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To "SPEAK BY THE CARD" (3rd S. ji 503, &c.) GODOLPHIN : WHITE EAGLE (3rd S. iii. 448.) I subjoin the followiny quotation from Hooker's I believe that, even Editorial answers in “N. & Q.," Lau's of Ecclesiastical Polity, which may serve are not exempt from comment. It seems highly to throw additional light on the exact meaning of improbable that Carew should have given the exthis saying. It occurs in book i. chap. ii. & 5, ed. planation " white eagle,” without some grounds of Keble. Speaking of the Eternal Law, which "God apparent probability at least. First then, the himself hath made to himself, and thereby work- Cornish form of the name is Godolghan, or Godoleth all things whereof he is the cause and author," can (or Godalcan): the last syllable may be the he terms it “ that Law which hath been the pattern adjective can, white. Godol, or Gedol, may have to make, and is the card to guide the world hy." | been a Welsh or Cornish word unknown to the This guiding Law is what Hooker terms further dictionaries, signifying “eagle" (probably as a on, “the first Law Eternal;" or more fully, “that descriptive epithet, etymologically combatant); order which God, before all ages, hath set down even though we have no other voucher than Cawith himself, for himself to do all things by.” Ofrew himself. That such a word (whatever be course, it is not to be identified with Plato's doc the meaning) existed in Welsh, we may learn trine of the '18éa ; indeed, our author expressly from the name of Cors-y-Gedol in Merioneth. disclaims this tenet of the Ultra-Realistic or Pla Davies Gilbert seems to have imagined English tonic schools. In the above quotation, card would elements in this Cornish name. But although it evidently seem to bear the sense of “ chart.” The is possible that Carew may be right in his division Encyclopædia Londinensis defines card to be “the and interpretation of the name, there is another paper on which the winds are marked under the explanation to be found, I believe, in Camden. mariner's needle," and quotes the following lines Godalcun is rendered, “wood of tin," as though of Pope :

it were a wood in which there are tin mines (God,

mutation from Coit, a wood; and alcan, tin): but “On Life's vast Ocean diversely we sail, Reason the Card, but Passion is tbe gale."

while I believe that alcan is an element in the

name, the first syllable seems to me to be from W. Bowen RowLandS.

Cody, to raise, " a place where tin is raiseil." CHURCH USED BY CHURCHMEN AND ROMAN I believe Carew to be quite right as to what the CATHOLICS (3rd S. ï. 56, &c.) – The division of several parts of the Cornish name might mean, the same church between two'rival bodies of wor-/ though wrong in so dividing the word, and applyshippers, is found in Germany. I recollect re- | ing ihem to this particular example; while Davies marking, during my stay in Heidelberg some two | Gilbert is quite astray.

LÆLIUS. or three years back, that the principal church of The derivation of this Cornish name from Gothat lovely town — the Heiligengeist-kirche — was dolghan or Godolcan, " white eagle,” is ridithus allotted to the Roman Catholics and Luthe-culous. There can be no such compound in rans : the former occupying the eastern, and the Cornish. Scawen says “ Godolphin in keeping latter the western portion of the sacred edifice. still displayed abroad the white eagle, from A partition effected a complete separation be- | the Cornish Gothulgon;" and Gilbert aduls, in a tween the various parts, and the different services note, “ Godolanec, in the Phænician, is a place of went on at the same time without interrupting tin.” Pryce renders the name "the little valley of each other.

W. Bowen ROWLANDS. springs" (go, little ; dôl, valley ; phin or fince, of Church v. King (3rd S. iii. 447.)—The incident

springs.) This is a more reasonable derivation ; alluded to is the test offered to Lothaire, King of

but I am disposed to think that godôl is simply a Lorraine, by Adrian II. in 869; when he made

harsh pronunciation of dôl, and that the name hiin swear on the Eucharist that he had fully

| may have been originally Dólnean, “the little complied with the orders of Nicholas I. as to

valley ;” or Dolfyn, “ the little spring."

