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Herr Léo Lion, who last year was compelled, by ill-health, to go to drink the waters at one of the numerous watering-places for which he German Fatherland is so distinguished, has returned, and again undertaken the duties of pianoforte instructor at the Conservatory of Music here. By the way, have you heard that Malle. Barbara Marchisio is to be married this winter to General Cialdini? Such is the fact. Farewell to the duet-singing of the Sisters," for she will teave the stage.
A LETTER FROM MENDELSSOHN.
Et cætera animalia.
And the Martyrdom of St. Peter stood hard by! I have therefore not taken (ADDRESSED TO ZELTER.)
any great pains to make the acquaintance of the Herr organist; and as there is
no decent opera here just now as the Gondoliers who sang Tasso are dumbVenice, Oct. 16. 1830.
as in general what I have seen of the Venetian art of the present time-such Dear Herr Professor !--Now then I have set foot in Italy, and I wish this as poems framed and glazed upon Titian's pictures, Rinaldo and Armida by a letter to be the first of the regular reports which I think of making you, of all new Venetian painter, Saint Cecilia by a ditto, moreover many new structures that seems to me specially noteworthy. If I have omitted hitherto writing in no style at all--does not impress me very much, so I stick to the old and you a regular letter, the fault is that of the great distraction in which I lived study out how they wrought. I have often had great desire for music awakened, both in Munich and Vienna. For to tell you of all the parties in Munich, of and hence have composed pretty industriously since I came here. Before I which I visited several every evening and where I played the pianoforte more left Vienna an acquaintance gave me Luther's sacred poems, and as I read than ever anywhere else, was not possible, because one trod upon the heels of them again, I felt their power more than ever, and I think of composing many another, and I never could really quite come to my senses.
of them this winter. While here, I have almost settled upon the treatinent of Besides, it would have hardly been of any special interest to you, for in fact the choral “ Aus tiefer Noth” for four voices a capella ; and have also the that "good society, which does not afford material for the shortest epigram," Christmas hymns, “ Ach Gott vom Himmel sieh darein," “ Wir glauben all' makes no very marked effect in a letter. It is to be hoped, however, that you
an einen Golt," · Verleih uns Frieden," " Nitten wir im Lebenesind;" and, have not taken my long silence ill, and so I still dare expect a few words from finally, “ Ein feste Burg ;" and all these last I think of composing for chorus you, even if they say nothing but that you are well and in good spirits. It looks
or orchestra. Please, write me about this plan of mine, and whether you will all too stormy and unfriendly in the world just now,* and what we had begun
be satisfied should I retain the old melodies in all cases, without binding myto consider as unchangeable and enduring falls to pieces in a few days. In
self to them slavishly; as, for instance, if I should take the first verse of such times it is doubly grateful to hear well-known voices, and convince one's
" Vom Himmel hoch" as a grand chorus and work it out quite free? Besides self that certain things will not be swept away or thrown down, but stand fixed
all this, I have another overture for orchestra partly written--and should a on a firm foundation; and, as I am at this moment very uneasy, not having had
chance at an opera occur, it will be welcome. In Vienna, I completed two news from home for four weeks, and finding no letters either in Trieste or here
short pieces of church music; a choral in three movements for chorus and a few words from you, direct to me in the old style, would refresh and rejoice! orchestra (“O Haupt roll Blut und Wunden"), and an “Ave Maria" for me to the heart, by giving me convincing proof that you still think of me with eight-part chorus a capella. The people who surrounded me there were so affection, as you have done from my early childhood.
