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represented as belonging to neither of the classes just specified, and are returned simply as belonging to “ other families."

The earnings of an agricultural labourer do not, on an average, amount to more than between £24 and £25 a-year, and the annual income of an artizan ranges from £35 to £45.

The school-fees amount, on an average, to 12s. a-year for each child.

From the nature of my inquiries, confined as they were almost exclusively to the examination and inspection of those schools to which I had been invited, and in the absence of any documents or other sources of information in which a statement of the number of children between the ages of five and fourteen, the period usually here directed to instruction, can be obtained,- I am prevented from giving my Lords a strictly accurate representation of the proportion that the number of children who have attained school-age bears to those who are actually under instruction.

An approximation to this is furnished in Table No. 1, p. 274, in which are specified those parishes in which I examined all the existing schools, parochial and non-parochial, and in which are shown, 1. The greatest number of pupils during the last six months ; 2. The average daily attendance during the same period ; 3. The number present at the time of inspection; and, 4. The proportion that these numbers bear to the whole population.

În five parishes there were only some of the schools examined. The burgh school of Haddington, attended by about 180 children, and in which English, commercial, and classical education, are imparted with great ability and skill, was not officially visited. There are two schools in the parish of North Berwick not reported on, because I was not invited to visit the one, and witnessed only part of the examination of the other. In the parish of Dunbar there were seven small adventure schools (five of which are taught by females) which I was not requested to examine, and the attendance at which, as reported to me by the clergyman, is 169. There is in each of the parishes of Cockburnspath and Oldhamstocks one small adventure school, which I did not see.

With the exception of these day-schools, and of the eveningclasses, which many of the teachers open during the winter months for those who are employed throughout the day in fieldlabour, and whose ages range from twelve to twenty-four, Table No. 2, p. 275, together with Table No. 1, p. 274, present a complete view of the educational means existing in the two presbyteries, and of the extent to which the population avail themselves of them.

It will appear from a survey of these Tables that sixty four schools have been inspected, and that of that number there

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TABLE No. 1.

Names of Parishes.

Kinds of Schools.

Greatest Num- Average daily

Numbers ber present attendance during the last during same

present at time six months. period.

of inspection.

Total Population in 1831.

987

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63 81 105 92 221 24

Do.

101 110 102 245 33

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1,765

54 90 %169 25

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60 82

Do.

323

786 1,658

130 53 56 314 45 30

78 76 50 39 5233 40 28

61 53 57 65 81 49 39 $223 26 28 69 81 192 42

1,384

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931

39 80

84 }131

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Innerwick 1 Parish school

2 Adventure school Spott. 1 Parish school Stenton 1 Do. Prestonkirk 1

2 Adventure school

3 Female school Whitekirk 1 Parish school

2 Do. Bolton

1 Do. Salton

1 Gladsmuir . 1

Do. 2 Partially endowed school 3

Do. 4

Do. 5 Adventure school Dirleton 1 Parish school

2 ) Partially endowed school 3

Do. Athelstaneford 1 Parish school

2 Partially endowed school Garvald 1 Parish school

2 Adventure school Yester • 1 Parish school

2

Do.
3 Do.
4 | Adventure school

5 Female school Pencaitland . 1 Parish school

2 Partially endowed school

3 Female school Tranent

1 Parish school
2 | Partially endowed school
3

Do.
4 Adventure school
5

Do.
6 Female school

7 Sheil's Hospital Prestonpans . 1 Parish school

2 Adventure school
3 Female school
4

Do.
Humbie 1 Parish school

2

Do.

$119 } 76

25 54

914

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3,014

12,521

2,466

20,157

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are twenty-seven parochial schools, two burgh schools, ten partially endowed or side schools, sixteen adventure schools, and ten female schools.

Before proceeding to speak of the nature and value of the education given in these schools, and to point out the qualities by which their teachers are characterised, it may be interesting, and it is important to exhibit, by means of separate Tables, the range and amount of instruction given in the several classes of schools, by specifying the various branches taught in them, and the proportion of pupils studying each branch.

Before submitting these Tables, it may be well to notice the influence that a really accomplished and active teacher almost invariably has, in elevating and extending the educational course. It may be stated, that wherever a teacher of ability and acquirement is located, and how poor soever may be the people among whom he labours, the expectation may, with a considerable degree of confidence, be entertained, that the extent of his pupils' acquirements will be found to be, in spite of every discouragement and local disadvantage, somewhat proportional to the amount of his own; so that a comparative view of the following Tables will give, in addition to the statistical information contained in them, a general conception of the relative merits of the different teachers, and serve as a tolerably correct index of the amount of activity and acquirement which they respectively possess.

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Tables showing, 1. The numbers present at the time of inspection ; 2. The various

branches taught; 3. The proportion of pupils learning each branch.

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Female Schools. In consequence of the diversified character of the nine schools conducted by females, it is impossible to give anything else than a very general notion of the education there imparted. In most cases the instruction was confined to reading, and sewing but in a few instances. Writing and arithmetic were also taught.

Three hundred and eleven children were present in these schools at the time of inspection.

Sabbath Schools. Although my visits of inspection did not extend to Sabbathschools-and I am therefore unable either to state the amount of religious information which is there imparted, or to express any opinion as to the manner in which these important seminaries are conducted—it would be improper altogether to omit notice of them.

In the absence of full statistical information on the subject, the following statements may form a basis on which to found a tolerably satisfactory and accurate opinion as to the number of such schools existing in the whole district, and the proportion that the numbers in attendance upon them bear to the whole population.

In the town of Haddington, with a population of 3571, there are, connected with, and conducted by, members of the Established Church, five Sabbath-schools, attended by 209 pupils, and five connected with dissenting congregations, attended by 128 pupils.

In the parish of Athelstaneford, with a population of 931, there are three Sabbath-schools, attended by 105 pupils.

In the parish of Gladsmuir, with a population of 1658, there are four Sabbath-schools, attended by 151 pupils.

In the parish of Dirleton, having a population of 1384, there are four Sabbath-schools, attended by 132 pupils.

It would be improper to pass from even so slight a consideration of these schools without recording my admiration of the diligence and zeal with which most of the clergymen devote themselves to the religious instruction of the young ones of their flocks. These schools are in all cases under their superintendence, and are in many instances personally conducted by them.

Having adduced, in as brief a space as possible, all the strictly necessary statistical information which I obtained, and having thus submitted to my Lords a tolerably correct account of the amount of the existing educational means, and of the extent to which the population have availed themselves of them, I now proceed to give my opinion as to the influence which these may be expected to have upon the religious, moral, and intellectual character of ihe people upon whom they are brought to bear.

In estimating the nature of the instruction given, and in pronouncing upon the characters of the teachers in so far as efficiency

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