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The fate of ages and of empires hangs

On this dread hour. Why am I noč in arms?
CONTENTS.- No. 92.

Bring my good lance, caparison my steed!
NOTES:- Mrs. Hemans's "Forgeries,” 261 – The Carmi-

Base, idle grooms! are ye in league against me? charls of Carspherne, &c., 262 — Shakspeariana :

Haste with my barb, or by the holy saints, Merchant of Venice Shakspeare Genealogy Shak- Ye shall not live to saddle him to-morrow.' speare Jubilee - Shakspeare's original Vocation, Ib.

Massinger. MINOR NOTES: - William Law and David Pringle-Lord

Hervey's Memoirs : "duchtich Thomas Gardner - “No sooner had the pearl-shedding fingers of the young Monumental Inscription from Schiller - Singular State of Aurora tremulously unlocked the oriental portals of the a Parish: Upper Eldon -- Dresses of Court Ladies in Scot

golden horizon, than the graceful flower of chivalry, and land - Curious Error in De Quincey - The last Prayer of Beatrice Cenci, 265.

the bright cynosure of ladies' eyes—he of the dazzling

breast-plate and swanlike plume — sprung impatiently QUERIES: - Anonymous · Archidiaconal Visitations in

from the couch of slumber, and eagerly mounted the Ireland - Bishops' Robes Charity Coal -- Crest William Crossley - Drama Epitaph at Ewerby, co.

the noble barb presented to him by the Emperor of AsLincoln - Epigram Executions for Murder Family promontania." — Sir Philip Sidney's Arcadia. History - Benjamin Gale --- Garnier: "Théorie élémentaire des Transversales" - A Goose Tenure - Half-way

" See'st thou yon chief whose presence seem to rule Tree and the French Tailor's Motion - N. Hawksmore

The storm of battle? Lo! where'er he moves Paul Jones -- Duke of Kingston's Regiment, 1745 - Wil. Death follows. Carnage sits upon his crestliam Middleton, Esq. - Nottinghamshire Incumbents Fate on his sword is throned-ard his white barb, Party - Peacock Family, &c., 267.

As a proud courser of Apollo's chariot, QUERIES WITH ANSWERS:-“ Woo'd and married and a'"- Seems breathing fire.” -- Potter's Æschylus. Book of Sports-Theodore Paleologus-Quotation Wanted

Pylgrimage of Perfection Eurasian Satirical “Oh! bonnie look'd my ain true knight Ballad -- " Paston Letters,” 270.

His barb so proudly reining; REPLIES: - Sir Francis Drake, 271 -"Scoticisms : " Beat

I watch'd him till my tearfu' sight tie: David Hume, 272 --- Sharp's Sortie from Gibraltar,”

Grew amaist dim wi' straining." 273 - Albion and her white Roses, 274 - Herod I. sur.

Border Minstrelsy. named the Great, 275 - Booterstown, near Dublin -- Saxon Sundial at Bishopston, near Newhaven, Sussex - Aerosta

“Why, he can heel the lavolt and wind a fiery barb as tion -- Court Costumes of Louis XIII. - Prayers for the Dead – Riddle-- Dickens and Thackeray -- Lady's Dress

well as any gallant in Christendom. He's the very pink Miller of the Dee" -- Quotation -- Stonehenge - Re:

and mirror of accomplishment."-Shakspeare. giomontanus, &c., 270,

“Fair star of beauty's heaven! to call thee mine, Notes on Books, &c.

All other joys I joyously would yield;

My knightly crest, my bounding barb resign

For the poor shepherd's crook and daisied field;

For courts, or camps, no wish my soul would prove, MRS. HEMANS'S “FORGERIES.

So thou would'st live with me and be my love."

Earl of Surrey's Poems. In the touching Memoir prefixed to the collected edition of Mrs. Hemans's Works (Wm.

“ For thy dear love my weary soul hath grown Blackwood & Sons, 1839) by her equally gifted

Heedless of youthful sports: I seek no more

Or joyous dance, or music's thrilling tone, sister, the late Mrs. Owen, who wedded some of Or joys that once could charm in minstrel lore, the sweetest lyrics of which the English language Or knightly tilt where steel-clad champions meet, can boast to music of a kindred character, there Borne on impetuous barbs to bleed at beauty's feet!” is an interesting account of a jeu d'esprit, which

Shakspeare's Sonnets. Mrs. Hemans used to call her “ sheet of forgeries."

