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art. 29; 67, art. 106; 84, art. 4; 86, art. 8, 73; 112, art. 25; 775, fo. 177, 194. Hakluyt's Voyages, 4to, ed. ii. 275-279, 285-295, 298-306, 316318, 426, seq.; Purchas his Pilgrimes, ii. 1642; Manship & Palmer's Yarmouth, i. 36, 73, 86, 87, 106, 123, 186, 224, 283; ii. 199, 301; 302; Ellis's Letters, 1st Ser. iii. 83, 84; Blomefield's Norfolk, v. 57; x. 171; xi. 268; Lemon's Cal. Dom. St. Pap. 697; and Birch's Elizabeth, i. 36.
C. H. & THOMPSON COOPER.
LONGEVITY OF THE RAVEN, ETC.-The following anecdote reminds one of George Cruikshank's well-known caricature. It is extracted from a letter of Boursault to the Duc de Langres*:
"La femme d'un Cordonnier, à qui son mary avoit commandé de luy acheter une Linote, étant un jour sur le Quay de la Mégisserie, y trouva une de ses Commères. Quel sujet, luy dit-elle, vous oblige à venir icy? L'Envie d'acheter un Oiseau, luy répondit la Commère. J'y suis pour la même chose, luy repliqua-t-elle; et je veux acheter une Linote. Et moy, luy repartit l'autre, je cherche un Corbeau. Et fy, ma Commère, dit la femme du Cordonnier, vous cherchez là un vilain Oiseau. Il est vray qu'il n'est guères beau, luy répondit elle, mais on dit qu'il vit sept ou huit cens Ans, et je voulons voir, mon mary et moy, si cela est vray. La commune opinion," adds Boursault, "est qu'il n'y a point d'animal qui vive si long-tems que le Corbeau. Voicy, Monseigneur, ce qu'on dit des Animaux que je vais nommer. On dit que trois belettes vivent l'âge d'un chien; trois chiens l'âge d'un cheval; trois chevaux l'âge d'un homme; trois hommes l'âge d'un cerf: trois cerfs l'âge d'un Corbeau; et trois Corbeaux un temps innombrable."
H. S. G.
"Fortunately it was then the fashion for men about town to cultivate the society of men of letters, and his (Bolingbroke's) intimacy with Dryden is illustrated by an anecdote in the Lives of the Poets. On one occasion, when St. John was sitting with the poet, a visitor was announced. This,' said Dryden, is Tonson. You will take care not to depart before he goes away, for I have not completed the sheet which I promised him; and if you leave me unprotected, I must suffer all that rudeness to which his resentment can prompt his tongue.' Johnson must have feit a peculiar pleasure in telling the story, for this was the self-same Tonson whom he beat
(or as some said, knocked down with a folio) for his impertinence."-Edinburgh Review, Oct. 1863, p. 407, Art. on "Macknight's Life of Bolingbroke."
The above is something more than a slip of the pen in substituting "Tonson" for Osborne. Chronology would show that a bookseller old enough to have bullied Dryden could not have been young enough to be knocked down by Johnson. Moreover, two pages before telling the story, Johnson says:
"By discoursing with the late amiable Mr. Tonson, I could not find that any memorial of the transactions beexcept the following papers."-Vol. i. p. 354. tween his predecessor and Dryden had been preserved,
*Lettres Nouvelles de M. Boursault, 1698, p. 352-3. My copy has "David Garrick's" autograph.
Then follow documents dated 1698.
See Johnson's Lives of the Poets, ed. Lond. 1827; and for the knocking down of Osborne, Boswell's Johnson, Murray's ed. Lond. 1835, i. 176; vii. 204; x. 96. FITZHOPKINS. Garrick Club.
KNIGHTING OF THE SIRLOIN.-I suppose there is no truth in this well-known anecdote. At all events Mr. John Gilbert made a great mistake when he represented (in one of the Christmas Numbers of the Illustrated London News) Charles II. as the hero of the story, for one of the items, in a "Dinner for my Lord Treasurer," &c. upon March 31, 1573, is —
"A Sorloine of Byfe, vis."
See Nichols's Queen Elizabeth's Progresses, vol. i. p. 21. (1573.) H. S. G.
