of the effigy-a badge worn by every officer of more obvious one is explained by another passage the court in the sixteenth century. The same from Vittoria Corombona (p. 27), where Montithing appears in the brass to Robert Rochester, celso says : Sergeant of the Pantry, 1614, in the church of

“ Come, come, my Lord, untie your folded thoughts, St. Helen, Bishopsgate.

And let them dangle loose as bride's hair.The figure of the lady is the same length as that of her husband. She wears a close-fitting last passage, states that brides (and among them

It is curious that Steevens, in a note on this robe, and a narrow girdle ; the ends of which, Anna Boleyn) formerly walked to church with hanging down, support a square of embroidery their hair hanging loose behind, and yet missed with " I. H. S.” The sleeves are puffed and rib- the meaning of "untrimmed bride," so far as to bed, but close fitting and gathered at the wrists. The dress opens at the breast, displaying the give a ludicrous explanation of it. partlett beneath, type of the modern habit-shirt.

Is the origin or meaning of this custom known? The head-dress is a cap of horseshoe shape, and Looking to the Scotch maiden's snood, may it not

be that the loosened hair was intended to denote has a lappet behind- species of head


which became historical as the Mary Queen of Scots'

that period between maidenhood and matron life,

when the bride could not as yet wear the hair cap.

That Thynne held Protestant views of reli- matron-fashion ; but was preparing for it, and gious matters is confirmed not only by the above casting off the confining band could walk without quoted epitaph and will, but also by what Francis it, and without shame, before God and man? Or Thynne declares of his father's admission of “The of the Roman brides, and justified by St. Paul's

was it simply a custom taken from the six locks Plowman's Tale" into the second edition (1542) of the Collected Works of Chaucer – a poem ful phrase (1 Cor. xi. 15), that long hair was the of reflections upon the evil lives of the clergy, be correct, it would follow that no widow, nor

glory of a woman? Should the first conjecture and for his interest in which he incurred the displeasure of Cardinal Wolsey and the bishops, who any but a virgin, could on her marriage day apforced him to omit this tale from his first edition.* pear thus untrimmed ; and that this word would,

For a complete account of Thynne, see H. J. therefore, signify virgin in both its senses. Todd's Nlustrations of Gower and Chaucer ; An

3. “ Nym. I will incense Page to deal with poison ; I will thony Wood's Athene Ozonienses ; Erasmus, Epis. possess him with yellowness, for the revolt of mine is

dangerous.”—Merry Wives of Windsor, Act I. Sc. 3. tola XV., Ep. xiv.; Blakeway's Sheriffs of Shropshire; B. Botfield's Stemmata Botevilliana.

In an after passage Nym, in explanation of his Juxta TURRIM. treachery, and as a hint to Page, says: “I love

not the humour of bread and cheese.” And, in

fact, neither he nor Pistol are men enough to seek SHAKSPEARIANA.

revenge for revenge sake; but are mere merceSHAKSPEARE, WEBSTER, AND R. PERKINS. nary rogues, who only look upon it as they would 1. “ Lafer. They say miracles are past; and we have

on gourds and fullams, or å short knife and a our philosophical persons, to make modern and familiar, throng, or any such means of beguiling one of a things supernatural and causeless." -All's Well that Ends tester. In accordance with this, Nym is made to Well, Act II. Sc. 3.

talk of revenge, but shown to think more of gainThat this reading is correct, and that causeless ing by it; and, in his fantastic way, quibbles and has in it a reflection of the meaning of super- says: “I will possess Page with yellowness, for the natural, and means “without cause in the ordi- revolt of mine, of my yellows, the loss of my gold nary course, or in any of the ordinary laws of is dangerous." Yellow-boys, in the slang of our nature,” is confirmed, I think, by the following day, is a synonym for guineas; and I was led to passage ; where, after the entrance of Isabella's the above explanation by finding, in the Camghost, Francisco di Medicis says:

bridge Shakspeare, that the corresponding phrase “ Thought, as a subtle juggler, makes us deem

in the first edition of the play was—“I'll pose Things supernatural which yet have cause him with yellows." It seemed to me likely that, Common as sickness."

when Shakspeare came to re-write this play, bis Vittoria Corombona, Dyce's new ed., p. 28. quick wit took the conceit at sight of the word 2. “ Constance. O Louis, stand fast, the devil tempts yellows ;” though he altered the phraseology, so thee here,

as to make it less of a verbal and more of a In likeness of a new untrimmed bride." King John, Act III. Sc. 1.