“As a warrior clad While on a visit to Liverpool, a gentleman re

In sable arms, like chaos dull and sad,

But mounted on a barb as white quested her to furnish him with some authorities

As the fresh new-born light, from the old English writers for the use of the So the black night too soon, word “barb," as applied to a steed. She very Came riding on the bright and silver moon, shortly supplied him with the following imitations, Whose radiant heavenly ark for which (as I have never seen them noticed Made all the clouds beyond her influence seem elsewhere) you may find a corner in the pages of Mourning all widowed of her glorious beam.”

E'en more than doubly dark, “ N. & Q." The mystification succeeded com

Cowley. pletely, and was not discovered until some time afterwards :

The first four lines of the passage attributed to “ The warrior donn'd his well-worn garb,

Massinger were selected by Cooper, the American And proudly waved his crest,

novelist, as a motto to one of the chapters of his He mounted on his jet-black barb,

Homeward Bound, in which they are given as a And put his lance in rest."

real quotation from the poet. Percy's Reliques.

JOHN PAVIN PHILLIPS. “ Eftsoons the wight, withouten more delay,

Haverfordwest. Spurr'd his brown barb, and rode full swiftly on his

way.”--Spenser. “ Hark! was it not the trumpet's voice I heard ?

The soul of battle is awake within me!


THE CARMICHAELS OF CARSPHERNE, Mar, then superior thereof, circ. 1350. But Burke

places at the top of the Carspherne tree one AND THEIR CONNECTION WITH THE HOUSE OF THAT ILK,

* Hector de Carmichael, who grants the lands of

Craighead, A.D. 1141," from whom descends a In Burke's Visitation of Seats and Arms in Great “David, engaged in fisheries on the Ayr Coast "; Britain, under the head of " Coulthart of Coult- another David, three generations lower, has a hart," is given pedigree with arms differing in

son Robert, killed on the Bruce's side at Inverury, bearings from any others ever assigned to the and another son, Walter (by a second marriage name by Scottish Heralds, purporting to manifest with the daughter of Sir Jas. Douglas), who marthe genealogy of a family whose connection with ries a Stewart of Dalswinton, and is father of Sir the main stock of Carmichael I have yet to learn, James Carmichael, “ called of Carspherne in a and for information thereof I shall feel much indebted to any correspondent of “ N. & Q." And mortgage of 1379." Sir James is spoken of as

“distinguished at Otterburn, and knighted by first, as to the arms. Nisbet explicitly declares

Robert 11.,” marrying Rachel Ramsay of Dal. that the surname of Carmichael“ beareth a fesse housie, he has an only son Sir Richard, “ tenth tortilé, az. and gu.”; but this Carspherne line is and last recorded heir male," who weds, 1419, made to exhibit quite another coat, -“ Arg. on a bend cotised sa. a tilting spear proper.” “The Anne, daughter of Sir David, Chancellor of Quod

and having no male issue, the representasimilarity appears to be somewhat like that of tion of his family is carried, so runs the story, Monmouth and Macedon,—the field being in both into two ancient houses, by the marriage of the cases “argent,” though in some branches varied eldest coheiress to Sir Roger de Coulthart, “chief to

There is no express statement that of his name, contract dated St. Oswald's Day, the materials for the arms and descent of this 1447;" while the second daughter becomes wife of family are drawn from the charter-chests of

• Gilbert, son of Sir James Douglas of Loudon, Coulthart, otherwise, as the chief of that name is

ancestor of the Earls of Morton," between whose enrolled among the Society of Antiquaries, more family and the Carmichaels of Hyndford there confidence would be placed in the description. It is remarkable that no attempt whatever is that the motto “ Toujours Prest," borne by that

was much alliance in later days. I may notice made in the Visitation of Seats to account for the Ilk and its branches is given to the Carspherne origin of the Carspherne family, or to connect it line; I know not how far back it can be traced with the chief line in Clydesdale. The discovery,

distinctly. Moreover, the 'spear in the crest is such as it is, was apparently, reserved to Mr. borne " entire," whereas all the other families of Lower, in his Patronymica Britannica, 8.0. “Car- the name, being descended from Sir John de michael,” where he says it is “ local

Carmichael, who broke his lance against the rived from a barony in Lanarkshire, which was

Duke of Clarence at the Battle of Beaugé, have it held by the family in the twelfth century, and from them" (i. e. the Carmichaels of that ilk) orthography of this surname.