abominably dissipated and good-for-nothing, that I felt and conducted myself With what a comfortable sort of joyousness the first view of the Italian plains | like a theologian. Moreover, the best players of the pianoforte of both sexes filled me, no doubt you have been already told by my folks at home. Here I | there never played a note of Beethoven: and when I expressed the opinion hasten hourly from enjoyment to enjoyment and see continually something
that there was, after all, something in him and Mozart, they would say: "So new and unexpected ; but during the first days here, I discovered several lead then you are an admirer of the classic music?" "Yes," said I. . ing works with which I am making myself most thoroughly acquainted and
To-morrow I think of going on to Bologna, to see the St. Cecilia ; and then, before which therefore I spend some hours daily. There are three pictures by viâ Florence, to Rome, where God willing, I think of arriving in eight or ten Titian--the representation of Mary as a child in the Temple, her Ascension, | days. Thence I will write to you a longer
days. Thence I will write to you a longer letter. I only meant to-day to make and the Entombment of Christ; also a picture by Giorgione, representing a a beginning, and pray you not to forget me, and to accept kindly my hearty girl with a cither in her hand, quite lost in thought, and now looking out of wishes for your well-being aud happiness. Your faithful
FELIX. the picture with such a deeply reflective look (probably she is about to strike up an air, and as one gazes upon her, the impulse is strong to do the same); and others still. The pictures alone are worth a journey to Venice; for the
Crystal Palace.-The Winter Concerts are resumed to day. The wealth of ideas, the strength and the religious feeling of the men who painted
concert-room has been entirely enclosed and made warm for the winter them, stream out to the beholder whenever he looks at them, and so I am not season. Herr Joachim, Mr. Santley, and Mademoiselle Zeiss are the much troubled at having heard hardly any music here: for the music which the principal artistes, Mr. Manns, as usual, being the chef d'orchestre. During angels in the Ascension are making as they surround the Virgin and express the past few days a large space has been taken by exhibitors with goods their joy-one of them meeting her and thumping upon a tamborine, others
from the International Exhibition, and there is no doubt that the comblowing away upon curious carved flutes, another lovely group singing or the ing season will witness much of the active business of the Exhibition music, which is floating before the fancy of the cither player--this music of transferred to the courts of the Crystal Palace. The nave and centre course is not to be reckoned. Once only have I heard any organ-playing, and transept are now well lighted with gas. The afternoon promenade that was sad enough. I was busy in viewing the Martyrdom of St. Peter, by after the Saturday concerts is likely now to be one of the attractive
Titian, in the Franciscan church ; it was the hour of service and there was for features of the week. me something awe-inspiring as well as devotional, as the old pictures in the
EASTERN OPERA House (Pavilion). - Crowded audiences have very spots for which they were planned and executed, with their mighty figures by little and little stood forth out of the darkness in which the long lapse of
attended this establishment during the week; the attraction being a time has enveloped them. As I was so intently beholding that wonderful
series of English operas, supported by Madame Rudersdorff, Miss evening landscape, with the trees and the angels among the branches, the
Emma Heywood, Messrs. Walter Bolton, Charles Durand, Distin, &c.
| Il Trovatore, Martha, Maritana, and the Bohemian Girl have been placed organ struck up. I was refreshed as I heard the first tone; but the second,
on the stage in a manner that reflects great credit on the management. the third, and all which followed brought me out of my dreams and reveries in
So vigorous a prima donna as Madame Rudersdorff has not appeared at good condition, home; for the man played in a church, at service, and in the
this theatre before, and in fact the company are generally efficient. Miss presence of respectable people, 90:
Emma Heywood (the contralto), by the way, has won “golden opinions"
in Azucena ; her fine voice and unaffected style producing an unmisAllegro con fuoco.
MUSICAL HABERDASIIERY." Mr. Brie of Conduit Street exhibits (at the International Exhibition) a handerchief of novel design as a
specimen of hand embroidery. On one side is “God save the Queen;" Full Organ.
on the three other sides the “Rule Britannia," music for piano, is embroidered. The four corners are composed of different national embleins.- .... There is also a great variety of shirts and shirt-fronts, with large and small plaits made by hand without drawing threads. There are also many novelties in dress and embroidered shirt-fronts. .... Also some specimens of embroidered coats of arms, crests,
initials, &c., executed in a style which has never been before • This was the period of the Revolution of 1830,
attempted."- Morning Post, Oct. 14.