R. S. CAARNOCK. putting away Valdrada, and taking back his queen, Theutberga. He was shortly after at THE SONG OF THE BATTLE OF HEXHAM (3rd S. tacked by a fever, of which he died at Piacenza, / iii. 511.) – This song was written by the alleged The same ordeal was proposed at Canossa to

discoverer, the Rev. George Hunt Smyttan, late Henry IV. by Gregory VII., who had previously rector of Hawksworth, Notis. W. Beamont. subjected himself to it, in token of his being in

| Latchfield, Warrington. nocent of the charges brought against him by the UNIPODS ; Musky H--(2nd S. xi. 428.)- I have emperor. Henry, however, declined to take it. little doubt that “ Musky H " is intended for The story of Loihaire will be found in his Life in Adiniral Hawke. From what I have read about the Biographie Universelle ; and is also alluded him (I forgot where), my impression is that he to in a nole at p. 180 of vol ii. of Bowden's Life had the reputarion of a “fine gentleman.". of Gregory VII., where original authorities are ! Hawke, in 1758, was “under a cloud," on acreferred to.

VEBNA. I count of his recent abortive expedition to the coast of France. But his flag-ship was, on that for the poet. After waiting for the appearance occasion, the unfortunate “Ramilies," which, as a of a complete collection of Praed's poems, Mr. contemporary poet says, never had any luck, | Griswold published a volume of such as he could “ e'en from her rising to her setting day:"

gather, and it ran through several editions. “Not e'en Hawke's valour could reverse thy doom,

In 1859, I edited another edition in two volumes; But silent slept the thunders in thy womb;

adding whatever I could, though I believe not to What time the foe, from Rochfort's tottering towers, the acceptance of most of my critics. I do not Dismayed, yet safe, beheld the British powers."

repent of the step, because I think that these sucScots' Mag. xxii. 94.

cessive editions have kept alive the interest in the He recovered his popularity the following year,

author; and have made him known, though imin consequence of his glorious victory over Con perfectly, to thousands of readers here who will flans.

eagerly seek a more complete issue. Hawke, in 1780, headed the representation of I believe I have the best authority for saving tbe twelve admiral against the management of the that the work of preparing a proper edition has navy by Lord Sandwich :

been placed in hands most suited to it. “Ye sailors cheer each honest name,

W. H. WHITMORE.
And waft them to immortal fame

Boston, U. S. A.
Who clothed with honour shone;
Your Hawke, who Albion's thunder hurl'd

Stradella (3rd S. iv. 9.) – Alessandro Stra-
When Chatham's genius awed the world, della wrote numerous cantatas, &c. One of the
Lays truth before the throne!”
N. F. H. for Wit, ii, 161.

most interesting of his works is a serenata, from

which Handel has borrowed much for “ Israel in This family is now flourishing in Yorkshire at

Egypt;" the oratorio of “San Giovanni Batrista" their patrimonial seat, Scarthing will Hall. It was

is also an important work, and contains an aria, once alienated, but was recovered by a fortunate

“ Anco in cielo," bearing some resemblance to marriage.

W. D.

Meyerbeer's “ Ré del cielo" in the Prophète. CHRISTIE (3rd S. iii. 478) is doubtless one of the Stradella's published songs are “Se i miei sospiri," nicknames of Christopher, and Stopher may be from

or “Pietà Signore,” “ Anco in cielo," and "Se nel the last part of the name. From the other nick

ben.” Amongst those in MS. will be found “ San name, Kit, we have Kitchen, "little Kit;" while | Giovanni Battista” (an oratorio), a serenata, sixKitchener and Kitchiner are perhaps from cyttenere,

teen duets, thirty-one Italian madrigals, “ Idalma," an old word for a citizen. R. S. CHARNOCK.

opera (this is doubtful), twenty-eight duets, and various motetts, &c.