ABBOT WHITING'S SHOEING-HORN. Abbot Whiting's watch has recently been spoken of in your numbers. His shoeing-horn is still in existence. It was sold at the auction at Neville-Holt, when the furniture, library, antiquities, &c., were dispersed. The purchaser was the Rev. John Dent of Hallaton. The fact of its having belonged to the last abbot of Glastonbury was not known to the auctioneer, until I made him acquainted with the history, as I had received it, many years before, from the late venerable Cosmus Neville. R. C. H. HOTCHKIN. Thimbleby Rectory, Horncastle.
CAPT. JAMES GIFFORD: ADMIRAL JAMES GIFFORD.
An Elucidation of the Unity of God, 1815, and The Remonstrance of a Unitarian, addressed to the Bishop of St. David's [Burgess], 1818, are attributed to the same author in the Catalogues of the Bodleian Library, the Library of the British Museum, and the Library of the University of Cambridge, and also in Darling's Cyclopædia Bibliographica. From a memoir of Juliana E. Gifford (Christian Reformer, N. s. xiv. 729), it appears that the first work was by her father, and the other by her brother, James. Her father is described in that Memoir as Capt. James Gifford, of Girton, in Cambridgeshire, the friend of the Rev. Theophilus Lindsey, Mrs. Rayner Tyrwhitt, Fysh Palmer, and other well known Unitarians. We subjoin the titlepage, advertisement, and dedication of the first-mentioned work: -
"An Elucidation of the Unity of God, deduced from Scripture and Reason, addressed to Christians of all Denominations. Fifth edition, enlarged. To which is subjoined, a Letter from the Author, to his Grace the Archbishop of Canterbury. Third edition, with additions. Lond. 8vo, 1815."
volume, of which the above is the title-page. It is a small volume in 12mo, unfortunately incomplete. I have consulted the ordinary bibliographical books, and not a few bibliographers, without S. WMSON.
Who are the authors of the following books? 1. The Spanish Libertines, 1709? 2. The Spaniard, or Don Zara del Fogo, 1719? 3. Poems by Melanter, 1854? R. INGLIS. THEODORE ANSPACH: LAING'S "TRAVELS IN
SOUTH AMERICA."- Wanted, the place of burial, proof of death, and description of tomb, of the above person; who died in South America about A.D. 1837. There is a description of the tomb in a volume of Travels in South America, supposed to be by Laing. Query, The book, and the author's name? MISS GOODALL.
Freshford, near Bath.
St. Paul, Minnesota.
"CODEX VATICANUS."-In the London, or rather Leipsic, reprint of the Codex Vaticanus, 1859, I find at 1 Tim. iv. 8, a various reading of Távтas instead of návra, as it stands in every other critical edition to which I have access. Is this correct, or is it only another unacknowledged erratum in a most inaccurate book? C. W. BINGHAM. DANISH AND NORWEGIAN HERALDRY. Can any of your correspondents inform me if there be any work accessible to an English reader on the heraldry of Scandinavia? What I want is to find out the arms of several families of Scandi
navian descent. At present I cannot tell in what direction to look. I shall feel obliged if any one can give me the requisite information. R. S. T.
THE DAFT HIGHLAND LAIRD: KAY'S "EDINBURGH PORTRAITS."-In the first volume of this book various portraits are depicted, and anecdotes related regarding this worthy. He seems to have been a favourite subject with Kay, and one of his
earliest noted characters.
I wish to put a Query, not regarding the laird himself, but with reference to his sticks. At Kay (vol. i. p. 5), allusion is made to his carving head-portraits on the top of sticks, exhibiting a new one every day of the year. As this was expected of him, the question-" Wha hae ye up the day, laird?"-was frequently asked. any of your correspondents inform me, if many of the sticks exist? And if so, any means of knowing the likenesses ? S. WMSON.
OLD DAMASK PATTERNS. - Some old damask curious, that I am anxious to know when and has been shown to me, the design on which is so where it was probably made; and if it has any value beyond that of any other tablecloth of equal fineness of texture. I subjoin a description, in the hope that some reader of “N. & Q." may kindly enlighten me.
The material is about an inch more than threequarters of a yard wide (the old Flemish ell, I presume); so that two breadths have been joined to make the requisite width for an ordinary small modern tablecloth. The hem at the top and bottom is made with what is called "hem-stitch," as ladies' pockethandkerchiefs are done.
