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POPULAR OPERAS

For

DROGRAMME OF MONS. ALEXANDRE BILLET'S

1 Third and Last Evening Performance of Classical Pianoforte Music. on
Friday, April 13, at St. Martin's Hall, to commence at eight o'clock :-Sonata,
F Sharp Major, Op. 78-Beethoven ; Prelude and Allegro (from the Suites An-
glaises) Bach; Allegro in A-Scarlatti; Gigue in D-Mozart ; Sony--(Duet from
the “Stabat Mater -Rossini; "The Temperaments,” Nos. 3 and 4, Book First;
Grand Duet, two performers, E Flat-Moscheles; Aria and Barcarole-Berger;
Quartet from “I Puritani," varied-A Billet; "La Truite, Caprice D Flat-
J. Heller. Tickets, 28. and 4s.: Reserved, 75. To be had of M. Billet, 12, Russell-
place, Fitzroy-square, and at St. Martin's Hall.

VOICE AND PIANOFORTE,

WITH ITALIAN WORDS.
FRENCH EDITIONS IN 8vo.
IMPORTED AND SOLD BY BOOSEY AND SONS, 28, HOLLES-STREET.

NOTHIC HARPS, Double-action, with every improve.

U ment on Erard's principle, warranted for any period, from 30 Guineas. H. Haarnack, Harp Maker, 35, Berners-street, Oxford-street. Harps repaired, redecoratod, strung, and regulated at moderate prices. N.B.-32 years experience in Harps.

TTALIAN VIOLIN STRINGS.—Messrs. BOOSEY AND

Sons beg to inform the amateurs and professors of the above instrument, that they constantly receive consignments of the best Italian Strings from the first makers in Padua and Naples. The prices per bundle, &c., may be had at 28, Holles-street.

LES HUGUENOTS. Price 20s.
ROBERT LE DIABLE. Price 20s.

GUILLAUME TELL. Price 20s.
IL TROVATORE. Price 12s.

RIGOLETTO. Price 12s.
LUCIA DI LAMMERMOOR. Price 10s.

I PURITANI. Price 8s.
LUCREZIA BORGIA. Price 10s.

NORMA. Price 10s.

MHE CHEAPEST CONCERTINA.-Messrs. BOOSEY

1 and Sons beg to state that Case's Four-Guinea Concertina is sold at a trifle above the cost price, for the express purpose of superseding the worthless instrument called the German Concertina, which, from having but half the proper number of notes, is thoroughly useless in a musical sense. Case's Four-Guinea Concertina has double action and full compass, and is a perfect concert instrument, A Post Office Order for Four Guineas will ensure the delivery of one in any part of England, Case's Concertinas may also be had of every quality and price, from £4 4s. to £12 12s, each. Instruments exchanged and let on hire. Boosey and Sons' Musical Instrument Warehouse, 28, Holles-street.

FIFTY OTHER OPERAS IN A SIMILAR FORM.

PIANOFORTES.-J. Marsh, Pianoforte Manufacturer, VERDI'S IL TROVATORE. - Boosey and Sons have 1 begs to inform his friends in the Trade he has given up his Ware-rooms, in

published the following cheap and attractive editions of IL TROVATORE. New Bond-street, and taken a residence in Store-street, Bedford-square, near the THE COPYRIGHT OF WHICH WAS ASSIGNED TO THEM BY THE Manufactory, to enable him to give his undivided attention to the Manufacturing COMPOSER. Other editions are in the press. 28. Holles-street. Department. Letters to be addressed 13, Store-street, Bedford-square. HOLLOWAY'S PILLS a sure remedy for Indigestion,

IL TROVATORE.- Complete edition, with Italian words Bile, and disordered Stomachs.-Mr. Patrick O'Brien, of Newtownards, had

I unabridged and in the original keys, price 21s. boards. Boosey and Sons frequent attacks of bile and indigestion, particularly after indulging freely

28, Holl-s-street. in the luxuries of the table. His appetite was good, but his digestion weak, which obliged him to have recourse to medicine as oft-changed as told, for he seldom TL TROVATORE. --For voice and piano, with Italian obtained more than temporary relief, relapsing again into the same unpleasant

1 words, French edition. Price 128. Imported by Boosey and Sons, 28, Hollesness. Holloway's Pills were recommended to him after all, and it is quite

street. astonishing to see the benefit he has derived from them, as he can now eat indiscriminately, without fear of suffering from his former ailments.-Sold by all

TL TROVATORE.- Pianoforte adaptation by NORDMANN. Vendors of Medicine, and at Professor Holloway's Establishment, 244, Strand, London ; and 80, Maiden-lane, New York.

| Two books 28. each, or complete price 4s. (Opera Journal) Boosey and Sons,

28, Holles-street. A LBINOLO'S OINTMENT having been forwarded by | TL TROVATORE.-"Stride la Vampa,” song, new edition. the Army Medical Board to the Hospital at Scutari, the Proprietor of this

1 price 1s. Boosey and Sons, 28, Holles-street. invaluable discovery having been severely wounded, and cured with this ointment 48 years ago, at the battle of Jena, will present every soldier going to the seat of war with a box to dress his wounds or sores, as a token of sympathy for his

TL TROVATORE.—“Di quella pira,” song, new edition, sufferings.-Apply, 29, Marylebone-street, Regent-street.

