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a shoal in the Indian ocean, which was said to have been seen from the ship Suffolk, in 1827. The captain mentions, as facts deduced from the experience of the present voyage, first, that it is a great error to suppose that the route which he had completed was an easy task for any vessel, and that its duration could be calculated with precision ; and secondly, that it is perfectly practicable to preserve, for a long period of confinement at sea, a crowded crew in an accustomed state of health.

NOTICES.

ART. XI.-A General System of various places throughout the coun

Gardening and Botany; contain try, the account of the occupations ing a complete Enumeration and of the persons who contend for the Description of All Plants hitherto prizes. In one place we have known : With their genuine and found the office of president of a specific Characters, &c. &c. horticultural society filled by a Founded upon Miller's Gardeners' working weaver : the best and Dictionary, and arranged accord largest cherries in the West of Enging to the natural System. By land, one year, were the produce of George Don, F. L. S. In four the care and ingenuity of an indusvols. Vol. I. 4to. London : C. trious cotton spinner. Numerous,

J. G. and F. Rivington. 1831. and indeed ludicrous, testimonies The study of botany, and the may be adduced to show the enthubranches of knowledge which are siasm with which horticulture is subsidiary to that science, may now pursued by all classes of the combe said to form a necessary part of munity. A worthy mechanic, in general education in this country. one of the manufacturing districts, For this, which we deem no unim lately turned the roof of his house portant advantage, we are in a great into a kitchen garden, and kept his measure indebted to

the policy family in fresh vegetables during which has recently begun to : oflu the entire season. The finest bed of ence our medical corporations; for, tulips (for its size) we ever beheld, by requiring from every candidate had for its site the narrow back yard for the faculties which they confer, of about a twelfth-rate house in the sufficient evidence of a certain pro. purlieus of London. ficiency in botany, these bodies Hitherto the great obstacle to have, by this time, succeeded in the cultivation of botany has been sending into every town, and almost its nomenclature. At first sight, every hamlet in the empire, a good it would appear that an impediment practical botanist in the character of this nature was merely a pedantic either of physician, surgeon, or wantonness, proceeding from that apothecary. The influence of such love of mystery which has so unian agency has been prodigious. In formly characterized the learned in all the large towns, and in a consi

Buit a few moments' rederable number of the minor ones, flection will satisfy all reasonable Horticultural Societies are esta minds, that the technical language blished. We have been astonished, of botany, difficult to acquire as it when we read in the descriptions of may be, grows out of, and is insethe annual botanical exhibitions at parable from, the genius of the

all ages.

science itself. The study of it can tany, will find that, in the long run, never be located in any given coun he will have but little grounds for try; its objects are as much Rus self accusation for having violated sian and German, or even African, the strictest principles of economy. as they are English. Botany allows “Miller's Gardeners' Dictionary," no distinctions of territory; its field so famous during the last fifty years, is the world of nature from pole to as being a standard work for the pole. Such being the case, it is

horticultural profession in general, obvious that the pursuit of botany may be said literally to have surmust be carried on by infinite divi vived its own utility. There was sions, all of which are contributing a charm in the simplicity and to one

common end. Hence a enthusiasm of the author, which community of ideas between the made his book popular when it botanists of one empire and those could no longer be said to be of another, becomes absolutely in- . wholly instructive. Still it was in dispensable; and from this necessity all its parts so substantially consprings that universal language structed—so tried and proved by which is fixed to no clime, but ne the revolutions of time that there vertheless is understood in every could be no doubt about the procountry.

priety of choosing it as the foundaWe cannot, therefore, expect that tion of any new system of popular this great difficulty will ever be re horticulture, which the state of moved ; and it only remains for us modern improvement required. The to adopt such measures as may be present work, therefore, may be best calculated to diminish it. For fairly described as comprehending this purpose various contrivances all that can be considered in Milhave been resorted to, particularly ler's performance, as worthy of atin this country.