PRESENTATION DINNER TO MR. FREDERIC LEDGER. | very fond, soon became so careless, as to forget that he possessed it
. | until his servant who had the while been making money by letting the A dinner was held on Tuesday, at the Freemason's Tavern, in
th, m | beast on hire, brought him a long bill for the animal's fodder. The honor of Mr. Frederic Lenger, Proprietor of the bra newspaper, | dedication of several important works to the Count and his wife testi by between eighty and ninety of his patrons and friends. In the fies Beethoven's sense of their thorough appreciation of his power, and course of the evening a splendid candelabra and epergne, together of their zeal in encouraging him to develope it; and the dedication to with a purse of 400 sovereigns, was presented to Mr. Ledger by the Countess Browne of the three pianoforte sonatas published immediately chairman, Mr. Peter Matthews, in the name of certain professors after the present work, and that to the Count of the six songs set to and admirers of the dramatic art, as a testimony to the spirit of poems of Gellert, may reasonably be interpreted as an acknowledgment in lependence and fairness in which the cause of the drama and of of the service that had just been rendered him in the recommendation its followers had, for many years, and with such thorough zeal to the Czar. The three Sonatas form a glorious tribute, worthy of an and ability, been advocated by that journal, under the superin
emperor to receive, of a friend to introduce, and of Beethoven to offer.
| The movement which is known as the last movement of the Sonata tendance and authority of Mr. Ledger. Both the compliments paid
Op. 47 (dedicated to Kreutzer) was designed to occupy the same by the chairman, in his speech, and the hearty reply of their reci
position in the Sonata under notice; its length, its expression, and its pient, were received with acclamations. The banquet was one of
difficulty, however, were considered to be unfitted to the general the most superb ever provided by the conductors of the Freemason's
character of the composition-a judgment in which all who know the Tavern ; and to make the entertainment still further attractive, movement will concur,and Beethoven accordingly wrote the Air with there was an excellent concert of vocal music, contributed by Miss Variations to replace it, that now concludes the present Sonata. The Poole, Mrs. Alexander Newton, Messrs. Henry Haigh, Fielding, substitution is infinitely more appropriate to the context than the (ienge, and Lawler, Herr Meyer Lutz presiding at the pianoforte. original would have been, and the Sonata, as it stands, is as complete in Among other pieces, Mr. Lawler (who had prepared the concert) its beautiful symplicity as are its companions, the one in C minor and gave a song appropriated to the occasion, the words by “Celine,"
the one in G, respectively in grandeur and in humorous gaity. the music by himself. We quote the words :
The Allegro is singularly rich in ideas. Its opening phrase
Her Champion still
Through good and ill,
Esalting her position
Still in the right,
is distributed between the pianoforte and the violin. Also incidental to the first A dauntless Editor,
Improving her condition ;
subject is the following: Who seeks applause
The friends of all, In Freedom's cause,
Whom Sorrow's call Unbiass'd by opinion,
Has sent to him appealing, Pursues his way
We here attend Through Faction's sway,
The actor's friend, And Bigotry's dominion ?
The friend in Deed-and Feeling.
The second subject comprises so many beautiful thoughts, each distinct but all continuously connected, that space will not permit the quotation of more than
the first of them. This section of the movement commences thus :— . II. While poet's gain
There let the cup For each lov'd strain
Be lifted up The silent heart's devotion,
And many voices greeting, And heroes wake,
Receive the Guest
Scarcely less important than the very long-sustained melody which consti
tutes the only defined theme of the Adagio, is the conspicuous figure of May we not lay
Long may be gaze A leaf of bay
In future days
accompaniment, combined with the opening phrase :With “ Honorable Mention,"
Upon this Presentation ; For one who's striv'n,
Fill to the brim And long has giv'n,
Go honour him The Drama his attention ?
Of this day's celebration. This song was received with great enthusiasm. The inscription on the candelabrum is as follows:-"This CANDELABRUM and EPERGNE, with a PURSE OF £400, was presented to MR. FREDERICK The last movement consists of a series of Variations upon the Air beginningLEDGER, the proprietor of the “ERA” NEWSPAPER, by his friends
VIOLIN. and patrons, at the Freemason's Hall, London, on November the 4th, 1862, as a testimony of respect for his ability and independence in conducting that journal the lasi twenty years." It is not often we find the efforts of a newspaper proprietor and conductor thus With Beethoven, Variations were not such as we find in the productions for the heartily appreciated.
drawing room that have greatly engrossed young ladies' fingers in the interim between his time and our own--bald passages of execution, each upon a set figure. With him to vary a theme was to give diversified expression to one idea,
to forin several melodies upon one ground-work, and thus to excite an everBEETHOVEN'S SONATA in A. Op. 30, No. 1.
renewed interest, not in the player only, but in the composer, and in the display For Pianoforte and Violin.