1 price is. Boosey and Sons, 28, Holles-street, In Pots, duty included, ls. 11d., 2s. 9d., 4s. 60., 11s., 228., and 33s. On the 22nd November, I delivered eight large tin boxes, containing together 200lbs., to Dr. Alidrew Smith, Director to the Army Medical Board, to send them TL TROVATORE.--"Ah si ben mio," song, new edition, to tho Army in the Crimea.

1 price ls. Boosey and Sons, 28, Holles-street. TMPROVED SYSTEM OF PENMANSHIP, by MR.

TL TROVATORE.-“Deserto sulla terra," song, new I MARTER, at the Writing Institution, 93, Farringdou-street, Fleet-street, City.

1 edition, price 1s. Boosey and Sons, 28, Holles-street. Persons of any ago (however bad their writing) can, by taking Eight Lessons, speedily acquire an expeditious and well-formed style of Penmanship, adapted either to business, professional pursuits, or private correspondence, at ls. 6d. per TL TROVATORE.—“Tacea la notte," song, new edition, Lesson, or the Course of Eiglat Lessons for 10s. 60. Arithmetic and Book-keeping

1 price ls. Boosey and Sons, 28, Holles-street. practically taught in all its branches. Short-hand taught in a few lessons. Separate Rooms for Ladies, Prospectuses to be had at the Institution.

IL TROVATORE.-“ D'amor sull alli rosée," song, new A CATALOGUE of Second-hand Vocal and Instrumental I edition, price 1s. Boosey and Sons, 28, Holles-street. A Music, and of Books relating to Music, is just published, and will be sent to music buyers post free on application. John Petheram, 94, High Holborn,

TL TROVATORE._“Il balen del suo sorriso," song, new London.

1 edition, price 1s. Boosey and Sons, 28, Holles-street.

TMPROMPTU A LA VALSE (No. 2 of Deux Morceaux 1 de Salon), composed by J. Thorne Harris (of Manchester), price 38. Boosey and Sons, 28, Holles-street.

TL TROVATORE.—“Si la stanchezza,” duettino, price 2s.
I Boosey and Sons, 28, Holles-street.

TELOISE.- Pensée Fugitive pour le Piano. Composed

11 by F. A. André. Price 28. 6d. Also, by the same composer, Les Sentimens, Trois Morceaux de Salon No. 1. La Ressouvenance. No. 2. La Consolation. No. 3. L'Espérance. Price 2s. each. Boosey and Sons, 28, Holles Street.

PUBLISHED THIS DAY, price 2s. each, SIX SONGS,

1 written by Longfellow, Lowell. Melopoyn, and Miss Emily Ham. T
composed and dedicated to Miss Cushman, by ELIZABETH PHILP:

No. 1.-Oh! had I the voice of a bird.

2.-The Sea hath its pearls.
8.-Moonlight.
4.-From the close shut window.
5.---The Soul and the Scala

6.-Good Night!
London ; Cramer, Beale, and Co, 201, Regent-street; and R. Mills, 140, New
Bond-street.

TO FLUTE PLAYERS.-BOOSEY AND Son's, publish

1 this day “La Sonnambula" arranged for the Flute by J. Clinton, forming No, 1, of Boosey's standard Foreign Operas for Flute Solo, price 28. 6d. Norma and Lucia di Lammermoor will be ready in a few days. Boogey and Sons, 28, Ilollesstreet.

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POPULAR ITALIAN DUETS

LA SCALA:
FOR THE

A CHEAP RE-ISSUE OF CELEBRATED ITALIAN SONGS
DRAWING ROOM.

MODERN OPERAS, Addio (L')

Donizetti A figlia incauta

“Maria Padill

REDUCED IN PRICE IN CONSEQUENCE OF THE LATE COPYRIGHT A fosco cielo La Somnam!

DECISION. Barca e pronta la

Panofka Da quel di che..

“Linda" D'un Pensiero ..

S. d. “La Somnambula" .. Due Fancuille (L

1. Rigoletto Campana

"La Donna e mobile"

. . 1 0 Muletieri I

Masini ..

2. Rigoletto_"Caro nome” . Qual voco

. 6 Il Trovatore

1 Rivali (Le) ..

Gordigiani

3. Rigoletto—“Questa o quella” Se m' ami ancor

. “Il Trovatore"

. 10 Signor ne principe ..

Rigoletto

4. Sonnambula—"Ah perche non posso" . 16 Si la stanchezza

Il Trovatore" Una sera d'amore

Campana ..

