for our present high attainments and important standing, in the nation and the world, as an agricultural and manufacturing State, and for a citizenship pronounced in example and leadership in all affairs and on all occasions. The flag of Ohio has never been lowered and the farmers of our State have never marched in the lines of retreat. They have fought the battles of progress; scaled the walls of opposition and depression; have withstood all the storms incident to greater development and now enjoy the degree of success that commands the attention, the respect and the admiration of all classes.

The present advanced position and high social and political rank of the Ohio farmer is the result of his determined and persistent fight and desire for all the benefits of education, and his pursuit and adoption of improvements and conveniences that bring the farmer in closer touch with the city and with city advantages.

The farmer is no longer the isolated individual who receives the news of the world but once a month, but a man well informed in daily events as they occur, and hence the equal of his city brother in discussing public problems, in forming conclusions and in knowledge of the markets and the principal marts of trade.

Our agriculture is closely linked with our manufactures. Upon the success of one is the dependency of the other, and hence the State Board of Agriculture, in all its work, has planned to foster, encourage and promote these two fundamental industries of our State. Their importance is grandly significant when we contemplate their vas less and their relations to every other interest that has combined to build up this commonwealth to a position first among the states of the nation.

We do not realize the greatness of Ohio agriculture until we study the census reports. Here we are informed that at the last account taken there were two hundred and seventy-six thousand seven hundred and nineteen farms, occupying twenty-four and one half million acres of land. The capital invested in these farms was one billion, thirty-six million, six hundred and fifteen thousand one hundred and eighty dollars, and when we add to this the value of the farm machinery and the live stock, we have a total reaching the enormous sum of one billion, one hundred and ninety-eight million, nine hundred and twenty-three thousand nine hundred and forty-six dollars. In the operation of our farms there is an annual expenditure of seventeen million dollars for labor and fertilizers. Is agriculture an important industry? Does it demand the best attention of its representatives? On these questions there is no doubt, no division of opinion, and we should, therefore, carefully consider every proposition affecting agriculture and seek to inject the best methods in the transaction of our business, and surround ourselves with every protection possible and with every advantage to be secured.

The annual value of Ohio farm production is close to three hundred millions of dollars, and the value of farm live stock about one hundred and twentysix million dollars. These enormous figures bring vividly to our minds the relation of the farmer to the State and his claims for recognition in the management of her affairs.

That agriculture and manufacturers are closely linked is further evidenced by the fact that seventy-eight large establishments, in Ohio, are in operation producing strictly agricultural implements, in which is invested nearly twenty. four million dollars and employing seven thousand workmen, who receive over three million dollars annually in wages. The production of these establish: ments has an annual value of fourteen million dollars, and if we were to add to these the one hundred and eleven flour and grist mills, employing twelve million dollars of capital with an annual output valued at thirty-seven million dollars, our importance proves greater and greater, and the necessity for in. telligent action in sustaining these great industries becomes more and more apparent. I am glad to observe that the law making powers of Ohio, and the administrative officers of the State, have given careful attention to our interests by the enactment and enforcement of wise laws and the appropriation of such sums of money for the advancement of agricultural work and agricultural education, as has been consistent with the revenues of the State and the demands of our interests, as they have from time to time been made to appear.

In aid of agricultural improvement and agricultural education, including the State University as a whole, the last General Assembly, in its appropriation acts, endorsed and approved by the Governor of the State, gave evidence that our interests and requirements have been liberally considered within the revenues of the State. There has been no unwillingness on the part of our legislators or executive officers in giving to agriculture as full recognition as has been possible to give. No fair-minded citizen will ever expect the impossible.

The appropriations referred to continued the liberal policy that has usually prevailed in the interest of agriculture, and are as follows:

To the State Board of Agriculture.................$102,000 00

And in addition to this the State has provided
for interest and principal as becoming due on
the bonds issued for buildings and improve-

ments on the State Fair grounds.
To the Ohio Agricultural Experiment Station...... 63,700 00
To the State Board of Live Stock Commissioners... 9,882 50
To the State Horticultural Society............... 1,000 00
To the Ohio State University.........