of his ingenious invention. A notable example of this happy ingennity is the
last Variation of the present series, where the change of measure gires The three Sonatas of which this is the first, were published in 1803,
especially new character to the original theme. G. A. MACFARRES. and written probably at the commencement of that, or the close of the preceding year. Beethoven's biographers give no account of the circumstance of their dedication to the Emperor Alexander I. ; but this MANCHESTER.---A concert was recently given by Mr. Andrews, at the we may well suppose to have been one in which Count Browne was the Mechanics' Institution, in aid of the Manchester Relief Fund. He was chief agent. An official of the Russian government, that nobleman, assisted by his two daughters, Miss Andrews and Miss Caroline during his long residence in Vienna, vied with the Lichnowsky family | Andrews; Miss Flinn, a pupil ; Mr. John S. Andrews, who presided at in his cordial friendship for Beethoven, and it can scarcely be matter of the organ; and a choral body of from 50 to 60, all of whom, soloists and question, that, among all he did to advance the interest of his favorite, chorus, gave their services on the occasion. The programme comprised he should have taken advantage of his political functions to obtain the a variety of vocal solos, duets, and choral pieces, and a piano-forte solo patronage of his sovereign for the great musician, his having perceived by Mr. R. Andrews. Vocally, the most conspicuous feature was the those merit has made his own name immortal. This Count Browne, introduction of Sterndale Bennett's Ode, composed for the opening of though a Russian by birth, was of Irish extraction; it was he who once the International Exhibition, which, considering the disposable means, resented Beethoven with a horse, of which Beethoven, though at first I was a somewhat bold attempt.- Manchester Guardian.
Letters to the Editor.
an opera but a medley of vocal and instrumental pieces selected at random, which had little or no interest for the general public.-The
concerts of classical music for the people, founded and directed by M. REGISTRIES.
Pasdeloup, continue to draw large crowds to the Cirque-Napoleon.
| The London Monday Popular Concerts no doubt furnished M. Pasdeloup SIR,—Though not one of your legal readers, I have sufficient know- with the idea for his new entertainment. I heard the “ Eroica" symledge of the law regarding the copyright of titles to entertainments to phony of Beethoven extremely well executed the other evening, listened inform“Golden Star" that for a very few shillings she can register the to atientively, and applauded warmly. So you see classic music for name of her entertainment at Stationers' Hall, and thus prevent other the million has a chance in Paris as well as London. . companies from “ assuming the same title."
COLOGNE.-The first Gesellschafts Concert of the Season,* under " TO THEE.”
the direction of Herr Ferdinand Hiller, took place in the Gürzenich,
on Tuesday, 21st October. The following was the programme :SIR,-Last week, your reviewer criticising a song of mine, writes, First Part.- Overture to Oberon, Weber ; Aria, “ Der Tod Jesu" Graun, (Ilerr *• To Thee' might be appropriately inscribed to the composer of Jul. Stockhausen); three four-part songs for chorus, without accompaniment . My own, my guiding star,' of which it is a direct, if not a highly ("Liebe," N. Gade; “Saatengriin," Mendelssohn; “ Abendlied," Hauptmann); Aria successful imitation." I wish to state that “To Thee" was composed
from Edipe a Colonna, Sacchini, sung by llerr Jul. Stockhausen; Concerto for
violin, Spohr, played by Herr Grunwald; Three Songs with pianoforte accompaniand the copyright disposed of some considerable time previous to the ment,' Herbstlied," Mendelssohn; “ Inder Framdo," Schumann; “ Wilkommen
und Abschied," F. Schubert :) sung by Herr Stockhausen, know the composer of that opera, and have never seen the score or
SECOND PART.-Sinfonia Eroica, Beethoven, heard any part of it performed before it was produced at Her Majesty's The programme was materially affected by the presence here of Theatre; but that my song - To Thee" laid on the publisher's shelves Herr Julius Stockhausen, and, in consequence, as an exception to the some time in manuscript, and has only lately been printed. I am not very praiseworthy custom of former years, did not comprise any grand aware that “My own, my guiding star" was published earlier than general performance at the commencement of the winter season. the opera from which it is taken; if it was, perhaps you will kindly Sacchini's air is fine music, though more lyrical than dramatic. enlighten me on the subject, and oblige. Yours obediently,
Herr Jul. Grunwald gave a masterly performance of Spohr's ViolinCarlisle, Nov. 2nd.