“ broken." There has been much variety in the

“ Kirkmichael" is " probably descended the Carmichaels of Car; found in the Scotichronicon; " St. Michell” in spherne. See Knowles's Genealogy of Coulthart." Hume of Godscroft. (Qy. Was Dominus The work referred to I have not yet met with, Johannes de Scto. Michaeli,” A.D. 1296, also, & and should be glad to know whether it was pub- Carmichael ? See Nisbet, App. Ragman Roll.) licly or only privately printed, and if accessible, Pinkerton says, in the Preface to his Scotch Poetry, from what sources it is compiled, and how far that Caër-michael (= Carmichael), and Caërtrustworthy.* I should also like to know where I laverock (=Carlaverock), are two of the oldest may find evidence that the ancestors of the house Celtic names in Scotland ? By Celtic he must of Carmichael held the lands of that name as a

mean Brito-Celtic, as “ Caer" is a Cymric and barony so early as the twelfth century, for Douglas not a Gaelic form. Chas. H. E. CARMICHAEL. only gives William (he should have said John) de

The College, Isle of Cumbrae, near Greenock, N.B.
Carmychel as having a charter of the lands of
Carmichael from William, Earl of Douglas and


name, de

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(* Only seventy-five copies of this work were printed

Shakspeariana. for private circulation. It is entitled “A Genealogical and Heraldic Account of the Coultharts of Coulthart and

« THE MERCHANT OF VENICE." • Collyn, Chiefs of the name, from their first settlement in Scotland, in the reign of Conarus, to the year of our Lord 1854; to which are added, the pedigrees of seven other table for temple, I will observe that, be the custom

In reply to the remarks made on my change of with the House of Coulthart. By George Parker Knowles, what it might be in the Middle Ages, Shakespeare Genealogist and Heraldic Artist. Derived from the Fa. was no antiquary; and in his plays, no matter mily Muniments. Roy. 8vo, 1855.” The copy in the British Museum is printed on vellum.-Ed.]

* 3rd S. iv. 201.

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where the scene lay, the manners are those of where to had been left out after “flown”; and England in his own time. Now, in the days of yet it escaped us all. Further, in a reprint of Elizabeth, the idea of going to a church to ad. Fletcher's Purple Island, I met the following minister an oath would have been merely ridi- final line of stanza xii. 85,culous, and Shakespeare, with his knowledge of “In th' own fair silver shines and borrow'd gold — law, would rather have talked of going before a

which I corrected to justice for the purpose. Further, it would appear from Act II. Sc. 9, that the oath was ad

“ In th' one fair silver shines and fairer borrowed gold;' ministered immediately before the choosing of the and on looking to the original edition, I found I casket.

was right. I could give many other instances to As to what MR. SWIFTE says of " to the tableshow that emendation is not mere hap-hazard or being, “ more germane to the hospitalities of a guess-work. And when we consider how vilfarm-house," I grant it would be so in these lanously the Plays of Shakespeare were printed, days; but language alters, and our ancestors used emendation both as to sense and metre is the table where we have different phrases. The word legitimate task of the critic. I agree with Mr. is used by Hamlet, Macbeth, and others of our Easy that " we should know the law of versifipoet's most exalted characters. As to MR. cation followed by Shakespeare”; but I believe Swifte's reading of an “Indian deity" for an there is no mystery about them, and that nothing “ Indian beauty," few, I think, will adopt it, and is easier than to know them. I, however, utterly Shakespeare probably knew nothing of the Indian reject MR. Easy's system, which would make deities, whether they were handsome or not. In- good verse of — stead of feature being merely “Ben-Jonsonian “ An age of poverty, from which ling’ring penance and “too pedantic for our poet," I beg to remind Of such mis'ry doth she cut me off," MR. Swifte that our poet uses it sixteen times, if it were for no other reason than that of does and always in the sense of form, figure, person. not bear the metric ictus. I am finally of opiI doubt indeed if features was used in his time of nion that no true poet ever wrote inhármonious the traits of the countenance. Though I acknowledge that MR. SWIFTE's verse, or perhaps even an inharmonious line. I