5. Sonnambula—“ Ah non giunge" . . 1 6 LONDON : BOOSEY AND SONS, 28, HOLLES STREET.

6. Sonnambula—“Come per me sereno”. . . 1 6 6 DXCELSIOR !”—This beautiful poem, by LONGFELLOW,

7. Sonnambula—“ Vi ravviso” . . . . 1 6 V has attracted the attention of all lovers of poetry. A very general desiro 8. Lucia di Lammermoor—"Fra poco a me". . 1 6 having been expressed by MUSICAL PROFESSORS and CONNOISSEURS for a classical musical rendering of this charming effusion of the AMERICAN POET, MESSRS. 9. Lucia di Lammermoor—“Regnava nel silenzio". 16 BOOSEY AND SOns have just issued a composition, which they trust will fully meet such a desire. Order expressly, MESSRS. BOOSEY AND Sons' "EXCELSIOR."

10. Robert le Diable—“Quand je quittais” . . 1 6 “Musical Library" 28, Holles-street, Oxford-street.

11. Robert le Diable—“Robert, toi que j'aime" . 1 6 To be Published by Subscription on the 19th of April, 12. Puritani—“Qui la voce” . .

..1 0 1 "A JUBILEE CANTATA," written in commemoration of the Centevary 13. Puritani—“Son vergin vezzoza”

• 1 0 Celebrations of the Moravian Brethren in Yorkshire during the year 1855. By E. SEWELL, Professor, Fulneck, near Leeds. The work will comprise about forty 14. Puritani—“A te, o cara” . . . . 10 pages (folio), containing ten movements of an ecclesiastical character, in vocal score, with accompaniment for the piano. Price 6s. to subscribers ; 88. 6d, to non 15. Betly—“In questo semplice” ..

. 1 6 subscribers.--N.B. Orchestral Parts can be had on application to the Composer.

16. Ernani—“Ernani, Ernani, involami".

. 1 6 RTINA MUSIC.-“ The Concertina 17. Lucrezia Borgia—“Nella fatal”. Miscellany," a new periodical of popular music for the Concertina Solo, and Concertina and Pianoforte, conducted by George Case. The number for this month (No. 4) contains a Fantaisie on Irish Airs, Concertina and Piano. Nol contained a Fantaisie on Auber's Masaniello, Concertina and Piano. No. 2, a

19. Lucrezia Borgia—“Il segreto" .

. 1 0 selection from the Creation, Concertina and Piano Concertante. No. 3, a selection from Lucia di Lammermoor, Concertina Solo. Subscription per annum, 218. ; or,

20. Lucrezia Borgia—"Com' e bello” .

1 0 postage-free, 278. Boosey and Sons, 28, Holles-street.

21. Nabucodonosor—“ Va Pensiero" Depot for Case's celebrated Four Guinea Concertinas:

. . . . 1 0

22. Fille du Régiment—“Ciascun lo dice" MADAME OURYS NEW COMPOSITIONS,

23. Fille du Régiment—“Apparvi alla luce" . 11 for Players of the first class :-Mazurka brillante, 48. ; Le Rêve du Passé,

. 1 0 romance, 4s. ; Rigoletto, fantaisie, 49. ; Partant pour la Syrie, 3s. ; Rigoletto, 24. Fille du Régiment—"Convien partir" . 1 0 galop, 2s. Boogey and Sons, 28, Holles-street

25. Luisa Miller—“Quando le sere al placido” · 10 W H. HOLMES NEW COMPOSITIONS. Chimes • of England (on "The girl I left behind me"), price 38.; Border Strains

26. Favorite—"Scesa dal ciel” . . . 10 (on a Scotch melody). 28. 6d. ; Fairy Fingers, fantasia, dedicated to Miss Arabella

27. Favorite—"A tanto amor" ..

· 10 Goddard, 5s. ; Consuelo, concerto, 78. Boosey and Sons, 28, Holles-street. OSBORNE'S NEW COMPOSITIONS. — Now ready,

28. Favorite—“O mio Fernando" .

. 10 Four new and very attractive Pieces by G. A. Osborne. La Donna è Mobile

29. Norma—“ Casta Diva” . .

. 10 (exceedingly brilliant), 38, ; A te, O Car, the most effective adaptation of this

30. Beatrice di Tenda—“Oh divina Agnese" .. : 1 0 favourite subject, 2s. 6d.; D'un Pensiero, the beautiful finale to the second act of La Sonnambula, 28. 6d.; Good night, farewell, Kücken's beautiful ballad, arranged

31. Elisir d'Amore—“Una furtiva lagrima" · 10 for the piano in Osborne's best style. Boosey and Sons, 28, Holles-street.

32. Prigione d'Edimburgo—“Sulla poppa” . . 1 6 WHEN FIRST MY FANCY CEASED TO ROAM. Song, poetry, and music composed by Charles Mackay. Price 28. Boosey

33. Don Pasquale—“Com'e gentil” . . . . 1 0 and Sons, 28, Holles-street.

34. Don Pasquale—“La Morale” . . . . 1 0 PELIEVE IF YOU CAN. Song. Poetry and music

35. Anna Bolena—"Al dolce giudami". composed by Charles Mackay. Price 2s. Boosey and Sons, 28, Holles 36. Linda di Chamouni—“O luce di quest' anima" . 1 street,

37. Il Trovatore—“Stride la vampa" UDLEY CASTLE. Song. Poetry and music composed 38. Il Trovatore—“ Di quella pira” . by Charles Mackay. Price 28. Boosey and Sons, 28, Holles-street.

