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'the Woeth Op Abt Afpeabs Most Eminent In Music, Sikcb It Esquires No Mateeial, No Sdbject-mattee, Whose Eppect Must

BI DEDUCTED. It IS WHOLLY POEM AND POWEE, AND IT RAISES AND ENNOBLES WHATEVER IT EXPRESSES."—Got/u:

SUBSCRIPTION:—Stamped for Postage, 20s. per annum—Payable in advance, by Cash or Post Office Order, to BOOSEY & SONS, 28, Holies Street, Cavendish Square.

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UNDKR TITE MOST DISTINGUISHED PATBOVAOE OF

HEB MOST GRACIOUS MAJESTY THE QUEEN, H.R.H. THE PRINCE CONSORT, THEIR ROYAL HIGHNESSES THE PRINCESSES AND PRINCES OP THE ROYAL FAMILY. The Moat Worshipful tho Grand Master ot Ireland, His Graco tho DUKE of LEIN3TER, And Several other Distinguished Freemasons: His Excellency the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, tho EARL of EGLINTON and WINTON, Tho LORD BISHOP OP MANCHESTER, Tho Right Worshipful the MAYOR OP MANCHESTER, IVIE MACK1E, Esq. His Worship the Mayor of Salford, W. HARVEY, Esq. SIR FREDERICK GORE OUSELEY, Bart., Director of Music at the University of Oxford. And many of the Nobility, Gentry, Clergy, and distinguished Families of tlu Empire.

DR. MAR K'S

GREAT NATIONAL ENTERPRISE

Organised in 1848, and developed at THE ROYAL COLLEGE OF MUSIC BRIDGE STREET, MANCHESTER, established by him oxpressly as a Groat National Institutiou to facilitate tho Encouragement and Promotion of NATIVE MUSICAL TALENT, and tbo GENERAL ADVANCEMENT OF MUSIC AMONG THE RISING GENERATION, upon his new and effective system, also aa a Norhal School for tho training of mastors to conduct Conservatoires or Music to bo established throughout the United Kingdom, for Little Children, tho whole comprising an entirely now scheme of NATIONAL EDUCATION, by blending music with general instruction, so that the study of music shall become a branch of education in tho humblest of schools of this country. To illustrate and to rouso an interost in every town and city for these institutions, Dr. Mark travols with a number of his pupils occasionally through the country—giving lectures, and introducing his highly approved and pleasing Musical Entertainment, entitled DR. MARK AND HIS LITTLE MEN, who number upwards of Thirty Instrumentalists, and a most Efficient Chorus, the whole forming a most unique and complete Juvenile Orchestra, composed of LITTLE ENGLI8H. IRISH, SCOTCH AND WELCH BOYS, FROM FIVE TO SIXTEEN YEARS OF AGE, who piny Operatic Selections, Solos, Marches, Quadrilles, Galops. 4c, and sing Songs and Choruses in a most offoctive manner, and to whom Dr. Mark gives a gratuitous General and Musical Education. APPOINTMENTS OP MASTERS AND ARRANGEMENTS OF CLASSES IN THE ABOVE INSTITUTION. Principal of tho Royal Collcgo of Music ; Director, Composer, and \

Conductor; Lecturer to both Private aud Public, Thoorotical >Dr. Hark.

and Practical Instrumental and Vocal Classes )

Master of tbo General Educational Departments M p„_,»ri

Writing,Reading, Arithmetic, Grammar, Dictation, I nViTwn

keeping' Ge°faPl,f: PrM."Cal Gfom^7>''°d Book; j Assistant Teachers. "PRACTICAL ASSISTANT TEACHERS. Organ 1 Mr. Baker.'

Pianoforte i 2%®'E"ER3

(Mr. Elder.

Violin J Mons Roouikb.

1 Mr. Beard.

Violoncello, Double Bass, and Viola { IfcT. Issoye!*

Flute, Piccolo, Oboe, and Clarionet Siff. Cortesi.

Cornet and other Brass Instruments Mr. H. Russell.

Concertina (German and English) Mr. Elder.

Vocal Classes { Me9Sr8'E^>ERLL

Dr. Mark lias also mado provision for the Orphans or the Musical Profession possessing musical talent, who will find the above institution a happy home, and receive a most effective general and musical education,. board, and clothing, free of all expense.

little Boys, from five to nine years of age, apprenticed for three, five, or seven years by payiDg a moderate entrance fee to cover the expenses of instrument and books.

Twelve appointments ready for Masters. For Trospectusep, apply direct to tho Royal College of Music, Bridge-Btreet, MaiicJiester.

Dr. Mark is also open to Engagements with his Little Men.

Dr. MARK begs to invite'the Parents and Friends, and all thoso Interested In his Enterprise and in tho Education of the Youths of this country to vleit his establishment. Visiting hours:—From Nine to Eleven. a.m., and Two and Four, p.m. Saturdays and Sundays excepted.

ST. JAMES'S HALL,

KEGENT-STBEET AND PICCADILLY.

MONDAY POPULAR CONCERTS.