wish, by the way, that our critics would free reading of“ I pray you, think you question with themselves from the decasyllabic incubus that a Jew," may make sense, I cannot receive it. I lies so heavily upon them. “ How often,” says doubt if there be an instance of “ think” em

Gifford, “ will it be necessary to observe that our ployed exactly in this manner in Shakespeare: old dramatists never counted their syllables on The germane phrase would be “ bethink


their fingers !” He knew that they proceeded by Moreover, I doubt if Antonio or the poet would feet and ictus, and that their verses often run to cast such an imputation on the whole of the race twelve, thirteen, and even fourteen syllables, which had produced the gentle Jessica. I have while they never, except at the beginning or end asked sundry persons about this passage, and of a speech, contain less than ten. By the way, they have all confessed that they had never un

it is rather strange that Mr. Dyce seems not to derstood it. I found that “think" was usually be aware, with all his experience, of the fretaken in the sense of imagine, suppose, not of quency of the Alexandrine, or six-foot line, in recollect, perpend, as by MR. SWIFTE. We may the old dramatists. observe that the “ question” with the Jew was I will treat the critics now to what is rather a going on “ fast and furious," and it was more rarity - a certain emendation. In Measure for natural for Antonio to say Stop, than Reflect, Measure, Act III. Sc. 1, we read to his friend.

Nips youth in the head, and follies doth emmew, “ Britomart fights with many knights,

As falcon doth the fowl." Prince Arthur stints their strife.--F. Q. iv. 9. Here the critics write of course a deal of nonsense, As to my falling into the “snare set by the for the fact is, it is the falcon, and not the fowl, editors of the second folio, in attempting to re

that is emmewed. The right word, then, is enew, store lost words, I beg to assure MR. Easy that teaze, torment, annoy, from ennuyer (?). I have had too much experience of printers not “ How presently, upon the landing of the fowl, she to know how they both add and subtract. Ex. gr. [the falcon) came down like a stone, and enewed it, and there never was a work more carefully read than suddenly got up again, and suddenly, upon a second my own Library Edition of the Poems of Milton, landing, came down again, and missing of it in the down

come, recovered it beyond expectation, to the admiration not only by myself, but by Mr. J. E. Taylor, the

of the beholder, at a long flight.”—Nash, Quaternio, ap. printer, and a most excellent reader in his office, Staunton on 2 Hen. VI. ii. 1. and yet we meet in it the following line

That correction I hold to be absolutely certain, “ Flown the upper World; the rest were all,” and to me the following in the same play is little Sc. 2)

Par. Lost, X. 422,

less so:

“ How might she tongue me! Yet reason dares her no; put up with "a box of the ear” from an EnglishFor my authority bears of a credent bulk."

man; and also with its attestation under a FrenchAct IV. Sc. 4.

man's hand : sufficient reasons for her mislike, No sense has been made or can be made of but in the Caledonian's instance not very pro“ dares." I believe the poet wrote “Yet reason bable. The Merchant of Venice was, we know, says her no.” Says being written in the usual mise en scène in Elizabeth's time, when the dispaway saies, and beginning with a long s, might ragement of Scotland and Scotsmen was a tolereasily have been taken for dares. Says her is ably safe subject. But, I should like to be like tell her, &c., with the ellipsis of the preposi- informed, was this bit of national ill-will—“

“reg. tion. We have already had in this play (Act II. nante Jacobo Primo atque Sexto,” expurgated

from the prompter's copy? Personally, it would « Did I not tell thee yea? ”

have much annoyed that pacific sovereign, who “Gaza is not in plight to say us nay." had so many quiet ways of satisfying his dis

Sam. Agon. v. 1729. pleasures. Besides, a deserved imputation is alI am also inclined to regard the following as ways more readily taken in dudgeon than an nearly certain :

undeserved. The satirist who called Trajan a Laf. Pardon, my lord, for me and for my tidings.

tyrant or perjurer, would have been forgiven : King. I'll see thee to stand up."