R. E. L. PLATFORM (3rd S. ii. 426, 475.) - Shakspeare uses the word in the First Part of Henry' VI.,

PRINCE CHRISTIERN OF DENMARK (3rd S. ii. Act II. Sc. 1:

477.) - Your correspondent, T. J. Buckton, has “And now there rests no other shift but this,

mistaken my query (3rd S. ii. 407), and indeed I To gather our soldiers, scatter'd and dispe s'd,

do not see how he has answered it at all. He has And lay new platforms to endamage them."

merely given the reigning sovereigns since ChrisIn a foot-note to the word, Collier says:

| tiern III., and should therefore have written No. “1. e. plots or plons. The plot of a play was formerly

9 in his list, as Christiern VIII., and his son as called a platform.' - See the Hist, of Eng. Drum. Poetry

Frederick VII. But what I want is the direct and the Stage, vol. iii. p. 393,” &c.

male descent of Prince Christiern from Christiern Eric.

III., through a son John, who was, I believe, Ville-Marie, Canada.

Duke of Holstein.

G. W. M. PRAED'S POEMS (3rd S. ii. 519.)--I notice BURNING ALIVE (3rd S. iv. 5.)-JEAN LE Trouthat J. P. O. suggests a reason for the publication | VEUR says :of Praed's Poems in the United States. He was " Burning alive was no more a reality than John Doe descended, I believe, from a branch of that family and Richard Roe; and the obstinate retention of the form which continued in England; and to which be- of the sentence, for generations afier it had ceased to be longed a Stephen Winthrop, an eminent London executed, proves not the cruelty of our ancestors, but the merchant, who died about 1750. I think Miss extraordinary pedantry of our lawyers,&c. Mitford was hardly just in terming his name "the To be drawn on a hurdle and burned alive was vulgar abomination of this conglomeration of in the sentence of the law on women convicted of harmonious sounds." Winthrop is more correctly l petit treason. By 30 Geo. III. c. 48, hanging was spelled Winthorpe, and not so very inbarmonious. substituted for burning; and by 3 Geo. IV. c. Was not the other a compound name, Mack worth 114, petit treason was placed on the same footing Praed, and the result of the alliance of the two as murder. The pedantry of lawyers has nothing families ?

to do with sentences, and a judge before the 30 The reason of the publication here was the ad- | Geo, III. C. 48, had no more power to order a miration felt by the late Dr. Rufus W. Griswold petit traitor to be hanged than to be boiled. Up

to that time many women were strangled contrary and unsatisfactory. The Greeks impugned the to law, and I believe one or two, from careless poverty of the Latin tongue (Greg. Naz. Orat. ness or mismanagement, legally burned.

xxi. p. 46.) Dr. Hampden says: “ The theolo

H. B. C. gical vocabulary of the Latins appears not to have U. U. Club.

been settled before the writings of Augustine." BLACK.MONDAY (3rd S. iv. 6.)— My friend, | (Bampton Lectures, p. 471.) But Augustine's MR. NORTH, may rest assured that the term

terminology is not up to the standard of the pre“ Black Monday," in the extract from the parish

sent age or that of the Scholastic Fathers; ihus accounts of St. Martin's quoted by him, refers to he speaks of the three persons as tres substantiæ Easter Monday, and to no other day; for, al- | (De Trin. vii.) Aquinas says that substantia though, as is very probable, neither the Mayor of answers to hypostasis in Greek (Summa, xxix. Leicester, nor few, if any, of his municipal subjects

3), which is true only as to previous and erro. might be aware of its origin (as stated by Mr. | neous use. The Athanasian Creed applies the Halliwell), we know that a popular epithet, or

| word substance in two distinct senses, in the exnick-name, is as tenacious of existence as a cat, pressions “ God of the substance of the Father, and may be in common use long after its origin

and man of the substance of his mother," where may have passed beyond “ the memory of the the meaning in modern phraseology is God of the oldest inhabitant."

essence or spiritual substance of the Father, and The reason why the Mayor commanded the man of the fleshly substance of his mother. (See bells to be rung on that day is to be found in the Hampden's Bampton Lecture, iii. pp. 126, 469.) fact, that an annual hunting took place on the

T. J. BUCKTON. Dane's Hills, near Leicester, on Easter Monday,

| FIRST DANISH INVASION (3rd S. iii. 467.) which was attended by the Mayor and Corpora

| There is no historical authority for the impression tion in state, the proceedings ending with a feast that England was first invaded by Normans from at the Mayor's expense.