Since then, I have come across the word “ Nares and Dyce have exemplified the more volt” in an exactly similar sense in Northward Ho! obscure meaning of this quibbling phrase. The (Act II. Sc. 2), where Greensbield says:

* “The Plowman's Tale,” is no longer regarded as the “ I could not have told what shift to have made, for work of Chaucer.

the greatest part of my money is revolted."

mental pun.


Hence it would seem, either that the phrase was magnificent man, — must have been among his (like Nym's humours) one of the known affecta- honored patrons. Ned Alleyn, the noble founder tions of the day, or that, as in other instances, of Dulwich College, his dear friend, had possesWebster has industriously remembered “the right sions in Sussex, and corresponded with one, or happy industry of Master Shakspeare."

both, of these most learned persons. 4. Having no other place for it, might I add to The treasures at Knole, in Kent, at Wittyham, these stray Jottings a suggestion as to the part at Arundel Castle, at the seat of the Shirleys, played by Richard Perkins in Vittoria Corombóna? Weston, at that of the Ashburnbams, and at a In the postscript of the play, Webster says : dozen other places in Kent, Surrey, and above all,

“In particular, I must remember the well-approved Sussex, ought to be carefully searched for Shakindustry of my friend Master Perkins, and confess the speariana. Mr. Payne COLLIER once worked upon worth of his action did crown both the beginning and end.Alleyn's MSS. at Dulwich College. Is anything

Now he could not have acted Brachiano : first, more doing with them? because Burbadge played that part; and secondly,

This is an important topic every way. Alleyn because Brachiano dies long before the conclu- belonged to the household of Prince Henry sion of the piece. But, without a doubt, the most paragon. Shakespeare hailed his advent. This difficult character to sustain and express is that is clear from passages in two plays. Ben Jonson of Flamineo; and it is not only an impersonation joins us in the chorus on that head. which would require great care, study, and talent It is not too late to discover writings from to present in all its varied phases, and to prevent these beroes of our race, that will surpass in inits becoming other than a monstrum informe too

terest the storied stones of Nineveh and the gold horrible to be borne, but in conformity with of Australia.

SEARCHER. Webster's words, it is one which is a conspicuous and principal one, from the beginning to the PASSAGE IN HAMLET," Act III. Sc. 4. (3rd very end. Again S. Sheppard, in his epigram on S. iv. 121.)—With deference to MR. KEIGHTLEY, " Mr. Webster's most excellent Tragedy,” as there surely is meaning in the line from Hamlet quoted by Mr. Dyce, says:

“That monster, Custom, which all sense doth eat," “ Flamineo such another The Devil's darling, murtherer of his brother,

and a meaning which would be entirely inverted His part most strange (given him to act by thee), by the proposed substitution of create for eat. Doth gain him credit and not calumnie.”

That Hamlet means to say of “ Custom,” that it So that we have a staunch friend and supporter eats, or destroys, our sense, or perception, of what of Webster giving to the actor who took Flami

we are accustomed to, seems absolutely proved neo and to no other, such praise as Webster him- by the fact, that in the very same scene he has self gives to Perkins and to no other ; while he already announced, in other words, such a thought tells us that Webster either wrote the part for with respect to " Custom": him, or gave it to him as its fittest representative.

“ Peace, sit you down, Seeing, therefore, how all these allusions dovetail And let me wring your heart; for so I shall, in one with another, I think it may be reasonably

If it be made of penetrable stuff;

If damned Custom have not braz'd it so, concluded that Perkins played Flamineo.

That it is proof and bulwark against sense.”

