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instrumental cause. In the flourishing with which their sides are covered, times of the Roman republic, the most nor the balmy healthfulness of the meritorious of her sons were wont to breezes that circle round them to temregard their country as the well-spring per the heats of the sultry zone. But of all their honour and happiness, and the geognostic nature of these mountains to speak of her as the darling of all is closely connected with volcanic actheir delights. The philosophic and ac tion ; so that in fearful apprehension we complished Cicero tells us, in an ele- might look at each one of these beaugant chapter of his Offices, that our tiful peaks, as if it were destined one country embraces every thing that is day perhaps to be torn from its station dear to us, and has greater claims and thrown into the sea. It would not upon our self-devotion than parents or be fancy or groundless fear, if we were the dearest friend we have. A tra to think that a time may come when veller has no need to be informed that the threat will be executed literally upon a mountain or hilly range is, in common the most beautiful among them. “I will phraseology, every thing to the sur stretch out mine hand upon thee, and roll rounding country, for without it there thee down from the rocks, and will make is nothing sublime in scenery, nothing thee a burnt mountain." We see to give birth to rivers that water the that it has been fulfilled in reference plains, and become the medium of com to Ternate, one of the most lovely mercial intercourse. Hence we see that of the cluster. The top of the highest there is a peculiar fitness in the choice peak has been torn off, and thrown from of a mountain as an emblem of a nation. a height of five or six thousand feet
Mountains that are liable to volcanic into the sea. A huge gap was left action, before an eruption takes place, behind, which seemed to the writer, are generally the most fertile, and the when standing upon the edge, like a most attractive of all eminences. Illus- deep valley or ravine betwixt two mountrations of this remark are found upon tains. As the portion rent away in this a magnificent scale in Mexico, and tremendous struggle was split into fragamong the rest, that of Jorullo in the ments of various sizes, there is, besides extensive intendency of Valladolid, lying a vast pile at the water's edge, a road, on the west coast of America, between or causeway, strewed with half-vitrified the intendencies of Mexico and Quada- pieces of rock and cinders, from the marlaxara (pronounced Quadalahàra.) Me- gin of the rift to the declivity of the mounchoacan, a part of it, is an expanse of tain; so that the island, so lovely under table land, which enjoys a fine and other aspects, presents on this side a temperate climate, and is intersected fearful scene of desolation. What a with hills and charming valleys, pre- striking comment on the words, “ I will senting an appearance unusual in the make thee a burnt mountain !" I will torrid zone, of extensive and well- tear off thy summit, shiver it into ten watered meadows. On the twenty- thousand pieces, and therewith overninth of September 1759, from the whelm and destroy the natural verdure centre of a thousand burning cones was of thy sides, which once looked so goodly thrown up the volcano of Jorullo, a and so fair. Some time in March of mountain of scoriæ and ashes, seventeen the year 1839, another eruption took hundred feet high, in an extensive plain place at Ternate; so that long before and covered with most luxuriant vege- these ejected matters could yield to the tation. When we speak here of plains, decomposing action or weathering of the hills, and valleys, the reader will please atmosphere, and afford a pabulum for to bear in mind that these are all of vegetable growth, another layer of the them reared upon the lofty chain of the same forlorn and broken kind was scatAndes, for volcanic eruptions only, so tered over them. When the writer far as we know, take place in mountain- read the account of this catastrophe, he ous regions. But the most remarkable could not help reflecting with some examples that have fallen under the emotions of inward awe, that few writer's own observation, are to be met months before he had stood upon the with in the Spice Islands, or Moluccas. brink and viewed the mighty hollow The pointed and conical mountains, from which “ a stream of red-hot lava" which characterize this group of islands, had been projected. present a maximum fertility. Nothing We have reason to suppose that the can surpass the richness of vegetation | Chaldean or Babylonish nation at first
GENTLE REPROOFS.-No. I.
exercised a mild and protecting sway terial had been brought from another counover the surrounding nations, and res try. Connected with this want of durabicued and defended them from worse lity, trap is incapable of being wrought inmasters, the Assyrians. Something to to any required nicety of form, or of rethis effect seems intimated in the beau- ceiving a good polish. Those qualities tiful language of Daniel :-" The beasts which render it so friendly to vegetation, of the field had shadow under it, and the its clay and its decomposable nature, fowls of the heaven dwelt in the boughs are among the worst for architectural thereof, and all flesh was fed of it.” purposes. There is a peculiar aptness And this was an allegoric representation and propriety in the denunciation ; so of that king whose dominion then ex that with regard to this burden or sentended to the end of the earth. Of tence of Babylon, it might be said, ancient Rome it was said, that her se- " Thy judgments are as the light that nate was a haven for shelter, a place goeth forth.”
