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was prescribed, and on November 4th, all animals having completely recovered, the quarantine was removed. At the present time the disease is not known to exist in the state.
The origin of the outbreak above described seems to have been some livery stable in Newcomerstown, in which horses affected with the disease were temporarily stabled. No definite information could, however, be obtained on this question.
MANGE IN CATTLE.
The existence of this disease was reported by Dr. E. P. Schaffter, Inspector for the Bureau of Animal Industry, at Cleveland. A carload of cattle affected with mange had been received from a shipper in Leipsic, Putnam county. Investigation showed that these cattle had been shipped to Leipsic some months before, from the West. They had been fed on several farms in the vicinity of Leipsic and had come in contact with another herd of cattle. As a precautionary measure these farms, and cattle, were held in quarantine until investigation showed that no further traces of the disease existed in the neighborhood.
The work with tuberculosis has been along the same lines that were followed in previous years. Whenever requests were received, dairy herds were tested with tuberculin and the owners were instructed as to the best methods of keeping their herds free from the disease in future.
Although requests of this kind were rather numerous, only a comparatively few herds were actually visited and examined. As stated in the last annual report, the reason for this was that in most cases the owners were unwilling to comply with the conditions imposed by the Board, viz., the destruction of all affected animals, or the destruction of those in an advanced stage of the disease, permanent quarantine of those less affected, and sterilization of the milk from the quarantined animals, before the milk or its products should be offered for sale.
The reluctance of some owners to sacrifice their cattle, rather than to send them to market and realize some return from them, regardless of the injury to the unsuspecting buyer, will be an insurmountable obstacle to the successful control of tuberculosis, until provisions are made by the state to bear at least a part of the burden.
This is done by many other states, and in most of these, but notably in Pennsylvania, the results have been extremely gratifying. In the latter state the extent of tuberculosis is said to have been reduced fully one half within the four or five years that the work has been in progress.
Judging from the results of the few investigations that have thus far been made by the Board, tuberculosis must be far less prevalent in Ohio than seems to be the case in some other states. The following quoted from the report of the State Veterinarian of Pennsylvania, (Dr. Leonard Pearson), will be of interest in this connection:
"Without control, we have every reason to expect tuberculosis to become as common among the live stock of this country as it is in the
Showing counties in which tuberculin tests were made by the Board during the past year.
old infected regions abroad, where in large cities from one-lialf to twothirds of the cattle are infected and where in some countries, as in the Kingdom of Saxony, thirty per cent. of the cattle that are killed for food are found to contain alterations of this disease.
"We have the advantage of knowing both the enemy and the means to be employed in combating it, and if tuberculosis shall ever become more firmly rooted in Pennsylvania, it will be because the lessons of experience are unheeded and available protection ignored.”.
An appropriation of fifty thousand dollars ($50,000.00) for the use of the board in beginning the work of wiping out this disease would be none too large. The resulting benefits would be appreciated by the people of Ohio, as well as those of other states, where the work of repressing tuberculosis has been in progress for some years and where its fruits are now being reaped.
The value of the cattle that died from disease in Ohio in 1901, according to statistics given in the Ohio Agricultural Report for 1902, is four hundred and twenty-two thousand, seven hundred and forty-four dollars ($422,744.00). How much of this must be ascribed to tuberculosis is impossible to state; but the fact that tuberculosis is by far the most prevalent infectious disease of cattle in Ohio, is significant.
SOUTHERN CATTLE FEVER.
Not a single case of Southern cattle fever was reported in this state during the year 1903. The same is true for the year just closed.
On several occasions tick infested cattle were brought into the state, but they were always discovered in time to prevent the infection of our native cattle. The following is the only case of interest: On August 22, 1904, a carload of twenty cattle, that had apparently become infected en route from St. Louis, in a tick infested car, were unloaded at West Jefferson, Ohio, and pastured on the farm of H. C. Wilson. About two weeks later, September 6th, these cattle were shipped to Philadelphia. Before they arrived at their. destination two of their number had died of Texas fever. An investigation followed, the Wilson farm was placed in quarantine for some time, but no further trouble resulted.
The regulations of the Board require that all persons, companies, etc., shipping Southern cattle, or causing them to be shipped into the state, shall first obtain a permit from the State Board of Live Stock Commissioners, which must show that the pens or yards and the unloading shutes that are to be used for these cattle have been inspected by the
State Veterinarian and found to conform with the requirements of these · regulations.
Cattle coming from south of the national quarantine line for Southern cattle fever may be unloaded at such places for the purpose of immediate slaughter only. Shipments for any other purpose are prohibited. These regulations have proved effective in every sense of the word.
FINANCIAL REPORT OF THE STATE BOARD OF LIVE STOCK COMMISSIONERS FOR THE YEAR BEGINNING NOVEMBER 3, 1903, AND ENDING
NOVEMBER 7, 1904.
To balance of appropriation by the General As
sembly for the year ending February 15, 1904. . $2,467 33 To appropriation by the General Assembly for the
year ending February 15, 1905............. 3,000 00
The State Board of Live Stock Commissioners,
W. W. MILLER,
LAWS RELATING TO LIVE STOCK AND THE BOARD OF LIVE
STOCK COMMISSIONERS, ITS DUTIES, ETC.
Revised Statutes of Ohio.
Sec. 4210. What cattle infected with disease shall not be brought into state. No person shall bring into the state of Ohio any cattle infected with the disease commonly known as the “Texas or Spanish fever," or pleuro-pneumonia, rinderpest, or other contagious diseases or any cattle liable to impart such fever or disease to other cattle; but this section shall not affect common carriers who are not the owners of cattle. Whoever violates the provisions of this section shall be liable to any person injured by bringing such cattle into the state in the amount of any loss occasioned thereby, in addition to other penalties provided by law.
(For importing cattle infected with Spanish fever see Sec. 7003.)
SEC. 4211. [Presumptions in actions to recover damages for infection. Whenever any Texas or Cherokee cattle, liable to impart disease, are brought into the state, and any such disease as Texas or Spanish fever makes its appearance within sixty days, and infects other cattle that have been on the same highway, common or pasture ground traveled over by such Texas or Cherokee cattle with such disease, such fact shall be deemed and taken in action to recover damages as prima facie evidence that such Texas or Cherokee cattle were infected with the disease known as the "Texas or Spanish fever,” and that they imparted such disease; and the owner of such Texas or Cherokee cattle at the time they were brought into the state, and the owner of such cattle at the time the disease makes its appearance, shall be jointly and severally liable for any damages resulting from such disease.
SEC. 4211-6. [Transportation of cholera-infected hogs. From and after the passage of this act, it shall be unlawful for any person or persons owning or having charge of any hog or hogs infected with cholera to transport the same within the borders of this state.
SEC. 4211-7. (Liability of violator.) Any person or persons violating the provisions of this act shall be liable for all damages resulting from the introduction of such disease thereby, to be recovered by any person so damaged, and shall also be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and on conviction thereof shall be fined in any sum not exceeding five hundred dollars or be imprisoned in the jail of the county not exceeding six months, or botli.
Sec. 4211-8. [Common carriers or employes not affected, etc.] This act shall not be construed so as to affect common carriers or their employes and shall take effect and be in force from and after its passage.
Sec. 4211-9. [Board of live stock commissioners. The Ohio state board of agriculture shall be and is hereby constituted the board of live stock commissioners for the promotion and protection of the live stock interests of the state and the prevention of the spread of in