France. Bede and other authorities date the first There is an entry in the Hall Book, dated 1633,

invasion in 787 ; but Snorre, speaks of Ivar Vidof the ten occasions in the year, appointed for fadme. King of Scania, in the sixth or seventh cen. the wearing of scarlet robes, the seventh being l tury, who subjected to himself a fifth part of Eng. “ Easterday and Blacke Munday."

land or Northumbria. (Turner's Anglo-Sacons, iv. WILLIAM KELLY.

ii. 474.) It was not till 796 that the Normans comLeicester.

menced infesting the coasts of the empire of the SUBSTANTIA (3rd S. iii. 470.)—The equivalent Franks. (Koch, i. 79.) The palaces built by of the Latin substantia is the Greek oủola *, of Charlemagne at Nimeguen and Aix-la-Chapelle universal adoption from the categories of Ari- | were burnt by the Normans in 881 and 882, when stotle. So in the fourth century, during the they sacked Liege, Maestricht, Tongres, Cologne, Arian divisions, the compound consubstantialis was Bonn, Zulpich, Nuys, and Trèves (Koch, i. 81.) the equivalent of the Greek ομοούσιος.

They first invaded Ireland in 795. They estaIn the Stoic philosophy, ovolu is equivalent to blished a colony in Iceland in 874, and the emÚn, matter. Substance is that which stands under pire of Russia in 850. The power of Charlemagne, and supports the attributes of form, colour, &c. who died in 814, preserved France from their wbereby such substance or matter is made ap incursions; but in i he reigns of Charles the Bald parent to the mental faculties. Instead of sub and Charles the Gross, 840 to 887, that country stance, the word essence will better represent the suffered greatly from the Normans. Their ravages ouola of Aristotle. Spinoza's definition of sub

were extended to Spain, the Balearic Isles, Italy, stunce is existence.

Greece, and the shores of Africa (Koch, i. 81.) The word 'nbotaOis is appropriate to medicine, The words “tridu), fantibus Enris, vela pendunas an abscess, or sediment; to architecture, as tur" (Script. Rer. Dan. i. 236) which are Thithe base of a temple. Metaphorically it meant erry's authority, apply, I conceive, to the three ground-work, argument, firmness (2 Cor. ix. 4; days they were under sail from shore to shore; xi. 17; Euseb. Hist. v. 1), a resolution, reality as thus the distance being about 360 miles, gives a opposed to appearance (Heb. i. 3, Aristot. Mundo, rate of five miles the hour, and this would bring iv. 19; Artemidor. Onirocr. iii. 14); substance or them to the east coast of England only, whence nature, and finally, in Greek dogmatic theology, they would proceed to the south coast in about persona, or person of the Trinity, the idea being three days more with favourable winds. Thierry borrowed from the Latins.

has not regarded this question from a nautical Quotations from the Greek and Latin fathers, point of view.

T. J. BUCKTON. showing their use of these terms, would be tedious Lichfield. * Ambrose, De Fide, iii. 7, p. 74 a; Augustin, De

The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, as all know, asTrinitate, vii. 5, p. 861 a.

cribes the first incursion of the Danes into Eng

land to the year 787. It may be doubted, how. by an ancestor of the grandfather at the sale of ever, whether this is the correct date. It is not Abbot Whiting's personal property after his exeimprobable that it is a postponement.

cution, and the dissolution of the monastery. On In the Collection of letters of S. Boniface and Plate xvii. in the History of Glaston, is given a others published by Dr. Giles, there occurs an representation of the watch and seal. X. A. X. epistle from Bregwin to Lull, the successor of S.

