Oldalképek
PDF
ePub

x 5.2

.

said, the numerous population employed at bank, or above ground, which amounts to at least one-third part more.

“The above 11,400 men may be held to represent 8,100 families, being five-sevenths of the above. Pitmen marry early; at East Holywell colliery we found only one unmarried man above 25 years of age.

The number of persons to each family is between 4.8 and 5.4. I shall call it 5.2, which is rather beyond the average of the two, because Earsdon is a colliery to which, for reasons depending on the nature of the mine, large families do not resort. We have then the whole strictly collier population of the great coal districts of Durham and Northumberland equal to 8100

42,120
Of which are adults, being persons

above 14 years of age (F01, nearly
gths)

23,740
Below 14 years of age (3:!, nearly
ths)

18,380

42,120. “Now, dividing the adult population into 100 parts, we have the following results :

Per cent. Per cent. Persons. Persons.
1. Those who can read
and write

51.6 =

12,250
2. Those who may be

called the first class
of uneducated per-
sons, being such as
can read only, and
many of them very
imperfectly

30•3 =

7,193
3. Those forming the

second class of unedu-
cated persons, being
such as can neither
read nor write 18:1 =

4,297
Total number of persons
who cannot write their

48.4 =

11,490

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

.

.

own names

[ocr errors]

100

23,740 “And, dividing the children, being those under 14 years of age, into 100 parts, we have the results as stated below :

Per cent. 1. Those who can read and write 13.5 2,481 : 2. Those who can read only . . 32.0 5,881 3. Infants, and those who cannot read nor write

54.5 10,018

[ocr errors]
[blocks in formation]

Attend day schools

38 per cent.
Attend Sunday schools, who showever are

already included almost entirely in the
attendance on day schools, so that not
more than 5 per cent. may be considered
as added on this account.

40 ditto.

“ This estimate is necessarily imperfect, but it approximates as closely to the truth as the materials in my possession will permit.”

APPENDIX C.

BuildING SOCIETIES AT SUNDERLAND.

Between five and six years since 32 workmen in the Bishop Wearmouth Iron Works were induced by Mr. Emerson Muschamp to form themselves into a society for purchasing ground and building cottages for their own use.

The subscription was 2s. per week, with an occasional new year's subscription of 20s. The cottages having been built as fast as the funds arising from the rents and subscriptions would permit were assigned to the menibers by lot, each possessor payingrent to the trustees of the building fund until all the members were supplied with cottages, when the society, having accomplished its end, was dissolved. Each of the members are at this time in freehold possession of a cottage, the building of which cost 551., and which would let at 61. per annum.

A new building society has been organized, in which all the members of the old society have taken shares. This result might naturally be expected from the cultivation of habits of thrift, and from the pleasure experienced in having something in the shape of property to look upon as their own. These men have risen in the scale of society, and, by their living free of rent charge, added to their improved habits of diligence and frugality, their means of saving money are materially increased. Doubtless, moreover, in this case, as in every other, the connexion obtains (to borrow an expression from Dr. Chalmers) between the moral elevation and the economic well-being of the working classes. Mr. Muschamp writes to me that many of the members “have contrived to save money for other purposes, such as setting up an aged parent in some way of business or livelihood, &c."

The new society consists of 120 members, who pay 10s. per month. It will be more advantageous to the workmen than the former one, as Mr. Muschamp has made arrangements to borrow the necessary capital so as to purchase the ground and to build the 120 houses at once.

The houses are allotted as before, and

each member occupies his house, or finds some trustworthy tenant, until it becomes his own. The money is borrowed at 5 per cent., the houses pay 10 per cent., the profits swell the general fund until the mortgage be paid off, when the trustees having conveyed to each of the members a house in fee, the society will have attained its end, and be dissolved.

Building societies are not in every place regarded with favour; I heard nothing but good of these at Sunderland.

APPENDIX D.

An Account of the Receipts and Expenditure of Collieries belong

ing to the PITMEN'S UNION, commencing May 27, 1831, and ending with June 23, 1832.

EXPENDITURE.

PARISHES.

INCOME

Paid to Sick, and for Burials.

Paid to those who

were out of Employment.

£. s.

£.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

.

10

[ocr errors]

Beamish
Black Boy (Auckland)
Derwent Crook
Fatfield
Felling
Friars Goose
Ganes Field.
Gateshead Park
Harraton
Haswell
Heworth.
Tetton (South)
Hetton (North)
Hebburn
Jarrow
Kibblesworth
King Pitt
Lambton.
Monkwearmouth
Mount Moor
Newbotile
Ouston
Pittington

£.
S. d.

d.

s. d. 136 8 8 68 4 4 204 13 0 60 5 0 81 15 0 145 0 0 79 111 100 2 5:3 188 14 105 288 14 2

414 6 83 703 0 10 141 11 81 83 5 8 229 17 0 91 19 33 63 11 10 161 7 0 64 4 5 173 3 2 242 16 6 62 0 0 46 4 6 119 2 0 77 12 7 138 19 ng 115 3 2

0 0 65 11 0 75 11 0 114 0 0 S9 16 10 206 16 10 2,060 14 10

794 15 2 2,886 15 10 296 5 11 237 17 3 5:27 19 2 146 5 6 146 19 6 388 11 6 380 0 0 41 175 425 7 3 15 7 0 25 14 6 45 5 9:51 36 15 0 12 12 5 52 7 5 788 16 | 1,464 0 4 2,262 8 4

9 1 10 57 1 1 66 2 10 112 12 6 157 12 1 279 12 6 618 13 1 707 19 1 1,304 6 3.1 111 13 8 134 12 5 252 13 2 399 5 1 696 15 9 1,117 © 23

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

.

