SEC. 5. All analyses of commercial feed stuffs, sold within the state shall be made by, or under the direction of, the Secretary of the Ohio State Board of Agriculture, and paid for out of the funds arising from license fees provided for in Section 3 of this act. At least one analysis of each brand of commercial feed stuffs shall be made annually, if samples can be found in possession of agents, dealers, or consumers.

Sec. 6. Any manufacturer, company, firm, agent or dealer, who shall sell or offer for sale, or expose for sale, any commercial feed stuffs int this state, without complying with the requirements of this act, or shall sell or offer or expose for sale, any commercial feed stuffs which contain a smaller percentage of constituents than it is certified to contain, shall upon conviction be fined not more than one hundred dollars for the first offense, and not more than two hundred dollars, for each subsequent offense, and the offender in all cases, shall also be liable for damages sustained by the purchaser of such commercial feed stuffs; provided, however, that a deficiency of two percentum of crude protein or two percentum of crude fat, or an excess of two percentum of crude fiber, claimed to be contained shall not be considered as evidence of fraudulent intent.

Sec. 7. Any person who shall adulterate any kind of meal, ground grain, bran or middlings with any other substance whatever, for the purpose of sale shall plainly mark or brand each and every package with a correct statement as to the proportions and kind of adulterant or adulterants used therein. The penalty for violating this section shall be a fine of not less than ten dollars or more than two hundred dollars for the first offense, and not less than twenty-five dollars or more than five hundred dollars for each subsequent offense.

Sec. 8. The Secretary of the Ohio State Board of Agriculture, or any person deputized by him, is hereby authorized to draw from any package or bulk quantity of commercial feed stuffs exposed for sale, or found in possession of any purchaser, in any county in Ohio, a quantity not exceeding two pounds which shall be for analysis, as provided in Section 5 of this act.

Sec. 9. All suits for the recovery of fines, under the provisions of this act, shall be brought by the Secretary of the Ohio State Board of Agriculture, in the name of the State of Ohio. All prosecutions under this act shall be governed by Sec. 3718a of the Revised Statutes of Ohio and said section shall control all such prosecutions.

SEC. 10. The Secretary of the Ohio State Board of Agriculture shall publish, annually, a correct report of all analyses made and all licenses issued for the sale of commercial feed stuffs, together with a statement of all moneys received on account of license fees and all expenditures made in connection with securing samples, and having the same analyzed; and any surplus shall be placed to the credit of the agricultural fund.

The above is a correct copy of the law regulating the sale of Commercial Feed Stuffs in Ohio, now in force.

W. W. Miller, Secretary.

Report of the Proceedings STATE FARMERS' INSTITUTE


Held Under the Auspices of the Ohio State Board of

Agriculture, January 10 and 11, 1905.

TUESDAY MORNING, January 10, 1905. The State Farmers’ Institute was called to order in the hall of the House of Representatives, State House, at 10 o'clock a. m., by Hon. T. E. Cromley, member of the Ohio State Board of Agriculture, who explained that Secretary W. W. Miller could not be present to open the State Institute, because of an unforeseen and important business matter that required his immediate personal attention.

In introducing the presiding officer, Mr. Cromley said: “I desire to congratulate you on the large attendance that we have at this opening session. I think it shows heart interest. The sessions will be interesting, and for these two days this hall is yours. The speakers are here to instruct and interest you, and you are at liberty to bring out anything that you can from the papers that are presented to you. We desire that each of you shall feel right at home; that this is your meeting, and that you are to derive all of the benefit possible. I will now present to you Mr. A. L. White, of Muskingum County, as your presiding officer. Mr. White.” (Applause.)

Mr. A. L. White, President State Farmers' Institute:

“We have with us this morning the Cecilian Ladies' Quartette, who will now sing for us.”

Music by the Cecilian Ladies' Quartette.


Brother and Sister Farmers, I cannot say at all how it came to pass that I was nominated and elected to act as your president. I feel that I cannot play well my part, but if you will do a large part of the work, possibly we may get through. I think that I rightly appreciate the honor of the place that you have given me. I did not at first, but after consideration I felt indeed that I would rather have this place than be appointed by President Roosevelt as Ambassador to Ireland. (Laughter.)

