Worklife Balance: The Agency and Capabilities Gap
Across welfare societies we have seen the emergence of policies and norms for work-life balance alongside rising expectations among working parents to be able to participate in employment and caregiving, and to have more time for family life and leisure. Yet despite this value placed upon work-life balance, working parents face increasing work demands, as well as rising numbers of insecure and precarious jobs, both of which produce a deepening sense of economic uncertainty in everyday life, which has been intensified in the current period of financial crises. The agency and capabilities gap addresses these tensions in work-life balance within families, workplace organizations, and policy frameworks. Inspired by Amartya Sen's capabilities approach, this volume considers not just what individuals do, but also their scope of alternatives to make other choices. It includes rich contextualized studies across Western and Eastern European countries and Japan, with a focus on gendered agency inequalities for work-life balance.
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achieve WLB adjustments agency and capabilities agency freedoms agency inequalities analysis Budapest capabilities approach capabilities for WLB capabilities framework capabilities gap Chapter child childcare choice claims for WLB context conversion factors cross-national Czech Republic discourse Drobnič Dulk economic Edward Elgar employees Europe European Commission European countries European Social Survey Fagan Fahlén fathers Feminist Economics firms flexible focus groups full reversibility gender equality gender norms Germany Hobson household Hungary increase individual institutional Japan Journal labour market Lewis managerial managers maternity leave men’s mothers Netherlands Nordic countries OECD options organizational culture organizations parental leave part-time to full-time perspective responsibilities Robeyns role SAVA scope of alternatives Sen’s capabilities sense of entitlement skilled Slovenia Social Policy societies studies survey Sweden welfare regimes WLB policies women Work–Family work–home workers workforce worklife balance worklife policies workplace year-old