39. Il Trovatore—"Ah si, ben mio” .. OH! SAY FOND HEART. Song. Poetry and music 40. Il Trovatore—“Deserto sulla terra” . . composed by Charles Mackay. Price 28. Boosey and Sons, 28, Holles

41. Il Trovatore—“Jl balen del suo sorriso" .. street.

42. Il Trovatore__"Tacea la notte placida” . . 1 0 MHE ROSES ERRAND. Song Poetry and music

43. Il Trovatore_“D'amor sull ali rosee" . . 1 0 composed by Charles Mackay. Price 28. Boosey and Sons, 28, Hollesstreet.

LONDON : BOOSEY AND SONS, 28, HOLLES STREET.

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Published by John Boosey, of 27, Notting Hill-square, in the parish of Ken

siugton, at the office of Boosey & Sons, 28, Holles-street. Sold also by REED.
15, John-street, Great Portland-street; ALLEN, Warwick-lanc; VICKERS, Holy-
well-street: Keith, PROWSE, and Co., 48, Cheapside; G. SCHEURMANN.
86. New gate-street; HARRY MAY, 11, Holborn-bars, Agents for Scotland.
PATERSON and Sons, Edinburgh ; for Ireland, H. BUSSELL, Dublin ; and alí

Music-sellers.
Printed by WilLIAM SPENCER JOHNSON, “Nassau Steam Press," 60, St. Martin's

Lane, in tbe Parish of St. Martiu's in the Fields, in the County of Middlesex.

SUBSCRIPTION:-Stamped for Postage, 20s. per annum-Payable in advance, by Cash or Post Office Order,

to BOOSEY & SONS, 28, Holles Street, Cavendish Square.

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ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE.

| the Germans' King, has come to discuss with you, according to im

perial right. Do you meet his demand in peace and resignation ? HER MAJESTY'S PRIVATE BAND.

BRABANTERS. We meet his demand in peace and resignation.

KING HENRY. (Rising.) God greet you, beloved men of Brabant ! To the Editor of the Musical World.

I did not idly undertake this journey : I must remind you of the SIR, -Alter ten years' service, I have resigned the post of Principal | perilous condition of the Empire. Shall I first tell you the reason of Violoncello in Her Majesty's Private Band, which I am sorry I did not the miseries that have so often fallen from the East upon the German some time since. The many annoyances I have encountered from Mr.

territory? In the most distant province you ordered wife and child to Anderson, the conductor, added to the dismissal of my brother for no pray: “O Lord, protect us from the fury of the Hungarians!" It beoffence whatever, and the non-fulfilment of promises made by Mr. came me, the head of the Empire, however, to devise some end to such Anderson to myself, compelled me to adopt this resolution.

wild recklessness. As the prize of the contest, I gained a nine years' To enter a little into detail. After the letter signed “Truth” had

peace, which I employed for the defence of the Empire; I caused forti. appeared in your journal, Mr. Anderson, without any previous appli. fied towns and castles to be built; I exercised the ban in resistance. cation on my part, sent for me, and proposed himself that I should have

The truce is now at an end--the tribute refused- the foe prepares him£130 per annum-stating, that it was my due as Principal Violoncello

self with wild menace. It is time to defend the honour of the Empire; I agreeing, which I did, to relinquish certain outstanding engagements. East or West, let that be the same to all! Let every land called GerThese, of course, are now lost to me. At the same time, Mr. Anderson

man contribute its hosts, for then, indeed, no one will longer despise the observed, that I was to consider myself entitled to £100 (instead of

German Empire. £80, to which my salary had been reduced) from the month of January, Saxons AND THURINGIANS. (Clashing their weapons.) With God, during which our interview took place, and that he would arrange with then, let us strike for the honour of the German Empire. His Royal Highness Prince Albert that the salary-namely, £130 THE KING. (After resuming his seat.) When I summon you, men of should be allowed forthwith. Desirous of obtaining a written promise to Brabant, to follow me to Mayence and take the field, with what grief that effect, I requested, by letter, his earliest attention to the subject; but must I witness that you live in discord without a prince! I seo connever received any answer from Mr. Anderson. This silence, so fusion and savage feud, and therefore conjure thee, Friedrich von Telraunaccountable, and, I may say, disrespectful, after what had occurred,

| mund-I know thee a model of every virtue-to speak, that I may induced me, after waiting in vain nearly two months, to tender my

| learn the reason of these misfortunes. resignation, which I accordingly did on the 4th instant, and it was FRIEDRICH. I thank thee, King, for coming as our judge! I tell the accepted. I remain,

truth: falsehood is unknown to me. The Duke of Brabant was at the point Your obedient servant,

of death, and recommended to my protection his children, the maiden

HORATIO CHIPP. Elsa, and the boy Gottfried. Faithfully did I watch over his youth, his 49, Great Portland-street, Portland Place, April 12, 1855.

