDWARD PEACOCK. “His life is upright, for he is always looking upward; 1
Bottesford Manor, Brigg. yet he dares believe nothing above' primum mobile, for 'tis [The Sandtoft register was a portion of the manuscript out of the reach of his Jacob's Staff.”
collections of George Stovin, Esg., of Crowle. When The word seems to be still in use in Ireland ;
Joseph Hunter, in 1828, wrote his History of South York
shire, Stovin's collections were in the possession of his for, in the “ Advartaaisement" for a hedge-school
grandson, the Rev. Dr. Stovin, Rector of Rossington. In master, given in Carleton's sketch of The Hedge | 1839, when the Rev. W. B. Stonehouse published his School, among the qualifications required, we find | History and Topography of the Isle of A.xholme, these do“Surveying, and the use of the Jacob-staff.” cuments belonged to Cornelius Hartshorn Stovin, Esq., of
Hirst Priory. Mr. Stonehouse, in his useful work, has
not only given a biographical account of the Stovin [For applying this term to the instrument used in
family, but also at pp. 355-357, a list of the names of the taking altitudes, various reasons have been assigned. French and Walloon Protestants settled at Sandtoft in the The Catholic explanation is, that the divisions marked seventeenth century.] upon the instrument resembled the steps of Jacob's ladder (Gen. xxviii. 12): “On l'appelait, dit-on, baton de CockPIT. — In Mr. Wilberforce's Life, vol. i. Jacob, parceque les divisions marquées sur le montant p. 190, he states that, on Dec. 3, 1788, he “reached resemblaient aux degrés de l'échelle mystérieuse de
London, and attended cock-pit at night.” A young Jacob.”—Encyc. Cathol., under " Baton."]"
friend having inquired of me what this meant, AGRICOLA's Victory. - Can any of your cor | the most I could do was to assure her that it could respondents inform me on what authority the not be to see a cock-fight. Would you kindly inhabitants of Aberdeen state that the victory of enlighten us?
C. W. B. Agricola over Galgacus (A. D. 85) took place on [The Cockpit was at Whitehall. After the fire here in the hills in the immediate neighbourhood of that 1697, it was converted into the Privy Council Office, and
here, in the Council Chamber, Guiscard stabbed Harley, town? Tacitus (Agric. 29) merely says, “ (Agri
Earl of Oxford. The Treasury Minutes, circ, 1780, are cola)... ad montem Grampium pervenit," which | headed “ Cockpit.”-Cunningham's London.] would seem more likely to have occurred farther south.
U. C. · [We are at a loss to conceive what authority the Aber
Replies. donians have for concluding that Agricola vanquished Galgacus in the immediate vicinity of their town. Ancient
WONDERFUL ANIMAL. as the latter is, the earliest notice of it occurs in the geo
(3rd S. iii. 387.) graphical work of Claudius Ptolomeus (ii. 3, § 19), where it is distinguished by the name of Devana (Anovava),
The animal, as inferred by Dr. O'Donovan, the chief city of the Texali or Taezali, and Ptolomy | must certainly have been a camel or dromedary, flourished a century, at least, later than the Roman con- but that, in my opinion, is the least wonderful queror. The exact locality of the conflict (" ad montem
part of the matter. The great wonder is, from Grampium") between the Caledonians and the Romans
wbat place was this " Wonderful Animal sent to has been a vexed question from the days of Richard of Cirencester to our own, and likely to be so to the end of
Ireland by Henry VI., A.D. 1472"? Henry, as is time. This is owing to the error which Tacitus commits well known, having died in the previous year, to in the map which he made of the country, wherein a say nothing of his deposition some ten years range of Grampians “montes Grampii” appears in a part earlier. Without pursuing that inquiry, howof Scotland where there are no hills of any kind, at least la in the present day. Some maintain, therefore, that the
ever, it may be concluded that the king of Eng. battle in question was fought at Stonehaven, in Kincar
land who sent an animal to Ireland in 1472 could dineshire, tifteen miles south by west of Aberdeen; others be no other than Edward IV. As a not uninin the Lomond hills in Fife; and others again, in the teresting point in English history, I should not
pass without mention the fact that Henry VI.“ The Beautiful Vanella," to whom Johnson's had a short period of restoration to the throne lines refer, and whose conduct was the theme of immediately preceding his death. The first in | the playwrights of the time, as well as of poets and strument issued in his name, after his restoration, | historians, was the daughter of Gilbert, Lord Baris dated the 9th of October, 1470, and thus at nard, and sister to the first Earl of Darlington.