Mossing A BARN (3rd S. iv. 28.)— It is now Boniface. Dr. Giles attributes to this epistle the

generally the practice, especially in exposed situadate " circ. A.D. 761."

tions, to" point” the inside of the roof of a barn The proem of the letter is in these words:

similarly to that of a house, i. e. to plaster up the “ Dies multi elapsi sunt, ex quo sollicitus præoptabam,

joints between the slates so as to prevent driving ut Deo favente, tandem aliquando prosperum iter lega- 1 rain and snow from finding an entrance. Fortarii nostri perveniendi ad Beatitudinem vestram invenire

merly the same end was attained by “ mossing” potuissent; quia per hos scilicet proxime decurrentes priores annos, plurimæ ac diversæ inquietudines apud nos the roof; in other words, by stuffing the joints in Britanniæ vel in Galliæ partibus audiebantur existere, and crevices in the slates, from the outside, with et hoc videlicet nostrum desiderabile propositum sæpius dry moss or other suitable material. The slates impedivit, et perterrendo valde prohibuit de nostra ali

then, as now, were laid on laths and spars. In quos ad vos dirigere per tam incertas tamque... crebris infestationibus improborum hominum in provincias An

proportion as blue slate has been introduced, glorum seu Galliæ regiones. Nunc vero, pace ac tuitione

mossing has been discontinued. Your correnobis a principibus indubitanter undique promissa, misi spondent will still find, in some wild out-lying mus ad vestram Venerabilem Fraternitatem hunc præ districts of Lancashire, where the native rough sentem fratrem istarum præsentium Jiterarum bajulum,

grey (stone) slate is used, the old custom re. &c.”—8. Bonifacii Opera, vol. i. p. 245, epist. cxx.

tained.

J. M. H. These passages can refer to the incursions into England and France of no other barbarians tban

EPIGRAM (3rd S. iii. 499.)- I think the Soles the Danes ; but the date of the epistle clashes ma

and Eels were more likely than the Kraken to have terially with the epoch assigned by the chronicle.

heard first the sound of boots on the stairs of the Is Dr. Giles's imputed date correct? (See his

Ark.

C. W. B. own warning Postscriptum to the first volume.) | | TWILLED BRIMS: FLORAL CROWNS (3rd S. iii.

H. C. C. 464.) - S. H. M.'s explanation that “ Thy banks” PROVÈRB: " THE GRACE OF GOD IN THE are the banks, not of rivers, but of Ceres and HIGHLANDS" (2nd S. xii. 309, 357.) - Pennant

cereals, and mine that the relative “which " has records an ill-natured proverb applicable to the

reference to these banks, and not to their "twilled people of the Carse of Gowrie in Perthshire :

brims;" and that the “chaste crowns" were prim. “ They want water in the summer, fire in the

he summer fire in the rose wreaths, agree with and support one another, winter, and the grace of God all the year round.”

and this unintentional agreement may be taken as (Chambers's Journal, 1834, p. 79.)

a further proof of their correctness. Another JOB J. BARDWELL WORKARD, M.A.

proof is to be found in the now easy interpretation

of twilled. In modern French, the word touiller is ABBOT WHITING's Watch (3rd S. iii. 448, 476.) | | used, I believe, in a more restricted and technical As Abbot Whiting's watch bas been made a sub sense ; but Cotgrave gives it as meaning “ filthily ject of inquiry in “N. & Q.,” perhaps the fol. to mix or mingle .... Also, to bedirt, begrime, lowing notice of a portion of its history, previous besmear, smeech, or beray.” And in evidence of to the Duke of Sussex's sale, may not be unac its use as an agricultural term, we find under ceptable.