life was the jewel of my honour. Imagine then, King, my fierce sorrow, P. 8.-And furthermore, two days afterwards I received the cancel when I was robbed of it, Elsa one day took the boy into the wood, of my warrant, dispossessing me of £45 per annum, to which I was

but returned without him; with false anxiety, she inquired after entitled as Musician in ordinary to Her Majesty Queen Victoria.

her brother, she, having accidentally strayed from him, being no longer

able--so she said-to find traces of him. Fruitless was all our exerLOHENGRIN:

tion to find the lost one. When I then pressed Elsa with menaces, she

betrayed the consciousness of her fearful guilt, by pale trembling and A ROMANTIC OPERA, IN THREE ACTS, DY

agitation. Seized with horror for the maiden, of my own accord, and RICHARD WAGNER.

gladly, I renounced the right to her hand which had been granted by

her father, and took a wife who pleased my taste--Ortrud, descendant DRAMATIS PERSON Æ.

of Radbod the Friesland prince. (ORTRUD bows to the King.) Henry the Fowler, the German King.

I now appear against Elsa von Brabant ; I accuse her of her brother's Lobengrin.

murder. This country, too, I claim by right, since I am the nearest Elsa von Brabant.

by blood to the Duke, while my wife belongs to the race that once gave Duke Gottfried, her brother.

princes to it. Thou hearest the charge, King, judge rightly! Friedrich von Telramund, a Count of Brabant.

ALL THE Men. (With solemn horror.) Ah! Telramund accuses her Ortrud, his wife.

of a great crime! With horror do I hear the charge.
The King's Herald.

King. What a fearful charge thou makest. How can such a crime
Saxon and Thuringian Counts and Nobles; Brabant be possible ?
Counts and Nobles ; Maids of Honour; Pages ;

FRIEDRICH. My Lord, the pain maiden who, full of pride, rejected
Vassals, Women, Serfs.

my hand, is a visionary. I, therefore, accuse her of a secret love. Antwerp: First half of the Tenth Century.

She, no doubt, thought that, when she had got rid of her brother, she would have a right, as sovereign lady of Brabant, to refuse her hand to

& vassal, and openly give herself up to her paramour. SCENE I.

KING. Summon the accused! The trial shall begin now! Heaven A meadow on the banks of the Scheldt, Dear Antwerp. The river makes a bend grant I may be endowed with wisdom! (He hangs his shield upon the

towards the background, so that, to the right, through a few trees, the eye loses sight of it, and only perceives it again in the distanco. In the fore.

oak. The Sarons and Thuringians plant their naked swords in the ground, to the left, King HENRY is seated under an old majestic vak. Next earth; the Brabanters lay their weapons down before them. him stand Saxon and Thuriugian Counts, Nobles avd Troopers, forming the HERALD. (Advancing into the open space in the middle.) Shall a King's ban. Opposite stand the Brabant Counts and Nobles, meu-at-arms, and people. At their head is FRIEDRICH VON TELRAMUND, and, at his side.

trial be held here according to might and right? ORTRUD. Vassals and serf* fill up the background. A clor space is left in King. My shield shall not protect me again until I have judged the middle of the stage; the Herald and four Trumpeters advance into this strictly and mercifully. open space. The Trumputers blow the royal sigval."

ALL THE MEN. Lét not the sword return to the scabbard until HERALD. Listen! Princes, nobles, freemen of Brabant! Henry, l justice is done by the decision !

HERALD. Where you perceive the King's shield, there learn justice ALL THE Mer. The summons has died away without an answer: through his decision. Therefore do I call, accusingly, clearly, and her cause looks badly. loudiy : Elsa, appear!

FRIEDRICH. (Pointing to ELSA who begins to be uneasy.) See,

whether I have accused her falsely! Right is on my side. SCENE II.

Elsa. (Approaching nearer to the King.) Beloved King, let me Enter Elsa in a white and very simple dress; a long train of her women, very entreat thee, let the challenge be once more sounded for my knight! plainly clad in white, follow her. The women remain standing in the back

He is, doubtless, far away, and does not hear it. ground, at very outside of the circle, while ELSA advances, slowly and abashed, into the middle of the foreground.

King. (To Herald.) Summon once more to the judgment ! (The THE MEN. See! she approaches, the heavily-accused one! Ha!

Trumpeters sound again as before ; the Herald repeats the summons.