657,750 00 We have evidence all about us, throughout the fabric of our State and general government, that agriculture is now, even more than ever before, recognized as not only the basis of our civilization, but the basis and support of our material progress, and that the greatest and most valuable crop of the farm-the farmer's boy-is in greater demand than ever before. The present governor of our own State is a product of the farm, and he is, therefore, in closest touch and sympathy with everything pertaining to farm interests. He has knowledge, from his own experience, of the needs of the farmer, and he has, upon all occasions, strongly expressed himself as favoring all consistent measures that tended to encourage agriculture and promote the best interests of the agricultural classes. We need governors who understand and are in sympathy with the great work of agriculture, and who have the discretion and ability to act wisely at the proper time and without regard to any personal ambitions or personal preferment.

The farmers of Ohio owe to Governor. Herrick their highest endorsement of his stand in their interests, as best understood.

As to the particular work of the Ohio State Board of Agriculture, I shall make but brief reference, because its work is quite familiar to you all.

The County Farmers' Institutes, under the control and management of the Board, continue most successfully, meeting a popular demand and bearing great weight in broadening agricultural education, and bringing the farmer in closer touch with his neighbor and with everything pertaining to advancement in his calling.

The gathering, publication and prompt distribution of crop and stock statistics continues for the benefit of farmers in the distribution of his crops

from season to season, that growth may be profitable, and the demands of consumers met in which all classes are intensely interested.

The well established system of commercial fertilizer inspection, by the secretary of the State Board, has long since been generally recognized as a great necessity, not alone for the farmers who must resort to the use of fertilizers, but for manufacturers who offer their goods upon the Ohio markets. About one hundred and twenty manufacturers of fertilizers seek the patronage of Ohio farmers, and near seven hundred brands of goods, adapted to differeni plant growth, are found upon our markets, which, by the provisions of the law and the rigid work of inspection, are well known in chemical ingredients, and no farmer need be compelled to purchase blindly.

The last General Assembly placed another duty on the secretary of the Board of Agriculture, similar in its workings to the fertilizer law. A bill was enacted into law providing for the inspection and analysis of commercial feed stuffs, and under the provisions of this law farmers and manufacturers will receive the same guidance and protection that has been and is being given them through the fertilizer law. All feed stuffs offered for sale in Ohio will be inspected and analyzed, and the findings published for the information and protection of those interested. This law is far reaching in its benefits and will result in much good to the live stock interests of the State.

The work of inspecting nurseries and orchards, for the eradication of insect pests that have such disastrous effects in orchard production, and in guarding against the distribution of diseased nursery stock, has been carried on by the proper division of the Department of Agriculture, and the particular results of the work will be found in the reports and bulletins of that division.

The State Board of Agriculture, as the Board of Live Stock Commissioners, has conducted its investigations and its work with very marked success, having had several serious outbreaks of disease to contend with during the year, but succeeded in preventing spread of the same and thereby avoiding great loss to owners, breeders and feeders and benefiting the State in a measure beyond calculation. The reports of the Board and its veterinarian give a detailed account of the diseases that have broken out and the means taken to eradicate the same.

The State Fair, ever near to us, and having such close relation to every county of the State, continues to be a leader among all the state fairs of the land. Its growth, in many respects, is phenomenal. At the annual exhibitions farmers and manufacturers clasp hands over their achievements and the general public is benefited by the great object lessons presented in each of the many art and industrial departments and divisions of the fair. The State Fair is a college of learning, a guiding star for the masses who avail themselves of its educational advantages.

The exhibition of 1904, notwithstanding the great counter school at St. Louis, was a success beyond the expectancies of its nearest friends.

Every department was filled with the best the farm, the shop, the factory. the studio and the home were able to and had produced, and the interest manifested by the people of the State, by their generous attendance, was assurance that the efforts of the Board, in providing an exhibition fraught only with the elements of education, was truly appreciated.

Each department of the fair is yearly growing greater and greater, and it becomes a study of your Board to meet the demands upon this growing institution. Nowhere was this more evident, the past year. than in the department and divisions of machinery and agricultural implements; these manufacturing interests completely filling all available building space and also stretched out

over acres of open ground, in presenting the lessons of relationship to the farm. The Board found itself facing the necessity for greater and better facilities to accommodate the manufacturers of the State, in presenting to the people their important exhibits.

Building facilities more nearly equal to those which have already been provided for farm production and for live stock, by the approval and aid of the General Assembly, are now under way for the manufacturing interests, and these buildings will be completed in ample time for the State Fair of this year, 1905. There will be two great machinery exhibition buildings that will accommodate the increase of exhibits in this important direction, and better serve the purposes of illustrating the workings of the many kinds of machines and implements now necessary in the profitable cultivation and harvesting of our diversified crops; in the handling and manipulation of our products, and for every purpose connected with the farm, the forest, the orchard, the dairy and the stock yard. The Board has also under way a new and up-to-date poultry exhibition building, and when the State Fair of 1905 is thrown open to the public there will be many evidences of improvement to maintain its reputation as a leader, and bring credit to the State that always leads in that which is for the people's good.