touillé the old saying, “Avoine touillée croist The Rev. Richard Warner, in his History of comme enragée" —"In miry ground oats grow Glaston, tells us (p. Ixxiv.) that the watch and like mad.” Shakspeare, therefore, companioning the abbot's private seal appending, were at that the strange and foreign word pioned with another, time (1826) in the possession of the Rev. John bas used twilled as derivable from this root; and Bowen, Minister of St. Margaret's Chapel, Bath, the digging and bemiring of the brims or edges of holding also other preferments in the county of the banks is the “ ditching" and throwing up of Somerset, and well known for his musical par- the dug soil mentioned by S. H. M. Moisture is tialities. Mr. Warner has added that Mr. Bowen favourable to primroses, and the earlier showers purchased it in 1783 of Mr. Howe, a watchmaker, of February and March produce that miry state of at Bishop's Lydeard, Somersetshire, who had ac- the ditch bottoms which is euphemised by twilled. quired it at a sale by auction of the goods of the

BENJ. EASY. Rev. Mr. Paine, who had lived to the age of

SERMONS ON INOCULATION * (3rd S. iii. 476.) nearly 100 years, and in whose family a tradition bad been held that the watch and seal had been

| In the Classical Journal for 1812, vol. v, p. 158, successively worn by himself, his father, and his

there is an epilogue to the play of Terence acted grandfather, and that they had been purchased

* Quære, Vaccination ?

Son.)

at Westminster School, 1811. The subject of Longman to lecture to his agricultural neighbours. It is vaccination and the attacks made upon it is

clear that, when the Lecturer undertook the task, he detreated with great humour. Quære, Would it be

termined to discharge it in a satisfactory manner. The

facts have been collected with diligence and judgment, worth reprinting in “N. & Q."?

H. H.

and the story is told in good plain intelligible English; and we are very glad that the good sense of the Chorley

wood audience showed such an appreciation of Mr. LongMiscellaneous.

man's labours as to induce him to revise and publish

them. NOTES ON BOOKS.

Worcester and Worcestershire Antiquities. Descriptive

Catalogue of the Museum formed at Worcester during Portraits of Men of Eminence in Literature, Science, and

the Meeting of the Archæological Institute of Great Bri Art; with Biographical Memoirs. The Plutographs from tain and Ireland in 1862. (Worcester: Deighton & Life by Ernest Edwards, B.A. Parts I. and II. (Lovell Reeve & Co.)

Those who had not the good fortune to be at Worcester This is a good idea, well carried out. Public taste,

will find in this Catalogue of the Museum there formed, which is never wrong in the long run, is so decidedly in

some idea of the loss they thus sustained. The Collecfavour of the small carte-de-visite size for portraits of

tion was one of special interest for its richness in objects notabilities, that a series of such portraits to be successful

of local interest; and antiquaries generally are greatly must consist of what Hamlet so well describes as “pic

indebted to Mr. Way and his Worcestershire friends, first, tures in little;" while the want of some short biogra

for forining so interesting a Collection, and next, for phies to accompany the portraits, with which everybody's

giving us so good an account of it. Album is now filled, has long been felt. In the work before us, Mr. Lovell Reeve combines the two desiderata. THE RECONNOITERER — We have received from Messrs. The first two parts contain excellent portraits of Lord Saloin one of the extraordinarily cheap and excellent Stanhope and Thackeray, who represent the men of emi-| glasses sold by them under this title. We have tested it nence in literature; wbile the department of seience is very strictly, and find it as good as it is cheap. It is as titly represented by Sir C. Lvell and Sir R. Murchi powerful, sharp, and distinct. What intending tourist, son, and that of art by Foley and David Roberts. The who bas not a good glass, will now start without one, biographical memoirs are short, and to the point; and if when half a sovereign will make him master of such an the work continues to be carried on in the spirit in which indispensable companion to a pleasure trip? it is commenced, it can scarcely fail to be a very popular one. The Races of the Old World. A Manual of Ethnology. BOOKS AND ODD VOLUMES By Charles L. Brace. (Murray.)