G. T. L. of refuge for kings, states, and nations ; regum, populorum, nationum portus erat et refugium senatus, (De Off. lib. 2, cap. 8. ii. ;) and that in better times magistrates and generals laboured to To walk abroad in quest of errors, earn the greatest praise by protecting and to mingle among mankind in the the allied nations with uprightness and character of a reprover, would be little impartiality. Neighbouring states often- better than to act the part of a stingingtimes at variance with each other, or nettle. But to rebuke' with a kind and distracted with civil broils at home, gentle spirit the faults of those who peofound it to their interest quietly to sub- ple our daily paths, may be attended mit to a foreign yoke and exchange the with advantage. As the seed that is form of liberty for the blessings of a sown springs up after many days, so a solid protection and peace. Babylon, it prudent admonition, though at the time is probable, like the Romans, made war unheeded, may rise to remembrance in by policy, no less than by arms; and a future hour, that policy consisted in part in allowing A wagoner as he passed along Cheapthe conquered nations to share in her side, and turned along the Old Jewry own prosperity. Whence the ground with his loaded wain, lashed his horses for the encouragement given by the unmercifully. The eyes of many pergracious protector of Israel. “ And sons were attracted to the spot, but no seek the peace of the city whither I have one ventured to interfere. There are caused you to be carried away captives, cases wherein horses require the whip, and pray unto the Lord for it ; for in but this was not one of them; and even the peace thereof shall ye have peace,' had it been otherwise, nothing could Jer. xxix. 7. She was then the guar- have justified the vindictive cruelty exdian as well as the mistress of the coun ercised towards the poor brutes. On tries that acknowledged her supremacy, went the wagon, and on also went the and became the source of their wealth wagoner, lashing without intermission and happiness, like one of those spice- the sides and flanks of his horses, in a bearing hills of which we have been
manner so seemingly malicious that I speaking, till the Almighty visited her could no longer patiently endure the for the wrong done to his temple, and sight of such barbarity. made her a burnt mountain.
Before could overtake him, the The latter of the two verses we have driver had flogged his horses into a trot; selected for illustration deserves a com but that circumstance by no means ar
The rock, of which volcanic rested his cruelty, for as he ran, he mountains are generally composed, is flogged away as savagely as before. At so liable to alteration, from the in- last, getting before him, I took down the fluence of the air, that it is unfit for name and address printed on the board building material where durability is in front of his wagon, and then asked required, especially for those parts on him whether he would not be very angry which the strength of the edifice chiefly if anyone else should use his horses depends. " And they shall not take of half so ill as he had had used them himthee a stone for a corner, nor a stone for self? foundations.” We have seen temples where The man looked affrighted, especially trap or volcanic rock is found, but the ma when I inquired of him what reason he
All that is left to comfort thee!'
could give me why I should not call
TRUE CHARITY DIFFUSIVE. upon his master, and procure his dis If God has bestowed his gifts upon mission from a place of trust which I us in the greatest abundance; if he have feared he was altogether unworthy to filled our granaries with corn, and mulfill ?
tiplied our flocks in the fold, but has He began to throw the blame on one not enriched us with that fraternal of his horses, but that gave him no ad
affection wherewith we should support vantage with me, inasmuch as he had one another; if he has not given us a unmercifully lashed them all. My mind, bountiful heart and a charitable hand at the time, was nearly made up to go to give some of our goods to the relief, and direct to his employer, and from him, some of our bread to the nourishment should I fail in my object, to proceed to of the poor-he hath given us but half the office of the Society for the Preven- a blessing. Wealth is but a confused tion of Cruelty to Animals; but reading, lump, till bounty shape and put it into I suppose, determination in my coun form ; but a dead useless piece of earth, tenance, the wagoner begged hard for till charity animate and quicken, and mercy. He said that he had a good by sending it abroad make it current, master; that he had kept his place for and by distributing it to several hands, six years; and that if he lost it, he should give it heat and motion.-King. be a ruined man. After some reasoning with him, in which I tried to convince him that I wished to do him good rather
COMFORT IN SORROW. than harm, I promised to forgive him Miss Jewsbury thus wrote to Mrs. on condition that he would forgive his Hemans:-"I feel that you are sad, horses ; leaving him to understand that, and I know that you are lonely, and having his address, I should certainly by the time this reaches you, take some little trouble to ascertain whe
• Wishes, vain as mine, may be, ther he did or did not use his horses kindly.