ALFRED ROFFE. P.S. Allow me also to correct an erratum in Somers Town. my Note on versification (“ N. & Q.," 3rd S. iv. 202, col. 2). I, or the printer, have accidentally SHAKSPEARE JUBILEE (3rd S. iv. 264.)-Foote's put, “ | were kindness," instead of “ | were description of the Stratford Jubilee of 1769 may kindness | ." It is well known that ess, as in be worth reprinting now, by way of warning to duchess, &c., is often considered as absorbable. commemoration-promoters :

“ A Jubilee, as it hath lately appeared, is a public inSHAKESPEARE AND NED ALLEYN. - Your cor- vitation, circulated and urged by puffing, to go post withrespondent INQUISITOR (antè, p. 203), asks for out horses, to an obscure borough without representatives, traces of certain letters of Shakespeare, cautiously governed by a mayor and aldermen who are no magissuggesting that the mention of them, which he trates, to celebrate a great poet whose own works have

made him immortal, by an ode without poetry, music quotes from a periodical of 1802, may have been à hoax. Permit me to follow up the question. without beds; a masquerade where half the people ap

without melody, dinners without victuals, and ludgings The folly of a hoax on such a matter will be par peared barefaced, a horse-race up to the knees in water, doned if a hearty discussion of the proper way to fireworks extinguished as soon as they were lighted, and discover familiar remains of the great poet can

a gingerbread amphitheatre which, like a house of cards, be obtained.

tumbled to pieces as soon as it was finished.” Shakespeare had Sussex connections; the Buck

The following pamphlets appeared at the hurst Lord, and Thomas, Earl of Arundel - time:



“An Ode upon dedicating a Building and erecting a Roister Doister, has reference to the proverbial obStatue to Shakspeare at Stratford-upon-Avon, by David stinacy and stupidity of pigs when it is attempted to Garrick."

drive them singly? The quotations from Hey“ Shakspeare's Garland ; being a Collection of new Songs, Ballads, Ronndelays, Catches, Glees, and Comic wood's Epigrams and the Taming of the Shrew un. Serenatas, performed at the Jubilee at Stratford-upon- questionably point to the word back as the essential Avon: the Music by Dr. Arne, Mr. Barthelemon, Mr. part of the etymology of backarè. In a very interAilwood, and Mr. Dibdin.”

esting note by Mr. T. Rodd (Pictorial Shakspeare, Garrick's ode is reprinted at length in the Illustrations to King Lear, III. 4), backarè is conAnnual Register for 1769.

sidered as a term of somewhat cognate meaning JOB J. BARDWELL WORKARD, M.A. with aroint, whose etymology is supposed to be An amusing and interesting account of this will from ar or aer, a very ancient word common to the be found in the History and Antiquities of Strat- / Greek(?) and Gothíc languages, in the sense of ford-upon-Avon by R. B. Wheeler (Stratford-on- two words, it is said, occur in the German Version

“ to go," and hynt, i. e. “hind” or “behind.” The Avon, no date, ?1806), which contains " A par. of Luther(?) (Luke iv. 8). Hynt ar me thu ticular Account of the Jubilee celebrated at Sathanas. Are not these words Gothic? The term Stratford in honour of our immortal Bard.” At aroint then="go behind," and backarè =“ the end of which is appended " Shakspeare's


back.” (See further remarks in Mr. Rodd's note.) land, being a Collection of Songs, Ballads, Roun

W. H. delays, Catches, Glees, Comic Serenatas, &c., performed at the Jubilee."

In Bohn's Lowondes, p. 2317, is a list of " Shakespeare Jubilee Publications."

T. B. H.


The visitor to the British Museum who pauses EMMew (3rd S. iv. 263.).— I fear that very specimens of the early English press are dis

at Show-case VIII., in the King's Library, where many will disagree with Me. KEIGHTLEY as to the played, may notice quite at the end an open certainty of his change of emmew to enew in

volume, bearing the following label :Nips youth i' the head, and follies doth emmew, As falcon doth the fowl."