Concerto, his playing was full of vigor and grace. Herr Grünwald [An ironical dedication to the composer of “My own my guiding
has reached a degree of perfection which places him on a level with star" might answer the purpose. -Ed.]
some of the greatest violinists of the day. The execution of the Overture and Symphony under Hiller's admirable guidance was worthy
the opening for the season of so important a concert-institution as that PARIS.
of Cologne. At the next concert on the 4th November, when
Mendelssohn's St. Paul will be performed, the chorus will have an (From an occasional Correspondent.)
Paris, Nov. 4th.
opportunity for the display of all its strength, and step beyond the "Another week has passed and still I have nothing novel or par.
limits of the modest part which fell to its lot on the present occasion.
LEEDS-(From a Correspondent).-Several concerts worthy of being ticularly interesting in the musical way to recount to you. Every: where preparations are being made for great events, but no actual
recorded have taken place here, and as I have not seen any notice of accomplishment has taken place. Of the Grand Opera I have nothing
them in your columns I send you a short account. First, Thalberg to state except that Mario will make his debut in La Muette de Portici
gave a « Pianoforte Recital" on the 14th inst. His programme way on the 14th. This has been definitively settled.--At the Théâtre-Italien
ample and varied, and his admirable playing, whether of Mendelssohn's the Barbiere has been given with Alboni, Signors Gardoni and Delle
| Lieder ohne Worte, his own arrangements from operas (“ The Art of Sedie. Rosina was incomparable, Almaviva iluent and loverlike, and
Singing applied to the Piano"), or his more brilliant fantasias, such Figaro anything but funny. On the second night of the performance
as his new “ Ballade," and the celebrated “ Preghiera," from Mosé in of the Barbiere, Signor Gardoni being indisposed, a new tenor, Signor
Egitto, alike charmed an audience which, if not so numerous as might Danieli, made his first appearence as the Count. The Parisian press,
have been expected, was a select and decidedly an “ appreciative" one. I think, have been too hard upon this gentleman, who, in my opinion
M. Thalberg having expressed a wish to hear our Grand Organ, the has much talent. In the case of the new tenor a “ Daniel has come to
borough organist performed before him next day; and at the conjudgment" with a vengeance. The Cosi fan tutte it is said, will be
clusion of the concert M. Thalberg sat down at the organ trying the produced on the 16th, and Madlle, Patti will make her debut before
different effects produced, and before leaving expressed himself warmly å French audience-an awful ordeal where a high reputation has been
in praise of the noble instrument. The programme performed before previously won. The Parisians desire all artistic fame to be derived
him was on the following day repeated by desire, and as there has been through them. The director, I have been told, has discovered a new
some discussion lately as to what organ programmes should be, I Tamburini and is putting Semiramide in preparation for him, Alboni, and
enclose it as a fair average specimen of those weekly performed here :Madame Penco. He is called Signor Agnesi and has earned, according
1 1. Organ Sonata (C Minor), Mendelssohn; 2. Song, “ Ave Maria," Schubert;
| 3. Organ Fantasia, in B Major, w. Spark; 4. Funeral March (Op. 26), Beethoven; to some accounts, a great name in certain parts of Italy. Nothing is
5. Andante, A Flat, from Symphony in E flat, Mozart; 6. Overture, “Fidelio,', more wanting on the Italian stage than a good baritone. To sing the Beethoven. music of Assur the performer must not be only a good baritone but a On the 18th ult., the Leeds Town Hall Concert Society commenced good forid baritone, which is better than a good baritone. Signor their winter campaign with a concert, at which Malle. Patti, Signor Agnesi, it would seem, is not only a good baritone but a good actor to Ciampi, Herr Laub (violin), and Herr Alfred Jaell (piano), were the boot, else M. Calzado would have not selected for his first appearance principal performers. The merits of these artists are, doubtless, wellthe most difficult part for a baritone in the whole range of the lyric known to all your readers. I will only mention, therefore, that Malle. drama. The Théâtre-Lyrique opened in the new building on the 30th Patti's perfect vocalisation gained her an enthusiastic reception, and of last month under the direction of M. Carvalho. The interior is that the instrumental performance of Herr Laub and Herr Jaell was very handsome and commodious and has been likened to the Salle such as we rarely hear. The