both when sleeping and waking, to small and ill-ventilated apartments, their exposure when occupied out of doors to the inclemency of the weather, their thin clothing, their want of flannel under garments, of worsted stockings and strong shoes, and their immoderate use of spirituous liquors, must ever place them as the foremost and the most numerous in the ranks of death, when they have such an enemy as the cholera to contend against. To the opulent and easy classes of the community we should therefore appeal, if it were only for their own safety, not to mention the nobler motive of charity ; we should entreat them to think often of the poor who every where surround us, and who must be every where ill clad, ill fed, ill housed, and exposed to that constant depression of mind, which, more than any other circumstance, invites and encourages the malady. Soups may be made for them at little cost; warm clothing, especially flannels, may be provided for them in abundance by very small subscriptions; coals and wood, and lime for white-washing their apartments, might through the same means be supplied to them, at least during the approaching winter, and until all danger of the cholera shall have passed away. One good effect from the apprehensions which it has already excited, will at least thus have been produced, and the general habits of the lower orders may, possibly, be in the end very much improved, both in a moral and a physical point of view.


ART. XI.--1. An Essay on Junius We see, not without some surprise,

and his Letters ; embracing a that the question respecting the auSketch of the Life and Character thorship of the Letters of Junius, of William Pitt, Earl of Chat has excited so much attention, even ham, and Memoirs of certain in America, as to produce frequent other distinguished Individuals; publications within the United with Reflections historical, per States. Two are now before us, sonal, and political, relating to both printed at Boston. Mr. Newthe Affairs of Great Britain and hall is the author of one, and Mr. America, from 1763 to 1785. Waterhouse of the other. The forBy Benjamin Waterhouse, M.D. mer attributes the Letters to Earl Member of several Medical, Phi- Temple; the latter to the Earl of losophical, and Literary Societies Chatham. The former tract is writin Europe and America. Gray ten with simplicity and neatness;

and Bowen. Boston, 1831. the style of the latter is most am2. Letters on Junius, addressed to bitious, always attempting to reach John Pickering, Esq., showing

the skies; but oftener crawling in that the Author of that cele

the dust. Each fails in proving the brated Work was Šarl Temple. authorship of the noble person to By Isaac Newball. Hilliard,

whom he attributes the Letters. Gray, Little, and Wilkins. Bos From what we know of Lord ton, 1831.

Chatham's character, and the few

specimens we have of his literary Chancellor of England. Of a.claim. compositions, of any kind, his au thus supported, one must speak with thorship of the Letters is improbable respect. But the immense infe-, in the very bighest degree, and no riority of Sir Philip's acknowledged. fact or argument has yet been pro writings to the Letters of Junius, duced which gives Earl Temple a both in style and thought, raises a title to the authorship. After all powerful, and, in our opinion, an that has been said and written on insuperable objection to this hypothis curious and interesting subject, thesis. (for curious and interesting it as It has been totally destroyed by suredly is,) we think it involved in the letters published by Mr. Barker, as much obscurity as ever.

in opposition to Sir Philip's claim. Thegeneral subject of the author We were surprised to find Mr. ship of Junius's Letters has not yet Prior, the biographer of Mr. Edmund been fully discussed. We think it Burke, contend for the identity of still open to investigation.

Burke and Junius. It was first regularly brought Some singular facts have been adunder the eye of the public by Mr. duced by Mr. Coventry, to shew that Butler, in a letter inserted in the the Letters were written by the late Anti-Jacobin Review, and after Lord George Germaine : but either wards published by him in his Re separated or conjunctly taken, they miniscences, with many important are inconclusive. additions. His Reminiscences, as The claim of General Lee, Mr. we observed from the two works Macaulay Boyd, and Mr. Wegg, before us, have been lately repub may be passed over without any lished in America.

particular notice. Dr. Good, in his elegant and use Mr. Glover's known high whig ful edition of Junius's Letters, has principles, his intimacy with many examined the different claims to the persons of distinction, particularly of authorship of them with great acute- the high whig party, invest him with ness and sobriety of criticism. one of the requisites to establish a