“ The book of St. Alban's. The bokys of Haukyng Measure for Measure (Claudio), III. 1.

and Huntyng, and also of Coot armuris. Written by Dame

Juliana Barnes, or Berners, Prioress of Sopwell Nunnery. Whoever has observed how game will not rise, Printed at St. Alban's in 1486. Bequeathed by the Rt. but lie close, or huddle together for shelter, or

Hon. Thomas Grenville." how small birds seek covert and cease their twit

The following adventures which befel this very terings when a bawk is circling above them, will volume before it found its present secure restingat once understand the force of emmew in this pas: place, are, I think, worthy of a place in the first sage; and how Angelo's sharp swoops on follies,

rank of bibliographical romance. Pompeys and Pompeys' mistresses, ended either

The story has never, so far as I know, been in his emmewing them in prison, or in their

emmew- published ; and originally formed part of a letter ing themselves, not merely in the suburbs, their written on bibliographical matters by the Rector generally tolerated covert, but in its baths. The of Pilham, in 1847, to the Rev. S. R. Maitland. quotation from Nash, to my mind, shows clearly By the kind permission of the latter gentleman, that enew was not Shakspeare's word, nor could give I have been allowed to copy it: his meaning, for Angelo's swoops were too sudden and certain; there was no playing with and asked an old widow named Naylor whether she had

" In June, 1844, a pedlar called at a cottage at Blyton, bis prey. In all probability also the em of emmew any rags to sell. She said, “No!' but offered him some is not so much the causal prepositive en as the old paper ; and took from a shelf The Book of St. Alban's euphonic variant of in-new, to mew up closely, and others, weighing 9 lbs., for which she received nine like “insheltered and embayed” (Othello), or —

pence. The pedlar carried them through Gainsboro',

tied up in a string. past a chemist's shop, who, being that sweet breath, Which was embounded in this beauteous clay.”

used to buy old paper to wrap drugs in, called the

man in; and, struck by the appearance of The Boke, gave King John.

him three shillings for the lot. Not being able to read the BENJ. Easy. colophon, he took it to an equally ignorant stationer and

offered it to him for a guinea; at which price he de

clined it, but proposed that it should be exposed in his BACKARE (3rd S. iv. 203.)- I cannot at all agree window as a means of eliciting some information about it. with Mr. Thos. KEIGHTLEY in his suggestion that it was accordingly placed there, with the label -." Very this word is a corruption of the French bigarré, offered 2s.6d. for it. This excited the suspicion of the “brindle," and has primarily nothing to do with the vendor. Soon after Mr. Bird, the Vicar of Gainsboro', Anglo-Saxon back. Is it not probable that the ad- went in and asked the price, wishing to have a very sarly dress of Mortimer to bis sow, as occurring in the specimen at a reasonable price; not knowing, however, the great value of the book. While he was examining abbreviated to “Shade.” Then Miss Yonge says the book, Stark, a very intelligent bookseller, came in; to (according to The Times reviewer, for I have not Stark betrayed such visible anxiety that the vendor, yet seen her book) that “the only known river Smith, declined settling a price. Soon after, Sir C.

names are Tiberius and Jordan," and Derwent came in, and took the book to collate; and brought it and Rotha. But, besides the Thames Darrell of back in the morning, having found it imperfect in the Ainsworth's fiction, I might mention Mr. Severn middle, and offered 5l. for it. Sir Charles had no book of Walker of Worcester, the able and active honorary reference to guide him to its value; but in the mean time, Stark had employed a friend to obtain for him the secretary to the Worcester Diocesan Architectural refusal of it, and had undertaken to give a little more Society; Then there was Sabrina Sidney (the than Sir Charles might offer. On finding that at least Shrewsbury orphan, named after the Severn), who 5l. could be got for it, Smith went to the owner and gave was selected and educated to be the model wife him two guineas, and then proceeded to Stark's agent of the eccentric Thomas Day, the author of Sandand sold it for 71. 78. Stark took it to London, and sold ford and Merton. Has Miss Yonge given any Chrisit to the Rt. Hon. T. Grenville for 70 or 80 guineas. “ It must now be stated how it came to pass, that a

tian names taken from towns and villages wherein book without covers of such extreme age was preserved. the children were born, or where were the family About tifty years since, the Library of Thonock Hall, in estates ? I know of more than one such instance. the parish of Gainsboro', the seat of the Hickman family, Or, of Christian names from seasons of the year? underwent great repairs; and the books were sorted over

as Spring Rice, and Winter Jones. And, although by a most ignorant person, whose selection seems to have