THE TWENTY-SECOND CONCERT OF THE SEASON,
MONDAY EVENING, MAY 21st, 1860,

Tho Frogrammowill bo selected from tho works of

VARIOUS MASTERS.

PROGRAMME.
PART I.

QUARTET, In D minor Mozart.

M. Sainton, Herr Goffrie, Mr. Doyle, and Signor Piatti.
(First time.)

SONG, "Tho Bell Ringer," W. V. Wallace.

Mr. Santley.

SONG, "Del miser aol' amico o fido," (81c«p Bong—

Masanielio) Aubor.

Mr. Sims Reeves.
SONATA, iu C sharp minor (Op. 27, No. 1), "Moonlight,"

for Fianoforto alouo Beethoven.

Herr Ernest LUbcck.
(His first appcarauco at the Monday Popular Concerts.)
PART II.

QUARTET, in F minor, No. 11 Boothovou;

M. iiaiuton, Herr Goffrie, Mr. Doyle, and Signor Piatti.
(First timo at tho Monday Popular Concerts.)

BONG, "La Gita in Gondola," Roasini.

Mr. Sims Reeves.

BONG, "Rough wind that moanest loud," J. W. Davison.

Mr. Santley.

TRIO, No. 2. Id C minor Mendelssohn.

Hon- Ernest Lubeck, M. Sainton, and Signor Piatti.

CONDUCTOR—Mb BENEDICT.

Stills, 5s.; Balcony, 3a. ; Unreserved Boats, 1b.

TCLLIEN'S LAST WALTZ.—Boosey and Sons have

V published by authority of Madamo Jullieu, tho last Waltz composed by the late M. Jullicn, and which will bo found to exceed in beauty any of his most celebrated compositions, Boosey and Sons, llollcs-stroot.

LES NOCES DE JEANNETTE. By Victor Mossd. The music of this popular Operetta will be ready in a few days. Copyright of Boosey and Sons, Uolles-stroct.

HANOVER-SQUARE WINTER (tcnore), and Mr. B

ROOMS.—MR. MELOHOR

(tcnore), and Mr. BENJAMIN WELLS (flautist), beg to announce thit their GRAND EVENING VOCAL AND INSTRUMENTAL CONCERT will tike place on the 28th of May at the above rooms. Artists:—Madamo Weiss, Miss Mahlah Homer, Miss Chipiwrfiold, and Madame Sainton-Dolby; Mr. Weiss, and Mr. Melchor Winter; Harmonium, Mr. Scotson Clark, and Flute, Mr. Benjamin Wells, who will perform on Carte's silver cylinder flute, on which lio had the honour of playing before the Queen and the Prince Consort. Conductor, Horr Wilholm Ganz. Stalls, 7s. 6d, ; Reserved scats, 5s.; Unreservod, 2s.; and Orchestra, Is. Tickets to bo had of Mossrs. Cramer and Co.; Chappellg; Boosey; Keith, Prowse and Co.; and also of Mr. Benjamin Wells, 23, and Mr Melchor Winter, 17, St. James's-squaro, Notting-hill, W.

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R. BENEDICT'S ANNUAL MORNING CONCERT

AT HER MAJESTY'S THEATRE, is fixed for Monday 18th June,under the immediate patronago of Her Most Gracious Mnjcstv the Queen; H.R.H. tho Prince Cousort; H.R.H. tho Duchess of Kent; aud H.R.H. tho Duchess of Cambridge. The programme will be on tho samo scale of former years ; early application for the few remaining stalls and boxes is respectfully solicited at Messrs. Chappcll; Messrs. Leador and Cock, New Bond-street; Messrs. Cramer, Bealo, and Co.; Hammond's, lata Jullien, Regent-street: Mr. Ollivier'a and Mr. Mitchell's, Old Bond-street; Mr. Austen's Ticket-offlco, Bt. James's Hall Piccadilly; and Mr. Benedict's, 2, Manchester-square, W.

ARCHESTRAL UNION.--MR. ALFRED MELLONI MISS LEFFLER'S GRAND CONCERT at St. James's

begs to announce that he will return to London about the middle of Juno. W1 Hall, on Tuesday evening. June 5, at 8 o'clock. Vocalists—Madame when he will be open to any engagements for the Band of the Orchestral Union, Lemmens Sherrington, Miss Augusta Thomson, Miss Poole, Miss Susanna Cole, Miss which he has reconstructed. Principal Artistts-MM. Sainton, H. Hill, W. Rose Hersee, Miss Letner, Madame Weiss ; Mr, Weiss, Mr. Santley, Mr. Brandon, Watson, E. Payton, Doyle, Trust, G, Collins, Aylward, Howell, senr, White, P, S. Mr. A. Baildon, Mr. John Morgan, and Mr. Sims Reeves, Pianoforte-Miss Arabella Pratten, Barret, Lazarus, T. Owen, Hausser, C. Harper, Standen, T. Harper,

Goddard, Violin-Malle. Sophie Humler. Harp-Mr. Ellis Roberts. HarmoniumStanton Jones, W. Winterbottom, Ciofi, Hughes, and F. C. Horton, Applications

Mr. Scotson Clark, And Distin's Ventil Horn Union. Conductors- Mr, W. G, Cusins, respecting engagements to be made to Mr, George Dolby, 2, Hiude-street, Man

Mr. J. G. Callcott, Mr. Sidney Naylor, Mr. Kingsbury, and Mr. J. L, Hatton. Sofa chester-square, W.

stalls, 5s.; balcony, 3s.; area, 2s. ; gallery and orchestra, ls. May be obtained of Miss Leffler. 71. Oxford-stroot; Mr. Austin, St. James's Hall, 28, Piccadilly : Keitb.