But my hopes are strong for the future. Some time after turning away, I failed So cheer up, or rather believe that you not to put myself in a situation to ob will cheer up-Heaviness may endure serve unperceived his conduct to his for a night, but joy cometh in the mornteam ; but not a single wanton lash did ing.' "At even-tide there shall be he inflict on the poor brutes under his light. There was One, and in Him
It is too much to expect that a the hope of the world was centred, who cruel disposition will be corrected or ef- said in an extremity of anguish, “My fectually controlled by one gentle re soul is exceeding sorrowful, even unto proof; but sure I am, that if the bene- death :'-emphasize that my, and see volent passer-by would more frequently what force it gives; and then, as interfere in such cases, firmly yet kindly old poet says, and forbearingly, rather than churlishly
'Hang all your hopes upon his arm.” and angrily, much, very much might be done to limit the cases of cruelty that too generally abound.
It is the great design of the gospel to In passion's tide and cruelty's excess Rebuke thy brother, but with gentleness.
restore us to holiness as well as to happiBy mild reproof, in kindly words arrayed,
Hence the law, in the commands Meek as a lamb the lion may be made.
of it, runs through all the gracious dispensations of God to fallen man. Nor will God have any regard to them in a
way of grace, who have no regard to his HERE I have no abiding city; as a law in a way of obedience. The law contenant at will, I may be dimissed at a stantly requires and points out our duty ; minute's warning; but I have an immor- it shows us our sin, it lays us under tal soul,-a soul that must be happy or condemnation, and makes us seek a remiserable to eternity, -a soul that must fuge in the gospel of forgiveness. Now join angels in glory, or fiends in dark the gospel is not prepared for such as ness ! How weighty then is the con- knowingly and wilfully renounce the cern of salvation! and how important law of God, which is holy, and just, and every moment that shortens the span good, and who persist in this practice, allotted me below !---Haweis.
and abandon its precepts.-Dr. Watts.
THE DESIGN OF THE GOSPEL.
TIME AND ETERNITY.
A whale caught near Charmouth beach.
be impossible, and as there was danger of On the 5th February, 1840, a large the prize being carried off by the next mass was observed by the coast guard, tide, the lord paramount of the manor, gently floating towards the Charmouth (to whom as å drift from the sea it beach. At first it was mistaken for belonged) directed it to be cut into five the hull of a wreck; but on grounding, parts, which was effected by a large twoit was perceived to be an immense fish. hand saw, and this with great labour ; The moment it felt the ground it began after three days of continual effort, it was the most desperate efforts to escape; the removed into the village, and exhibited as tail and fins were worked with such force a curiosity to visitors from all parts of the that the water, sand, and stones inter- country around for a week. The money obmingled flew about in showers to a con tained during the first three days, amountsiderable distance; but the tail being ing, it was supposed, to between twenty outwards, all this struggle only served to and thirty pounds, after deducting exbring it further into the breakers, and penses, was given to the preventive men, there, as it became exhausted, the pre- and others who laboured in securing and ventive men got a rope round the tail, by removing the monster of the deep. which it was brought broadside to the It was pronounced by the naturalists, waves; and in about an hour from the who flocked to the inspection, to be a first landing, it died. No effort of the whale of the kind called Balænoptera men could then move it; but a mighty boops, or acuto-rostrata, and not the breaker reaching it, turned it over, and common species. It had two fins at the left it at high water mark, with its back side and one on the back, and was longito the sea, half buried in sand and stones. tudinally wrinkled or furrowed, from the The inhabitants of the village were of under jaw to the end of the abdomen; of course soon attracted, and among them course it was destitute of teeth, and furthe writer, who found the flesh still warm, nished with whalebone in the upper jaw; and the tongue quivering. The whale there were about six hundred and thirty was really a beautiful creature, although plates, averaging about two feet long inanimate; the colour above was fine and six inches wide at the largest part, deep blue black, and beneath delicate terminated with fine fringe, through cream white, with light pink, but with which the food can be strained of water death it became less vivid.