I been determined by the coat. All books without covers suppose

that the Christian name of Christmas" were thrown into a great heap, and condemned to all the is not very common, yet it so happens that in this purposes which Leland laments in the sack of the Con- little village from whence I write this note, two out ventual Libraries by the visitors. But they found favour of its twelve houses are ruled over by a Christmas, in the eyes of a literate gardener, who begged leave to take what he liked home. He selected a large quantity here from opposite ends of the county, and not

the two men living two doors apart, having come of Sermons before the House of Commons, local pamphlets, tracts from 1680 to 1710, opera books, &c., &c. being of kin. One of the men is my gardener, He made a list of them, which was afterwards found in and procures his cabbage plants, &c. from Christhis cottage; and No. 43, was ·Cotarmouris.' The old

mas Q- -, a famous market gardener, who lives fellow was something of a herald, and drew in his books four miles off. Then there are Christian names as what he held to be his coat. could be stuffed into a large chest were put away in a imaginative as that given by Sydney Smith to his garret; but a few favourites, and The Boke among them, daughter:remained on the shelves of the kitchen for years, till his

“Being now in possession of a daughter, it became neson's widow grew so stalled of dusting them that she determined to sell them."

cessary to give her a name: and nobody would believe the

meditations, the consultations, and the comical discussions Here ends the material part of the story. The he held on this important point. At last he determined volume was afterwards splendidly bound, and is

to invent one; and Saba was the result."-Sydney Smith's

Memoirs, vol. i. p. 22. now the only copy in the British Museum.

WILLIAM BLADES. I have quoted this as a heading to my tale of 11, Abchurch Lane.

“ Mareli,” in The Curate of Cranston, where Mareli is supposed to be a girl so named after her

two godmothers, Mary and Elizabeth, neither of CHRISTIAN NAMES.

whom would permit her name to come second; in In its critique on The History, of Christian coining the one name of Mareli out of the two

which conjuncture the father hit upon the idea of Names, by Miss Yonge, The Times (Oct. 22) mentions some of its omissions, and further says,

sponsorial names. Although the incidents of the

sketch are purely fictitious, yet it was a fact (as I “Many an unhappy child, when school-life has been made a torment to him through the name which he has

was assured on good authority) that a girl was received at baptism, would rejoice if the practice prevailed named Mareli for the above reasons; and it was in the English Church, which is common among Ro- upon this hint that I framed the sketch. I also manists, of assuming a new name at confirmation. It headed that sketch with a second quotation, from seems doubtful whether this has ever been done among an article on “Curiosities of Registration” in us; but the industrious correspondents of Notes and Queries might, perhaps, be able to discover one or two

Chambers's Journal; I neglected to note the date, examples of it. The surname, we all know, can be altered but it was prior to 1862:with ease, even when an obstinate Lord-Lieutenant would

“ No names are too absurd for parents to give their stop the way; but Christian names appear to be by law children. Here are innocents stamped for life as Kidunchangeable."

num Toats,' • Lavender Marjoram,' . Patient Pipe, TaWith regard to its omissions, the reviewer says, is one called · Eli Lama Sabacthani Pressnail.””

litha Cumi,' • Fussy Gotobed,' and, strangest of all, here “ We once knew a Shadrach in the West of England.” I also knew one in Worcestershire, where The Times' reviewer says, “Tabitha Cumi Peohe now lives as a country gentleman, whose name, ple” was registered a few years

since. when we were at school together, was commonly


Minor Notes.

MODERN CORRUPTIONS. -- Allow me to protest

against a slipslop custom which is becoming very BOATING PROVERBS. — The expression —"We general, viz. that of giving to certain nouns in are in the same boat" — appears to be as old as the singular number a plural signification-e.g. the time of Clemens. In his Epistle to the Church fowl, chicken, shell (as applied to missiles), fish of Corinth, he writes :

generally (people even say, a shoal of herring"),

with «'Εν γάρ τώ αυτο εσμέν σκάμματα,

many other examples of a similar kind, which Και και αυτός ημίν αγών επικείται.”

do not at the present moment occur to me. The

proper names of Etheldred and Etheldreda are While on the subject of boating proverbs, I also almost universally corrupted into Ethelred may mention a curious, and purely local one, and Ethelreda.

