Anth. Sbylock, although I neither lend nor borrow
By taking, nor by giving of excess,
Yet, to supply the ripe wants of my friend,
I'll break a cuftom. Is he yet poffeft,
How much you would?

Sby. Ay, ay, three thousand ducats.
Anth. And for three months.

Shy. I had forgot, three months, you told me fo; Well then, your bond; and let me fee, — but hear

Methought, you said, you neither lend nor borrow
Upon advantage.
Anth. I do never use it.

Shy. When Jacob graz'd his uncle Labanos sheep,
This Jacob from our holy Abraham was
(As his wise mother wrought in his behalf).
The third poffeffor; ay, he was the third.

Antb. And what of him? did he take interest?
Shy. No, not take int’rest; not, as you would

Directly, int'rest; mark, what Jacob did.
When Laban and himself were compromis'd,
That all the yeanlings, which were streak'd and

Should fall as Jacob's hire; the ewes, being rank,
In th' end of autumn turned to the rams;
And when the work of generation was
Between these woolly breeders in the act,
The skilful shepherd peeld me certain wands;
And, in the doing of the deed of kind,
He stuck them up before the fulsome ewes ;
Who, then conceiving, did in yeaning time
Fall party-colour'd lambs, and those were Jacob's.
This was a way to thrive, and he was bleit;
And thrift is blessing, if men steal it not,

Anth. This was a venture, Sir, that Jacob serv'd for; A thing, not in his power to bring to pass,


But sway'd, and fashion'd, by the hand of heav'n.
Was this inserted to make int’reft good ?
Or is your gold, and silver, ewes and rams?

Sby. I cannot tell; I make it breed as fast;
But note me, Signior.

Anth. Mark you this, Bafanio ?
The devil can cite scripture for his purpose.
An evil soul, producing holy witness,
Is like a villain with a smiling cheek;
A goodly apple rotten at the heart.
50, what a goodly outside's falfhood hach!

Shy. Three thousand ducats ! 'tis a good round sum. Three months from twelve, then let me see the rate.

Anth. Well, Sbylock, shall we be beholden to you?

Sby. Signior Anthonio, many a time and oft
In the Ryalto you have rated me,
About my monies and my

Still have I born it with a patient shrug;
(For sufferance is the badge of all our tribe.)
You call me misbeliever, cut-throat dog,
And spit upon my Jewish gaberdine;
And all for use of that, which is my own.
Well then, it now appears, you need my help:
Go to then; you come to me, and you say,
Sbylock, we would have monies; you say so;
You, that did yoid your rheume upon my beard,
And foot me, as you spurn a stranger cur
Over your threshold : mony


your suit;
What should I say to you? Thould I not say,
Hath a dog mony? is it possible,
A cur can lend three thousand ducats? or

50, what a goodly outside falfhood bath!) But this is not true, that falfhood hath always a goodly outside. Nor does this take in the force of the speaker's sentiment; who would observe that that falfhood which quotes fcripture for its purpose has a goodly outside. We should therefore read,

o, what a goodly outside's falhood hath! i. e. his falfhood, Sbylock's


Shall I bend low, and in a bondman's key,
With bated breath, and whisp’ring humbleness,
Say this, — fair Sir, you spit on me last Wednesday,
You spurn'd me such a day; another time
You called me dog; and for these curtesies
I'll lend you thus much monies ?

Anth. I am as like to call thee so again,
To spit on thee again, to spurn thee too.
If thou wilt lend this mony, lend it not
As to thy friend, (for when did friendship take
6 A breed of barren metal of his friend?)
But lend it rather to thine enemy;
Who, if he break, thou may'st with better face
Exact the penalty.

Shy. Why, how you storm?
I would be friends with you, and have your love;
Forget the shames that you have staind me with;
Supply your present wants, and take no doit
Of ulance for my monies, and you'll not hear me:
This is kind I offer.

Anth. This were kindness.

Sby. This kindness will I show;
Go with me to a Notary, seal me there
Your single bond; and in a merry sport,
If you repay me not on such a day,
In such a place, such sum, or sums, as are
Express'd in the condition, let the forfeit
Be nominated for an equal pound
Of your fair flesh, to be cut off and taken
In what part of your body it shall please me.

Anth. Content, in faith ; I'll seal to such a bond,

9 A breed of barren metal of his friend?) A breed that is intereft money bred from the principal. By the epithet barren the author would instruct us in the argument on which the advocates against usury went, which is this, that money is a barren thing, and cannot like corn and catcle multiply it self. And to set off the absurdity of this kind of usury, he put breed and barren in opposition.


And say, there is much kindness in the Jew.

Bal. You shall not feal to such a bond for me, I'll rather dwell in my necessity.

Anth. Why, fear not, man ; I will not fürfeit it; Within these two months (that's a month before This bond expires) I do expect return Of thrice three times the value of this bond.

Shy. O father Abraham, what these christians are ! Whofe own hard dealings teach them to suspect The thoughts of others ! pray you, tell me this, If he should break his day, what should I gain By the exaction of the forfeiture? A pound of man's felh, taken from a man, Is not so eftimable or profitable, As flesh of muttons, beefs, or goats. I fay, To buy his favour, I extend chis friendship; If he will take it, fo; if not, adieu ; And for my love, I pray you, wrong me not.

Anth. Yes, Shylock, I will seal unto this bond.

Shy. Then meet me forthwith at the Notary's.
Give him direction for this merry bond,
And I will go and purse the ducats ftrait;
See to my house, 1 left in the fearless guard
Of an unthrifty knave, and presently
I will be with you.

[Exit. 7-left in the FEARPUL guard, &c.) But furely fearful was the most trusty guard for a housekeeper in a populous city; where houses are not carried by storm like fortresses. For fear would keep them on their watch, which was all that was neces. sary for the owner's security. I fuppofe therefore Shakespear wrote

FEARLESS guard. i. e. Careless; and this, indeed, would expose his house to the only danger he had to apprehend in the day-time, which was clandestine pilfering. This reading is much confirmed by the character he gives this guard, of an unthrifty knave, and by what he says of him afterwards, that he was,

a huge feeder:
Snail-flow in profit, but be sleeps by day

More than the wild-cat


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Anth. Hie thee, gentle Jew.
This Hebrew will turn christian; he grows kind.

Bal. I like not fair terms, and a villain's mind.

Anth. Come on, in this there can be no dismay; My ships come home a month before the day. [Exeunt,

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B E L M O N T.



Enter Morochius, a Tawny-Moor, all in white; and three or four Followers accordingly; with Portia, Neriffa, and her train. Flouris Cornets.


ISLIKE me not for my complexion,

The shadow'd livery of the burnish'd sun,
To whom I am a neighbour, and near bred.
Bring me the fairest creature northward born,
Where Pbebus' fire scarce thaws the isicles,
And let us make incision for your love,
To prove whose blood is reddeft, his or mine.
I tell thee, lady, this aspect of mine
Hath fear'd the valiant; by my love, I swear,
The best regarded virgins of our clime
Have lov'd it too : I would not change this hue,
Except to steal your thoughts, my gentle Queen.

Por. In terms of choice I am not solely led
By nice direction of a maiden's eyes:
Besides, the lottery of my destiny
Bars me the right of voluntary chusing.
But if my father had not scanted me,
And hedg’d me by his wit to yield my self
His wife, who wins me by that means I cold you;
Your self, renowned Prince, then stood as fair,


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