Judaism in Late Antiquity, 3. rész
What, in Judaism - a religion so concerned with social norms and public policy - can we possibly mean by "law"? That is the thoroughly fresh perspective with which this work commences. It proceeds with two chapters on Second Temple Judaism, and two on the special subject of the Dead Sea library. Learning withers when criticism is substituted by political consensus, and when other than broadly accepted viewpoints find a hearing only with difficulty, if at all. The editors, therefore, invited colleagues from the USA, Europe, and the State of Israel to systematically outline their views in one account and set it alongside contrary ones. The several participants explain how, in broad and sweeping terms, they see the state of learning in their areas of special interest. The volume provides first an overview, followed by a systematic, critical account of the fading consensus. In a number of accounts, the different perspectives are presented in scholarly debate. *** Because of the willingness of contending parties to meet one another in a single frame of discourse, the work is able to portray with considerable breadth the presently contending viewpoints concerning the use of Rabbinical literature for historical purposes. *** Besides this sustained and vigorous debate, precipitated by historical-critical reading of the rabbinical literature, other issues have attracted attention, such as, for example, feminist interests.
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Aaronide analysis ancient Judaism ANOINTED HIGH PRIEST anointed priest argument authority bar bar Hannah Bavli Ben Sira Bet Din BRING A BULLOCK claim commentary composites court David Weiss Halivni DECISION definition discussion document evidence exegesis exegetical exegetical intention exempt fact foregoing framers Hagigah halakhah Halivni's Hasmonean Hiyya Holy inadvertently interpretation Israel issue Jacob Neusner Jerusalem Jewish Jews John Hyrcanus Josephus Josephus's Judah Laqish Leiden Leviathan liable logic Mason mean Pharisees Mishnah Mishnah-commentary Mishnah-exegesis MISHNAH-TRACTATE HORAYOT narrative Neusner Nikiprowetsky oath paradosis parasangs passage Pentateuch perushim pharisaoi Pharisees Philo of Alexandria Philo studies philosophical Plato position principle question Rabbah bar bar reveals rhetorical rule ruler Runia Sadducees sages scholar class Scripture secondary expansion sect ship Simeon Soferim sources statement Steinsaltz structure Talmud Yerushalmi Tannaitic Tannaitic literature term perushim tion Torah tractate traditions two-fold Law units of discourse word writing Yohanan