She was maid of honour to Queen Caroline, whose “ Teste meipso apud Westmonasterium, nono die Octo
consideration procured for her apartments in St. brie, anno ab inchoatione regni nostri quadragesimo nono, James' Palace for her confinement, where was et readeptionis nostræ regiæ potestatis anno primo." born her son, who on June 17, 1732, was chris.
Indeed all documents issued by Henry, at this tened by the name of Fitz-Frederick of Cornperiod, are attested in the same words, his restored | wall. * reign not lasting a year ; for the battle of Barnet, Lord Baltimore, one of the Lords of the Bedfought in April, 1471, hurled him from the throne, chamber of Frederick Prince of Wales, was sent and he was put to death about a month after to Vanella to say how necessary it was, the treaty wards. His last instrument extant is dated the for his marriage being then nearly concluded, for 27th March, 1471.*
the prince to take his leave of her; and as the The querist asks, in reference to the wonderful most proper manner of parting, that she should animal being in Ireland, “ to whom was she sent, go immediately for two or three years to Holland and why?" --- questions most difficult to answer, and France; this she refused, but shortly afterthough a very probable explanation of the strange wards, by the advice of her brother, she took herbeast's presence in Ireland may easily be given. self to Bath, where she finished her unhappy life, f In the olden time, kings possessed a kind of pre- not without suspicion of having poisoned herself. scriptive right of being the sole possessors of wild | Her son predeceased her a few days, f and Lord beasts and other wonderful animals, which were | Hervey relates that the “ Queen and Princess frequently presented by one crowned head to Caroline told him they thought the prince more another. But such appendages of royalty being afflicted for the loss of this child than they had less useful than ornamental, more expensive than ever seen him on any occasion." profitable, monarchs used to let them out to specu The following lines have reference to Vanella: lators for certain sums of money, the hirers profit “Ev'n man, the merciless insulter man, ably reimbursing themselves by exhibiting the Man, who rejoices in the sex's weakness, animals in various parts of the country. These Shall pity V---, and with unwonted goodness, speculators received also from the king letters of Forget her failings, and record her praise.” license, authorising them to wear the royal livery;
“ The fairest forms that nature shows to beat a drum; to exhibit the animals in fairs,
Sustain the sharpest doom;
Her life was like the morning rose, markets, and borougl-towns, free of local taxes ; to
That withers in its bloom." impress horses, wains, ships for their conveyance; to claim and obtain aid and protection, in their
Anne Vane, who was disappointed in her object lawful pursuits, from all magistrates, constables,
tables of marrying Lord Lincoln, was the daughter of borough-reeves, &c. &c. The custom of hiring
Henry, first Earl of Darlington. Born in May, out royal animals to exhibitors continued down to
1726, she was in her nineteenth year when she our own times, and without doubt was the origin
wrote the touching verses (quoted by W. D.), of showmen placing the royal arms over their
dated on the day of Lord L.'s marriage with her booths and bill-heads, and wearing the cast-off
cousin, Catherine, eldest daughter of the Right uniforms of beef-eaters. It is most probable,
le. Hon. Henry Pelham, Chancellor of the Exchequer. then, or, indeed, it may be considered certain,
By this marriage, Lord L. ultimately acquired the that the wonderful animal belonged to the king,
| large possessions of the Holles family, and the and was brought to Ireland for the purpose of
| ducal coronet held by his descendants. exhibition; and that the word “sent" was a
Anne Vane married, in March 1746, the Hon. slight misconception of the annalists, caused by
Charles Hope Weir of Craigie Hall, son of Lord the exhibitor holding the king's license, usually
HENRY M. VANE. given to such persons. WILLIAM PINKERTON.