An article attributed to Sir James claim to the authorship of Junius's Mackintosh, in the Edinburgh Re Letters, and certainly Mr. Glover's view, contains many important and Leonidas does not show that he was judicious observations on the nature unequal to it. His connexions with of the evidence which must be pro the city supply another requisite; duced, to establish a claim to the for, (which makes one of the diffiauthorship of the letters. These culties of the inquiry),it is evident that should be read and seriously consi Junius was intimately acquainted dered by all who engage in the in both with the court and the city poliquiry. We do not recollect any tics, and with the principal actors in other general disquisition of the each. But, standing singly, these subject.

facts prove nothing; and the feeble Mr. Taylor's advocation of the simplicity of the style of Mr. Glover's pretension of Sir Philip Francis, is Memoirs, is the direct reverse of the a work of research and discernment, fervid, impassioned, and highly orand has received the powerful aid namented language of Junius ; yet of an article in the Edinbnrgh Re it should not be forgotten, that the view, for the month of November, object of the writer of the Memoirs 1817, ascribed to no less a person was very different from that of the age than the present Lord High letter-writer, and therefore required

a very different style. Upon the the county, with reference to its whole we cannot but think, that present state ; and to afford such a notwithstanding the superabundance condensed view of its ancient reof discussion which the subject has cords, as may satisfy the casual received, nothing conclusive upon reader, and serve as an index for it has yet been discovered.

the guidance of those who may be disposed to push their enquiries farther. It is not one of the least

valuable features of this work, that ART. XII.--A Topographical His

it presents, in most cases, the valutory of Leicestershire, being the

ation of the church livings, and the first of a series of the Counties

number of acres of land attached to of England and Wales on the

them. The volume, which is illussame plan. By the Rev. J. Cur

trated by a neat coloured map, is tis. Svo, pp. 227. Ashby-de-la- printed in the most economical Zouch': Hextall. London : Sher

form ; and we have no hesitation wood and Co. 1831.

in recommending it to the favourThe vice of topographical histories able attention of the public. in general, at least so far as they have hitherto been executed in England, is, that they are a great deal too expensive. They have

ART. XIII.- Oliver and Boyd's been for the most part compiled

Catechisms. 12mo. Edinburgh : under the auspices of noble fami

Oliver & Co. London : Simpkin lies, who have had some favourite

& Co. 1831. points of heraldry to establish, or No fewer than eleven of these Casome achievements of their ances techisms now lie upon our table, tors to emblazon

and no cost several of which have, we are happy having been spared in the prepa to find, reached a second, and some ration of such works, they are lite even a third edition. They embrace rally sealed to the eye of the com almost every subject that is conmunity at large, who, moreover, nected with the fundamental parts would feel but little interest in of a liberal education for either sex. topics of an almost exclusively per French and Latin grammar, Engsonal nature. What we want is, a lish grammar and composition, series of such histories, written English and Scottish history, geoupon popular principles, and em graphy, zoology, drawing and perbracing all those subjects which the spective, the works of the creation, inhabitants of the counties, or and, though last, the most imporstrangers passing through them, tant of all, Christian instruction. would feel some curiosity about ; The author of the latter work, Dr. and we are of opinion that Mr. Morehead, naturally enough inculCurtis has happily commenced in cates those doctrines which form his present volume the labour, and his own peculiar faith, and therean enormous labour it must be, of fore we cannot recommend it to gesupplying such a desideratum. neral and indiscriminate use. We His plan is, to avoid all unneces might also take some exceptions on sary matter, and to abridge that the score of truth, to some of the which he uses, within the smallest answers which are given to quespossible limits; to give the prin- tions in the Historical Catechisms. cipal features of the subdivisions of But with regard to all the other

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numbers of this work, we must say our memories like fragrance in the that they are admirably calculated atmosphere where the musk-plant: for the diffusion of sound principles has been. The volume has for its of knowledge upon the various frontispiece an excellent engraving topics which they respectively em of Sir Joshua Reynolds's portrait of brace. To the schoolmaster as well Dr. Newton, Bishop of Bristol. as to the private tutor, they must, we should think, afford invaluable assistance.