same society gave another concert on the Ventadour. The sonority is admirable, the greatest pains having 22nd, with Malle. Titiens, Malle. Michal, Signori Giuglini, Bossi, been taken by the architect to secure the conformation of structuro | Badiali and Herr Formes; all these artists are well-known in Leeds, best adapted to the required acoustic purposes. With respect to and the Hall was filled with an audience who would have encored the new mode of lighting from a huge sort of gas-sun fixed in the almost every piece if the performers would have consented to repeat ceiling and covered with a glass globe, in place of the customary them. A noteworthy feature in both these concerts was the introducchandelier suspended from the roof, and candelabra surmounting the tion of the organ, both as giving our visitors an opportunity of hearing boxes, there are differences of opinion. Some contend that it is a lit, and affording, especially in the latter one, a sensible relief to a concert great improvement and a great saving; others insist that it spoils the which must otherwise have a somewhat monotonous character from look of the theatre, too much glare being projected into the body of the being entirely composed of vocal pieces. I must not forget to mention house. The ladies are decidedly on the opposition side, affirming that the Penny Concerts given under the direction of the Leeds Working their toilettes are submitted to too bright a scrutiny. I am not sufficiently Men's Institute, on which occasions the Victoria Hall is usually filled interested one way or the other to give an opinion, but rather incline to overflowing with an audience of working men and their wives, who to vote against the ladies. The candelabra were a great nuisance to are invariably delighted with the entertainment attorded them. those placed immediately above them; and their removal at all events During next month we expect Mad. Arabella Goddard, accompanied is a special benefit. The new company is unusually strong, and com- by Mons. Sainton and other artistes, vocal and instrumental. As to prises the names of Mesdames Viardot, Miolan-Carvalho, Marie Cabel, what concerts will be given after this we are left in darkness. Faure-Lefebvre, Malles. Girard and Moreau, DIM. Battaille, SainteFoy and others of lesser note. The inauguration performance was not
. From the Niederrh.inische Musik-Zeitung.
ST. JAMES'S HALL, and not unfrequently incomprehensible contemporaries as REGENT STREET AND PICCADILLY.
anything more than words and phrases — words of the
longest and phrases of the most involved. But, alas! we MONDAY POPULAR CONCERTS. cannot; and so the spirit moves to write a few plain
sentences about the quartets in general, and the sixth ON MONDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 10, 1862.
quartet (the bone of contention) in particular.
The last of the famous set which Mozart dedicated to his LAST APPEARANCE BUT THREE
predecessor, contemporary, and survivor, Joseph HaydnOF "
his rival both before and after death, while, at the same time, HERR JOACHIM. his warm friend and enthusiastic admirer—the quartet in C
major is included in the catalogue drawn up by Mozart PROGRAMME.
himself, of his labours, from February 9, 1784, to Nov. 16, PART. I. QUARTET, in F, No. 1, Op. 59 (dedicated to Count Rasoumowski),
1791 (inclusive), and was written in Jan., 1786—the same for two Violins, Viola, and Violoncello
Beethoven. year as its companion quartet in A, the pianoforte concertos MÁ, Joachim, Ries, Webb, and Piatti. SONG, “ Torrents, whose waves break into foam" ... ... ...
Schubert. in D minor, C, F, and E flat major, the quartet for piano and Miss Martin, SONG, “ Gentle airs"
strings in G minor, the fantasia for pianoforte in C minor, (Violoncello obbligato, signor Piatti.)
and other works. The complete set was published in 1785. Mr. Sims Reeves. SONATA, in B flat, No. 3, for Pianoforte Solo ...
Mozart's reverence for Haydn was never evinced in a more (First time at the Monday Popula
emphatic manner than by the pains he took and the time he Herr Pauer.
spent in order to render these quartets worthy the illustrious PART II. QUARTET, in C major, Op. 33, No. 3, for two Violins, Viola, and
master to whom they were subsequently inscribed. “They Violoncello ... A MM. Joachim, Ries, Webb, and Piatti. ***
are the fruits of long and toilsome labour,” is one of the SONG, “ Adelaida." (By desire) ... ... ... ... ... ... ... Beethoven.
phrases in the dedication. How highly Haydn thought of Mr. Sims Reeves. Accompanied by Mr. Lindsay Sloper.
them and their author may be gathered from what he said PRELUDE, LOURE, MINUETTS, and GAVOTTE in E major,
to Leopold Mozart (the great composer's father), after three for Violin alone ...