Tiberius would have swamped him in the Roman All's Well, Act II. Sc. 1. Guiana, or silently walked him down the Ge. “ I'll see thee,” is mere nonsense;

monian steps. and

Pope's “ I'll fee thee" is little better; and “ I'll sue thee,”

Not being rich in Shakspearian records, I refer but so-so. My opinion is, that the poet wrote

me to some well supplied and equally well disposed possessor.

EDMUND LENTHAL SWIFTE. I beseech thee;" and the ch having been effaced in the 'MS. by damp, &c., the printer took the I be for Ile (the way I'll was then written), and

SHAKSPEARE GENEALOGY (3rd S. iv. 201.) so made “ Tle see thee." I lately showed how | All will agree with your correspondent M. N. S., in this way create became eat in Humlet, Act. III. “That the devices of heraldry are really able to Sc. 4.


lend substantial aid in the prosecution of biogra

phical and historical investigation;" but to renDo manus : The Prince of Morocco was as

der these investigations helpful to truth, must not good a Catholic as General Othello, or the King S. and your other readers, whether, because the

the premises be strictly true ? I would ask M. N. of Naples' Tunisian son-in-law; else would the heiress have negatived his chance of domiciling

testator, John Arden, was esquire for the body his barem in Belmont, and superseding her chap- | (and esquire), and entitled to coat armour ?". I

to Henry VII.,” he therefore "was a gentleman lain by a mufti. served in the much-sought Portia, the “ nothing Robert Arden of Wilmcote was not a gentleman, Has Mr. Easy, or any other commentator, ob- would further ask, whether the documents (which

have been published by Mr. COLLIER) show that undervalued to Cato's daughter,” a certain feminity, which our patresfamilias call changeable- the words not a gentlemin and only the conclu

but a “ husbandman ” only in the year 1550. Are ness, but which Shakspeare's heart-knowledge sions of M. N. s., or are they the words of the accounted perhaps a normal condition ? When,

documents ? in the protasis of this delightful drama, she and her confidante (how unlike the yea-and-nay con

I have read in your pages of instances of testators fidantes of French tragedy!) are “over-naming"

and others styling themselves "husbandmen,” who her several suitors, a young Venetian-he who

were undoubtedly of gentle birth, and entitled to afterwards came in for the casket prize—is inci

coat-armour. It does not follow, then, that “the dentally mentioned, and her liking toward him poet's pretensions to gentle descent are thus reskilfully foreshadowed, the Moor's approach is moved on the mother's side as well as the father's.”

C. W. B. announced; her anticipation of whose southern

U. U. C. tincture discredits his possible merit: “the condition of a saint” will not reconcile her to the

SHAKSPEARE JUBILEE.—Can the editor, or any complexion of a devil.” At their meeting,

Desdemona-like, she professes to see his visage in his correspondent of "N. & Q.," inform me where a mind, were it not for her father's will

, &c., &c.; Jubilee at Stratford-on-Avon in the last century,

good account can be found of the Shakspeare and, when he misses in his choice, she hails his and whether a list of the distinguished men who defeat with veritable Northern anti-negroism:

personated the different characters has been pre“ May all of his complexion chuse me so!” served ? It was not, however, managed successAnother of this difficult lady's unchancy wooers fully on the theatrical basis, though it had David was a Scottish laird, whom she describes as having Garrick as manager, who —


called the world to worship on the banks father's house ; so as yow have been, I hope yow will Of Avon, famed in song. Ah, pleasant proof

containow. Yow know the matter now in hand depends That piety has still in human hearts

most upon yow, whereon my chief hapiness depends; so Some place, a spark or two not yet extinct."

in your own good time yow will remember me. Your Cowper's Task, book vi. ever oblidged Servant and most affectionate Nephew, On that occasion, too, the words of the beautiful


