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From sale of full admission tickets......
For improvement, repairs and expense State Fair grounds $7,772 08
561 93 For printing and advertising.....
3,837 90 For expense of Fair departments..
2,570 84 For general Fair expense....
3,979 77 For premiums ...
18,110 83 For expense of members..
Total, as per checks or orders.........
And there is shown actual disbursements....
cash balance on hand...
Estimated value of State Fair grounds and improvements at close of 1903 ........
......$957,633 78 Expended for repairs and improvements during 1904..... 7,772 08
Present estimated value ........
President Carpenter: The Auditing Committee will next report, Mr. Lybarger, chairman of the committee.
Mr. Lybarger presented the report of his committee as follows:
REPORT OF AUDITING COMMITTEE.
Ohio State Board of Agriculture:
GENTLEMEN—The auditing committee has performed its duty, and begs leave to report that, after a full examination of the books and accounts pertaining to the financial transactions of the Board for 1904, we attest to their correctness. We made a comparison of vouchers and checks issued in payment, and found all to agree. Receipts from the different sources are correctly set forth, and all expenditures have been properly made, checks and orders issued being signed by the president and secretary, as required by the rules.
Recorded on pages three hundred and ninety-six to three hundred and ninety-nine, inclusive, of this record, will be found a summarized statement of the financial transactions for 1904, as well as the general financial condition and balances available December 31.
Our examination of the records included those with reference to the State appropriations, as well as the check accounts.
We wish to commend the neatness of the accounts and the good order in which the vouchers and checks are filed for examination.
E. L. LYBARGER,
President Carpenter: Gentlemen, the last work of the meeting before recess will be the nomination of candidates for election as members of the Ohio State Board of Agriculture, two members to be nominated, to fill the vacancies caused by the expiration of the terms of Mr. T. E. Cromley, of Pickaway county, and Mr. T. L. Calvert, of Clark county.
Mr. J. A. Baum, of Pickaway county: In nominating members of this board, there are two things which you should consider—first, ability, and, second, location.
We have a man that we want to place in nomination that has the ability, a man that needs no introduction, a man that is widely known. He has served on this board in the past to the credit of himself and the agricultural people of the state.
He has been a successful farmer and stock raiser in one of the best, if not the best, agricultural counties in this old Buckeye State. His location is such that it makes him convenient to attend all the agricultural meetings, which each and every member should attend. He is also in touch with our agricultural school, as well as our agricultural state fair.
I nominate Honorable T. E. Cromley, of Pickaway county. (APplause.)
President Carpenter: Mr. Cronley, of Pickaway county, has been placed in nomination.
Are there other nominations?
Mr. J. W. Crowl, of Champaign county: At the request and on behalf of Clark county, I wish to place in nomination Mr. T. L. Calvert, to succeed himself. (Loud applause.)
Mr. A. J. Clark, of Guernsey county: Being one of the representatives of the eastern part of the state, I do want to second the nomination of the Honorable T. E. Cromley. I believe that I can say, with due respect to all the members, knowing him as I do, and as we all know him, he is known in every town and hamlet of the state. He has been one of the most valuable members of this board, and I hope he will be elected by acclamation.
Dr. H. M. Brown, of Highland county: Mr. Chairman: It gives me a great deal of pleasure to endorse Mr. Cromley, whose nomination I arise to second. He has given satisfaction to the people of the state in general.
Speaking from an exhibitor's standpoint, it gives me extreme pleasure to most cordially second the nomination. Having had considerable experience as an exhibitor with this Board and its individual members, it is, I assure you, one of the most pleasant duties that I perform in most lieartily seconding his nomination.
Mr. G. G. Grieve, of Greene county: On behalf of the agricultural society of Greene county, I heartily second the nomination of Mr. T. L. Calvert.
President Carpenter: Gentlemen, are there any other nominations? If there are no further nominations this part of the program will close, and the secretary will prepare the ballots to be voted this afternoon.
And thereupon a recess was taken until 2:00 o'clock p. m. of same day.
THURSDAY AFTERNOON Session, January 12, 1905.
The meeting was called to order at 2:07 p. m. by President Carpenter, who said: We will now be favored with music by the quartette.
A song, "Water Lilies," was sung by the Cecilian Ladies' Quartette. (Applause.)
President Carpenter: We will now have an address on "Agricultural Education," by Dr. W. O. Thompson, President of The Ohio State University. (Loud and uproarious applause, during which was given one of the O. S. U. yells.)
ADDRESS BY DR. W. 0. THOMPSON.
Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen:
I appreciate more than you can the welcome that is accorded a man who stands and speaks for agricultural education, and I am very happy to stand in that capacity this afternoon, for I am to give you a rapid view of what I have seen in the matter of agricultural education in the last few weeks, and make some remarks upon what I have seen and perhaps suggest a few comparisons of what you might see if you made an investigation of what is in Ohio. This is made not for the purpose of speaking in any way disparagingly of what we are or what we have, but of suggesting the conditions under which we are living in the hope that we can do something to make them better, for I take it that all are agreed that progress is the watchword of the best citizens of Ohio.
Just this week I have been in Iowa. The earlier weeks I have been in Minnesota and Wisconsin.
There are several types of education in the matter of agriculture, or per. haps we may say there are several methods by which the people are endeavor. ing to meet the problem of education in agriculture. We in Ohio and in some of the other states, have a four years' course in agriculture. So far as my ob. servation goes the concensus of opinion is that these four-year courses in agri. culture ought to be sustained. They ought to be more liberally patronizedin all probabilities will be more liberally patronized in the future.
I do not mean to say by this that any course of agriculture holding for a period of four years is a complete or a final course, but that it will be substantially the same ten years from now that it is now. Not a single college course of any sort in the country has remained stationary for ten years, but there has been no great revolution in these years, so that if you were to compare the four years' course in Iowa, or Minnesota, or in Wisconsin, with that in Ohio, you would find them substantially the same in that regard, for they have all modeled themselves after a general pattern suggested by a study of this matter given by the Association of American Agricultural Colleges and Experiment Stations.
In addition to this four years' course a number of these colleges have tried so-called short courses. At the Ohio State University in this agricultural college we have a short course covering a period of two years. In Iowa they have abandoned that two years' course because they said it stood in the way of the four years' course. In Minnesota they are still maintaining it as they are doing in some other places.
The aim of this two years' course in agriculture in these colleges, generally speaking, is to provide instruction largely in the practical side of agriculture, without so much emphasis upon the academic side of education, in the hope that this two years' course of instruction will largely increase the efficiency of the young man who leaves college at that period to return to the farm.
In some cases these two years' courses have been so adjusted that if a boy got the fever the first or second year, he might go on without much loss of time and complete the four years' course. It has thus served a double purposebeing a kind of a stepping stone to the farm, and a stepping stone to more education, either of which would be good in itself. I don't care to dwell much upon that feature of it because the limited time I am to have would preclude that.
Some considerable agitation has been seen in the agricultural press recently concerning agricultural edcation in Ohio, and that was my reason for taking this theme.
It has appeared in our agricultural papers—and the intimations are there very clearly set forth-that there is something not quite right in the course of instruction. I thoroughly agree with the spirit of this kind of criticism, and moreover I wish to be understood distinctly as welcoming that sort of criticism for the college of agriculture, for we are not wiser, perhaps, than others in our generation. I only want to put this statement forth, that as a result of this criticism we shall try to co-operate, not only with the people who suggest changes, but with all the friends of agricultural education elsewhere, in doing whatever else we can do in order to meet more completely the needs of agricultural education in Ohio.
I am thoroughly persuaded that we are not reaching in Ohio as many young men and young women as ought to be reached and as need to be reached. I am thoroughly persuaded that a great many young men have made a mistake in that regard and have not given the serious attention to agricultural educa. tion that they ought to have given to it, and that would have been greatly to their benefit personally and to their profit as producers. I believe, therefore, that we need in Ohio a pretty general shaking up; I believe that we need to have the gospel of agricultural education preached in every school district in this State; that it ought to be announced and thought about and talked about in every farmer's home in this state. I believe there are things that can be done for these boys and girls that will be good for them; that will be good for agriculture in Ohio; that will be good for the cause of education, and that it will be good for civilization itself. There are conditions in Ohio that make me say just these things. Whether we can import from Iowa, or from Wisconsin, or from Minnesota, a system and plant it down in Ohio and give it equal success here is a proposition that I can not quite make sure of. That we can import some of their ideas and adapt them to Ohio needs is to my mind an easier and a clearer proposition.
Let me tell you, therefore, briefly, what I have seen in some of these places.
To go to the extreme northwest, to Minnesota, which has in addition to its four year courses, some short courses. In the four year courses at Minnesota, with a total of over three thousand students, they have less than fifty in their college of agriculture, while we have more than two hundred. That is to say the demand for a four year course in agricultural education is much stronger here than there.
However, they have more than five hundred students now in their school of agriculture, and this school of agriculture corresponds about in its general outline to what might be called an agricultural high school. That is to say they do a very limited amount of academic work; they do a large amount of the