Plans without tention in the present day; as innumber have been proposed and cluding such portions of all the acted on, for the purpose of engag modern systems of plants as could ing the young mind in the pursuit be conveniently combined together: of botany. A great deal of success and as containing an account, not has attended these efforts ; for, ovly of all the genera and species after the employment of great la of plants hitherto enumerated, but bour and diligence, the mysterious of a considerable number from the veil in which this science had been Lambertian Herbarium, of which so long wrapped, was drawn aside, botanists have as yet seen no deand all its beauty exhibited famili scription. In Mr. Don's Dictionarly to the contemplation of the ary, then, we have a complete bisunlearned. As one of the most im tory and account of every species portant instruments for carrying on of plant, of which it is possible that this great moral revolution, we have a botanist can be called on to exto notice the great work, of which press an opinion. This account is the first volume is now before us. given in so clear and intelligible a It certainly comes forth in the ob manner, that it is made perfectly jectionable form of a costly publi- comprehensble to a inere beginner. cation : but when we come to con Here the student, the general sider the nature of its contents, we

reader, and the man of science, may shall be satisfied that he who trusts learn not only the name and hisexclusively to its pages for acquir- tory, but also the character and ing a competent knowledge of bo- affinity of any genius or species,

they lead.

two.

with all its properties, places of whoin it is addressed. We observe growth, time of Howering, mode of that it proceeds from the sensible culture, and its use in medicine and pen of the author of “ The Results domestic econorny.

of Machinery.” The arrangement of this work, and the contrivances which are appended for the purpose of an easy and prompt reference to any part

Art. XIII.-Selections from the of its contents, are, in their com

Poems of Robert Southey, Esq. pleteness and accuracy, fully wor

LL. D. &c. Chiefly for the Use thy of the information to which

of Schools and Young Persons. 8vo. pp. 373. London : Moxon.

1831. An excellent school book, upon the

same plan as the Selections from Art. XII.— The Working Man's Wordsworth, lately given to the

Companion.- The Rights of In world by the same spirited publisher. dustry : addressed to the Working The extracts comprise the beauties Men of the United Kingdom. of all the poems of Mr. Southey,

London: Knight. 1831. and a very delightful treat they will This little work, printed under the afford to any person who chooses to superintendance of the Society for turn them over for an hour or the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge, is extremely well timed. From whatever cause it has arisen, there is no doubt that a notion bas recently begun to spread among the "work

ART. XIV. History of the Civil ing classes,” that their interests are

Wars of Ireland, from the Anglo

Norman Invasion, till the Union in some essential points distinct from those of the wealthy members

of the Country with Great Bri

tain. of the community. Never was so

By W. C. Taylor, Esq.

A. B. In two vols. 12mo. Vol. I. great a mistake entertained by any set of men : never was

Edinburgh : Constable and Co.

1831. propagated that would be more fatal in its consequences to the very From the excellent style, and very persons from whom it has arisen. careful and impartial manner in To point out the fallacy of this which this volume is executed, we notion, is the principal object of the inay venture to predict, that the excellent treatise before us. The work, when complete, will form one author has succeeded in exploding of the greatest ornaments of that it most completely. He has shown lung series of publications, to which that it is an error of the most ridi Constable's Miscellany has now exculous description, and that in fact tended. A good history of the the true interests of the working Civil Wars of Ireland was a desideclasses are, if possible, more closely ratum in our literature. We shall allied to those of the capitalist, than be glad to bestow our best attention are the interests of any other class upon Mr. Taylor's pretensions to of men in the community. We

have supplied that desideratum, as earnestly recommend this little vo soon as the second volume shall be lume to the attention of those to placed before us.

an

error

ART. XV.-The Van Diemans nected with the executive of the

Land Almanack, for the Year colony, are nearly as numerous as of our Lord 1831. Being the

those about Whitehall and Downing Third Year after Leap Year. Street. In the list of public insti12mo. pp. 263. Hobart Town: tutions, we find four banking houses, Henry Melville.

two other commercial companies, It is a very favourable sign of a and a mechanic's institution. The colony to have attained the luxury recreation of the colonists seems of an Almanack, for it is one of to be very fairly provided for in the those national conveniences, which a establishment of two clubs. One people advanced in civilization alone of these last associations, called the can relish or understand. We con. Whaling club, offers a prize to the gratulate our distant brethren of first person who gives information Van Dieman's Land, on the moral of a whale being in the river. Two advancement which this publica race-courses are open, at proper tion so signally testifies; and con seasons of the year, for the gratifisidering that this is the first attempt cation of those parties who cannot of the kind which has been made in be prevailed on to try the dangers the colony, we regard the perform of a whale hunt. The established ance as altogether highly creditable church is located bere also, where, to the editor. The calendar, chro as usual, it is surrounded by rival nological cycles, and those tables Wesleyans and Evangelists of a usually found in European Alma thousand shades. Circulating libranacks, are given with great care ries and book societies, seminaries and

accuracy; the chief distinction for young gentlemen or young ladies, by which this is rendered different we are happy to say abound in the from the others being, that it con colony. tains detailed accounts of the geo The Van Dieman people seem to graphy and history of the colony. be well grounded already in all the