John PAVIN PHILLIPS. which I heard on the banks of the Loire. Some

Haverfordwest. one was approaching in a showy and stately man

HIGHLAND LOVE 108 YEARS AGO.-The follow. ner : “ Voilà ! il vient en quatre bateaux !" The explanation of this was, that a full and wealthier ing brief record of the conduct of "a fickle fair line of boats on the river was usually composed one;" and the cool manner in which it was treated of four, united in one convoy.

by " the swain," may interest some of the readers

of “ N. & Q."


“ 1755, Aug. 24. [The church-session). Received ad

vice that the purpose of marriage betwixt Peter Wright, INSCRIPTION ON AN OLD HOUSE IN LINCOLN.- in Milltown of Auchollie, and Helen Gray, in Balno, is May the God that gives us life and breath,

flowen up upon the bride's side, consequently she has for

feited her pledge, which is a crown; and that the said Preserve our Queen Elizabeth.

Peter Wright is again contracted in order to marriage wth The above is at present hidden by recent im- Barbara Smith, in Upper Achollie, yesternight.” provements. It is written from menory, and

In this case

a crown" (the forfeited security) therefore the spelling is modern.

means 58. Scots money, or 5d. sterling; and the A LORD OF A MANOR. singular graphic expression of “flowen up" appears

to be of the same import as that of the saying of LONGEVITY. — The following is extracted from " the swine's run throw't," now in common use the Parish Register of Llanmaes, Glamorgan. The among the lower classes in Scotland in like cirentry is evidently original, and of the date given, cumstances ; and of those of “it's all up," or, “the and the writing is clear:

match is broken off," among the better educated. 4 Ivan Yorath, buried a Saturdaye the xiiii day of The extract is from the old Session Records of the July, Anno doni 1621, et anno regni regis vicesimo primo united parishes of Glenmuick, Tullich, and Glenannoque ætatis circa 180. He was a sowdier in the lighte gairn, Åberdeenshire, in which is situated the of Bosworthe, and lived at Lantwitt Major, and hee lived Prince of Wales's “ Highland home” of Birkhall

. much by fishing."

A. J. Also

Rev. JOSEPH WILKINSON.—This gentleman may “ Thomas Watkin, sepultus fuit decimo octavo die be mentioned as an instance of neglected bioMartii, Anno Dom: 1628. Ætat. circa 100."

grapby. He was of Queen's College, Oxford; C.

B.A. Nov. 21, 1786. On August 5, 1803, he was LONGEVITY OF INCUMBENTS.- Passing through presented to the consolidated rectories of East the churchyard of Great Oxendon, Northampton- and West Wrotham, in the county of Norfolk, on sbire, a few days ago, I made a note of an inscrip- the presentation of the Right Hon. Thomas Waltion on a tomb erected to the memory of the Rev. lace; and, on May 23, 1817, became perpetual George Burton, M.A., who was born August 10, curate and sequestrator of Breckles, in the same 1761, died August 16, 1843, and was fifty-seven county. He was also chaplain to the Duke of years rector of that parish.

T. NORTH. Gordon. He died Oct. 10, 1831, in the sixty. Leicester.


year of his age; and was buried at ThetPETER CATHENA.—This author's name is but commemorating him and Mary his wife, who died

ford St. Mary, in Suffolk, where is a monument very little known, and his works are all very Nov. 20, 1817, aged sixty. His works are: scarce. He was one of those mathematicians who wrote on logic and almanacs. Born at Venice Lancashire.” London, folio, 1812.

1. “ Select Views in Cumberland, Westmoreland, and about 1501. He was Professor at the University 2. “ Picturesque Tour through Cumberland, Westmoreof Padua. He wrote De Sphæra lib. iv.; De Cal- land, and Lancashire." Folio, 1812. culo Astronomico; De primo Mobili; Ephemerides

3. “ The Architectural Remains of the Ancient Town annorum XII.; Oratio pro Methodi, 4to, Pat.

and Borough of Thetford, in the Counties of Norfolk and 1563; and an Explanation of the mathematical Suffolk; tending to illustrate Martin's and Blomefield's

Histories of Thetford : twenty-five Plates, etched by parts of Aristotle's Logic, 4to, Venice, 1556.

H. Davy, from Drawings by the Rev. Joseph Wilkinson." WM. DAVIS. London, folio and 4to, 1822.

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