Prowse, and Co., 48, Cheapside ; Messrs. Cramer, and Co., and Addison and MISS FANNY CORFIELD (Pupil of Professor Stern Co., Regent-street; Davies's Library, 35, Portman.place. Maida-hill; F. B. IT dale Bennett) will give a Matinée Musicale, at 14, Montague-place, Bryan Garty, Esq., 4, Elizabeth-placo, North Brixton; and Chappell and Co., 50, New ston-square (by kind permission of Mrs. Chapman), to-day, the 19th of May,

Bond-street. when she will be assisted by the following eminent artists: Violin, M. Sainton ; Violoncello, M. Paque; Vocalists, Madame Sainton-Dolby and Mr. Redfearn.

MR. W. G. CUSINS'S GRANDE MATINÉE MUSISingle Tickets, half-a-guinea; family tickets, to admit three, one guinea. To be had of Migs. F. Corfield, 29, Burton Strcet, Eaton-squaro, and of Messrs. Leader,

11 CALE, at Willis's Rooms, Saturday, June 2, at Half-past Two. Artistesand Cock, 63, New Bond-street.

Madame Rieder, Miss Messent, Miss Lascelles, and Madame Sainton-Dolby, M.
Jules Lefort, the Orpheus Glee Union, Mr. H. Blagrove. M. Paque, Mr. J.

Thomas, Herr Engel, Mr. Harold Thomas, and Mr. W. G. Cusins. Stalls, 10s, 60. MISS HELEN MCLEOD will give her First Soirée each, to be obtained only of Mr. W G. Cusing, 53, Manchester-street Manchester

M Musicalo under distinguished patronage, at the Hanover-square Rooms, on square, W, Tickets, 78., to be had at the principal music warehouses,
the Evening of the 5th June, at Eight o'clock. Further particulars will be duly
announced. Tickets may be procured at the principal musicsellers; or at Miss

TTALIAN NIGHT.-MONDAY POPULAR CONHelen McLeod's residence, 28, Acacia-road, St. Jobn's-wood, whero all communi. cations respecting engagements and lessons are to be addressed.

I CERTS.-St. James's Hall, --On Monday evening, May 28, the programme will, by particular desire, be selected from the works of Italian composers. Piano

forto, Miss Arabella Goddard ; violin, Herr Becker ; violoncello, Signor Piatti.

| Vocalists-Md le. Parepa, Malle. Laura Baxter, Mr. Tennant, and Mr. Santley. Con1 respectfully announce that the THIRD CONCERT will take place at the

ductor-Mr. BENEDICT. Full particulars may be obtained at Chappell and Co's. Hanover-square Room3, on MONDAYEVENING next, the 21st of May. Programme: 50, New Bond-street. -Overture, Scherzo, Song with Chorus, Notturno, March, and final Chorus-"A Midsummer Night's Dream, Mendelssohn; Concerto Violin, Herr Kömpel, Spohr;

MEYERBEER'S NEW WORK" ASPIRATION”— Overture, "Anacreon,” Cherubini: Sinfonia in F. No. 8, Beethoven; Overture, “Zauberflöte." Mozart. Vocal performers-Madame Rieder, Viss Augusta Thom

1 CANTIQUE. (Short Anthem.) The words from the original Latin of sou, and Mille, Jenny Meyer. Conductor, Professor Sterndale Bendott. To begin

Thomas a Kempis, “De imitatione Christi." Composed for SIX VOICES (three at eight o'clock. Subscription for the season, C3 3s. ; single tickets, 159,-Sub

sopranos, two tenors, and bass), with Recitatives for a BASS SOLO, and Organ scriptions received, and tickets issued, by Messrs. Add son, Hollicr and Lucas,

(or Harmonium) accoinpaniment ad libitum, by GIACOMO MEYERBEÈR. 210, Regent-street.

Price, in score, 4s. London: Duncan Davison and Co., 244, Regent-street, whero

Meyerbeer's setting of the Lord's Prayer, for four voices, 3s, and the Serenade, M R. HAROLD THOMAS'S Matinée Musicale, on for eight voices, “This house to love is holy," 4s., may be obtained. II Monday, June 4th, will take place at Collard's New Pianoforte and Concert Rooms, 16, Lower Grosvenor-street, W., commencing at 7 o'clock, Artists : Miss THE LONDON GLEE AND MADRIGAL UNION.Augusta Thomson, Miss Poolo, Mr. Wilbye Cooper, Mr. Santley, Messrs. Henry

I Miss J. Wells, Miss Eyles, Mr. Baxter, Mr. W. Cummings, Mr. Land, and and Richard Blagrove, Signor Puzzi, Mr. Lazarus, Mr. Lindsay Sloper, Mr. W. G.