ART. XV.-A Manual of Medical

Jurisprudence, compiled from the

best legal Works, &c. By Michael ART. XIV.-The Sunday Library; Ryan, M. D. London.

or The Protestant's Manual for It is really surprising how much the Sabbath Day. Vol. V. By the

may be done by a well disciplined Rev. T. F. Dibdin.-fcp. Lon

and practical mind, to simplify the don : Longman & Co.

art of instruction. Here is a volume Tuis publication, we observe, draws of such unpretending dimensions, to a close, the editor having re that it may be conveniently carried solved to limit it to six volumes. in one's pocket; yet there is not a Although entitled the Protestant's fact of importance or value iconManual, yet it is but justice to the nected with the science of which it liberality of the editor to remark, treats, that is not to be found in its that he has avoided, in the present pages. volume at least, the introduction of The work is published very opany points upon which Christians portunely, since its appearance is of any shade could rationally disa nearly coincident with the date of a gree. In this respect, and indeed regulation which the medical authowith regard to the matter generally, rities have incorporated into their we consider the selection which he laws, and by which candidates for has here offered to the public, by far the diploma to practice are required the best of the whole series. It to be provided with adequate inforcomprizes, among other excellent mation on the subject of medical discourses, Blair's beautiful sermons jurisprudence. In a brief but eneron Tranquillity of Mind, and on a getic preface, Dr. Ryan has accuLife of Dissipation and Pleasure ; rately and philosophically defined the eloquent and facinating dis the nature of the science, which he courses of Alison on Winter, as the so well handles. Four excellent season of social amusement, and on chapters on the moral qualification the same division of the year, as of medical men commence the work, the season of religous thought; and prepare us for a luminous and Spry's charity-breathing argu learned exposition of those points ments in favour of the final preva more properly belonging to his lence of Christian unity, and Chand task. The author next traces the ler's masterly view of the Influence course of legislation from its earliest of Christianity upon Society. These infancy to the present time, as are, all of them, compositions applied to medicine in all its departcharming to educated men for the ments. He then proceeds to conpurity and beauty of their style, sider, in regular series, the vast and replete with truths which, cloth variety of cases in which medical ed in so acceptable a dress, dwell in men may be called on to give evi


dence, the nature of which will be should not be medical men. The very much guided by the ability doctor supports the affirmative in and attainments of the witness. common with most of his profesThe matter of this part of the work sional brethren, and for the simple is obviously of a nature that can reason that neither he nor they seem not with propriety be dwelt on, in to have considered with attention a publication so indiscriminately the whole process of our criminal circulated as this ; but those who jurisdiction. Suppose that it be

interested in studying the proved that a coroner ought to be a strange catalogue of physiological medical man, what follows? Why facts, which make up the history that the judge who tries the case of man, will not fail to meet in finally, must also be a member of these pages a great deal that will the faculty ; nay, the reasons are excite his surprize, as well as satisfy a thousand-fold stronger why the his judgment. Doctor Ryan seems latter should take out his medical to have laid down this important diploma, rather than the former. rule for his government in the com Every body knows that a mistaken position of this book-namely, to verdict by a coroner's inquisition combine the greatest number of does no harm whatever ; the prisoideas with the sinallest amount of ner is never disposed of on the words. His work, therefore, may finding'of a coroner at all : but the properly be designated as a Manual, verdict of a jury, pronounced bewhich completely supersedes the fore one of his Majesty's judges, is necessity of purchasing any other a decree of the law which settles production on medico-forensic law his fate at once.

How comes it, with which we are acquainted. The then, that the coroners, whose lastyle is unambitious, but clear and bours produce no more than the strong, and such as becomes a phi merest theoretical result, so far as losophic theme.

justice is considered, should be We must, however, express our obliged to have so much more medientire dissent from the doctrine of cal knowledge than the very judge, the respected author, on the ques

whose view of the case determines tion whether coroners should or the life or death of the accused?


The Continental Annual.-We mon with the picturesque annuals have received a copy upon India already in existence, that of a great paper of the illustrations intended sameness in the choice of the subto be inserted in a new periodical, jects. Cities, bridges, churches, entitled “ The Continental Annual" palaces, columns, towers, squares for 1832; and we must say, after and lakes, may, in many instances, a very careful examination of the afford excellent materials to the whole of them, that they appear to painter. But in our opinion they us to be the most finished and beau are not materials which can be made tiful specimens of refined art, which

to produce the requisite effect, in the have as yet been presented in this small space to which they are neshape to the public. One pervading cessarily confined by an octavo fault they undoubtedly have, in com volume. With this drawback, we

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