Another long, anxious silence.) how bright and pure she looks! He who dares bring so grave a charge

ALL THE MEN. Heaven answers in gloomy silence ! against her, must indeed be certain of her guilt.

Elsa. (Falling on her knees.) Thou borest to him my lament; to KING. Is it thou, Elsa von Brabant ? (ELSA makes an affirmative

me did he come at thy bidding. O, Lord, at present tell my knight gesture.) Dost thou acknowledge me thy judge ? (Elsa looks full in the

to assist me in my distress! Let me see him, as I saw him; as I saw King's face, and again makes an affirmative gesture.) Well, then, I

| him, let him be near me! (Those on an eminence nearest the bank of will question thee further. Art thou acquainted with the heavy charge

the river, perceive, in the distance, a skiff, drawn by a swan, gradually against thee? (ELSA perceives FRIEDRICH, starts, turns her head

approaching, on the stream: a knight is standing in the skiff. timidly away, and mournfully makes an affirmative gesture.) What dost thou answer to the charge ?

THE MEN. (At first a few; their number, however, keeps increasing, Elsa. (Makes a gesture, implying "Nothing.")

as they are nearer the bank, or gradually approach it.) Look! look!

What a wonderful phenomenon! Is it possible! A swan-a swan is King. Thou dost acknowledge, then, thy guilt ?

drawing hither yon skiff! A knight stands in it, bold and upright!-ELSA. (Afler gazing vacantly, and in silence for some time.) My

how his armour glitters! The eye is dazzled by its brightness. Look! poor brother! ALL THE MEN. How wonderful! What strange behaviour!

he comes nearer! The swan is drawing him with a golden chain !

| (The interest increases; every one leaves the foreground, and hastens KING. Say, Elsa, what hast thou to confide to me? [A long pause.

to the back. The King, who from his elevated position can see what is Elsa. (Gazing in a state of quiet abstraction.) Alone, in days of

going on; FRIEDRICH, who listens in astonishment; and ORTRUD, who sadness, I prayed to God; I poured out the heart's deepest sorrow in

looks towards the background with gloomy dissatisfaction, are the only prayer. A sound so full burst then from my groans, and swelled

persons who remain in the foreground. Elsa, who listens with a through the air into mighty tones. I heard it echoing in the distance,

countenance that becomes by degrees more and more perfectly attentive until it scarcely reached my ear: my eye closed, and I sank into sweet

to the description given by the crowd, and stands, as if rooted to the sleep. THE MEN. (Softly.) How strange! Is she dreaming? Is she mad ?

spot, appears unable to look round.) KING. Elsa, now defend thyself in the presence of thy judge. ELSA. (Continuing uninterruptedly as before.) In the light of glitter

ROSSINI AND BRAHAM. ing weapons a knight approaches; I never beheld another of such pure virtue. Leaning upon his sword, with golden horn at his side, he stept [We have been requested by the illustrious father of English out of the air to me, worthy of the rack. With modest demeanour, he singing, to publish the following correspondence between himcomforted me. I will see the knight, he shall be my champion! self and the not less illustrious father of Italian song.] KING AND ALL THE Men. (With emotion.) Heaven's grace protect

Translation. us, that we may clearly see who is guilty! KING. Friedrich, thou honourable man, reflect well whom thou

FROM ROSSINI TO BRAHAM. accusest!

Most ESTEEMED JOHN,- I was highly delighted to make the FRIEDRICH. Her dreamy mood does not deceive me; you hear, she acquaintance of your son Charles. Besides being a most amiable is in raptures for å paramour! For that of which I accuse her, I have person, I found him possessed of a fine sympathetic voice; and good reasons; I had sure testimony of her crime. To turn aside your

if he makes up his mind, as I'advised him, to continue his studies doubt, however, by evidence, would, in truth, but ill agree with my

with my friend, Signor Romani, he will, I have no doubt, mainpride. There do I stand, and here my sword! which of you dares do battle against the glory of my honour?

tain unimpaired the high reputation of his father, with the per• THE BRABANT NOBLES. Not one of us! We only battle for thee.

spective of attaining the highest honours if he persevere in his FRIEDRICH. And thou, King! Dost thou remember my services;

design. I am aware how fond a father ever is of hearing the how I struck down. the savage Dane in the fight?

opinions expressed of his son, and I hope that you will accept mine King. How ill it would become me to allow thee to remind me of as the expression of my sincere appreciation, and, at the same time, it! I willingly award thee the palm of highest virtue; I would not beg of you to receive the assurance of my admiration for yourself see the country under the protection of any other. God alone shall and of my personal esteem.

GIACHIMO ROSSINI. at present decide in this matter!