Mr. Lawler, respectfully announce that arrangements have been made to resumo Cusins, and Mr. Harold Thomas. Professor Sterndale Bennett has kindly consented

their successful Entertainments, on Wednesday next, at the Royal Gallery of to accompany a selection from his Cantata, “The May-Queen," Tickets, half-a

Illustration, Regent-street, to be continued every Wednesday and Friday afterguinea each ; or Family tickets (to admit three), one guinea; at the music

noons, at 3, and on Saturday evenings at 8.15. Conductor, Mr. Land. Literary warehouses, and of Mr. Harold Thomas, 37, Maddox-street, w.

Illustrator, Mr. T. Oliphant. Tickets at Mitchell's Royal Library, Old Bond

streot. MR. BRINLEY RICHARDS has the honour to

HERR ENGEL begs to announce his Annual Grand IL announce that his ANNUAL CONCERT will take place at the St. James's Hall, on Friday evening, June 8th, Full particulars will be duly announced.

1 Matinée Musicale, which will take place in the last week of June. Full 4, Torrington-street, Russell-square.

particulars will be duly announced. 10, Bentinck-stroet, Manchester-square, W.

PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY.-The Directors

TERR BERNHARD MOLIQUE begs to announce that II his Concert will take place on Friday evening the 25th of May, at the Hanover-square Rooms. Artists- Madamo Catherine Hayes, Mdlie. Anna Molique, Signor Piatti, Mr. Santley, M. Depret, and Herr Molique. Conductors Messrs. Benedict and Cusins. Reserved seats, 108, 6d. each ; tickets, 7s.6d, each : to be had of Herr Molique, 30, Harrington-square, and at the principal musicsellers.

MANTERBURY HALL CONCERTS.-Westminster

Road.-Lessee, Mr. C. Morton.-Every Evening.--C. H. Gounod's Opera, FAUST-Faust, Mr. Henry Herbert; Mephistopheles, Mr. C. Borward; Siobel, Mrs Anderson ; Marguerite, Miss Russel. Conductor, Jonghmans-and selections from Dinorah, Trovatore, and Macbeth. Several interesting pictures have been added to the Fine Arts Gallery. The suite of halls have been re-decorated and beautified, and constitute one of the most unique and brilliant sights of the metropolis.

TIERR C. OBERTHUR has the honour to announce “THE ARION” (Eight-Part-Choir).-The members of LL that his MORNING CONCERT will tako place on Saturday, the 26th of

1 this Society will meet until further notice érery Thursday evening, at May, at Wilis's Rooms. Vocalists : Miss Lindo, Madille. Behrons, Miss Wilkinson,

| 8 o'clock, at 13, Berners-street, Oxford-street. Conductor, Mr. ALFRED Herr Mengis, and Herr Müller, Instrumentalists: Miss Arabella Goddard, Miss

GILBERT. L. Viola Trust, Mr. Trust, Signor Regondi, Herr Ries, and Herr Lidel. Conductors :

F. F. REILLY, Hon. See. Mr. Aguilar, Herr W. Ganz, aud Herr A. Ries. Tickets, 10s. and 7s.6d., at the

Persons desirous of joining the choir are requested to address the Secretary. principal music shops, and of Herr Oberthur, 14, Cottage-road, Westbourneterrace North, W.

MADAME CICELY NOTT will return to London from

I Germany at the end of this month. All letters and inquiries respecting DER MAJESTY'S THEATRE.-MR. BENEDICT'S

engagements to be addressed to No. 1, Osborne-terrace, Clapham-road, S. 11 ANNUAL MORNING CONCERT, AT HER MAJESTY'S THEATRE, is fixed for Monday, 18th June, under the immediate patronage of Her Most MONSIEUR JULES LEFORT has arrived in town for Gracious Majesty the Queen: HR H. the Prince Consort: H.R.H. the Duchess of Kent ; and II.R.H. the Duchess of Cambridge. The Concert will bo on the

In the season. Monsieur Lefort expressly begs to ask his friends and pupils samo scale of former years. The full programme will be ready on the 1st June.

to direct any engagements for Parties, Concerts, or Lessons, to his own address, Early application for the few remaining stalls and boxes is respectfully solicited

17, Old Cavendish-strect, W.; or to the care of Herr Engel, 1 Bentinck-street, at Messrs. Chappell; Messrs. Leader and Cock, New Bond-street; Messrs. Cramer.

Mauchester-square. Beale. and Co.: Hammond's, late Jullien, Regent-street; Mr. Ollivier's and Mr. Mitchell's, Old Bond-street; Mr. Austin's, ticket-office, St. James's Hall, Picca DIANOFORTE AND MUSIC BUSINESS to be disposed dilly; and Mr. Benedict's, 2, Manchester-square, W.