WANTED TO PURCHASE. One glance at the extensive list of authorities appended Particulars of Price, &c. of the following Books to be sent direct to to Mr. Brace's volume, sufficiently justities bis remark, the gentleman by whom they are required, whose name and address

are given for that purpose: that the facts in ethnology are scattered through such a

THE RECOND OP TAE HOUSx op GOURNAY. number of varied works, that it is impossible to take a

JACOB BERMEN'S WORKS. 4 Vols. 4to. thorough survey of the subject without a vast deal of

BRY DOE'S BRITISH BIBLTOORAPAER. 4 Vols.

CENSURA LITERARIA. 10 Vols. labour. It is the object of the work before us to abridge

Wanted by Mr. R. Simpson, 10, King William Street, that labour, and to furnish the large number of persons

Charing Cross, W.C. who are interested in the study of history, whether in academies or colleges, or among people of business and professions, in a brief and clear forin; with the latest and

Notices to Correspondents. most trustworthy results of scholarship and scientific investigation, bearing on the question of races. The manual Archbishop Leighton's Library at Dumblane, The “Faerie Queene "

Unveiled (Letter II.), Nr. Ferrey's paper on The Traitor's Gate, Tower treats, first, of the leading races in the earliest historical

of London. Ring Mottoeg, The Knights Hospitallers, and other interest period; secondly, of the primitive races in Europe; thirdly, ing papers are unavoidably postponed until next week. of the leading races of Asia in the Middle Ages; fourthly, C. Received of the modern ethnology of Asia; fitthly, of oceanic eth F. R. R. (Milnrow) has our best thanks. nography; sixthly, of the ethnology of Africa; seventhly, C. M Q. The Earls of Noray appear to have descended from the of the races of modern Europe; and lastly, of the anti Royal House of Stuart. See Douglas's Peerage, ii. 255; and Burke's

Peerage, 1963, p. 750. quity of man, and the question of unity or diversity of

G. P. L. Only a second part of The Book of Entertaining Knoworigin. The present treatise, which is rendered more

ledge 1018 publisherl, containing Religious Sects and Ceremonies, and useful by a very full Index, is to be followed by another the Habitations of Man. upon the “Races of the New World.”

F. MEWBURN. The most convenient work to consult on the Roman

Roads is Richard of Cirencester on the Ancient State of Britain, reprinted Lectures on the History of England. By William Long

in Bohn's Antiquarian Library. man. Lecture I V., comprising the Reign of Edward I.

ERRATA._3rd S. iv. p. 31, col. ii. line !, for " Davidson " reall“ Davi

son;" line 48 after "afforded me," add "at the end of the first werk;" A.D. 1272 to A.D. 1307; Lecture V., comprising the p. 35, col. ii. line 2, for " allusions" read" allusion;" line 34, for "bid" Reign of Edward II., A.D. 1307 to A.D. 1327. (Long

read" bed." man.)

"NOTES AND QUERIES" is published at noon on Friday, and is also

issued in MONTHLY PARTS. The Subscription for STAMPED Copies for Mr. Longman is a bold man to venture, after enjoying

Sir Jonths forwarded direct from the Publishers (including the Hal

yearly INDEX) is 118. 4d., which may be paid by Post Office Order in the sweets of publishing, to encounter i be pains and perils favour of MESSRS. BELL A D DALDY, 186, FLEET STRET, E.C, to whom of anthorship. But boldness in this, as in inost other

all COMMUNICATIONS FOR TAX EDITOR should be addressed. cases, has been attended with success; and those who desire to retresh their memories with the more striking Full benefit of reduced duty obtained by purchasing Horniman's Pure points in the history of England, hare reason to be thank

Tea; very chuice at 38. 4d. and 48. “High Standard" at 48. 4d. forful to the incumbent of Chorleywood for inviting Mr. | every town supply it in Packets.

merly 48. 8d.), is the strongest and most delicious imported. Agents in

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