Florence, 17th Dec., 1854.
ALL THE MEN. The ordeal! the ordeal! Come !
King. (Draws his sword, and plants it solemnly before him in the

FROM BRAHAM TO ROSSINI. ground.) I ask thee, Friedrich, Count von Telramund! wilt thou main

ILLUSTRISSIMO SIGNOR ROSSINI,—Non mi fido ti scrivere nella tain thy charge in the ordeal, by a contest of life and death?

lingua Italiana ; percioche comincio, che-Your delightful letter FRIEDRICH. Yes. King. And thou, Elsa von Brabant! wilt thou?-a champion shall

gave me the greatest pleasure imaginable, not only for the high

compliment paid to myself, but for your glowing eulogium on fight for thee, for life and death, in the ordeal! ELSA. Yes!

the voice and capabilities of my son Charles (Carlo). I sincerely KING, Whom hast thou chosen for thy champion ?

hope he will attend to your advice as to an oracle. You have FRIEDRICH. (Hastily.) Listen, now, to the name of lier paramour !

made the father proud and the son grateful. May the great THE BRABANT NOBLE3. Pay attention.

Rossini-that glorious sun of harmony and melody, at whose Elsa. I will await the Knight, he shall be my defender! Hear what

fire of genius modern composers light their torches in hopes of I offer to the heaven-sent champion in return : Let him wear the inspiration-live many years of happiness and prosperity, is the crown in my father's dominions; I sball esteem myself happy if he | heartfelt prayer of

JOHN BRAHAM. takes my wealth ; if he call me wife, I give him what I am!

THE MEN. A valuable prize, if it depended on the will of Heaven! Whoever fought for it, would do well to pledge a heavy stake,

SICK AND WOUNDED AT SCUTARI.-The Amateur Soirée MusiKing. The noon-day sun is already high; it is time that the cale, which was given in the Hanover Square Rooms, in aid of challenge should go forth. (HERALD comes forward with the Four

the fund for the Sick and Wounded Soldiers at Scutari, was Trumpeters, who advance towards the four quarters of the compass, at

| highly successful in its pecuniary results. The sum of £130 was the extreme boundaries of the circle formed by the court; in this

realised. Among the donators were Mad. Jenny Lind Goldposition they sound the challenge).

schmidt, and General Sir de Lacy Evans. The soirée was proHERALD. If anyone here has come to contend in the ordeal as I jected and carried out under the superintendance of Miss Elize champion of Elsa von Brabant, let him appear! (A long silence.) Barrington, to whom great credit is due.

to sec

VERDI AND MEYERBEER.

sympathies or antipathies. A man holding a position like that of Mr.

Gye should be superior to the temptation of becoming the instrument of We have placed Verdi first. Some bitter and exasperated intrigue, at the sacrifice of proper feelings and his own reputation. enemy of the composer of Ernani has published the following

Before taking leave of you, Mr. Editor, to those who wish to under

stand the whimsical conduct of Mr. Gye I should recommend the withering satire upon him in the columns of the Morning

perusal of Monsieur de Mirecourt's biography of Meyerbeer. I beg to Post :

enclose my card, and remain, sir, your obedient servant, VERITAS. SIR,-Mr. Gye's prospectus for the season of his great lyric esta.

Save us from our friends! What direful offence can poor blishment, whilst affording ample satisfaction for the remarkable assemblage of talent secured, betrays a bold attempt to impose on the

Sig. Verdi have inflicted on this pseudonymous writer, to credulity of the public. I shall first dwell on the unfair manner in bring down upon him such an avalanche of overwhelming which he adverts to the illustrious composers of the two new operas irony ? Has he declined his libretto, or refused him a box at which he promises to produce. The public has already proclaimed as a the Opera. breach of courtesy, the fact of giving utterance, in a prospectus, to such exaggerated feelings of veneration for, and laudation of, Mr. Meyerbeer, whilst of Sig. Verdi, mention is made only cursorily, and in the most A REVIEW OF THE HISTORY OF MUSIC reserved and indifferent terms. If it were the intention of Mr. Gye to

BEFORE MOZART. flatter the opinions of that section of the English public which does not

(Continued from page 146.) sufficiently appreciate Verdi's music, by abstaining from any encomiastic allusions to his talents, he should have at least taken care not to

WHILE the learned were so busy giving Greek names to the wound the feelings of this composer's numerous admirers, by likewise Church scales, they remarked that the instrumentalists played abstaining from indulging in an enthusiastic panegyric on Mr. Meyer in none of those scales. Whoever spoke of an instrumentalist, beer. The partiality thus evinced by Mr. Gye in favour of the composer at that time, meant to designate a fiddler and a sort of handimore popular with a certain class in this country has provoked the craftsman, who was not worthy to be reckoned among musicians. censure and blame of all persons possessing proper feelings, whether As these Pariahs in music commonly played in C major, their admirers or not of the relative merits of the two composers. It is not plebeian scale was entitled modo lascivo (the licentious key). within Mr. Gye's province to influence the opinion of the public either Modo lascivo, O major! the natural key, par excellence. Is not in favour of or against an opera or a composer-let the public judge the title infinitely queer! Never had Truth a sincerer eulogy for themselves. Besides, it is in the highest degree disrespectful to bestowed on her with the plain purpose of degrading her. How Mr. Verdi, this attempt on the part of Mr. Gye to assign to him, in the pleasantly ears, dedicated from 'principle to the hardest cruciopinion of the public, a position secondary to that which he endeavours 1 Arione