S of in the Country. Address S. 8. Coleman, Organ Builders, 29, Minories, MADAME R. SIDNEY PRATTEN begs to announce W that she will give a Matinée Musicale in June, when she will perform on

ORGANIST WANTED for Highnam Church, Two and the Guitar, Guilinni's 3rd Concerto, in three movements, and some of her own compositions. Helles-street, Cavendish-square, W.

a-half miles from Gloucester, one possessing at least some independent means

of his own will be pre'erred. He must be a really good musician, thoroughly WHEENGLISH GLEE AND MADRIGAL UNION.

capable of playing well a fino organ, and of instructing the choir, to which he will

be bound to pay much attention, and to give it his iuterest heartily; he must be a E MERB M rd. Dockey, Mr. Foster, Mr. Lockey, Mr. Montem Smith, good churchman and should be a married man, Salary £35 with house partly

Winand Mastewis Thomas). All applications for Evening Parties furnished, and an excellent garden, rent free. The Village Choral Society also Concerts, in towicon Country, to be made to Mr. Winn, 114, Camden-road generally pay £5 a-year for lessons, Address to T. Gambier Parry, Esq., Highnam

court, Gloucester.

City.

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Which is the freshest, simplest and most genuine, our readers will not take long, we think, to decide. Mr. Barry has set the passage, "Leg' an mein Herz dein Kopfchen," beautifully—something, indeed, after the manner of Schubert. No. 1—" NacMreise" ("night-journey")—words by Uhland—has a plaintive melody, from which (as from the harmony) the style of Schubert again peeps out. The alteration of melody and harmony in the last verse, is both happy and ingenious. No. 2—" Ich liab im Traum geweinet,' (poet not named), is charming from first to last—charming alike in harmony and expression. No. 3—" Des hnaben Berglied" (poet not named)—is even more striking, the most original, perhaps, of the series; unless, perhaps, exception be made in favour of No. 4—" Du hist wie eine Blume" (poet unnamed), one feature of which is of the two-four and six-eight measures. There are some exquisite points in this little song; and, among others, the entire progression to the words—" Betend das Gott dich erhalle so rein und sc/i&n und Jiold" A passage near the end is well worth quoting :—

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No. 5—" Lebeioohl" (poet unnamed)—although strongly tinged with the Mendelssohnian feeling, is lovely from end to end; but as really every bar is more or loss worthy praise, we must abandon any idea of quoting examples. It is long since we have seen so much to admire in a new sot of songs.

"The Worcestershire Bifid March "—for the pianoforte— Matthias Jvon Holst (Boosey and Sons)—is inscribed to the "Volunteer Corps of the City and County." Why did not Herr von Hoist begin (while about it) thus :—

The reminiscence of the so-called clock-movement, in one of Haydn's symphonies, would, by the addition of the four semiquavers in bar 2, have been still more frank and genuine. The best part of this march is the trio, in the dominant— pages 4 and 5.

"La Nadiejda, polka gracietm "—for the pianoforte— Matthias Von Holst (Cramer and Co., Boosey and Sons, and Mills). This is an extremely graceful and well-written piece from end to end, and none the worse for the tendency it occasionally exhibits to Spohrish harmony. There is one passage, however, occuring several times, which we cannot admire:—

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ST. PAUL'S CATHEDRAL.

"PROPOSAL" FOR A 64 FEET ORGAN.

The present Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's are deserving of tho highest commendation for the praiseworthy efforts they aro raakiug to embellish and furnish the interior of the cathedral church, and thus in some measure repair, not only the omissions and shortcomings of the niggard, arbitrary, and obstructive building commissioners, but the utter neglect of successive deaus and chapters through the century and a half that has intervened, in allowing (whilst having vast funds at their disposal, uncontrolled by any other body), the noble edifice to continue the mere shell it has done up to this day. But to decorate the interior of St. Paul's in a manner Buitahle to the character of tho edifice and becoming to its position as the Metropolitan Cathedral of the British Isles—and subscription the only source of the wherewith to do it—no small task is before them, and I say God-Bpecd to thoir purpose.

In a former paper {Musical World, December 17th), I mentioned the ciroumstanco of the gratifying announcement that the old organ had been made one of tho earliest matters of solicitudo by the chapter, a thousand pounds—or perhaps fifteen hundred pounds—of their already subscribed funds having been resolved to be expended in renewals of certain worn out portions of old Father Smith's work, and augmenting tho powers of the instrument by tho addition of much other now. But tho same announcement conveyed tho intelligence that tho recently oft-repeated cause, Architects versus Cathedral Organ Screens, had also been argued here, and decision given on the plaintiff's side, consequent on which verdict the organ is, after all, to be sacrificed by being cleared away from its own admirable position, and stuck up in a place out of sight, where, from the massy dead walls with ■which it will be hemmed in, it can produce but very poor effect—in the body of the Cathedral at least—however glorious an instrument Mr. Hill's work may leave it.

The screen still stands in its place, though the organ is taken down off it. And it would seem there exists in the chapter some hesitation as to the adherence to their verdict. There is also some talk of their getting another organ expressly for serving the dome and services." In the interim of this unsettlement of purpose, I would call attention to the circumstance of an old "proposal" for an organ for St. Paul's, which seems to me particularly apropos to the present time.