The design consists of pictures of scenes in the history of our first parents. Of these there are three, one above another, as follows:
At the bottom of the cloth, is "The Creation of Eve." By Adam's side stands a figure, robed and crowned; holding in one hand an orb, and in the other an article of indefinite shape, but apAbove these figures parently comprising a cross. are the conventional representations of the sun and moon, birds flying in pairs, and, overhead, something which may be a basket of sexagonal shape, or an ornamental building. Spaces are occupied by a pair of birds, somewhat like ducks; a pair of stags couching, a pair of rabbits, and various vegetable productions-among which, is the trefoil leaf. Over all, is the legend: "Crescite et multiplicamini et replete terrâ."
The next scene is, "The Temptation." In the centre of this picture is the tree of the knowledge of good and evil; with the serpent, humanheaded, twined about its trunk. Eve stands on one side, and offers an apple to Adam, who is placed on the other. There are no accessories, the branches of the tree filling up much space.
The last and uppermost subject is "The Expulsion from Paradise." Adam and Eve, side by side, hurry before the angel; who, with wings extended, and uplifted sword, drives them out.
Each breadth of damask contains the pattern twice over, one being the reverse of the other; and in addition, at the edges, so much of it is again repeated as is required to fill up the breadth."
The drawing of the figures is rude, but so spirited, that I would inquire if the original drawings may not have been the work of some good artist ?-possibly, well-known pictures; and the rudeness in some measure arising from the transfer to a woven material? E. Y. HEINEKEN.
De la Tour d'AuvERGNE. In a recent notice of the Prince de la Tour d'Auvergne it is stated, that" to this branch, in 1816, Louis XVIII. confided the keeping of the heart of the first grenadier of France." This was Theophilus de la Tour d'Auvergne, said to have been an illegitimate descendant of that house, and whose sword was entrusted by M. Kerkansie to the safe keeping of Garibaldi. Where can I learn the correctness of the statement of the " heart," and any further particulars of the "grenadier"? And what connection is M. K. that the sword came into his possession? H. W. ALLUSION TO ELOISA.-Margaret Fuller Ossoli, in her Woman in the Nineteenth Century, edit. 1862, p. 77, says,—
"There was an article published five or six years ago in one of the English Reviews, where the writer, in doing full justice to Eloisa, shows his bitter regret that she lives not now to love him, who might have known better how to prize her love than did the egotistical Abelard.” The above quoted work was first published in
1844. To what does the authoress refer?
GRIME. EPITAPHS. Where are the following epitaphs found?
"Hoc est nescire, sine Christo plurima scire;
Si Christum bene scis, satis est si cætera nescis."
Which I thus translate:
2. "An Examination of the Facts and Reasonings on a Pamphlet intitled A Letter from an M.P. to his Friend in the Country, on the Motion to address his Majesty to settle 100,0007. per annum on the Prince of Wales, 1739.'" The events here referred to are amongst the most weighty court events of the time.
SEARCHER. CASPAR HOCHFEDER, OR HOCHFEDERS.-What is known of this printer? And what books did he print besides the curious Epistola Rabbi Samuelis Israhelite Missa ad R. Ysaac, &c., 4to, Nuremberg, 1498, described by Dibdin, Bib. Spens., iii. 486? I have somewhere seen a note that he printed Thomæ à Kempis Opera Omnia, Nuremberg, 1494, folio; and also some of the Treatises of St. Ephrem, in Latin folio, undated, but circa 1495. Are either of these books noticed by bibliographers? T. B. J. JESTS.-I have nearly completed for publication by Mr. Macmillan, a collection of English Jests; and being desirous to make the work as complete as possible, I shall be glad to receive any "good thing" which may be thought worthy of embalming. MARK LEMON.