fixions, must have been tickled with this key, which they

branded with the epithet “unchaste !" I shall be told that the stand, at the very least, as high as Meyerbeer's—which fact it was

composers in the improved Lydian mode had transposed this incumbent upon Mr. Gye not to disregard, and he should have been

scale into the Fourth. Yes, but we have seen that they careful to refrain from drawing any invidious distinction between these two eminent men, who both, I am informed, are equally anxious to assist

avoided, with all their might, the consequences of these normal him in his praiseworthy exertions, and both are equally entitled to his

scales, both as regarded the tune and modulation; the fiddlers, gratitude and respect. But granted, hypothetically, that Meyerbeer on the contrary, gladly and willingly accepted them. Herein deserves, as a composer, to be ranked higher than Verdi, I repeat that lies the difference; they sinned without shame against the it is foreign to the duty of Mr. Gye to classify the relative merits of Greek modes, without trying, through the mediation of Gaforius authors in his programme, the sole object of which should be that of and other casuists, to reconcile themselves with this system. apprising the public of the arrangements made by him for their grati. The ear found its account in it, and the highly disturbed theory fication and approval : this, however, is not the only fault which I regret shrieked anathema over such criminal enjoyment. “Modo to have to find with the prospectus. I have also to point out and lascivo," it thundered out. Such was the spirit of the schools; correct some historical inaccuracies which appear in the same, incurred and such, we may add, the spirit of the age. A sensual gratifilikewise with the at least apparent aim of over-raising Meyerbeer in the cation-innocent as it was in itself-might lead into temptation, estimation of the public, to the prejudice of Verdi. Mr. Gye states and arouse the Evil One, who knows how to assume all fornis, that the success of the Etoile du Nord most certainly finds no parellel

even that of the major scale. in the annals of the lyric drama; and that this opera has already been

We come back to our question, which, after what has been performed at a vast number of continental theatres. It would hardly

recalled to miud, resolves itself. What should—what could the be possible to venture on a statement more completely at variance with truth; it being a very well known fact that the success of the Etoile

musicians make, who first strove to fulfil their calling as artists ? has been doubtful and contested, even in Paris; and very justly too,

Melody? But Art, as it was, offered them none, and the princifor, in my humble opinion, this opera reflects very little credit on the

ples, which guided theni, made it long impossible. Harmonic illustrious composer of Roberto il Diavolo and the Huguenots. The sequences of any value? But scales, chords, modulations, all was Etoile du Nord has only been performed in France, Belgium, and in terra incognita for them. Could purely rhythmical effects be one or two secondary theatres in Germany. Mr. Gye, in speaking of

asked of them? Perhaps they might bave found such, had they the Trovatore, has stretched his generosity to confessing that this been composing for the drum ; but they composed for the voice ; opera has been represented at every principal theatre in Italy, and has, and, in all music which contains more than rhythm, that I mean during the past winter, formed the chief attraction at the Italian Opera that which produces the effect is inseparable from the Melody. in Paris. The real facts are these: that the success of the Trovatore Surely the composers of the fourteenth century possessed none most certainly finds no parallel in the annals of the lyric drama. The of the elements, whose use would have allowed them to treat question is not where the Trovatore has been performed, but where it | Music as one of the forms of Poetry. The æsthetic part of Art, has not been performed. With the exception of London, I think that I am which is the art itself, never entered their thought; and how, I not far from correct in stating that every metropolis, every town, every

ask, could it have entered? Since they were utterly destitute village in the civilised world, where an Italian opera is to be found, has seen and frantically applauded the Trovatore.

d, has of every means of moving and of pleasing, how should they ever

The eminent Maestro Pacini, whilst in Paris, last winter, to superintend the production of

dream that pleasure and emotion are the tone and only ends of his Arabi nelle Gallie, hus very properly stated that "No opera in

music? That would have been as much as to condemn themselves existence has much chance of success if performed immediately after the

| to doing nothing, and yet they had to do something. The answer Trovatote"_“Il quarto atte del Trovatore, è un grande scoglio per

lies in their works. tutti i Maestri." Those were his words. On the authority of a very

Music, by its compound nature, exhibits two essentially disaccurate musical periodical of Milan, we are informed that during the

tinct points of view, one of which, happily, never rose above the short period since its production, the number of performances of the

horizon of the middle age. Music is an art, but it is also, in the Trovatore, in all the theatres in the world, far exceeds that of all the broadest sense of the word, a science, since it rests on calculation. four operas of Meyerbeer put together.

To say nothing of the canon-with which, rationally, we do not This in justice to the claims of fair play and accuracy, which should allow ourselves to be much perplexed at the present day-there never be made subservient to the absorbing gratification of personal are melodic steps to be counted, rhythmical distances to be

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