Temple, March 16, 1709. glee were written by Garrick, and set to music by Dr. Arne:

“ Having no money at present, I hop you

will consider your Servant, Ja. Pringle. * Thou soft-flowing Avon, by thy silver stream,

“ Mr. James Anderson, To be left at Of things more than mortal sweet Shakspeare would Mr. Brans, yat is, great dream;

gate, near prive garden, Chanell Roe, Now angels by moonlight dance round his green bed;

Westminster. These." For hallowed the turf is that pillows his head." No doubt many contributors to, and readers of in the same collection, may perhaps relate to a

The “matter now in hand," from another epistle “N. & Q." are looking forward with pleasure to the Shakspeare Commemoration next year.

proposed marriage between Mr. James Pringle

and Mrs. Santcolumb: a lady whose only objecOXONIENSIS. tion was her inamorato's fancy for “

women and P.S. Was any collection of the odes recited, and of copies of verses written at the Jubilee in be blamed for finding fault with. Her own rela

wine," a propensity which the fair one can hardly the last century preserved ?

tives strongly objected to the connection, and

predicted nothing short of constant misery; and SHAKSPEARE'S ORIGINAL Vocation. I recollect she, despite her deep love, had nearly arrived at reading, with great interest, Mr. Thoms's articles the same conclusion. She had no fortune, a fact in “N. & Q.” entitled, “Was Shakspeare ever a

known to her admirer; who, nevertheless, would soldier ?” About the same time Lord Campbell alas! he was himself pretty much in the same pre

willingly have taken her without a penny-but, published a book endeavouring to prove that the poet had been bred to the law; an idea which dicament, having apparently no immediate forsome other writer had before adopted. Another

tune. He was, however, most anxious to do author brought forward evidence from his writings something for himself; and Anderson, who was that he was educated for the medical profession. evidently a kind-hearted and affectionate man, Doubtless from the extent of knowledge which his might, and probably did help him. Whether the works display, there is scarcely an avocation of lady and gentleman made up matters has not which he was not master ; and it would be an in- been ascertained. The address to the care of teresting inquiry, at this particular time, when

“Mr. Brans," is meant to indicate Mr. Thomas preparations are being made to celebrate his three Brand, a respectable London tradesman, with hundredth birth day, to record in your pages the whom Mr. Anderson usually lodged when visiting


J. M. various crafts and professions which from time to time have been attributed to him ; with the titles LORD HERVEY'S MEMOIRS : DUCHTICH." - In and dates of the books, and the names of the the Poetical Epistle and Dramatic Scenes at Court authors who have supported the several conjec, by Lord Hervey, the word duchtich, as he writes tures. I anticipate an extensive catalogue, and it, occurs; upon which Croker remarks: “My both amusement and instruction to your readers. German friends are not agreed as to the precise


import of duchtich, which, however, from its use in p. 161, seems to mean shy." (Lord Hervey's

Memoirs, ii. 148.) This word represents the Minor Notes.

Hanoverian pronunciation of the German word William LAW AND DAVID PRINGLE. In the tüchtig, and means able, able-bodied, stout, strong, recent article (3rd S. iv. 151.) relative to William fit, suitable, capable, useful. Lord Hervey was Law, the purchaser of Lauriston, it was conjec- “ teufflish” (diabolical), hundsnase, “huns-nas,"

not a German scholar, for he also writes teufelisch, tured that David Pringle, Mr. Law's debtor, was a relation of James Anderson. Upon looking troduces other words not to be found in classical

feld, “ felt," wechselbalg, "weckselbalch,” and inthrough the large collection of Anderson's papers Germany; but may be such provincialisms as were in the Advocates Library, the correctness of the in occasional use by the family of George II. supposition is verified. Mr. Pringle was his bro

T. J. Buckton. ther-in-law, and the father of the writer of the following curious epistle:

THOMAS GARDNER. – Mr. Mackenzie Walcott, “ Honoured Sir,

in his interesting volume entitled The East Coast " It is verey weell known to yow and others, that yow of England, p. 47, gives the following quaint have been 7 Father to the Fatherless and a friend to my epitaph on Gardner, the historian of Dunwich, in

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