The philosopher who takes a com mysteries of taxation. They perparative view of human affairs, in fectly understand all the refinements different situations, will be greatly of customs and harbour dues, with struck at the picture which this book wþarfage and warehouse charges: pourtrays. He will see, politicallyand the privileges of having a license to morally, in the community of Van vend certain articles have also been Dieman's Land, nothing more than extended to the colony, and the a miniature model of the great coun clergy have been so complimentary try itself, from which it derives its ex to them, as to exact the same suristence. With some differences, in plice fees that are demanded at deed, in the government of the co home. In short, Van Dieman's lony, he will find the civil establish Land is neither more nor less than ment, in almost all its details, placed another “ Little Britain,” in 43 deon the same footing as that which, on grees of south latitude, where the amuch more extended scale, exists at body politic of the mother country, home. The people of Van Dieman's in its various aspects, is represented Land have their secretaries of state, on a Lilliputian scale, to the great their auditors, and their registrars. edification, no doubt, of the aboriThey have supreme courts, courts gines of the soil. It may not be of requests and quarter sessions, superfluous, that in respect of difwith barristers, and attornies, and ference of time, Hobart Town is proctors to boot! The departments faster than London, by 9 hours, 49 of a miscellaneous immediately con minutes, and 40 seconds.

Art.XVI.-Standard Norels, No.IX. covery, by imputing it to the re

Frankenstein. The Ghost-Seer. morse which haunted the culprit, Vol. I. London: Colburn and and this has afforded him the opBentley. 1831.

portunity of describing the tortures Mrs. Shelley's singular story of which the deed may be supposed to Frankenstein, will never be forgot

have inflicted upon the mind of a ten by any person who has once person well educated, and sustaining perused it. Though a composition,

a reputable station in society. The in every way, sui generis, yet it is

ballad, as it is here told, is calcueasily admitted to a place among

lated for popular effect, which is the standard works of fiction, which considerably heightened by the deabound more in our language than signs of Harvey, well engraved on in that of any other nation. We wood by Branston and Wright. are glad to see it here reprinted, with an introduction, in which the author has mentioned the circumstances that led her to the concep

ART.XVII.- Lives and Voyages of tion of the wild and extraordinary

Drake, Cavendish, and Damplot, developed with so much feli

pier; including an introductory

View of the earlier Discoveries city in her tale. The Ghost-Seer

in the South Sea ; and the Hisis a translation of the well-known

tory of the Buccaneers. With composition of Schiller.

Portraits engraved by Horsburgh. 12mo. pp. 461. Edin

burgh : Oliver and Boyd. LonArt.XVII.-The Dream of Eugene

don: Simpkin and Marshall. Aram, the murderer. By Thomas

1831. Hood, Esq., with Designs, by The 'Edinburgh Cabinet Library,' Harvey. 8vo. pp. 31. London: of which this forms the fifth voTilt. 1831.

lume, still maintains the popular The reader has probably become character, which was so decidedly already acquainted with this tale, impressed upon its earlier numbers. which is a reprint from one of the The present compilation is in every annuals, and a versified account of respect well executed the style, one of the most deliberate crimes

printing, paper, portraits, are all of It will be found fully an order of merit which one would narrated in the Newgate Calendar, hardly expect, even in this age of and the BiogȚaphia Britannica. cheap literature, to find in a five shilAram in order to get possession of ling book. The lives of our Drake, a trifling property, murdered, by the Cavendish, and Dampier, will alaid of an accomplice, a shoe-maker ways be read by Englishmen with of the name of Clarke, whose body fresh interest, which will not be lay buried in a cave nearly four abated by being interwoven, as they teen years before it was discovered. are here, with the curious history An accidental expression uttered by of the Buccaneers, those chivalrous the accomplice on this occasion, led marauders of the sea, whose wanto the arraignment of the murderer, derings display some of the finest whose defence has been preserved, points in the character of the British and exhibits a finished specimen of seaman, notwithstanding the taint eloquence and ingenuity. Mr. Hood which their system of depredation has varied the course of the dis had brought upon it.

upon record.

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