.

Carried forward

[blocks in formation]

PARISHES.

[ocr errors]

.

.

.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

.

.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

.

.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Brought forward Rainton Shiney Row Sheriff Ilill Share Gate Shield Row Shields (South) Spungwell Tanfield Leigh Team Waldridge Fell Washington Backworth Benwell Blakelaw Cramlington Cowpen Earsdon Elswick Fawdon Glebe Gosforth Hartley Heaton Holywell . Jesmond Kenton Lawrence (St.) Percy Main Seghill Shilbottle Shields (North) Wallbottle Walker Wallsend West Moor Whitley Wide Open Willington Wylam Wylam (South) Donations from friends

EXPENDITURE.

INCOME.

Paid to Sick, and for Burials.

Paid to those who

were out of Employment.

S. d.

S. d.

£ £

£ 8. d. 6,101 10 11} 5,802 1 4112,021 19 6

522 8 11 1,964 11 11 2,533 7 7 164 2 10 768 5 13 998 14 10 103 8 8 63 51 175 13 33 57 0 0 105 4 53 194 3 6 57 18 11

5 0 0 69 10 0 248 13 0 234

8 11 478 1 11 186 3 0 100 11 0 287 3 0 55 15 91 50 8 10 110 15 1 68 36 70 17 3 159 11 0 15 12 0 134 16 7 152 17 1 160 19 33 128 5 73 296 5 3 202 9 33 402 14 5 606 11 3:1 101 3 10 295 5 2 412 12 0

54 0 1 180 8 7.1 183 14 51 166 19 8 102 8 65 274 5 5 394 2 2 633 39 1,077 8 319 5 7 461 13 1 794 0 10 108 12 1 62 11 0 184 0 0 205 13 3 174 4 3 394 4 9

75 12 53 85 11 11 165 19 0 198 14 4 76 14 2 275 8

6 284 12 4 105 9 9 396 0 9 162 2 1 591 7 111 777 7 8.1 138 11 11 428 16 8 592 2 2 54 0 8 134 0 5.1

1990 9 207 8 7 40 19 0 288 7 7

52 12 3 206 14 3 261 4 6 367 13 1 737 1 3

1,111 17 6 131 14 0 642 9 6 781 6 1

33 9 5 37 2 3 66 5 3 167 18 73 190 16 10 377 4 3 292 14 0 489 9 11 693 3 il 268 17 8 726 14 6 1,001 2 9:41 208 6 11 679 3 0 955 6 8 241 7 5 736 19 1 978 4 6 129 19 6 275 18 0 408 13 () 113 17 8 165 15 5 343 14 0 265 4 61 829 16 5 1,108 14 10! 120 0 8 292 11 1 312 11 9

3 4 0

3 4 0 98 19 8 98 19 8

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Total • 13,008 12 6119,276 12 4.32,580 18 47 For this document I am indebted to Mr. John Buddle.

APPENDIX E.

Mr. John Reay, of Carville, kindly supplied me with the following List

of WESLEYAN Methodist Chapels, showing what Number each will contain, and the Number of Children taught in the SUNDAY-SCHOOLS, with the Cost of the BUILDINGS, viz. :

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors]
[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]
[ocr errors]

150

70

.

200

.

[ocr errors]
[blocks in formation]

.

160

[ocr errors]

50

200

[ocr errors]

.

[blocks in formation]

400

[blocks in formation]

1 Shadwell Street,

S. Shields.
2 Chapter Row
3 | Temple Town
4

Jarrow
5

Hebburn
6

Bill Quay
7 Felling Shore
8 High Felling
9

Gateshead
10 Pipewell Gate
11

Team
12 Blaydon
13 Swalwell
14 Whickam
15 Crawcrook.
16 Greenside
17 Prudhoe
18 Hexham

[blocks in formation]

2,200

400

[ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

.

[blocks in formation]
[merged small][ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[blocks in formation]

1 Tynemouth, about
2 North Shields
3 Chirton
4 Percy Main
5

Howdon Pans
6 Willington Quay
7

Wallsend 8 Bigges Main 9

Walker 10 Byker 11

St. Anthony 12

St. Lawrence. 13 New Road, N.C. 14

Brunswick Place,

N. C. 15

Blenheim Street,

N.C. 16 | Paradise, N. C. 17 Bell's Close 18 Newburn 19

Walbottle. 20 | Throckley. 21 Wylam 22 Corbridge

200

550 5,000 5,000

[ocr errors]

.

[merged small][ocr errors]

1,200 1,600

140

260

[blocks in formation]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

450

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]
« ElőzőTovább »