The choir of St. Paul's was the first portion of the edifice that was finished; this was opened some ten years before the main building was completed. The first service was on the day of thanksgiving for the peace of Ryswick, December 2, 1697, and the present organ—the most celebrated work of the celebrated "Old Father Smith"—was in its place, and used on that occasion. When afterwards the building of the main edifice was drawing towards a finish, and the body of the cathedral thrown open, it was intended that there should be a second organ in the church, and which was to stand in a loft on the porcloso of the morning chapel (a little-known sanctuary in St. Paul's occupying the north-west angle of the building, approached by the north aisle, and in size about one-third that of the choir), and an organ was made for the purpose also by Father Smith, but from some cause or other the design was not carried out, and the instrument went to Trinity Church, Hull, where it still is.* It would appear that Renatus Harris, better known as "Rene1 Harris"—perhaps the most original genius in the organ-making line that ever practised the art in this country, contemporary with, and ultimately the rival of the aforesaid Father Smith, was a candidate for employment on this occasion. His proposition was to construct an instrument for St. Paul's that should in appearance be on a scale in keoping with the vast and glorious building itself, and of power sufficient to resound throughout the whole of the cathedral. Some particulars of the circumstance is handed down to us by a paper in the Spectator of the time (No. 552) by Mr. Steele, purporting to be a "recommendation of a proposal by Renatus Harris, organ builder," wherein are these words :—"The ambition of the artificer is to erect an organ in St. Paul's Cathedral over the west door, at the entrance into the body of the churoh, which in art and magnificence shall transcend any work of the kind ever before invented. The proposal in perspicuous language sets forth the honour and advantage such a performance would be to the British name, as well that it would apply the power of sounds in a manner more amazingly forcible than perhaps has yet been known, and, I am sure, to an end much more worthy. Had the vast sums which have been laid out upon operos without skill or conduct, and to no other purpose but to suspend or vitiate our understandings, been disposed this way, we should now, perhaps, have an engine so formed as to strike the minds of half the people at once in a place of worship with a forgetfulness of present care and calamity, and a hope of endless rapture, joy and hallelujah hereafter."

Rene" Harris, doubtless, had in view a 32-feet organ—at tho period a thing wholly unknown in England; and the expressions made use of in "the recommendation" would seem also to imply that something in the way of our modern tuba work was contemplated. But 32-feet organs have sinoe that epoch become common, not only on the Continent, but in England also: hence a work that is at this day to "transcend any work of that kind ever before invented"—realising the spirit of Rene1 Harris's proposal—must be constructed on the 64-feet scale— such scale never having been (practically, at least) attempted.

It occurred to me that there was much in this "proposal" that renders a revival of the project at this time worthy of serious consideration, and the object of the following is an endeavour to show that the measure is practicable, and, accomplished, would bo useful, and

"pay-'

* Triuity Church, Kingston-upon-Hull, is the high church of that seaport. It is a largo crucifixion structure with massive tower rising from tho intersection of tho cross, and is a genuine example of the decorated style of early English architecture. The organ above referred to was set up in the Church in 1808, in a fine carved oak enso of four front towers, same design as the beautiful instrument of Whitehall Chapel. All the fluework of Father Smith still remains. The reeds (very fine ones) were by George Enjiand about fifty years ago. At a recent repair of the instrument considerable alterations were made in it, and at the same time tho original beautiful oak case was removed, and a paltry deal ono of mock Gothic design substituted. The old case is now in tho church of Scnleotcs in that town, where it encloses a now organ.

The great cathedrals of tho Continent are generally supplied with at least two organs,* one for the accompaniment of the ordinary services of the choir, and the other a larger one (usually situated at the west end of the nave) for use on special occasions only. This is just how it should be at St. Paul's; and what a grand position the western end of the nave there presents for the erection of an extraordinary work of the kind! How a loft may be erected for the reception of an organ, at a height of eighteen feet from the floor of the church (that is obtaining three feet more of headway for passage underneath than is under the old screon through which the choir is entered), having a clear height thence to tho vaulting of the nave of seventy feet sufficient for taking the pipe of the 64-feet register. Nor need the erection interfere with the light of the great west window, for such an arrangement in the "planting" of the pipes in the interior of the instrument might be observed—the design of the exterior case being made to partake in its form of the same—as would not only allow of the view of all the chief existing architectural features of the building being preserved, but also of the great window being seen through the structure of the organ. A successful example of which arrangement exists in that grandest of all organ works, tho abbey churoh of Wcingarten in Germany. And this provision in the form of the case would at the same time neutralise the effect of an apparent shortening of the nave of the church which the advance of the body of the instrument, Borne thirty feet as its length, might be supposed to cause to the detriment of the symmetrical proportions of this limb of the church. An organ of the magnitude here implied, Bet in a case of artistic form, with florid adornment in keeping with the architecture of the building, presenting a front of towers composed in gigantic diapasons with intervening tiers of buffets tastefully worked iu smaller pipes, would form a termination of the vista of tho interior of the cathedral westward, grand and imposing, ornamenting and furnishing a part of the great church, now a mere wilderness. In order to economise space, the mechanism connected with the wind—of which steam, or perhaps the hydraulic apparatus should be the motive power—might all be placed in the vaults beneath the church, the pillars supporting the organ-loft to serve also for the wind trunks.