and sand. The extreme length was As removal while whole was found to forty-four feet, and the girth at the FEBRUARY, 1841.
widest twenty-one feet. It was a young for preserves, with special orders to female, supposed not half grown; the watch the weather, and bring in the fat was about four inches at the thickest; fruit perfectly dry. About noon a heavy the skin very thin and pierced in many rain came on. Mrs. Rogers hastened to places on the back about an inch deep; put a stop to the fruit gathering, and to the lean resembled coarse beef. After take care of such as was already gabeing exhibited for a few days, it was thered, when, to her great mortification, bought by an inhabitant of the village ; she found that the whole crop still rethe lean taken off for manure, and the mained on the trees; the man to whom fat, after hard labour of two days and she gave the order having intended to two nights, converted into oil, sufficient execute it in the afternoon, and emto fill three hogsheads, and proving ployed the whole morning in cutting up equal to a very good spermaceti. The wood. “Ah," said Mrs. Rogers, “ you bones were then buried in lime, and are a silly fellow, you will never do any with great care made perfectly clean. good; for you squander opportunities. The deserving speculator, with much Those who do not make hay while the ingenuity, contrived to fix the whole sun shines, are likely to beg and have together into a perfect articulated ske- nothing in winter, as they richly deleton, and has placed it under a long serve. You might have chopped wood shed for exhibition to the curious. On under shelter at any time; but perhaps dissection, only sixty vertebræ were another favourable opportunity for gafound, being two less than the number thering the fruit may not occur all the assigned by naturalists. The accom
So, indeed, it proved ; for the panying plate is a faithful representation rain which then set in continued, with of the scene during the struggle, and little intermission, for two or three weeks: may be depended on as giving a correct the raspberries became mildewed on the representation of the whale.
trees, and till raspberry season came round again, Mrs. Rogers had to complain, that there was not a bit of rasp;
berry jam but what was bought; and UNCLE BARNABY ON OPPORTUNITY.
all owing to that stupid, careless Richard, My uncle's housekeeper, Mrs. Ro- who wasted opportunities. gers, was
a great stickler for doing It was on occasion of one of these trithings in their proper season. When vial domestic occurrences, that my uncle myself a thoughtless boy, I sometimes took up the sentiment, and said to us boys, felt half inclined to join Arthur Longley “ True enough; few people are aware in his laugh at the old dame's particulari- how much good they let slip, both in ties; but I was even then sometimes struck trifles and in matters of importance, for to observe, and all the experience of want of seizing opportunities." growing years has confirmed the obsery At the moment my uncle uttered ation, how greatly the comfort and use these words, Frank was opening a letter fulness of life are promoted by punctu- which he had just received from a ality and promptitude in seemingly trivial schoolfellow. It commenced with the oldmatters. The old lady was by no means fashioned and most unmeaning phrase, given to scolding; yet if she saw busi I take this opportunity of writing you ness neglected or property wasted, she these few lines"_“My friend Leslie,' was evidently discomposed ; and it was said Frank, “ does not come within the with her no uncommon phrase of re compass of my uncle's remark; for he proof, “ You miss opportunities, and makes opportunities where none exist, hence you are always in trouble.” She and where none are needed. He can was particular in giving her directions write at any day and hour that he to the servants under her control, and pleases, and the post leaves town every specified not only the things required to day; so he need not wait for an opporbe done, but the time, method, and tunity, when he chooses to write; and order of doing. As these directions were when he does
he need not congratuthe result, not of caprice, but of a judi- late himself on embracing a favourable cious plan, if they were not duly ob- opportunity.” “True,” said my
uncle, served, irregularity and confusion would “it is very silly to cram a sheet with necessarily ensue. Once, I recollect unmeaning expletives, or to use any her having, early in the forenoon, given phrase or word, without a real and aporders for the gathering of some fruit propriate meaning and design. The