GUERIN DE MONTAIGU.. MISS VANE: “ DISAPPOINTED LOVE.”
(3rd S. iv. 36.) (3rd S. iv. 4.)
I think it will be difficult to show that Moréri W. D. would appear to have fallen into an ) is correct in saying, that the Earls of Salisbury error, owing to a confusion of names. Anne Vane,
* Gent. Mag. vol. ii. 1732.
+ Ibid, vol. vi. 1736. * See Fredera, vol. xi.
I Ibid, vol. vi, 1736, pp. 112, 168.
were of the line (trunk, or souche,) of Guérin de but in none do I know of a descent from the Montaigu of Auvergne.
Guérins, or rather the Guerinis of Auvergne. There had been two D'Evreux Norman Barons Moréri does not say that Drogo himself was deof Salisbury since the Conquest, when Stephenscended from a Guerini: at all events Drogo, the raised a third successor to be earl. This earl was | Norman, is the origin of the Montacutes and succeeded by his son, whose daughter and heir | Montagus of whom I have spoken. (Ela), on marrying William de Longespee, na- ! Some of the baronies, held by heirs of Drogo, tural son of Henry II., took with her estate the have fallen into abeyance. That of Montacute is title of Earl to her husband. The great grand-claimed by Mr. Lowndes of Whaddon; that of daughter of the latter was commonly called Coun. Monthermer, by Mr. Lowndes of Chesham. Both tess of Salisbury; and by her husband, Henry de of these gentlemen must have been looking up Lacy, Earl of Lincoln, became the mother of two | pedigrees. Do they know anything of the Guesons, who died early; and also of that strong. rinis of Auvergne as the souche of the Montacutes, minded, loose-principled Alice, concerning whom descendants of Drogo, the Norman ? S. S. puts a Query, at p. 27, I shall rejoice to see
J. DORAN. answered.
The next Earl of Salisbury was one by creation, Before proceeding to answer the question pronot descent. There was a Norman, Drogo de
posed by your correspondent who writes from Montacute, who came over with the Conqueror. Caen, respecting a supposed connection between His grandson was the first Baron of Montacute. the family of Montacute, Earls of Salisbury, and Five barons by tenure enjoyed this title ; and the house of Guérin de Montaigu (for which these were followed by three barons by writ, | Eugénie de Guérin vouches the authority of lineal descendants of the Norman Drogo. The Moréri), it struck me that it would be well in the last of these barons was created Earl of Salisbury first instance to ascertain precisely wbat it is by Edward III. This was the earl who lost an that Moréri has stated. For this purpose I have eye in the Scottish wars, and who exercised the
referred to bis dictionary, but I have not sucother in actively ogling the ladies. His third
cceded in finding the statement attributed to him. successor was the earl who fell at Orleans, leaving My edition is the fourth, published in 1687. Some no heir but a daughter, who married Richard
statement of the kind may perhaps have found its Nevill; and who, on her having promise of a
way into a later edition, but if so, Moréri, who child, enabled Richard to call himself Earl of died in 1680, is not answerable for it. In order Salisbury, in which he was confirmed by patent. to facilitate further inquiry, perhaps your correTheir son, the famous Earl of Warwick and Salis
spondent will have the kindness to verify the bury, left two daughters; of whom the elder reference made by Eugénie de Guérin ? . inarried “ Malmsey Clarence," who was styled
MELETES, Earl of Salisbury, and all of whose honours became forfeited. But the title of Earl of Salisbury was then conferred on the short-lived son of the
EXCHEQUER: OR EXCHECQUER-CHEQUE. Duke of Gloucester (afterward Richard III.), by
(3rd S. iv. 43.) Lady Anne, the other daughter of the famous Warwick. This earl (a Prince of Wales too), of
Since addressing to you my “Note” and “Query" course, left no heirs ; but the Duke of Clarence under the above heading, a friend has drawn my left a son Edward, and a daughter Margaret. attention to Madlox's History of the Exchequer of The luckless boy was better known by the title of the Kings of England, London, 1711. I find in Warwick than of Salisbury. His luckless sister chap. iv. p. 109 — was created Countess of Salisbury in 1513; and, “III. It is not absolutely certain from what original the widow of Sir Richard Pole, fell on the scaffold in word Scaccarium” (whence Excbequer) “is deduced. 1541. Sixty-four years later, the title of Earl of
Divers conjectures have been made about it. Perhaps
the most likely derivation of it is from Scaccus or ScacSalisbury was conferred on the Hunchback Cecil;
cum, a Chess Board, or the ludus Scaccarum, the game of of whose line the seventh guccessor is now Mar chess; a game of great antiquity. And the Exchequer quis of Salisbury. But in Margaret Pole the of England was in all probability called Scaccarium, Norman line of Drogo de Montacute expired.-as
because a chequered cloth (tigured with squares like a far as the Wiltshire earldom went.