There ore at least two annual music-meetings held at St. Paul's, each of really national character, viz., the Musical Festival of the Society of the Sons of the Clergy, and the annual gathering of the children of tho London Parochial Schools, to both of which such an instrument wonld necessarily be an invaluable acquisition. The Musical Festival of the Sons of tho Clergy, of 1855, was given on a greatly augmented scale in that year, in celebration of tho second centenary anniversary of the institution of the society.

I attended that performance, and observing that "old Father Smith," in order to bear up in the "tutti" against a chorus of the two hundred voicos engaged on that occasion, bad to be reinforced by the aid of a dozen or more of trumpets, trombones, and drums; and it occurring to me at the same time that monster exhibitions in the musical way had becoino established as the moro publicly favoured performances of the day, I was forcibly remindod of this "proposal" of Rene Harris's, of a century and-a-half ago. And now that the subject of embellishing and furnishing the interior of St. Paul's is being considered, the advisability of embracing in that work Harris's '•'proposal," carried out in its integrity, is commended to notice as offering to supply at once a great want and a magnificent ornament. Although the old organ, with its pending improvements, may prove—as I doubt not it will—everything that can be desired for the use of the ordinary cathedral services, yet its powers will still be wholly inadequate to the requirements of the occasions obove referred to, and this ekeing out an insufficient organ by appending thereto a number of trombones, trumpets, and drums, is a makeshift unseemly and out of character.

I think the majesty of the organ is degraded by the intrusion of such auxiliaries in church Bervice. Without presuming a word in depreciation of the use of these and kindred instruments in the orchestral accompaniment of voices, I maintain that organ and voices alone, in ohurch, are far more impresBive.f

A choral service sung by Buch a choir as was collected on the occasion of tho 1855 anniversary—the choral establishments of St. Paul's; tho Chapel Royal, Westminster Abbey; St. George's, Windsor; aud some

* St. Peter's, Rome, has four organs. Sevillo Cathedral seven, two of which are very large ones. St. Anthony's, Padua, four. Breslau Cathedral three, all very large.

t In the opinion here expressed regarding the intrusion of instruments of secular character on tho organ in church service, I am supported by Mr. Mason, no mean authority.—See Mason's Essays o* Church Music, pp. 71, 82.

eight or ten of the more adjacent provincial theatres—supported by the accompaniment of an organ of transcendent depth of tone and fulness of great register harmony, would—bearing in mind, too, at the same time, the choice nature for that particular purpose of the whole vocal material employed—be a celebration calculated to afford the lovers of our orthodox church service the most intense delight.

And v/hat on opportunity would then be afforded of producing at these performances, perhaps the most sublime aud soul-stirring musical effect within the province of the " divine art" to achieve! That is by adopting the arrangement of a double quire, one with each organ, at opposite ends of ths church, chanting the service antiphonally after the ancient manner of decani and cantorus sides, and culminating to a climax by both choirs joining together with the two organs in bursts of joyful exultation in the doxologies. Although the distance in the separation of the choirs will be great, yet the necessary precision in the performance could be insured by the precentor (conductor) being placed midway along the nave, elevated so as to be visible at once to each choir and its organist. This idea, of course, contemplates not only the erection of the new organ at the western end of the nave, but also the old organ being restored to its old placo on the choir screen, or, as suggested in my former paper (Musical World, Dec. 17), organ and screen being set back to the line of the junction of the choir with the dome, that is about 25 feet west of the old position.

A grand sacred choral gathering like this, or even doubled as the choral band might be by making it to embrace all the cathedral establishments of the Kingdom, would recuscitate the musical portion of the Festival of the Sons of the Clergy, now fast expiring; changing the usually public exhibition at once to a performance in the last degree attractive. At the same time transferring the operations of the treasury department from an exhausted mino to new and more productive diggings, whenco the corporation may becomo enriched with, possibly, several additional thousands a year, with which to extend its usefulness.*

* There are two charitable societies under analogous names. The "Corporation of the Sons of the Clergy," and the *' Society of the Festival of the Sons of the Clergy." They work in separate spheres, but to the same great charitable ends—viz., the affording of pecuniary aid to incapacitated clergymen, necessitous widows, and offspring of deceased clergymen, and the providing of educational grants and apprentice premiums. Tho first-named—the principal ono—was established in 1678, and administers tho funds of both, which amounts to about £3,800 per annum, arising from endowments, voluntary contributions, and the proceeds of the annual festival. The other society, though subsidiary to the last, is nevertheless the older ono. It dates from 1655, when it was instituted for the benefit of thoso widows and orphans of tho established clergy who had been reduced to indigence by the parliamentary sequestrations which wore enforced against the clergy, consequent on tho groat rebellion. Its operation is merely to raise funds for the before-mentioned purposes, and consists in an anuual assemblage of the highest authorities in tho church and state. When divine service is held (full choral, with additional music by a choir composed of the establishments of the Chapel Royal, Westminster Abbey, and St. Paul's), in the cathedral church of St. Paul, and a sermon preached, to which the public are admitted by free tickets from the stewards, but tho persons who use them must present a donation at the door of entrance. At a certain door the donation is expected to be not less than gold; at other doors, not less than half-crowns, &e. In former times this may have yielded a good fund, but of late years this has much declined, the performance being now totally devoid of anything like public interest. The anniversaries passing over year after year, without anyone knowing anything of their occurrence, except that, perhaps, on "the day after the fair," when the newspaper notices of the performance tell that it has taken place.