As interested workers in agricultural and manufacturing promotion, we are proud of the State Fair of Ohio; proud to know that it has been builded up to, and is recognized and admitted to be one of the important educational institutions of our State, and that it is pointed to by other states seeking to advance their agriculture and allied industries, as a model after which to pattern.

In the success of the State Fair every member and officer of your Board has labored earnestly and every county has responded nobly. As the presiding officer of the Board, I wish in this public manner to express my appreciation and thanks to each member and officer of the Board for their valuable labors, and to the various county societies for their harmonious co-operation in presenting Ohio in her best colors.

Gentlemen, I do not wish to detain you longer, and will only add that I hope many things will develop and crystallize in this annual meeting that will add materially to our welfare and the good of the State, and that the year upon which we are just entering may be noted for many advances and many comforts and benefits to all the people; and now, thanking you for your kind attention, we will proceed with the program of the meeting.

President Carpenter: We will have music by the quartette.

A song, "Old Black Joe," sung by the Cecilian Ladies' Quartette." (Applause.)

President Carpenter: Gentlemen, my only apology for introducing my address before the Governor spoke was his request that I do so, and I now have the pleasure of presenting to you the Governor of Ohio. (Loud and long continued applause.)


Mr. Chairman, Governor Bachelder, Ladies and Gentlemen:

I do not mind telling you the inside facts in regard to this change in the program. Senator Carpenter read me his most excellent address this morning and I was so much impressed with it, and not being prepared myself, I think

that he saw at once that I intended to appropriate his speech; therefore, he endeavored to head me off. (Laughter and applause.)

A year ago I had the pleasure of facing you and addressing you, and I see before me many familiar kindly faces that I saw last year.

Much has happened during that eventful year. Much has happened in our homes and our families; much has happened in the great State and our nation. We have been making history during that time.

And this year, as it has been with every year in the advance of our great republic, we meet with a feeling that there has been an advancement, not only in what you so definitely and so exactly represent, but there has been a great advancement in the moral uplifting of mankind, and in the material advancement of our State and nation.

It is a splendid thing, my friends, to be a constituent part of a great nation, that each year, each anniversary, when we citizens gather together we may say to ourselves that we have once more a credit on the right side of the ledger. It is a great thing also to be of a nation in which we as individual members are the individual members of that nation; that we each carry a sense of responsibility of citizenship, and are a part of this great government which is in the great forward march of the nation, taking the lead in civilization, Christianity and in uplifting mankind.

I suppose we here at home, and in this meeting more especially, deal with the material things of life. Of course the success in material advancement only puts us in a position to advance on social and other lines. Therefore, what has been read by your president of the happenings of the year, and of the position of that best of all things in the nation, the foundation from which we build agriculture, indicates that we today may consider the material side well cared for, and that we have greater opportunity for all of those things which go to the uplifting and elevation and betterment and happiness of mankind.

In his able address Senator Carpenter has not touched on one important act of advancement in the year, to which I desire to call your attention, and that is the beginning of a department of good roads, by a law enacted by our legislature, which in its small beginnings-like the creation of any department of our State-means decided progress. Only a short time ago in the nation there was established the agricultural department, and the administration was so fortunate as to find a man peculiarly fitted for that place, both in the establishment of that department, and especially I speak in the installing at the head of that great department of Secretary Wilson, who has so faithfully performed the services, who has been so strong and powerful in his advancement of the great agricultural interests of this State and this nation, that he has been retained by administration after administration without question. It was a splendid movement.

The states throughout the whole country are paying greater and greater attention to these vast interests.

In the enactment of the law for good roads, with which some of you are doubtless familiar, I desire to give you just a few of the details which I have copied from the statutes of Ohio relating to this important department. I will not go into details further than to call your attention to some important points in its provisions. '

The State, in the passage on the 18th day of April, 1904, of the act creating the office of State Highway Commissioner, stands firmly committed to the policy of state co-operation in building and improving our public highways. The object and purpose of the State Highway Department is to instruct, assist and co-operate in the construction and improvement of public roads under the

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