In coming from our county city last night, I had not started far until I found that I was alone upon the great suburban car, and in a twinkle it flashed upon me that I was president of the State Farmers' Institute, and they had run out one of their most elaborate cars, decorated, to bring me over, and the consideration of that fact helped me to while away the midnight hours, and I trust, good farmers, that the day is not far off when the railroads will fight with each other for the honor of bringing the delegates and farmers to our great state meeting.

I have in my possession year books and agricultural reports dating back as far as the year 1853., In looking over them I have found that each man who came forward as president first spoke well of our nation, our state, the work upon the farm, at the university, the institute and all these things that have a bearing toward the advancement of agriculture, but time will only permit me this morning to invent a few words concerning our nation, the greatness of our state, the work in field, farm and orchard. However, may I say that one of the encouraging features of the present time is the harmony of nations. True, Japan and Russia cannot testify to that, but in a general way there never existed as now at this time the harmony of nations. It is not yet a fortnight since Professor Charles Wolstein, of the University of Cambridge, sat with our president, and the object of his mission in coming to our shores was to ask his consent, with other nations, Germany, France, Italy and England, in the great work of excavating where scientific men are certain lie treasures of indigo grander than the world has ever yet seen.

It is pleasant for us to think of the wonderful resources of our country. Almost in any direction which you may point are millions and millions of acres yet untouched. The untouched resources of Ohio are wonderful to consider. Take Ohio with her forty-one thousand square miles, and take the population of our great country, nearly eighty millions, and if you will divide Ohio into little farms of an acre and a half each-and there are many people in Ohio right comfortable on farms no larger than this-and place upon each farm & family of five, and would to the Lord there were more families of five in our great country, and they would be more popular, instead of the great popularity of the American poodle dog (applause), the labor problem would then be solved. But take the population of our great country, divide it into families of five, and each family would have a home in our great state. I cannot say that our resources will be fully developed in a dozen years or in ten dozen years. One of the reasons why our country is great, I believe, is because of our power of absorption, or as a cattle and stock raiser I would say power of digestion and assimilation. Whatever comes across our borders becomes a valuable part of ourselves. It is not so the whole world round. You take, for instance, a hundred German people, the hardest people in the whole world to change in their ways; take one hundred of them today, place them anywhere in an European nation, visit them in one hundred years, and they have not changed materially from the way in which they started. But take one hundred German people, bring them upon our shores and in three days those men and women have taken a valuable place among our citizens, and the children of those German people go marching home from their schools, and as they march they bear the American flag and sing "My Country, 'Tis of Thee, Sweet Land of Liberty." They have the power of absorption, and that is why our nation and our state are great and grand.

Would it be wise for us this morning just to take a moment to look about us to see from whence our greatness comes, and our advancement in the world, and all things that are valuable, as well? One of the reasons why our

country is good and great is because we have been the producers of men. Our nation and our state; there is nothing greater, there is nothing grander in the whole world than a man. The pure and higher manhood is higher than that of party fraternity. A man, a true man in the true sense of the word, although he stand alone and stand for the right, there is no greater or grander creature. Should I talk of patriots? It is not necessary so long as we have men. Have you ever seen a man who was called a patriot but his only evidence of his patriotism was his shouting for the old flag, while with his other hand he took from the public treasury an unjustly rich reward? That man has no more patriotism than would fill a last year's humming bird's nest. You say there is no demand for patriotism in these times of peace, but the man who is a patriot in the time of peace is a greater and grander man than he who can face the cannon and hear unmovedd the hiss of the minie ball, the man who, in all of life's experiences can stand for the right is a greater and grander man than he who is the patriot in time of war.

Will you go with me a step further in viewing the foundation upon which those things which are valuable to our country rest? I am sure you will go, and you will encourage me. Out yonder (pointing toward the Ohio State Fair grounds) is one of the grandest fairs that the old flag floats over or the sun shines upon. It is here we have, we believe, one of the best fairs held in the Union. This ground and this fair have been made what they are by the labor of twelve good men. A little to the west part, I would say, of that fair ground is a cottage, a one story structure. It is old and worn, and so dear to the hearts of our people that each man and woman seeing it would carry away as a souvenir a splinter of it; so our State Board, in its wisdom, placed about it a case of glass and stone. It is the birthplace of U. S. Grant, one of the grandest men-soldier, statesman, patriot—that the world has ever known. While that man had within his soul the full fire of manhood he arose one day in all his princely majesty and he said, “Our country is indebted to religion for all the civilization that she has ever been permitted to have, and from that source she may look for it in the future." And while we are thinking of this there comes the sound across the ocean, the thought of William E. Gladstone, and his spoken sentiment coincides exactly with that of our honored brother, U. S. Grant.