chess board) was anciently wont to be laid on the table
in the place or court of that name. In truth a chequered The blood of the Norman has not died out in
cloth itself was sometimes called Scaccarium. From the another branch. The youngest brother of John, Latin scaccarium cometh the French Eschequier, or Erthird Earl of Salisbury, lineally descended from chequier (Echiquer); and the English name from the Drogo de Montagute, was Sir Simon Montacute, French. Or if any one thinks it more likely that the the common ancestor of the late Duke of Mon
French word was the ancienter, and the Latin one formed
from it, I do not oppose them; nay, I incline to believe tagu, the late Earl of Halifax, and of the present
it was so .... Polydore Virgil, speaking of the Duke of Manchester and the Earl of Sandwich; | Exchequer as instituted in England by King William 1st,
intimates that it was corruptly called Scacarium, but swered if “N. & Q." were confined to English ought to be called Statarium from its stability, and as it readers. was the Firm Support of the Crown or Kingdom; nothing
In another letter (dated Aug. 1753), Wolfe, being of greater force to establish a kingdom than Revenue."
alluding to the frequency of highway robberies in In his copious and erudite notes, Madox quotes
the neighbourhood of Blackheath, says :among a cloud of less relevant authorities, Sir “I am surprised that, in the counties near London,
s Smith, who in The Commonwealth of Eng. they don't establish a company or two of Light Horse to land, p. 144, says:
guard the public roads, or pursue these vermin. They
need not be military, but people hired for that purpose, “ The Exchequer which is Fiscus principis or Ærarium
with good pay, and entirely under the Sheriff's direcpublicum ; and I cannot tell in what language it is called
tions. There are abundance of officers that would be glad Scaccarium. Some think it was first called Statarium,"
of such employment; and proper men, if they pay them &c. &c.
well, might easily be found. They have what they call Then Skene, De Verbor. Signific. ad verbum the Maréchaussée in France, to protect travellers; and Scaccarium, says:
people travel there in great security.” “ Others think Scaccarium is so called a similitudine I now desire to learn, through your useful ludi scacchorum, that is, the Playe of the Chesse; because columns, when the horse patrol, or county conmony persones convienes in the checker to pleye their
stabulary, was first established in England ? with, causes contrare others, as gif they were fechtand in ane
| if possible, a reference to some authority upon the arrayed battell, quhilk is the form and order of the said playe.”
subject. And Dufresne, Gloss. ad vocem Scaci, remarks:
| May I add that, having collected a great num
| ber of Wolfe's unpublished letters, I shall feel “ From what original the word Scaccus comes, it is not certain. Some bave supposed it comes from the
much obliged to any of your correspondents who Arabick or Persick word Schach: by which name the
may supply me with copies of others? I have chief actor in the game of chess is called.”