. J. S. Bach. (First time at the Monday Popular Concerts.) ***
of the quartets had been played through :*—“I tell you in Herr Joachim,
the face of Heaven, and as an honourable man, that I look SONG, “ Zuleika" ... .. ............ ... ... ... Mendelssohn. Miss Martin
upon your son as the greatest composer of whom I ever TRIO, in E major, Op. 83, for Pianoforte, Violin, and Violoncello ... Hummel.
heard.” And yet the celebrated Italian musician, Sarti, in MM, Pauer, Joachim, and Piatti. Conductor · MR. LINDSAY SLOPER.
some critical remarks on the quartets, observed :-"Si puo To commence at Eight o'clock precisely.
far di più per stonare gli professori 2"-(“Can more be done
to put the players out of tune ?”)! And so all original Sofa Stalls, 5s. ; Balcony, 35.; Admission, ls. Tickets to be had at
musical inventors have been judged by pedants—from the CHAPPELL & CO'S., 50 New Bond Street.
first, who defied Pope Gregory, down to Beethoven, who TO CORRESPONDENTS.
defied the world. ENGLISH OPERA ASSOCIATION.-" An öld Subscriber and Share.
Sarti, by the way (himself an innovator in his time), made holder" must send his card. We cannot insert any letters on this
| a very different impression on Mozart from what might be subject without the name and address of the writers-not, of course, guessed, judging him by his stilted criticism on the Haydn for publication.
quartets. In a letter to Leopold Mozart, dated Vienna,
June 9th, 1784, the illustrious musician writes:
- To-morrow there is to be a concert at Herr Player's, at Dölling, in To ADVERTISERS.--Advertisers are in formed, that for the future
the country. Malle. Babette will play the new concerto in G. I shall the Advertising Agency of THE MUSICAL WORLD is established payt
play the quintet,t and together we shall give the grand sonata for two
pianos. Í I shall go in a coach for Paesiello,e who, on his return from at the Magazine of MESSRS. DUNCAN DAVISON & Co., 244,
St. Petersburg, has been staying here since the 1st of May, and he shall Regent Street, corner of Little Argyll Street (First Floor).
hear my compositions and my pupils. If the maestro Sarti had not been Advertisements can be received as late as Three o'Clock P.M., on obliged to leave for Russia this very day, he would also have come with Fridays--but no later. Payment on delivery.
me. Sarti is a fine fellow, an excellent fellow! I played a great deal to Traves Two lines and under ... ... ... 2s. 6d. | him, and finished with some variations on an air of his own, which gave TERMS | Every additional 10 words ... ... 60.
him great pleasure.” To PUBLISHERS AND COMPOSERS—All Music for Review in The In the same letter where Leopold Mozart (writing to his
MUSICAL WORLD must henceforth be forwarded to the Editor, | daughter) describes the effect produced upon Haydn by the care of Messrs. DUNCAN DAVISON & Co., 244, Regent Street.
three quartets (Nos. 4, 5, and 6, of “ Op. 10"), we hear that d List of every Piece sent for Review will appear on the Saturday
any | the wonderful concerto for pianoforte and orchestra, in D following in THE MUSICAL World. To CONCERT GIVERS.—No Benefit-Concert, or Musical Perform
minor, has just been completed. “Wolfgang".--says the ance, except of general interest, unless previously Advertised, can be reported in THE MUSICAL WORLD.
* The fourth (in B flat), the fifth (in A), and the sixth (in C); the last of which was completed Jan. 14, 1785; the second, Jan. 10, 1785; and the first, Nov. 9, 1784. Of these, Leopold Mozart writes :- They are a little easier than the others, but always perfectly composed." The " little easier," Deter
theless, hardly seems to apply to the No. 6, in C major, about the opening LONDON: SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 8, 1862.
largo of which there has been so much controversy..