You remember the woman who sat in the little church where you worshiped when you were a boy beside her; a little woman, and you knew her right well, for you sat beside her sometimes and heard the soft pleadings from her voice. Yes, you knew her well because she was your mother and mine. The sentiments of her great heart correspond exactly with that of Grant and Gladstone.

Have there been any hindrances to the great work of agriculture during the past year? Of that I have little to say. The charge has been made of unfaithfulness to trust and duty. This is a very grave one, and should never have been made only after the most careful consideration. In this great country of ours we are in the exercise of our highest civil rights, each man being himself a sovereign. It is because the majority have been inactive, and are only brought out of their inactivity or dormant state by the action of those who are willing to work. However, let me say this: He or she who would destroy the work of agricultrue is as foolish as the child who would thrust a dagger into the bosom of its mother, that mother being its only support. James G. Blaine said that there is no greater part of this great country than agriculture. Without it all else fails. Ships would rot in the harbor, grass would grow in the most populous streets if agriculture were destroyed.

Our coming together today is not without its dark shadow. If down thero we take one of these streets, and over here another, and over that we would spread rich trimming of silk and velvet, and then on that the flowers banked up high, and then over all we allow the sweet stars and stripes to wave, that action would only be a vain expression of the love we have for those two grand men, Brothers Brigham and Ellis. In other years they sat with us as councilors and great helpers. Today we know that in the great and glorious beyond they sit beneath the tree of life and wander through bright fields. They were men, men in the truest sense of the word. They were self-made men, but unlike most of our self-made men they did not exhaust all their energies in the making of themselves, but they gave to you, and to me, and to the agricultural world, and to the whole world, treasure, rich, priceless, immortal.

Brothers, what is your wish as to what the character of this Institute shall be? Shall it be an ordinary one, or shall it be up to the average, or shall it be a record breaker in every respect? It is for us to say today. Like life, and like anything, in fact, with which we may have experience, it will be what we make it. This Institute may be made like the ring of a bell, joyful, with glad note, that which cheers the heart, or it may be mournful, unsatisfying, discouraging.

Have you heard of the Boston bells, or of the Boston merchant rather, who kept bells for sale? He had only one variety. A committee came to him one day from the church and said they wanted to purchase a bell. "We want one to be strong in tone and clear, which will cause the heart of saint and sinner to pause and consider." Said the merchant, “We have bells of that character," and he brought forth one, and he rung it with motion slow and mournful, and it awakened thoughts of the great eternity. Said the committee, “That will just suit us. What is your price?" Said he, "Seventy-five dollars." They said, "We will take it," and they paid him for it.

They scarcely had gone their way when a jolly farmer came in and he said, "I want to purchase a bell, one clear, good tone, that will cause a fellow to have an appetite for his dinner.” The Jewish member of the firm was on hand and he said, “We have some bells; they are very good bells; come and see them.” He produced the same bell and he said, “This bell is clear in tone and rich and soft," and thereupon he took up that bell and rung it back and forth with a good, clear sound, and he said, “That bell would make a fellow bust himself to get to a good dinner.” He said, “I sell that bell to my brother last week; he is dead now; he don't need it.” He said, "I sell it to him for seventyfive dollars. If you want it you can have it for seventy-four dollars and ninetyeight cents." Brother, the ringing of the bell is yours. Let us ring it with no uncertain sound.

The President: In traveling in the northern part of the state last year, or perhaps the year before, I met a man whom I learned to hold in high esteem. He is with us today, Mr. A. F. Burgess, and his subject is, “Spraying for Control of Orchard Pests.":


In order to grow successful fruit crops the orchardist must carefully study the many problems which are connected with his business. He must understand the natural advantages, as well as the disadvantages, of his particular locality, in order to avoid mistakes and to secure the best results for his efforts. Con

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