In the year 1855—a year selected for example from no other reason but that of chance having brought the fact to tho notice of the writer —the money taken at the doors amounted to only £119.

A dinner, however, after the service, at Merchant Tailors' Hull, appears to be much moro productive In these combined ways, something like £1,000 or £1,300 is annually added to the corporation funds. The stewards to the festival ore expected to contribute at least thirty guineas (and which qualifies the donor for a governor of the corporation), out of there latter donations are paid the expenses of the musical performance, 4c, so that the proceeds of tho day is handed over to tho corporation intact. Now it must be felt by all who will for a moment think on the matter, that the proceeds of the sacred musical performance—considering the importance of the charity, and the extent and influence of the interest that might be brought to bear to its furtherance and support, is extremely insignificant. And

Nor is it irrelevant to the matter under discussion, I think, to remark that by making these meetings the occasion of a grand annual ecclesiastical demonstration, the general interests of the church may be materially served.

As respects the other musical performance referred to—viz., the annual assemblage at St. Paul's of the London Parochial Schools, such an instrument would bo brought into admirable use, and its utmost power not more than sufficient for the occasion. The psalmodic portion of this service, rendered by the mjriad choir of sparkling infant voices—if the very peculiar effect of such a mass of shrill unisonous treble as the performance now presents were toned down and harmonised by the ponderous and mighty bass that would roll from such an organ, would, aided by the influence of a most imposing spectacle, produce an effect on an auditory impressive and wonderful beyond conception; and surely the power to draw this would create, might be turned to some account to the furtherance of the work the meetings are intended to promote.*

the question arises: could not much more be made of the performances by shaking off the antiquated proceedings by which they continue, year after year, to be silently conducted, and adopting instead a more business-like and enterprising procedure in tho management, and Bo produce performances that will, of their own merit and due publicity, draw tho public.

Out of these societies arose, in 1749, "The Incorporated Clergy Orphan Society," whose establishments are at St. John's Wood and Cunterbury, and is still connected herewith, though separately worked.

* This exhibition consists in the assemblage at St. Paul's of the children of the numerous parochial schools t hat are clothed and educated by charity. One first took place in 1782, and has been annually repeated ever since; the object being twofold, viz., to popularise tho maintenance of charity schools, and to obtain funds for the assistance of tho more necessitous schools attending. The picturesque aspect of some 7,000 or 8,000 children dispersed on raised platforms round tho gigantic nave of the cathedral, the tiers of benches gradually elevated to more than half tho height of tho pillars upon which the dome reposes— decked out in party colours with banners to represent the various schools, from which they are sent as missionaries—the boys separated from the girls, and the whole mass arranged with an eye to symmetry and pleasing contrast, presents a spectacle the magnificent effect of which could not be matched throughout the world. In the central portion of the dome area and nave provision is made fortho accommodation of an auditory of about 10,000 persons. Divine service is performed, and tho children all join in the singing of the psalmodic portion of the service (in which thoy arc previously well tutored in sections), and tho effect of this combined song is most extraordinary. The immortal Haydn, visiting St. Paul's on tho occasion of one of these gatherings, and hearing a "hymn" sung by the whole atsemblago of children, was moved to tears, and declared that the simple and natural air had given him the greatest pleasuro ho had ever received from music.

This incident is drawn from Haydn's Diary while in England in 1791 and 1794. The "hymn" here alluded to is what is now known as Jones's double ohant in D. Jones was at the time organist of St. Paul's, and the piece of musio was composed by him expressly for the purpose, and the manner of its performance is thus described in a noto by the Editor of the Diary. "The first strain (which it will be remembered is A, the reciting note descending afterwards by three stops, a 3rd twice, and a 4th to the octave below) was sung by the choir, accompanied by the organ, the 4,000 children assembled, and who were well instructed for the purpose, responded in the second portion; the third strain was then given in the manner of the first, and the fourth by tho children in a similar way to the second: altogether producing an effect that bnfllcs description, and which could not have failed to operate with extraordinary force on such strong religious feelings, united to such susceptibility of musical effect, as the great composer possessed."

This remarkable exhibition is, however, now languishing for want of support, and likely soon to bo discontinued altogether, unless something be started that will infuse fresh vigour, and bring now interest into them. Of late (probably excepting the last two years) the anniversaries have produced little or no funds for the schools; the whole receipts being usually swallowed up in the expense?, Take tho 1855 meeting as an instance (a year selected for no other reason but that of the fact referred to, accidentally coming to tho knowledge of the writer) the receipts were £390, which after defraying tho expenses of tho constructions, left a deficit, on account of the meeting, of £2 to be mado by the stewards. It is rumoured that the dean and chapter have long been inimical to tho cathedral being used for this exhibition, but can a more legitimate use of tho Metropolitan Church bo conceived?

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