31, Bedford Street, Covent Garden. THE MULBERRIES: A SHAKSPEARIAN CLUB.— At the thirty-fourth anniversary of the Shakspearian Club at Stratford-on-Avon, on April 23, 1858, the President, Mr. J. B. Buckstone, of the Haymarket Theatre, in the course of his address, gave the following interesting account of a Shakspearian club and publication:
"On emerging from boyhood, and while yet a young actor, I was one of the first members of a Shakspearian club, called The Mulberries.' It was not then a very house of entertainment in Vinegar Yard, Drury Lane. prominent one, as its meetings were held at a certain
The club assembled there once a-week; they dined together on Shakspeare's birthday; and in the mulberry season there was another dinner and a mulberry feast, at which the chairman sat enthroned under a canopy of
mulberry branches, with the fruit on them; Shaksperian
songs were sung; members would read original papers or poems relating only to Shakspeare; and, as many artists belonged to this club, they would exhibit sketches of some event connected with our poet's life; and I once had the honour of submitting a paper to be read, called 'Shakspeare's drinking bout,' an imaginary story, illustrating the traditionary event, when the chivalry of
Stratford went forth to carouse with
'Piping Pebworth, dancing Marston, Haunted Hilborough, hungry Grafton, Dudging Exhall, Papist Wicksford, Beggarly Broom, and drunken Bidford' (laughter). All these papers and pictures were collected together in a book, which was called Mulberry Leaves;' and you will believe me, in spite of our lowly place of meeting, that the club was not intellectually insignificant, when amongst its members, then in their youth, were Douglas Jerrold, Laman Blanchard, the Landseers (Charles and Thomas), Frank Stone, Cattermole, Robert Keeley, Kenny Meadows, and subsequently, though at another and more important place of meeting, Macready, Talfourd (the Judge), Charles Dickens, John Forster, and many other celebrities (applause). You will very naturally wish to know what became of this club. Death thinned the number of its members; important pursuits in life took some one way and some another, and, after twenty years of much enjoyment, the club ceased to exist, and the Mulberry Leaves' disappeared, no one ever knew whither."
Are these "Mulberry Leaves" still in existence? CUTHBERT Bede.
HENRY DE POMEROY.-Henry de Pomeroy, Lord of the Castle of Trematon, Cornwall, by deed, 12 Edw. III. (1339), released to Prince Edward, Duke of Cornwall, all his right, title, and interest in the said castle and manor of Trematon. In consequence whereof, King Edward III. granted him and his heirs an annuity of 407. per annum, to be paid out of the Exchequer.
To whom, and when, was this annuity last paid? INQUIRER.
PORTRAITS OF CROMWELL AND ROUSSEAU. In my brother's possession at Leek are two pictures, for which my father was more than once offered a very considerable sum of money, and whose probable painters' names are much desired. The one, evidently by a French artist, is an exquisitely finished portrait of Rousseau, and was given by the immortal Jean Jacques himself while residing at Wootton in 1766 to a great-aunt who lived in the neighbourhood, and for whom he had conceived a more than ordinary amount of regard.
He is represented in Polish or Cossack dress, being habited in a loose-flowing, light purplishbrown robe, the deeply furred fringe of which he holds with his ruffled right hand. A high fur cap completely conceals his hair, and a white cravat just peeps out from underneath the robe.
The face is nearly full, being about three-quarters turned; and the complexion dark olive. Furrowed brow and cheeks, thickly bushed eye brows, dark, deep-set hazel eyes, which abstractedly follow one from all points of view; and a thinlipped, sensuous mouth sum up its other characteristics.
Of the acquisition by the family of the other, a portrait of old Noll, and likewise Kit-cat size, there is no record. It is evidently contemporary with him, and is comparatively coarsely painted. He is in the armour of the period, but without casque; and from his thick, wavy, light-brown hair (hanging just below the neck), and slight moustache, it probably depicts him at the commencement of his public career. No hands or weapons are given, but on the right side the wall of a building is shown. The face is oval; the complexion florid and weatherbeaten; forehead lofty and pyramidal; eyes cold and inexpressive, the general aspect of the face being exceedingly stern, sad, and repellent, though calculated at once to arrest attention; nose thick and highbridged; jowl, placid and hanging; mouth small; lips thin; and chin protuberant, but utterly devoid of any hirsute appendage. JOHN SLEIGH.
ROMAN MASTIFFS AT WINCHESTER.- The Romans had an officer at Winchester who bred mastiffs for the Roman amphitheatre. Camden quotes Wolfgangus Lazius for this. But where derive his authority? does Lazius state as much, and whence did he G. R. J. SOCRATES' DOG.-Socrates is said to have sworn by the Dog; but what ancient writer affirms it? G. R. J.
I will dissect thee with my rapier's point;
did not forget to give him
Randolph, Muses' Looking-Glass, 1638, p. 52, Act III. Sc. 3. On coming to this passage, I turned up Mr. Halliwell's Dictionary, and found no definition; merely two lines of quotation. What is the meaning of the word? J. D. CAMPBELL. SUBTERRANEAN CHAMBERS.-I remember when a boy seeing in the house, No. 13, Cecil Street, Strand (called Congreve's house in Cunningham's Handbook for London), a dark cell with a heavy door having an iron grating, and which led from one of the back cellars, before they were converted into stables. The cellars of some of the houses on the opposite side of Cecil Street led into a long subterranean gallery between Cecil Street and Salisbury Street. I forget whether