reason to think that there are some more of Wolfe's It will thus be seen that, centuries ago, wiser
original letters in the hands of autograph collecheads than mine were puzzled to determine the
tors, who would willingly contribute to what has precise derivation of Scaccarium, or Eschequier,
| long been considered a desideratum-a complete or Exchequer. The learned are generally agreed
“Life of General Wolfe." Roßt. Wright. as to the connection between the court of the
102, Great Russell Street, W.C. King's Treasury and the pattern of a chess-board
THEODOLITE (3rd S. iv. 51.)-I have read PROor the sign of the chequers ; but they give us no reason for it. Worthy Maister Skene is amusingly
FESSOR DE MORGAN's Note and Query about the far-fetched; Sir Tho. Smith seems to incline
| derivation of Theodolite. On that matter I can somewhat to the statarium hypothesis; but Du
give no certain opinion ; but I have very little fresne, I think, gets a nearer inkling of truth
doubt that it is a corruption of some Arabic name when he surmises that Scaccus may be of Arabic
for such an instrument. I have, however, in my or Persian extraction. But why not from the
possession a very curious instrument made in Italian Zecca, as from the oriental Schach?
Germany in 1587, which I have always considered
to be a theodolite, perhaps the earliest extant. It GEORGE AUGUSTUS SALA.
is formed on the principle of the astrolabe, and
seems calculated to measure angles both vertical The only thing I can add to Mr. Sala's inter- / and horizontal, besides doing various other curiesting “ half note and half query," as he calls ous things. I should very much like PROFESSOR them, on the Exchequer, is the fact that the table
De Morgan to see it. The only day I shall have cover on the table of the Exchequer Court in at my command after this appears in print will Dublin is composed of a thick woollen substance, be Monday the 27th of this month; and if he could made in squares of black and white, resembling a do me the favour to call on me some time before chess-board.
S. REDMOND. two o'clock on that day, should he be in London Liverpool.
and disengaged, he will give me much pleasure
and confer a favour on me. HORSE POLICE (3rd S. iv. 36.)-I am much in- 1
9. Pall Mall. debted to M, L'EDITEUR DE MAURICE ET D'EuGÉNIE DE GUÉRIN for pointing out the “singular YEALAND AND ASHTON (3rd S. ï.429.)-Yealand general," alluded to by Wolfe. His name has Conyers and Yealand Redmayne are villages enabled me to learn more about Rantzau, from near Lancaster. There is an Ashton also near the pages of Biographie Universelle. Although Lancaster, but not on the same. side. as Yealand. the solution of what seemed to some of my friends Not having the Gentleman's Magazine by me, I to be an enigma was easy to M. L'EDITEUR, pro- am by no means sure they are the places wanted. bably the Query would have remained unan- | The pronunciation is Yelland.
MAYORS' ROBES (3rd S. ii. 448.) -I am not The panel had been discovered by Mr. Holmes, aware that there is any rule or custom as to the a diligent antiquary in his day, forming the colour of mąyors' robes, but scarlet is certainly skirting board of a barn (“To what base uses," not confined to the mayors of cities, for it is the &c.), and obtained by him for the substitution of colour which has been used in the borough of a plank equally serviceable. Great Yarmouth “ without time of memory." In
EDMUND LENTHAL SWIFTE. 1541, it was ordered that the aldermen should
“VIRGINI PARITURÆ” (3rd S. iv. 5.) — The wear at the assemblies “as well as in the Church
image of the Blessed Virgin Mary at Chartres reon Sundays and Holy Days " gowns and straight
ferred to in the communication of J. R. is said hose, and that those who were or had been bailiffs
to have been carved a century before the birth of (or chief magistrates) gowns of scarlet, with fur tip
our Blessed Saviour, in 'a forest in the midst of pets, and doublets of velvet, “after the ancient and
the plains of La Beauce, by order of Priscus honourable custom of the town without time of me
King of the Chartrains, and to have been set up mory used.” In 1551, Gilbert Grice, having made “ a reasonable excuse" for not wearing his scarlet |
with the inscription, “ Virgini Parituræ,” in the
same place where it is still seen, which was at that gown was “ pardoned” on condition that he pro
time. a grotto where the Druids offered their sacricured a new one before the ensuing Michaelmas. fices. It is also recorded that St. Potentianus, In 1612, it was ordered that such aldermen as bad
the Apostle of Sens,' who had been sent by St. been bailiffs should wear their “scarlet gowns with
Peter into France, made some stay at Chartres, tippetts, and such as had not, without tippetts."