+ In E flat, for piano, oboe, clarionet, bassoon, and horn-introduced (by
Mr. Benedict) at the Monday Popular Concerts. THERE has recently been a good deal of talk, in German | In D, frequently performed in public by Miss Arabella Goddard an] T art-papers, about Mozart's sixth violin quartet-the
The celebrated Italian dramatic composer, rival of Cimarosa, and prede. one in C major. We wish we could look upon the discus
discus- | cessor of Rossini, long before he had set the libretto of the Barbiere di Siciglia sion, or “controversy," going on among our hyper-ecstatic | to music—a version as popular in its day as that of Rossini afterwards.
The Musical World.
admiring father—"has composed a new concerto for the clavecin, at which the copyist was at work yesterday, when we arrived (Vienna, Feb. 12, 1785), and of which your brother has not yet been able to play us the rondo, being engaged in correcting the parts. The concerto is in D minor.” And this is all the contemporaneous talk now extant about a work which ranks among the prodigies of the musical art.
As anything that illustrates the very honourable intercourse existing between Mozart and Haydn must interest the lovers of music, it may not be out of order here to add a translation of the letter in which the former dedicates his Opus. X to his distinguished friend :• To my dear friend Haydn:
“A father being resolved to send his children into the great world, thinks it his duty to entrust them to the protection and guidance of a very celebrated man at this time, who is also by good luck his best friend. Behold, then, celebrated man, and very dearest friend, my six children! They are, it is true, the fruits of long and painful labour; nevertheless, the hope which several of my well-wishers hold out that this labour will not have been altogether thrown away, encourages me, and I cradle myself with the flattering thought that these children will one day bring me consolation. Thyself, dearest friend, didst express to me thy satisfaction on thy last sojourn in Vienna. Thy approval, above all, animates me with the courage to recommend them to thee, and to believe that they are not entirely unworthy of thy favour. Please, then, to welcome them with kindness, and be their father, director, and friend. From this moment I yield up all my rights in them to thee, begging of thee to view with indulgence those faults which the blindness of paternal affection may have concealed from me, and to preserve, in spite of them, thy generous friendship to him who knows so well how to appreciate it. At all times, and with all my heart, your most sincere friend, “Vienna, Sep. 1, 1785."
“W. A. Mozart.” The dedication was in the Italian language, like the titlepage of the original edition, which runs as beneath :
Compositi e dedicati
dal suo amico
Modifications, changes, rectifications, &c., have been proposed by Mozart's admirers (Oulibischeff, his most uncompromising eulogist, among the rest); but though Beethoven himself has certainly not gone beyond this passage in the freest ebullitions of his last quartets (the notorious fugue in B flat excepted), it is probably as well to allow Mozart to have his own way. Genius cannot be measured by ordinary rules. At any rate, all the rest of the quartet is as clear as it is vigorous, ingenious, and beautiful.
In Vienna, presso Artaria et com., &c.
THE plot of an opera should differ altogether from that of Prezzo: A 6. 30 kr."
I a spoken drama, tragic or comic. It should be straightBut, reverting to the quartet in C major (which, the forward, obvious, and free from complication. The story commencement of this discourse being borne in mind, has should unfold itself naturally and simply, thereby never been kept too much out of sight), the passage in the opening allowing the attention to be distracted from the music. The adagio that chiefly excited the anger of Sarti, and has been
moment the mind becomes employed in examining and the subject of so much controversy, is as follows:
surmising, the composer suffers. A conflict is established 1st Violin. cres.
between thinking and hearing, which is injurious to a Predete deliberate contemplation of the musician's work—the first
consideration. For this reason no comedy of intrigue with Eod
which we are acquainted, with one exception, has furnished 2nd Violin.
a good subject for an opera. The exception is the Barbiere Viola. P
de Seville of Beaumarchais, which, as it was adapted for Rossini, is certainly a model of a libretto. However, no small share of the excellence of the book is due to the
adapter, who has considerably altered and simplified the P Violoncello.
French comedian. Can any play, a priori, be more unfit for musical illustration than The Clandestine Marriage, or The Marriage of Figaro ? That the genius of Cimarosa and Mozart should have rendered immortal the Matrimonio Segreto and the Nozze di Figaro is another affair. We know that operas live and thrive in spite of the most worthless librettos, else how account for the popularity of Guillaume Tell, Semiramide, I Puritani, the Trovatore, Robert le diable, and others. Nay, with all due deference to those chefs-d'æuvre of operatic books, as the French call them, the