where he blessed this image, and dedicated the In 1760 gowns of scarlet or crimson damask
: grotto as a church in the year 46. (See L'Abbé were first used, similar to the one still used by the Orsini. Hist. de la Mère de Dieu et de son culte, mayor at Yarmouth on state occasions (as on
| t. ii. p. 379.)
F. C. H. presenting the Yarmouth address to the Prince and Princess of Wales), and gowns of scarlet cloth, BRIDPORT, ETC. (3rd S. iv. 27.) -I am not trimmed with black velvet, continued to be worn aware that there is any work extant on the local by all aldermen who had not served the office of history of this interesting old town. In a forthmayor, down to the passing of the Municipal Cor. | coming part of Messrs. Shipp & Hodson's new poration Act.
C. J.P. edition of Hutchins, however, there will be large MONUMENTAL BRASS (3rd S. iv. 8.) — Awhile
additions made to any previously-published noafter the sale mentioned by MR. PEACOCK, I
tice, chiefly gathered from original documents by chanced upon its notice in a Gentleman's Maga
one of its indefatigable editors. On their behalf, zine, describing an oaken panel which bad been
I feel bound to say that they are sparing neither sold thereat, with the escutcheons impaled and sepa
time, labour, or expense in the accomplishment rate of the Swyfte and the Reresby families, upon
of their herculean task; and for myself, I may the marriage of Lionel, a son of Sir John Reresby
venture to add that all the assistance I can posof Thryberg, with Anne, a daughter of Sir Robert
sibly render is cheerfully and constantly afforded Swyfte of Rotheram. Mr. Sotheby, who had
them. Your correspondent, as nobody is so conducted the sale, informed me that the panel
thoroughly aware as myself, largely overrates my in question had been purchased by a gentleman
services; but I am glad to say that they are rein East Retford, to whom I wrote stating my de
ceiving far more valuable aid from another quarscent from the Swyfte of Rotheram (more an
ter; and that there seems to be every prospect ciently Swyffte), and soliciting as an especial
that, when the work is completed, it will be acfavour its transfer to myself. The acquisition of
knowledged to be a contribution to English County this family record was signally enhanced by the
History, not altogether discreditable to our age prompt kindness wherewith it was conceded to
| and generation.
C. W. BINGHAM. me-sacrificed rather-by the philarchaism of its The only work on this subject besides “old liberal possessor; to whose lot had its companion Hutchins's Dorset,” is a small pamphlet entitledpanel likewise fallen, he, I am persuaded, would “ The History and Topography of Bridport, Dorset. A have been doubly kind, and I should have been Lecture by Joseph Maskell, Divinity Associate of King's doubly fortunate.
College, London, and Assistant Curate of Allington and Sir Robert Swyfte was the father of Viscount
Walditch. Bridport : W.C. Frost," — Carlingford, so created by James I., whose daugh which is very fair so far as it goes, and scarcely ters married into the Houses of Bute, (Crichton, needs the indulgence the writer very modestly and Dumfries) of Eglintoun, of Buckingham, and solicits. of Denbigh. His title has of late years been The article relating to this place will shortly assumed by its nearest inheritor, Godwin of appear in the next number of the republication Swyfte's Heath, Kilkenny, the tenth Viscount de of Hutchins's Dorset, and will embrace some new jure; and will soon, I trust, be regularly substan- and interesting particulars gleaned from amongst tiated.
the old papers of the corporation, to which the